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The police and political development in Malaysia : change, continuity, and institution-building of a "coercive" apparatus in a developing, ethnically divided society

Zakaria bin Haji Ahmad, 1947-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2 v. (496 leaves); 31515907 bytes; 31515706 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Zakaria bin Haji Ahmad.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Political Science, 1977.; Vita.; Includes bibliographical references (v. 2, leaves 484-495).

The political culture of order and anarchy : remembrance and imaginative power in Central America

Cruz Sequeira, Consuelo
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2 v. (693 p.); 65037663 bytes; 65037422 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Consuelo Cruz Sequeira.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Political Science, 1994.; Includes bibliographical references.

Exploring political solutions to the chlorine controversy

Cap, Andrew P. (Andrew Peter)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 66 p.; 6566147 bytes; 6565906 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Andrew P. Cap.; Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Political Science, 1995.; Vita.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 65-66).

Local political classes and economic development : the cases of Abruzzo and Puglia in the 1970s and 1980s

Piattoni, Simona C. (Simona Carla)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 343 p.; 41661572 bytes; 41661329 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Simona C. Piattoni.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Political Science, 1996.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 325-343).

Expanding the public sphere through computer-mediated communication : political discussion about abortion in a Usenet newsgroup

Schneider, Steven Michael
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 189 leaves; 14435751 bytes; 14435509 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Steven Michael Schneider.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Political Science, 1997.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 176-189).

The marketing of rebellion in global civil society : political insurgencies, international media, and growth of transnational support

Bob, Clifford Allan, 1958-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 330 leaves; 30711630 bytes; 30711384 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Clifford Allan Bob.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Political Science, 1997.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 313-330).

Gender interests and the political process : the case of CO-MADRES of El Salvador

Denver, Cristine
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 96 p.
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by Cristine Denver.; Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Political Science, 1994.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 89-96).

Studying Your Own Country. Social Scientific Knowledge For Our Times and Places; Presidential Address to the Canadian Political Science Association, St Catharines, May 28, 2014

Noël, Alain
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Political science is both a generalizing and an anchored, nationally defined, discipline. Too often, the first perspective tends to crowd out the latter, because it appears more prestigious, objective, or scientific. Behind the international/national dichotomy, there are indeed rival conceptions of social science, and important ontological, epistemological and methodological assumptions. This article discusses these assumptions and stresses the critical contribution of idiographic, single-outcome studies, the importance of producing relevant, usable knowledge, and the distinctive implications of studying one’s own country, where a scholar is also a citizen, involved in more encompassing national conversations. The aim is not to reject the generalizing, international perspective, or even the comparative approach, but rather to reaffirm the importance of maintaining as well, and in fact celebrating, the production of social scientific knowledge directly relevant for our own times and places.; La science politique est une discipline qui aspire à la fois à la généralisation et à la production de connaissances ancrées localement, sur le plan national. Trop souvent, la première perspective domine la seconde, parce qu’elle apparait plus prestigieuse...

Peru’s failed search for political stability (1968-2000)

Wills, María Emma
Fonte: Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /06/2003 Português
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This paper aims at understanding Peru's recent political trajectory, and more specifically its failure at democratic consolidation. How can it be that a country that twenty years ago had probably better chances than most of the Southern Cone Latin American countries to embark on a successful democratic transition, underwent from 1992 onwards an involution that culminated by the year 2000 in a political debacle? How did the Peruvian democratic regime, born of a relatively inclusive constitutional pact, turn twelve years later into an authoritarian one-man show?

Moral economy or moral polity? The political anthropology of Algerian riots

Roberts, Hugh
Fonte: Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /10/2002 Português
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The appalling political breakdown which has occurred in Algeria is almost universally identified with the descent into violence since 1992, itself widely attributed, directly or indirectly, to the rise of the Islamist movement since 1989. In explicit opposition to this view, this paper argues that the breakdown of the Algerian polity occurred well before 1989 and consisted essentially in the rupture between the state and the people which took place in the 1980s and was first made manifest in the dramatic riots of October 1988. The central feature of this rupture as popularly experienced has been the problem of what Algerians call 'la hogra' (al-hagra), the systematic and contemptuous violation of their rights through constant abuse of power and arbitrary rule. Popular support for the Islamist movement after 1989 was a conjunctural mode of expression of a pre-existing social demand for good government which was not itself premised on adherence to contemporary Islamist doctrines, but on values rooted in Algeria's long-standing political traditions. The persistent refusal of the Algerian authorities since the 1980s to respect these traditions or to recognise and accommodate this demand has ensured that the strategy which the regime has followed in resisting the Islamist movement since 1992 has precluded a proper reconstruction of the Algerian polity.

