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Calcineurin activates interleukin-6 transcription in mouse skeletal muscle in vivo and in C2C12 myotubes in vitro

Allen, David L.; Uyenishi, Jill J.; Cleary, Allison S.; Mehan, Ryan S.; Lindsay, Sarah F.; Reed, Jason M.
Fonte: American Physiological Society Publicador: American Physiological Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
Expression of the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) by skeletal muscle is hugely increased in response to a single bout of endurance exercise, and this appears to be mediated by increases in intracellular calcium. We examined the effects of endurance exercise on IL-6 mRNA levels and promoter activity in skeletal muscle in vivo, and the role of the calcium-activated calcineurin signaling pathway on muscle IL-6 expression in vivo and in vitro. IL-6 mRNA levels in the mouse tibialis anterior (TA) were increased 2–10-fold by a single bout of treadmill exercise or by 3 days of voluntary wheel running. Moreover, an IL-6 promoter-driven luciferase transgene was activated in TA by both treadmill and wheel-running exercise and by injection with a calcineurin plasmid. Exercise also increased muscle mRNA expression of the calcineurin regulatory gene MCIP1, as did treatment of C2C12 myotubes with the calcium ionophore A23187. Cotransfection of C2C12 myotubes with a constitutively active calcineurin construct significantly increased while cotransfection with the calcineurin inhibitor CAIN inhibited activity of a mouse IL-6 promoter-reporter construct. Cotransfection with a myocyte enhancer-factor-2 (MEF-2) expression construct increased basal IL-6 promoter activity and augmented the effects of calcineurin cotransfection...