O desenvolvimento desta pesquisa focalizou o processo de trabalho na formação profissional do enfermeiro, visualizada pelos professores do Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem de uma Universidade Pública Federal do Município de São Paulo. O estudo teve como objetivos: identificar no Projeto Pedagógico do Curso (PPC) de Graduação em Enfermagem da UNIFESP os processos de trabalho na formação do graduando de enfermagem; verificar quais processos de trabalho do enfermeiro são focados com maior ênfase na formação profissional na perspectiva dos professores e subsidiar na elaboração do Projeto Pedagógico do Curso por meio de propostas apresentadas pelos professores, sujeitos da pesquisa. Para isso, optou-se pela metodologia de pesquisa-ação por conceber uma ampla e explícita interação entre o pesquisador e as pessoas envolvidas na situação investigada, cujo objetivo foi resolver ou esclarecer os problemas da situação observada, o que pressupõe um aumento do conhecimento e do "nível de consciência" das pessoas ligadas à situação, bem como o aumento do conhecimento do próprio pesquisador. Na fase diagnóstica analisou-se o PPC, que explorou e identificou por meio dos objetivos gerais do Curso, das séries e das Disciplinas...
OBJECTIVE: To assist with educational planning we surveyed health sciences faculty members in 1989 to determine their use of microcomputers, desire for further instruction and perceptions on what microcomputer services should be provided for students. The 1989 results were compared with those of a similar survey performed in 1986. DESIGN: A self-completed, mailed questionnaire, with up to three reminders. SETTING: Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: All full-time (FT) and part-time (PT) faculty members were sent the questionnaire; over 80% of the FT and 65% of the PT faculty members responded in 1986 and in 1989. RESULTS: The proportions of faculty members who used microcomputers increased significantly over the 3 years, from 71% to 87% among FT members (p = 2.2 x 10(-8)) and from 48% to 69% among PT members (p = 4.9 x 10(-8)). There were significant increases in the use of many of the applications, especially database and filing uses (from 10% to 41% among FT members [p less than 1 x 10(-9)] and from 6% to 34% among PT members [p less than 1 x 10(-9)]) and on-line access to bibliographic databases (from 7% to 37% among FT members [p less than 1 x 10(-9)] and from 3% to 18% among PT members [p less than 1 x 10(-9)]. These changes occurred mainly through individual initiative and voluntary continuing education. CONCLUSIONS: The extraordinary rate of adoption of microcomputers attests to their perceived usefulness. Curriculum planners need to consider how the success of microcomputer applications can be evaluated objectively and how successful applications can be integrated into educational programs.
Recognizing the need to overcome the obstacles of traditional university- and discipline-oriented research approaches, a variety of incentives to promote community-based participatory research (CBPR) are presented. Experiences of existing CBPR researchers are used in outlining how this methodological approach can appeal to faculty: the common ground shared by faculty and community leaders in challenging the status quo; opportunities to have an impact on local, regional, and national policy; and opening doors for new research and funding opportunities. Strategies for promoting CBPR in universities are provided in getting CBPR started, changing institutional practices currently inhibiting CBPR, and institutionalizing CBPR. Among the specific strategies are: development of faculty research networks; team approaches to CBPR; mentoring faculty and students; using existing national CBPR networks; modifying tenure and promotion guidelines; development of appropriate measures of CBPR scholarship; earmarking university resources to support CBPR; using Institutional Review Boards to promote CBPR; making CBPR-oriented faculty appointments; and creating CBPR centers.
This paper profiles the faculty in schools of public health, particularly in environmental health. There are approximately 1,650 faculty members in schools of public health; 300 of them are in environmental health. The future demand for personnel in environmental health appears to be for generalists, as well as specialists in toxicology, epidemiology, environmental chemistry and biology, industrial hygiene, vector control, and institutional environments. These demands will require new and updated programs and additional faculty. While PhD scientists and engineers (the pool of potential new faculty) are increasingly being drawn to industry rather than academia, new personnel for faculty positions are expected to be available in the market.
