Página 10 dos resultados de 79014 itens digitais encontrados em 0.058 segundos

O ensino da saúde coletiva na graduação médica: estudo de caso em três universidades do Paraná; Teaching public health in medical schools: a case study in three universities in Paraná

Campos, João José Batista de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
658.9163%
Historicamente, as diferentes concepções de Saúde Coletiva influenciaram tanto no ensino específico deste campo do saber como na formação geral do médico. Partindo deste pressuposto, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar o ensino da Saúde Coletiva na graduação médica, buscando apreender suas configurações e as conseqüentes implicações nas propostas curriculares de três universidades do Paraná (Brasil): Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL), Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR) e Universidade Positivo (UnicenP). Constituíram-se também em eixos de investigação, além das concepções de Saúde Coletiva, a relação ensino-aprendizagem, as ênfases assumidas pelo programa e os vínculos com os serviços de saúde. A pesquisa qualitativa foi realizada com base na análise documental dos projetos pedagógicos (os cursos instituídos) considerando como eles são efetivamente vividos, de acordo com a ótica dos agentes envolvidos. Para tanto, foram feitas entrevistas com 11 gestores, 18 professores, e foram constituídos 4 grupos focais de estudantes, considerados atores-chave nos três cursos de Medicina. Os resultados evidenciaram a inserção de 5% a 20% da área de Saúde Coletiva nos currículos, dependendo das estratégias de ensino...

Comunicação científica na área de Saúde Pública: perspectivas para a tomada de decisão em saúde baseada em conhecimento; Public health scientific communication: perspectives for knowledge based health decision making

Castro, Regina Célia Figueiredo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/04/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
658.8431%
Objetivos. Reflexos das transformações sociais promovidas pela Sociedade do Conhecimento são percebidos no contexto da gestão em saúde no Brasil. Apresentam-se referencial teórico sobre essas mudanças, gestão do SUS, sistemas de informação em saúde, produção científica e uso da informação na gestão. Foi analisada a produção científica brasileira em saúde pública como fonte de apoio à tomada de decisão em saúde. Metodologia. Foram feitos estudo exploratório qualitativo e análise documental em três áreas: bases de dados bibliográficas disponíveis na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, agendas estaduais de saúde e sites das Secretarias Estaduais de Saúde. Resultados. Os principais resultados foram: as bases de dados LILACS e MEDLINE foram as fontes de apoio mais abrangentes para localizar produção brasileira publicada no país e no exterior, respectivamente; a produção científica brasileira destaca-se nessa área, correspondendo a 39 por cento dos registros da LILACS-SP; as principais instituições produtoras são universidades e organismos governamentais; a produção de saúde pública encontra-se distribuída em revistas de outras áreas da saúde; a internet, já utilizada pelo ministério e pelas secretarias de saúde...

The National Board of Public Health Examiners: Credentialing Public Health Graduates

Gebbie, Kristine; Goldstein, Bernard D.; Gregorio, David I.; Tsou, Walter; Buffler, Patricia; Petersen, Donna; Mahan, Charles; Silver, Gillian B.
Fonte: Association of Schools of Public Health Publicador: Association of Schools of Public Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
659.63336%
The National Board of Public Health Examiners (NBPHE, the Board) is the result of many years of intense discussion about the importance of credentialing within the public health community. The Board is scheduled to begin credentialing graduates of programs and schools of public health accredited by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH) in 2008. Among the many activities currently underway to improve public health practice, the Board views credentialing as one pathway to heighten recognition of public health professionals and increase the overall effectiveness of public health practice. The process underway includes developing, preparing, administering, and evaluating a voluntary certification examination that tests whether graduates of CEPH-accredited schools and programs have mastered the core knowledge and skills relevant to contemporary public health practice. This credentialing initiative is occurring at a time of heightened interest in public health education, and an anticipated rapid turnover in the public health workforce. It is fully anticipated that active discussion about the credentialing process will continue as the Board considers the many aspects of this professional transition. The Board wishes to encourage these discussions and welcomes input on any aspects relating to implementation of the credentialing process.

