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Картельная партия: Возвращение к тезису; The Cartel Party Thesis: A Restatement

KATZ, Richard S.; MAIR, Peter
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Translation of an article previously published in English 'The Cartel Party Thesis: A Restatement'; We restate and clarify the idea of the «cartel party», a concept that has found considerable traction in studies of parties throughout the democratic world, including those far from the original research site and data on which the cartel model was based. The cartel party thesis holds that political parties increasingly function like cartels, employing the resources of the state to limit political competition and ensure their own electoral success. The thesis has been subject to varied empirical testing and to substantial theoretical evaluation and criticism. Against this background, we look again at the cartel party thesis in order to clarify ambiguities in and misinterpretations of the original argument. We also suggest further refinements, specifications and extensions of the argument. Following a background review of the original thesis, we break it down into its core components, and then clarify the terms in which it makes sense to speak of cartelization and collusion. We then go on to explore some of the implications of the thesis for our understanding of contemporary democracies and patterns of party organization and party competition and we identify a possible agenda for future research in party scholarship.

The PhD thesis as 'text': a post-structuralist encounter with the limits of discourse

Bletsas, A.
Fonte: ASAL Publicador: ASAL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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In a humorous fictional exchange between a PhD student and an established professor of Actor-Network Theory, Bruno Latour provocatively asserts that a PhD thesis is a text and that, like all texts, it is finished when it is completed (148). There are multiple ways in which the PhD thesis can be understood as a 'completed text'. Applying a post-structuralist analysis, this paper addresses the idea of the PhD as a completed text in a political sense: as a text bound by discursive rules, limits, and conventions. It argues that, as a text, the PhD thesis has a specific and limited purpose which always escapes the content (context) of its narrative and arguments. More precisely, the paper draws out the implications of understanding the PhD as a completed text for those who apply a post-structuralist ethic in their analyses, arguing that an implicit tension arises in treating the PhD thesis as itself being a discursive practice: an aspect of the system of power/knowledge. Engaging with this tension, the paper reflects on the way that the PhD thesis has a subjectification effect, arguing that the PhD thesis, as a 'completed text',' can be read as the site through which the student emerges as discoursing subject.; Angelique Bletsas

Moral ontology of Walzerian social criticism: An argument for philosophical conservatism.

Gregory, James Henry
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 Português
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This thesis advances a reconstructed and more sophisticated version of Michael Walzer's social criticism. It does so through an analysis of the suppressed premises that underpin Walzer's argument. One central premise in Walzer's work tacitly asserts that social criticism should reflect the nature of the 'self as whole', as conceived of in the terms of the post-Kantian tradition of moral and political thought. This conception of self follows naturally from the way in which social criticism 'embeds' the individual in a particularist social and historical context. Another central premise comes in response to the implications of this embeddedness: in order to meet the objection that the social thesis leads both to moral relativism and a loss of individual moral freedom, Walzer commissions a second and even more tacit conception of self. This second conception is a thoroughly liberal and (at first sight) Kantian conception of self, and thus leads to a crucial internal tension with the rejection of 'philosophy' that is central to social criticism. This thesis is thus in part a critique of Walzer and the inconsistencies of his position. Nevertheless, this thesis also, ultimately, acts as a vindication of Walzer's social criticism. My argument is that the two conceptions of self can be reconciled without contradiction. We therefore arrive at an argument for a third conception of self: one that combines the virtues of both the 'communitarian' and 'liberal' conceptions of self...

The hidden truth: A sociological history of lie detection.

Weber, Susanne
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 Português
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Drawing on Foucault and the sociology of science and technology, this thesis traces the curious attempt that has been made over the last century to capture one of the most elusive social acts - the lie. This endeavour was made possible by the emergence of the human sciences, whose guiding belief was that the subject's inner life could be made apparent by means of physiological measurements and therefore be controlled. My thesis follows the development of the 'embodiment' of the lie within early and recent psychology as a means of detecting the subject's guilt. It examines the disconnection of lie detection from its academic origins and its re-positioning within criminal investigation which engenders the development of polygraphy as a separate profession. In this, it elaborates on the special roles played by instruments in lie detection practices - the 'lie detector' and the 'polygraph' - and analyses changing epistemological aims and models of 'scientific' expertise. In accounting for its contested status, the latter analysis is connected to an evaluation of the continuous exclusion of lie detection as scientific evidence from the courts. The thesis examines the changing functions of the polygraph examination in systems of social control as their logic moves from reform to increased containment and control: from a confessional technique mediating the efficient processing of a delinquent population from the 1920s...

Impact of electoral reform: Parties, voters and legislators in Italy, 1996-2001.