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: Minor surgical procedures are an important part of general practice. Family medicine faculty members must feel competent in performing common office procedures in order to teach them to residents. OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: To upgrade the skills of 25 family medicine faculty members in minor surgical procedures through a half-day workshop. MAIN COMPONENTS OF PROGRAM: The workshop covered seven procedures: removal of lumps and bumps, basic suturing, intrauterine contraceptive device insertion, endometrial biopsy, casting and splinting, injection of joints, and office microscopy. Small groups of faculty members spent 30 minutes at each station where brief didactic sessions were followed by hands-on practice. The workshop was evaluated using an evaluation form immediately after the workshop and questionnaires before and 6 months after. CONCLUSION: Teaching minor surgical procedures is an essential part of the curriculum in a family medicine residency program. A faculty development workshop in minor surgical procedures is one means of upgrading the skills of faculty members in order to ensure that they can teach adequately in this area.
While teaching is the major focus of academia, research and professional publications frequently determine faculty eligibility for promotion and tenure. In universities where funded research is scarce, faculty need creative means to accomplish research goals. Research is an essential part of baccalaureate nursing education. The goal of research education at the baccalaureate level is to prepare knowledgeable consumers of nursing research. The purpose of this article is to describe an undergraduate nursing research course that provide students with hands on experience in the conduct of nursing research and provide faculty with assistance in moving their research agenda forward. Faculty members were solicited to work with 5-10 students in a research project that was either in the planning stages or actively in progress. After one year of program implementation, faculty and students were involved in presenting poster and oral presentations at state, regional, and international research conferences. Manuscripts as well as proposals for funding are in the process of submission.
This paper reports findings of a research study undertaken to determine the attitudes and perceptions of acupuncture, chiropractic, and massage therapy faculty with regard to online learning within their respective disciplines, and to determine how they might be persuaded to teach online. The study surveyed faculty teaching at schools in these three fields and followed up with additional interviews. The study results indicate that, in general, acupuncture, chiropractic, and massage therapy faculty lack awareness of the capabilities of online education and the elements of good online learning. There is also a perception that what they teach cannot be taught online because of its kinesthetic requirements. The faculty hold this perception in spite of the success of medical science and related health care fields in the online environment, and they do not seem to separate the kinesthetic from the didactic. The present study indicates that faculty opinions about online instruction in this alternative type of education range from being willing to look at the potential of online education to outright dismissing it.
Many factors contribute to the vitality of an individual faculty member, a department, and an entire academic organization. Some of the relationships among these factors are well understood, but many questions remain unanswered. The Joint Task Force on Faculty Workforce examined the literature on faculty workforce issues, including the work of previous task forces charged by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP). We identified and focused on 4 unique but interrelated concepts: organizational culture/climate, role of the department chair, faculty recruitment and retention, and mentoring. Among all 4 resides the need to consider issues of intergenerational, intercultural, and gender dynamics. This paper reports the findings of the task force and proffers specific recommendations to AACP and to colleges and schools of pharmacy.
As a federal contractor, the State University System of Florida (SUSF) has instituted a wide range of affirmative action practices to hire and promote women and minorities. Should affirmative action be abolished, universities valuing a diverse faculty will have to rely on voluntary practices to attract members of these groups. I explored the present use and perceived effectiveness of recruitment and institution-wide practices used to promote a diverse workforce and identified those practices considered very effective by informed respondents at the nine participating universities. ^ Two questionnaires were used for data collection. Selected recruitment and general institution-wide best practices found in previous studies were used as benchmarks for comparison with existing practices. The questionnaires also included an open-ended question to identify indigenous practices. A follow-up semi-structured interview was conducted to gather information regarding the background of identified practices. ^ Two overall themes emerged from the study. The first was the perception among respondents that women have made substantial gains in faculty representation. This perception is substantiated by actual percentage of women tenure-earning faculty. The second theme was that many of the practices considered very effective are affirmative action-driven...
Because past research has shown faculty as the driving force affecting student academic library use, librarians have tried for decades to engage classroom faculty in library activities. Nevertheless, a low rate of library use by faculty on behalf of their students persists. This study investigated the organizational culture dimensions affecting library faculty demand at a community college. ^ The study employed a sequential quantitative-qualitative research design. A random sample of full-time faculty at a large urban community college responded to a 46-item survey. The survey data showed strong espoused support (84%) for the use of library-based materials but a much lower incidence of putting this construct into practice (46%). ^ Interviews were conducted with 11 full-time faculty from two academic groups, English-Humanities and Engineering-Math-Science. These groups were selected because the survey data resulted in statistically significant differences between the groups pertaining to several key variables. These variables concerned the professors' perceptions of the importance of library research in their discipline, the amount of time spent on the course textbook during a term, the frequency of conversations about the library in the academic department...