Articulation of Undergraduate and Graduate Education in Public Health

Lee, Joel M.
Fonte: Association of Schools of Public Health Publicador: Association of Schools of Public Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
659.2163%
The rapid growth of individual undergraduate courses, minors, and baccalaureate degrees in public health presents a new issue for graduate public health education: how does a graduate or professional program address previously completed undergraduate public health coursework? A review of college directories found listings for 154 North American baccalaureate degrees in public health, public health education, and public health nursing. This article addresses the purposes of public health undergraduate education as (1) general liberal arts education, (2) education complementary to other non-public health graduate degrees, (3) preprofessional education, and (4) professional education preparing undergraduates for entry-level careers. Following a discussion of reasons to consider articulation of undergraduate and graduate degrees, as well as barriers to articulation, the article presents potential strategies for articulation and future issues to consider in addressing admission of undergraduate public health students to master of public health programs.

Future Directions for Public Health Education Reforms in India

Zodpey, Sanjay P.; Negandhi, Himanshu; Yeravdekar, Rajiv
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 23/09/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
659.4095%
Health systems globally are experiencing a shortage of competent public health professionals. Public health education across developing countries is stretched by capacity generation and maintaining an adequate ‘standard’ and ‘quality’ of their graduate product. We analyzed the Indian public health education scenario using the institutional and instructional reforms framework advanced by the Lancet Commission report on Education of Health Professionals. The emergence of a new century necessitates a re-visit on the institutional and instructional challenges surrounding public health education. Currently, there is neither an accreditation council nor a formal structure or system of collaboration between academic stakeholders. Health systems have little say in health professional training with limited dialogue between health systems and public health education institutions. Despite a recognized shortfall of public health professionals, there are limited job opportunities for public health graduates within the health system and absence of a structured career pathway for them. Public health institutions need to evolve strategies to prevent faculty attrition. A structured development program in teaching–learning methods and pedagogy is the need of the hour.

Active Learning by Design: An Undergraduate Introductory Public Health Course

Yeatts, Karin B.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 23/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
658.9163%
Principles of active learning were used to design and implement an introductory public health course. Students were introduced to the breadth and practice of public health through team and individual-based activities. Team assignments covered topics in epidemiology, biostatistics, health behavior, nutrition, maternal and child health, environment, and health policy. Students developed an appreciation of the population perspective through an “experience” trip and related intervention project in a public health area of their choice. Students experienced several key critical component elements of a public health undergraduate major; they explored key public health domains, experience public health practice, and integrated concepts with their assignments. In this paper, course assignments, lessons learned, and student successes are described. Given the increased growth in the undergraduate public health major, these active learning assignments may be of interest to undergraduate public health programs at both liberal arts colleges and research universities.

Defining and Developing a Global Public Health Course for Public Health Graduates

Karkee, Rajendra; Comfort, Jude; Alfonso, Helman
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/07/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
659.7796%
Global public health is increasingly being seen as a speciality field within the university education of public health. However, the exact meaning of global public health is still unclear, resulting in varied curricula and teaching units among universities. The contextual differences between high- and low- and middle-income countries, and the process of globalization need to be taken into account while developing any global public health course. Global public health and public health are not separable and global public health often appears as an extension of public health in the era of globalization and interdependence. Though global public health is readily understood as health of global population, it is mainly practiced as health problems and their solutions set within low- and middle-income countries. Additional specialist competencies relevant to the context of low- and middle-income countries are needed to work in this field. Although there can be a long list of competencies relevant to this broad topic, available literature suggests that knowledge and skills related with ethics and vulnerable groups/issues; globalization and its impact on health; disease burden; culture, society, and politics; and management are important.

A Public Health Approach to Eating Disorders Prevention: It’s Time for Public Health Professionals to Take a Seat at the Table

Austin, Sydney Bryn
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
659.63336%
Background: The societal burden of eating disorders is clear, and though there is a compelling need for a public health approach to eating disorders prevention, public health professionals have yet to take up the challenge. Discussion: The article lays out an argument for what steps need to be taken to bring a public health approach to eating disorders prevention. First, stock is taken of what the field has achieved so far, using tools from the prevention science literature, and, second, a research plan of action is offered that plays to the unique strengths of public health, drawing on a triggers-to-action framework from public health law. Minimal participation was found from public health professionals in eating disorders prevention research, and the vast majority of prevention research to date was found to be concentrated within the disciplines of psychology and psychiatry. Extreme disciplinary concentration of the research has led to a preponderance of individually targeted prevention strategies with little research focused on environmental targets, particularly at the macro level. New environmental initiatives are now emerging, such as a government-sponsored mass media anti-dieting campaign, and legal bans on extremely thin models in advertising...

