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Unification of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in a Modified Entropic Force Model

Chang, Zhe; Li, Ming-Hua; Li, Xin
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
In Verlinde's entropic force scenario of gravity, Newton's laws and Einstein equations can be obtained from the first pinciples and general assumptions. However, the equipartition law of energy is invalid at very low temperatures. We show clearly that the threshold of the equipartition law of energy is related with horizon of the universe. Thus, a one-dimension Debye (ODD) model in the direction of radius of the modified entropic force (MEF) maybe suitable in description of the accelerated expanding universe. We present a Friedmann cosmic dynamical model in the ODD-MEF framework. We examine carefully constraints on the ODD-MEF model from the Union2 compilation of the Supernova Cosmology Project (SCP) collaboration, the data from the observation of the large-scale structure (LSS) and the cosmic microwave background (CMB), i.e. SNe Ia+LSS+CMB. The combined numerical analysis gives the best-fit value of the model parameters $\zeta\simeq10^{-9}$ and $\Omega_{m0}=0.224$, with $\chi_{min}^2=591.156$. The corresponding age of the universe agrees with the result of D. Spergel {\it et al.}\cite{Spergel2003} at 95% confidence level. The numerical result also yields an accelerated expanding universe without invoking any kind of dark energy. Taking $\zeta(\equiv 2\pi \omega_D/H_0)$ as a running parameter associated with the structure scale $r$...