The Bowman Gray School of Medicine Library has implemented a computerized faculty publication file adapted from an existing system that utilized a Magnetic Tape/Selectric Typewriter for catalog card production and computer storage. The faculty publication file has provided printouts for the school's annual report and monthly faculty bulletins. After the data for all faculty bibliographies have been stored in the file, it will be possible to retrieve complete author and departmental listings. The file will be continuously updated by adding current citations and the bibliographies of new faculty members and by deleting data when faculty members leave the staff.
OBJECTIVES: This 1990-1991 study explored the relationship between the size of health sciences library journal collections and the number of different journals cited by medical school faculty in departments of biochemistry and medicine. METHODS: Two regression equations, including variables associated with a national stratified sample of 622 faculty who published articles during those two years, were used to explore factors correlated with variations in faculty use of the journal literature and faculty publishing productivity. RESULTS: Results suggest that, after controlling for other variables in the models, neither the number of different journals those faculty cited, nor the number of articles they published, had statistically significant correlations with the number of journals in the health sciences library collection. CONCLUSION: The traditional view that the size of an academic health sciences library's journal collection is a good measure of how well that library is positioned to support faculty research may not be entirely accurate.
In 2005, the Council of Faculties and the Council of Deans within the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) formed a task force to review the status of the pharmacy faculty workforce and to identify factors that may influence the supply of and demand for pharmacy faculty members. This manuscript summarizes the Task Force on Faculty Workforce's findings and describes specific strategies needed to address the various issues facing the academy. Based on Task Force predictions, the academy will need approximately 1200 new faculty members over the next 10 years due to the creation of new pharmacy programs, the expansion of existing programs, faculty retirements, and recurring vacant faculty positions.
In an era of tight funding, academic medical center libraries need to determine their users' needs in order to provide cost-effective resource collections. Although faculty input is valuable, it is impractical to impose such ongoing responsibility on faculty members. This study tested an alternative method by comparing faculty preferences in discipline-specific subjects with faculty choices on corresponding discipline-specific, new-book approval slips from a vendor. Collection development librarian selections, based on formal selection criteria, were evaluated against both measures of faculty preferences. It was found that faculty members' subject ratings did not accurately predict their book choices. Implications of this and the other findings are discussed.
Mentoring junior faculty in geropsychology is becoming more critical due to the paucity of geropsychologists and the financial and talent costs experienced by universities of faculty turnover. This paper presents the unique aspects of mentoring junior faculty as opposed to mentoring of graduate students or interns, and examines some of the author's personal core values in mentoring that have been applied to over 50 junior faculty members. The author presents the RESPECT model as away to view the important and varied tasks involved in successful mentoring of junior geropsychology faculty. The model identifies the mentee as the leader in the mentee-mentor faculty relationship and examines the types of empowerment, support, protection and planning that goes into mentoring. The model, in addition, discusses the personal and emotional relationship the mentee-mentor has and the role of mentor in handling disappointment and assisting the mentee in negotiating conflict.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the Queen's University alternative funding plan (AFP) on the Department of Family Medicine in terms of patient, staff, and faculty satisfaction; patient encounter logistics; clinical volume; and academic activity. DESIGN: Before-after study. SETTING: Department of Family Medicine at Queen's University of Kingston, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: Patients, faculty, and staff of the Department of Family Medicine's Family Medicine Centre. INTERVENTIONS: The AFP of Queen's University. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patient satisfaction, staff and faculty job satisfaction, patient waiting time, time spent with patients, patient volume, number of publications, and amount of research funding obtained by faculty members. These outcomes were measured before the AFP began (time 0), 1 year post-AFP (time 1), and 2.5 years post-AFP (time 2). RESULTS: In some categories patients' satisfaction decreased at time 1, but in all cases it was either unchanged or improved at time 2. Staff and faculty job satisfaction did not change over time. Patients spent less time in the waiting room at time 2 than at time 0. Patient volume dropped about 10% between time 0 and time 2. Publication rate did not change, but external research funding increased significantly during the study period. CONCLUSION: The AFP has improved academic productivity...