A qualitative study of health information technology in the Canadian public health system

Zinszer, Kate; Tamblyn, Robyn; Bates, David W; Buckeridge, David L
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
660.3697%
Background: Although the adoption of health information technology (HIT) has advanced in Canada over the past decade, considerable challenges remain in supporting the development, broad adoption, and effective use of HIT in the public health system. Policy makers and practitioners have long recognized that improvements in HIT infrastructure are necessary to support effective and efficient public health practice. The objective of this study was to identify aspects of health information technology (HIT) policy related to public health in Canada that have succeeded, to identify remaining challenges, and to suggest future directions to improve the adoption and use of HIT in the public health system. Methods: A qualitative case study was performed with 24 key stakeholders representing national and provincial organizations responsible for establishing policy and strategic direction for health information technology. Results: Identified benefits of HIT in public health included improved communication among jurisdictions, increased awareness of the need for interoperable systems, and improvement in data standardization. Identified barriers included a lack of national vision and leadership, insufficient investment, and poor conceptualization of the priority areas for implementing HIT in public health. Conclusions: The application of HIT in public health should focus on automating core processes and identifying innovative applications of HIT to advance public health outcomes. The Public Health Agency of Canada should develop the expertise to lead public health HIT policy and should establish a mechanism for coordinating public health stakeholder input on HIT policy.

Public Health in the Middle East and North Africa : Meeting the Challenges of the Twenty-first Century

Pierre-Louis, Anne Maryse; Akala, Francisca Ayodeji; Karam, Hadia Samaha
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
660.4818%
This report documents the main highlights and findings from the Middle East Regional Symposium, "Meeting the Public Health Challenges of the 21st Century in the Middle East and North Africa/Eastern Mediterranean Region", held in Beirut in June 2002. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is currently undergoing both epidemiological and demographical transitions which are resulting in changing patterns of mortality and morbidity. Chronic and non-communicable diseases and injuries now account for a growing share of the overall burden of ill health. Countries of the region are faced with the challenge of addressing these emerging issues while, at the same time trying to complete the unfinished agenda of addressing diseases and protecting the health of mothers and children. The book consists of an overview drawing on a broad range of presentations at the conference, followed by chapters on specific public health issues including: functions and infrastructures, choosing and financing public health services...

Reconciling Public Health with Investor Rights in International Investment Law

VADI, Valentina
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
659.8159%
This thesis explores the complex interplay between international investment law and public health. Besides being closely related to human dignity and the right to life, health is fundamental to poverty reduction, human development and economic growth. In parallel, the development dimension is a conceptual pillar in the health policy discourse as basic levels of social welfare and economic development are of fundamental importance to the achievement of the fullest attainable standard of health. Since foreign direct investment is deemed to promote economic development, it is clear that in abstract terms the linkage between foreign investment and public health may endorse positive outcomes. However, when countries pursue economic growth, their policy makers may have an incentive to lower health standards to promote foreign direct investment. By the same token, foreign investors may be attracted by lower standards in existing regulations to externalize the health related costs which are associated to their business. In addition, countries may not want to adopt higher standards of health protection because of potential investor-state disputes. The mere possibility of such a dispute concerning regulatory measures alleged to have negative effects on foreign property may have a chilling effect on policy makers.The clash between a state’s responsibility to protect public health and its obligations to promote free trade has been broadly discussed by authors.1 What is lacking is an in depth analysis of the relationship between public health and international investment law. In this respect...

A 21st century national public health system

Jones, Mary J.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 127 p. : col. ill., col. maps ;
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
660.28625%
CHDS State/Local; The attention that SARS created in 2003 has influenced public and political perceptions about the risks associated with infectious diseases and the role the public health system should play in national security. This comparative case study was conducted to examine the Canadian public health's system response to SARS in order to formulate recommendations for the U.S. public health system. This analysis demonstrated that the governmental organizational structure of the U.S. public health system does not support its current mission or its new responsibilities for public health security. A national public health system is needed to support dual missions: the traditional mission of tailoring public health programs specific to the social and demographic needs of the citizens; and the new mission of public health security. In order to transform the current U.S. public health system into a national public health system two critical components must be addressed at the federal, state, and local level: 1) organizational capacity and 2) service delivery. Recommendations are provided regarding the way forward at the federal level and work needing to be done at the state and local level towards building a national system capable of meeting the public health threats of the 21st century.; Deputy Director and Division Director...