Khatib, Kamleh
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 Português
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This thesis presents a comprehensive picture of the Italian political system under mixed electoral rules, between 1996 and 2001. It addresses how a mixed member majoritarian electoral system affects the incentive structure of parties, voters and legislators, which in turn affect political and social outcomes. The thesis consequently investigates three related phenomena which were not necessarily considered by the drafters of the reform; namely pre-electoral bargaining, split-ticket voting, and the link between dual candidacy and legislative behaviour. First, the thesis addresses pre-electoral coalition bargaining, investigating the role that parties' policy positions play as a 'threat' resource. Second, the thesis investigates the impact of candidates' policy positions, among other variables, on the tendency of voters to split their ticket. Finally, the thesis addresses how indicators of electoral path, such as the opportunity of MPs to run simultaneously in both proportional and majoritarian tiers, affect legislative behaviour. The research develops new theoretical insights, analyses new empirical data, and applies innovative methodological tools. Not only does the thesis shed light on the logic underlying these three intriguing phenomena...

Structural and decomposition results for binet matrices, bidirected graphs and signed-graphic matroids.

Papalamprou, Konstantinos
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 Português
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In this thesis we deal with binet matrices and the class of signed-graphic matroids which is the class of matroids represented over R by binet matrices. The thesis is divided in three parts. In the first part, we provide the vast majority of the notions used throughout the thesis and some results regarding the class of binet matrices. In this part, we focus on the class of linear and integer programming problems in which the constraint matrix is binet and provide methods and algorithms which solve these problems efficiently. The main new result is that the existing combinatorial methods can not solve the {lcub}0, 1/2{rcub}-separation problem (special case of the well known separation problem) with integral binet matrices. The main new results of the whole thesis are provided in the next two parts. In the second part, we present a polynomial time algorithm to construct a bidirected graph for any totally unimodular matrix B by finding node-edge incidence matrices Q and S such that QB = S. Seymour's famous decomposition theorem for regular matroids states that any totally unimodular matrix can be constructed through a series of composition operations called k-sums starting from network matrices and their transposes and two compact representation matrices B1 and B2 of a certain ten element matroid. Given that B1 and B2 are binet matrices...

An analysis of the determinants of access to medicines and health care in developing country settings

Srivastava, Divya
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2011 Português
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The research question of this thesis is what are the determinants of access to medicines and health care in developing countries? First, this thesis hypothesises that income is an important determinant of access to medicines and health care and that access is low for low income individuals. Second, this thesis hypothesises that an expectation of a high level of expenditure on medicines reduces the propensity to consume which implies a negative price elasticity. This thesis sets out to understand demand structures to answer this research question. The first chapter conducts an exploratory exercise to study government demand for medicines using price procurement data across a sample of developing countries. A different approach is used to impute price elasticities for medicines and range from -1.0 and -2.0. This means that a 1% increase in medicine prices, government demand for medicines will drop from 1% to 2%. The thesis begins the econometric analysis at the patient level using household survey data across a cross-section of 35 developing countries. Demand for health care is inelastic ranging from -0.19 to 0.6. The next two stages of empirical work use national household level data from India as a country case study. Price elasticities for outpatient care range from -0.17 to 0.43 and for inpatient care range from -0.13 to 0.03. Overall...

The contingent role of management and leadership development for middle managers: cases of organisational change from the public services

McGurk, Patrick
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2011 Português
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This thesis investigates the contribution of management and leadership development (MLD) for middle managers. Its central hypothesis is that MLD plays an important role in enabling strategic change through middle managers, but that greater contextualisation is required to understand the precise nature of its effects and its limitations. The thesis builds on organisational contingency theory (Mintzberg 1979) to develop and test a model of changes to middle management roles and associated outcomes of MLD. The thesis differentiates between the MLD options of management development, leader development and leadership development (Day 2001) and hypothesises a range of MLD outcomes across organisational types. For its empirical base, the thesis focuses on public service organisations (PSOs), in which substantial investments in MLD have been made at all levels of management in recent years. Three case studies show how, as PSOs seek greater flexibility, the devolution of a broader range of responsibilities to middle managers creates various development needs according to different directions of organisational change. The thesis finds that: i) when the machine bureaucracy divisionalises, investment in line management training makes a significant contribution to organisational stability...

Liberalism, political theory, and the rights of minority cultures: Just how different are the 'politics of difference'?