Book review: Political administrators: the story of the civil service of Pakistan

Iob, Elisabetta
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/02/2013 Português
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Much analysis of Pakistan’s government and civil service has been undertaken by political analysts and academicians, but rarely by an individual from within. As and when civil servants have written, they have made an unsuccessful attempt to emphasize their neutrality, quoting instances of how they resisted political pressure, argues Aminullah Chaudry. In Political Administrators, Chaudry shares personal experiences of his time as a civil servant, seeking to question existing literature on the topic. Elisabetta Iob finds that a lack of primary sources damages the book as a historical academic source.

Information about celebrities’ political activities can influence how people think about political parties

Nownes, Anthony J.
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/08/2014 Português
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From Lady Gaga to Justin Bieber, to Oprah, celebrities have a tremendous influence over people’s lives. But does that influence also extend to how people think about political parties as well? In new research, Anthony J. Nownes looks at how people react when given the information that celebrities have made contributions to the Republican and Democratic parties. He finds that when people dislike a celebrity, and that celebrity has contributed to a party, then they like that party less. He also writes that celebrities’ political activities inform how people view them; such that those who dislike a party are turned off a celebrity who they are told has supported that party.

Negative partisanship is real, measurable, and affects political behaviour

Caruana , Nicholas J.
Fonte: The London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: The London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/11/2014 Português
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Many people explain their political involvement with reference to the kinds of outcomes they’d like to avoid, with Republicans and Democrats alike often framing their campaigns around ‘keeping out’ the opposite side. But what do we actually know about what Nicholas J. Caruana calls ‘negative partisanship’? He presents evidence from Canada that shows it explains a great deal about political involvement, and that there are lessons for political engagement more widely.

Online opportunities for activism in the US do not alleviate inequalities in political participation

Oser, Jennifer; Hooghe, Marc; Marien, Sofie
Fonte: The London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: The London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/09/2013 Português
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The rising prevalence of social media such as Twitter and Facebook has been hailed by many for their potential to democratize political participation. Jennifer Oser, Marc Hooghe and Sofie Marien investigate whether social media actually enables previously excluded groups to have a greater voice in politics. They find that in terms of online participation, women are as likely to be involved as men, and that young people are also highly engaged in opportunities for political participation. They also find, however, that while there is a distinct group of online political activists, the education and income stratification of that group is just as strong as for any other form of participation.

This fall, disputes over the debt ceiling, sequestration cuts, the budget, and Syria may lead to an imperfect political storm in Washington

Langenkamp, Andy
Fonte: The London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: The London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/09/2013 Português
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The US’ recovery is fragile, and may well be undermined if the Fed begins to taper its program of quantitative. Andy Langenkamp writes that with the end of the fiscal year 2013 close at hand, the President and Congress are about to face political battles over the budget, debt ceiling and budget sequestration. With so much at stake, any political blunder may have grave consequences for the economy. Now, with the President pushing for Congressional approval of strikes on Syria, we may well be in for a very turbulent political fall.

Candidate nomination procedures and political selection: evidence from Latin American parties

Aragon, Fernando
Fonte: The London School of Economics and Political Science, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines Publicador: The London School of Economics and Political Science, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /01/2009 Português
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This paper explores empirically the role of nomination procedures on political selection and the determinants for adopting contestable selection methods such as primaries. Using data from Latin American parties, I find evidence that political competition increases probability of primary adoption. Moreover, primary nominated candidates obtained larger vote shares and during their mandate countries experienced improvements in several measures of quality of government. The results exploit within party variation and are robust to relevant identification concerns. Together, these findings suggest that nomination procedures matter for political selection and that the quality differences are significant enough to influence electoral and economic outcomes.