India's Public Health System: How Well Does It Function at the National Level?

Das Gupta, Monica; Rani, Manju
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
659.93086%
India has relatively poor health outcomes, despite having a well-developed administrative system, good technical skills in many fields, and an extensive network of public health institutions for research, training, and diagnostics. This suggests that the health system may be misdirecting its efforts, or may be poorly designed. To explore this, the authors use instruments developed to assess the performance of public health systems in the United States and Latin America based on the framework of the Essential Public Health Functions, identified as the basic functions that an effective public health system must fulfill. The authors focus on the federal level in India, using data obtained from senior health officials in the central government. The data indicate that the reported strengths of the system lie in having the capacity to carry out most of the public health functions. Its reported weaknesses lie in three broad areas. First, it has overlooked some fundamental public health functions such as public health regulations and their enforcement. Second...

Universal Maternal Health Coverage? Assessing the Readiness of Public Health Facilities to Provide Maternal Health Care in Indonesia

World Bank; Indonesia National Institute of Research and Development
Fonte: World Bank, Jakarta Publicador: World Bank, Jakarta
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
659.252%
Over the period 2011-2013, Indonesia had universal maternal health coverage for its population. Facility-based deliveries, however, remain relatively low: only about 63 percent of all deliveries occurred at a health facility in Indonesia. Recent progress notwithstanding, and despite the relatively high utilization rates for most key maternal health services, the level of maternal mortality remains high in Indonesia, especially in provinces such as West Papua, North Maluku, Papua, Gorontalo, West Sulawesi, Maluku, and South Kalimantan. This policy paper assesses the supply-side readiness of Indonesia s public health facilities in providing key maternal health services such as antenatal care (ANC) as well as basic and comprehensive emergency obstetric care. The focus in the paper is on assessing to what extent Indonesia's universal maternal health coverage is real. Ensuring the supply-side readiness of Indonesia's health system, incorporating lessons from the past experiences of implementing universal maternal health coverage under the different social health insurance programs...

An Exploration of Language, Policies, and Collaborative Actions by Planning and Public Health Professionals to Guide Active Community Design

BERGERON, KIMBERLY ANN
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
659.63336%
The objective of this research project was to gain a better understanding of the language, policies and collaborative actions undertaken by planning and public health professionals that are relevant to the design of active communities. The overarching aim of this research was to develop resources to facilitate the collaborative efforts of planners and public health professionals working together to create active communities. To this end, three studies were undertaken. In the first study, publicly available documents, websites, and published reports from five Government of Ontario ministries were reviewed. The review produced 136 terms for inclusion in a joint glossary of terms for planners and public health professionals. In the second study legislation/strategies from the same five government ministries were reviewed and interviews were conducted with 10 government policy-makers to identify priorities, challenges and inter-sectoral collaboration to enhance the design of active communities. This process produced a policy inventory of 39 Ontario laws/strategies that govern planners and public heath professionals working to enhance the design of active communities and identified challenges related to achieving inter-ministry collaboration and coordination towards a provincial active communities’ agenda. The third study recruited planners and public health professionals working in the province of Ontario to participate in a concept mapping process to identify ways they currently work together to enhance the design of active communities. This process generated 72 actions that represent collaborative efforts planners and public health professionals engage in when designing active communities. These actions were then organized by importance and feasibility...

Assessing Public Health Preparedness in Alberta Using a Systems-Level Approach

Hall, Justin
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 887700 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
660.1585%
Recent international and national events such as the SARS outbreak in 2002–2003, the rising incidence of West Nile Virus, and the increasing threat of a pandemic influenza outbreak have brought critical attention to the Canadian public health system and how prepared the system is to respond to various types of contemporary public health threats. The effective coordination of all agencies at metropolitan, regional, provincial, and federal levels is essential to the management of public health emergencies. The level of inter-organizational coordination and preparedness of public health and emergency preparedness organizations throughout Alberta was investigated. An online organizational questionnaire provided a census of organizations involved in public health preparedness, and information on the structure of inter-organizational relations in Alberta and the state of public health preparedness from the perspective of organizational members. The primary goal was to use the information provided by individual agencies to help improve how policymakers and public health and emergency management officials plan and organize for public health threats and emergencies. Major findings are as follows: i) organizational characteristics including organizational training opportunities...

Content and criterion validity evaluation of National Public Health Performance Standards measurement instruments.