Parvin, Philip
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2001 Português
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Liberal political theory has come under increased criticism in recent years for its supposed inability to sufficiently 'accommodate' or 'recognise' cultural difference. Liberalism, it is said, is insufficiently attentive to the importance of group attachments, is rooted in a universalism which undermines the boundaries between cultures and is, therefore, unable to adequately resolve those political conflicts which arise out of the cultural, religious and ethnic diversity found in contemporary Western societies. The thesis examines these claims and argues that liberalism is more resistant to criticism than many non-liberals (and liberals) believe. The thesis argues that liberalism is a necessarily 'comprehensive' doctrine, committed to the principle of individual autonomy and that this places constraints upon what groups can and cannot be allowed to do in the name of cultural values. It therefore challenges those 'political liberals' who seek to isolate individual autonomy as valuable only in the political sphere, and those other liberals who argue that liberalism should not commit itself to autonomy at all. The thesis argues that these liberals fail to displace the importance of autonomy in liberalism, and that they cannot help but appeal to precisely this principle in order to reach the conclusions they do. The thesis extends this argument to those pluralists...

A normative theory of international law based on new natural law theory

Searl, Mark
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 Português
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This thesis articulates a normative theory of international law based on new natural law theory. New natural law theory is a theory of ethics, politics, and law that is based on the classical natural law doctrine of Thomas Aquinas. The primary reference point of the thesis in relation to new natural law theory is the work of John Finnis, who in Natural Law and Natural Rights and subsequent writings elaborates the theory in the consideration of fundamental concepts in political philosophy and legal theory. The thesis examines the tenets of new natural law theory regarding the common good, authority, law, justice, human rights, and legal obligation, and uses these to formulate normative claims regarding the moral purpose of international law and the moral standards that international law should satisfy in light of its purpose. The thesis posits the existence of an ‘international common good’, encompassing a set of supranational conditions that are instrumental to human welfare and that require international cooperation for their realisation. The thesis claims that the primary moral purpose of international authority and international law is to further the international common good through resolving the coordination problems of the international community of states. Identifying ‘principles of justice’ for international law...

Understanding the state: An anthropological study of rural Jharkhand, India.

Shah, Alpa
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2004 Português
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This thesis explores understandings of the state in rural Jharkhand, Eastern India. It asks how and why certain groups exert their influence within the modern state in India, and why others do not. To do so the thesis addresses the interrelated issues of ex-zamindar and ex-tenant relations, development, corruption, democracy, tribal movements, seasonal casual labour migration, extreme left wing militant movements and moral attitudes towards drink and sex. This thesis is informed by twenty-one months of fieldwork in Ranchi District of which, for eighteen months, a village in Bero Block was the research base. The thesis argues that at the local level in Jharkhand there are at least two main groups of people who hold different, though related, understandings of the state. There is a local elite, usually descendants of the old zamindars, who both understands state ideas and interacts in its local processes. Understanding state ideas is, however, different to an internalisation of, or a commitment to, them. Indeed, the thesis argues that local elite interaction with the state is ultimately guided by their seeing state resources as for their own vested interests. A contrasting understanding of the state is held, however, by the second main group...

Institutional failure in Venezuela: the cases of spending oil revenues and the governance of PDVSA (1975-2005)

Paris, Francisco
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: text
Publicado em //2006 Português
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This thesis looks at the Venezuelan oil sector. The ‘oil economy’ represents the singular most determining variable in the political economy of Venezuela. The thesis challenges the view that oil, per se, has been some sort of a ‘curse’ over the country. Instead, this thesis aims to highlight the fact that other characteristics of the political system have influenced the way Venezuelans have dealt with their oil wealth. The thesis presents empirical evidence that the management of the oil industry and oilrelated income in the three decades following nationalisation of oil in 1975 became politicised. Politicisation occurred despite the fact that the political elite was aware of the danger that this might happen. Political elites embarked upon designing institutions to try to prevent this outcome. The institutions themselves were not in principle badly designed, and the thesis shows that there was nothing so inherently wrong with their design that they were unworkable. What was lacking was the political will to make them work, and evidence of this can be seen across two dimensions. One relates to the fact that all institutional forms studied – the holding company PDVSA, the Investment, Stabilisation and Development Funds – all ended up politicised. The other relates to the fact that an essentially similar pattern of politicisation can be seen across a whole series of different Venezuelan governments. In this sense the Chávez government has been an exercise in continuity and not in rupture. The thesis analyses two concrete aspects of the relationship between the Venezuelan State and oil. It scrutinises oil policy in Venezuela over the three decades following the nationalisation of the oil industry in 1975. The research focuses on the institutional arrangements (i.e. the ‘rules of the game’) concerning...