The large-scale protests over immigrants’ rights in 2006 shifted how Latinos view the U.S. political system and their own abilities to influence government outcomes

Jones-Correa, Michael; Wallace, Sophia J.; Zepeda-Millán, Chris
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/10/2013 Português
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With the rise of often national-scale collective actions, such as the Occupy movement, understanding how these actions shape political attitudes is becoming more and more important. Using an in-depth study of the 2006 wave of Latino protests over anti-immigration legislation, Michael Jones-Correa, Sophia J. Wallace and Chris Zepeda-Millán argue that these protests contributed to important shifts in Latino public opinion. Importantly, they also find that being in close proximity to small marches has a positive impact on feelings of political effectiveness, while being closer to larger protests increases people’s sense of political alienation.

The rise of Polri: democratisation and the political economy of security in Indonesia

Baker, Jacqueline
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: text
Publicado em //2012 Português
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In Indonesia, successful democratisation from military authoritarian rule has pushed the military ‘back to the barracks’ and restored the rule of law. This process of moving from authoritarian-military to civil-juridical authority has taken place in multiple ways across the political system, however most notably in the rise of the police as an institutional actor, the restoration of their authority over domestic and national security and law enforcement. Scholarship shows how criminality and the criminal contingent have been crucial in every way to state formation in Indonesia. Throughout history, the security institutions have mediated those forms of criminality and the state’s overarching relationship with the illicit. One of the ways the relationship between the state and criminal practices has manifested itself has been in the mechanisms of illicit extraction and accumulation broadly known as “corruption”. Despite the regularizing effects of democratisation, the security sector continues to be resourced primarily by a vast illicit economy, called the off-budget economy. I show how Polri’s new authoritative role in security and law enforcement has opened up the spoils of this economy to the police in two important criminal economies; the gift economy of indigenous Chinese traders and the illegal gambling economy in Jakarta. This thesis demonstrates how the transformation from military-coercive to civil juridical modalities of power has not improved the quality of Indonesia’s democracy or rule of law. Rather...

The political exclusion of poor people in Britain and Israel: the poverty of democracy

Alon, Gal
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /06/2009 Português
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Democracy purports to accurately reflect the choices of the general public. It is justly credited with the creation and expansion of modern mechanisms of redistribution. Yet, in recent decades it appears to have become more of an inhibitor than a catalyst in the pursuit of an equitable society. Those treated most unequally were not bystanders. Both in Britain and Israel, roughly two fifths of them did not support the expansion of the welfare state. This thesis shows their engagement with politics was often different than others. It observes the dynamics in a three-force triangle consisting of poor people, democracy and the welfare state. Even though historically this Triangle fuelled the movement towards progressive redistribution, the findings suggest it is no longer the pivotal engine to mitigate market inequalities. The principal beneficiaries of welfare appear to be incapable of mobilising democracy to expand it. The research indicates that poor people were alarmingly uncommitted to democracy and/or the welfare state. Although these institutions underpinned their social and political rights, many barely recognised how they serve their interests. In addition, the poor could not identify themselves as a collective, were more vulnerable to fallacies...

Explaining differences in regional performance: administrative capacity and political factors. The case of Structural Funds implementation in Italian Objective 1 regions

Milio, Simona
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 Português
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This thesis starts from the following question: Why, after 16 years of receiving Structural Funds, do some regions still have difficulties in spending their allocated resources? Empirical evidence shows that Funds implementation rates have varied widely among European Union Objective 1 regions. The overall performance of Italian regions, in particular, has consistently lagged behind other countries. However, an investigation into individual Italian Objective 1 regions reveals that not all follow this general trend. Indeed, some regions have outperformed others remarkably. Why is this the case? I explore these differences and identify potential variables that may account for such regional variation. My central hypothesis is that differences in implementation are strongly dependent on the degree of administrative capacity that exists in the recipient regional government. Due to the deficiency in the existing literature of a clear definition of administrative capacity, I attempt to fill this gap by introducing a novel characterization that allows me to operationalize and measure the concept. The core of the methodology is an in-depth case study supported by field research based on personal interviews and documented questionnaires. I investigate two contrasting southern Italian regions...