Beaulieu, Joyce; Scutchfield, F. Douglas; Kelly, Ann V.
Fonte: Association of Schools of Public Health Publicador: Association of Schools of Public Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
660.4309%
OBJECTIVE: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Public Health Performance Standards Program (NPHPSP) has developed instruments to measure the performance of local and state public health departments on the 10 "Essential Services of Public Health," which have been tested in several states. This article is a report of the evaluation of the content and criterion validity of the local public health performance assessment instrument, and the content validity of the state public health performance assessment instrument. METHODS: Health department performance is measured using a set of indicators developed for the 10 Essential Services of Public Health and a model standard for each indicator. Content validity of each model standard in the local instrument was addressed by community partners along the following dimensions: the importance of each standard as a measure of the associated Essential Service, its completeness as a measure, and its reasonableness for achievement. All standards for each Essential Service were then judged in terms of their completeness in measuring performance in that service. Content validity of the state instrument was evaluated in a group interview of health department staff members from three states. Criterion validity of the local instrument was assessed for a sample of eight public health departments in Florida and six in New York by examining documentary evidence for selected responses. Criterion validity was also evaluated for a sample of Florida local public health departments and one Hawaii public health department by comparing state health department staffs' judgments of performance against the instrument score. RESULTS: Criterion validity was upheld for a summary performance score on the local instrument...

Partnering for Preparedness: The Project Public Health Ready Experience

Estrada, Librada C.; Fraser, Michael R.; Cioffi, Joan P.; Sesker, DeAnne; Walkner, Laurie; Brand, Michael W.; Kerby, Dave S.; Johnson, David L.; Cox, Gary; Brewer, Lou
Fonte: Association of Schools of Public Health Publicador: Association of Schools of Public Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
658.9163%
Effective partnerships between local and state public health agencies and schools of public health have tremendous potential to improve the health of communities nationwide. This article highlights successful collaboration between local public health agencies (LPHA), state health departments, and Academic Centers for Public Health Preparedness (ACPHP) in schools of public health developed through participation in Project Public Health Ready, a program to recognize LPHA emergency preparedness. The project's pilot phase illustrated that LPHAs, state health departments, and ACPHP can effectively work together to improve individual public health worker competency and organizational response capacity in local public health agencies nationwide.

Tobacco and Alcohol Excise Taxes for Improving Public Health and Revenue Outcomes; Marrying Sin and Virtue?

Bird, Richard M.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
660.2705%
Excise taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been a dependable and significant revenue source in many countries. More recently, considerable attention has been paid to the way in which such taxes may also be used to attain public health objectives by reducing the consumption of products with adverse health and social impacts. Some have gone further and argued that explicitly earmarking excise taxes on alcohol and tobacco to finance public health expenditures—marrying sin and virtue as it were—will make increasing such taxes more politically acceptable and provide the funding needed to increase such expenditures, especially for the poor. The basic idea—tax “bads” and do “good” with the proceeds—is simple and appealing. But designing and implementing good “sin” taxes is a surprisingly complex task. Earmarking revenues from such taxes for health expenditures may also sound good and be a useful selling point for new taxes. However, such earmarking raises difficult issues with respect to budgetary rigidity and political accountability. This note explores these and other issues that lurk beneath the surface of the attractive concept of using increased sin excises on alcohol and tobacco to finance “virtuous” social spending on public health.

Water privatization and public health in Latin America

Mulreany,John P.; Calikoglu,Sule; Ruiz,Sonia; Sapsin,Jason W.
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
659.34586%
OBJECTIVES: This study had two objectives: (1) to determine what the public health and development literature has found regarding the public health outcomes of water privatization in Latin America and (2) to evaluate whether the benefits of water privatization, if any, outweigh the equity and justice concerns that privatization raises. METHODS: Using a standard set of terms to search several databases, the authors identified and reviewed articles and other materials from public health and development sources that were published between 1995 and 2005 and that evaluated the public health effects of water privatizations in Latin America from 1989 to 2000, based on (1) access to water by the poor and/or (2) improvements in public health. Next, the authors examined the experiences of three cities in Bolivia (Cochabamba, El Alto, and La Paz) in order to illuminate further the challenges of water privatization. Finally, the authors considered the equity and justice issues raised by the privatization of water. RESULTS: The literature review raised persistent concerns regarding access to water by the poor under privatization. The review also suggested that the public sector could deliver public health outcomes comparable to those of the private sector...