Artículo de publicación Scielo; In medical education there has been increasing emphasis on
faculty development programs aimed at the professionalization of teaching and
increasing students’ learning. However, these programs have been shown to have
an impact beyond improvement in teaching skills. The medical school of the
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (EMUC) has been running a faculty
development program (DEM) since 2000. Aim: To explore the perception of
graduates on the effects of having participated in DEM on their development as
teachers and clinicians. Material and Methods: Using an exploratory, descriptive
and qualitative design, the 79 teachers who graduated from DEM from 2004-2008
were sent a questionnaire containing three open questions. Their answers were
analyzed using the Constant Comparative Method of Qualitative Analysis of
Glaser and Strauss by four researchers. Results: Faculty development, becoming a
better clinician, personal development, appreciation of the value of teaching and
strengthening of the academic community were the five categories that emerged
from the answers. Graduates felt that, besides learning new educational skills,
they changed their attitude towards teaching. DEM was perceived as facilitating
self-awareness and reflection about the graduates’ role as doctors and teachers.
The graduates also valued meeting other faculty. Conclusions: Faculty development
programs can have an impact far beyond the learning objectives. The
planning and design of programs contributes to their wider impact. This should
be taken into consideration in the design...
Technological innovation is an important aspect of teaching and learning in
the 21st century. This article examines faculty attitudes toward technology use
in the classroom at one regional public university in the United States.
Building on a faculty-led initiative to develop a Community of Practice for
improving education, this study used a mixed-method approach of a
faculty-developed, electronic survey to assess this topic. Findings from 72
faculty members revealed an overall positive stance toward technology in the
classroom and the average faculty member utilized about six technology tools in
their courses. The opportunities, barriers and future uses for technologies in
the higher education classroom emerged from the open-ended questions on the
survey. One finding of particular concern is that faculty are fearful that
technology causes a loss of the humanistic perspective in education. The
university is redesigning ten of its most popular courses to increase
flexibility, accessibility and student success.; Comment: 20 pages
Este estudo teve por objetivos levantar com docentes de Enfermagem o significado que atribuem à sua profissão; os momentos de satisfação e insatisfação profissional; as atividades ocupacionais, de lazer e promoção de saúde e averiguar o conhecimento sobre a Síndrome de Burnout, seus sinais e sintomas. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, descritiva, exploratória, mediada pela pesquisa-ação, aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa sob o Protocolo n. 0834/2007, utilizando um questionário que foi entregue aos docentes junto com o Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido. Posteriormente, foi disponibilizado um texto informativo sobre a Síndrome de Burnout aos participantes. Foram pesquisados 13 docentes, a maioria mulher, casada e católica, com mais de 40 anos e com filhos, com formações variadas, e que atuam na educação para a saúde. Elas referem que a profissão significa amorosidade, troca e diálogo, com papel mediador, humanizador e transformador, e a percebem como importante, porém exigente, desgastante e estressora. O trabalho proporciona satisfação como honrarias...
Background: In medical education there has been increasing emphasis on faculty development programs aimed at the professionalization of teaching and increasing students' learning. However, these programs have been shown to have an impact beyond improvement in teaching skills. The medical school of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (EMUC) has been running a faculty development program (DEM) since 2000. Aim: To explore the perception of graduates on the effects of having participated in DEM on their development as teachers and clinicians. Material and Methods: Using an exploratory, descriptive and qualitative design, the 79 teachers who graduated from DEM from 2004-2008 were sent a questionnaire containing three open questions. Their answers were analyzed using the Constant Comparative Method of Qualitative Analysis of Glaser and Strauss by four researchers. Results: Faculty development, becoming a better clinician, personal development, appreciation of the value of teaching and strengthening of the academic community were the five categories that emerged from the answers. Graduates felt that, besides learning new educational skills, they changed their attitude towards teaching. DEM was perceived as facilitating self-awareness and refection about the graduates' role as doctors and teachers. The graduates also valued meeting other faculty. Conclusions: Faculty development programs can have an impact far beyond the learning objectives. The planning and design of programs contributes to their wider impact. This should be taken into consideration in the design...