The tiger and the dragon: a neoclassical realist perspective of India and China in the oil industry in West Africa

Verma, Rajneesh
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /04/2013 Português
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Can and does neoclassical realism explain the difference in how India and China mobilise oil (a key resource) externally to meet their respective goals and objectives. The thesis illustrates how political economy (political economy as employed in the thesis examines the structure of the economic system, not the foreign policy executive) is incorporated as the intervening variable into neoclassical realism to explain the acquisition of oil blocks by Indian and Chinese oil corporations in West Africa. Consequently, the thesis transcends the existing or prevalent theories of neoclassical realism which either elucidate structural outcomes like polarity or balancing, or deviations from neorealism like under balancing or over balancing. The thesis postulates that the independent or the exogenous variable i.e. the difference in the relative power of India and China elucidates the ability of Chinese oil companies to outbid their Indian competitors and/or be preferred as partners by international oil companies (IOCs) and/or have better quality oil blocks as well as China’s widespread outreach in 11 countries in West Africa compared to India’s presence in two counties namely Nigeria and Gabon. The intervening variable or the difference in the political economy of India and China explicates why China is represented by state owned enterprises (SOEs) in the oil industry in West Africa where as India is represented by SOEs and/or private enterprises. For case study analysis...

A philosophical analysis of causality in econometrics.

Fennell, Damien James
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2005 Português
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This thesis makes explicit, develops and critically discusses a concept of causality that is assumed in structural models in econometrics. The thesis begins with a development of Herbert Simon's (1953) treatment of causal order for linear deterministic, simultaneous systems of equations to provide a fully explicit mechanistic interpretation for these systems. Doing this allows important properties of the assumed causal reading to be discussed including: the invariance of mechanisms to intervention and the role of independence in interventions. This work is then extended to basic structural models actually used in econometrics, linear models with errors-in-the-equations. This part of the thesis provides a discussion of how error terms are to be interpreted and sets out a way to introduce probabilistic concepts into the mechanistic interpretation set out earlier. The resulting analysis is then critically compared with similar work by economists, Stephen LeRoy (1995) and Kevin Hoover (2001a) who both develop Simon's work on causal order in different ways. In the latter part of the thesis, the mechanistic interpretation set out at the beginning is used to interpret identification conditions. Typically, these are presented in econometrics as mathematical conditions for determining whether unknown parameters in equations can be measured from observation. In the thesis it is shown that the identification conditions imposed on sets of equations when interpreted mechanistically require a sparseness of causal structure that ensures that experiments are hypothetically possible of the causal structure. It also analyses the role of identifiability conditions in causal inference. The final part of the thesis shows that the mechanistic interpretation developed in the thesis succeeds...

Managing civil service reform in Thailand, 1980-1999: Analytic narratives.

Malee, Surapong
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2004 Português
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The thesis seeks to explain change and stability in 'civil service policy' in Thailand between 1980 and 1999, by focusing on two issue areas relating to public sector human resource management: civil service downsizing and civil service pension reform. The thesis departs from the institutionalist research tradition, which explains administrative change using the concept of 'administrative reform capacity'. It argues that the static view of reform capacity advocated by institutionalists including Knill's ideal type constellations of administrative reform capacity needs to be re-conceptualised if it is to be analytically useful in accounting for variations in the trajectories and outcomes of civil service policy reform in Thailand across twenty-year period of this study and between case studies. To advance Knill's concept, the thesis take into account the processual view of public management policy change to develop a more flexible institutional processualist theoretical compass. The thesis adopts an 'analytic narrative instrumental case study' research design, which can accommodate inquiries from both institutional and processual research traditions. Drawing on evidence from two narrative case studies, this thesis develops process understanding and explanations for the dynamics of civil service policy making by shedding light on the analytical components of reform process: agenda setting...

Hybrid TRCs and national reconciliation in Sierra Leone and Peru

Friedman, Rebekka
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2012 Português
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This thesis examines the contribution of Truth Commissions (TCs) to national reconciliation and peace-building in post-conflict societies, via the case studies of Sierra Leone and Peru. While TCs have become a rapidly proliferating form of transitional justice, the thesis argues that there is still insufficient understanding of the functions and impact of TCs and the contexts within which they are established. In contrast to earlier Cold War TCs, which were established during regime transitions from authoritarian rule to democracy, recent hybrid Truth and Reconciliation Commissions (TRCs), as in Sierra Leone, East Timor, and Peru, were established in contexts of protracted social conflict and civil war. Whereas earlier Cold War TCs, were set up by domestic civil society as instruments of human rights against strong states, hybrid TRCs focused on democratization and peace-building in fragile states and often with global support. This thesis offers a typology of TCs, distinguishing participatory TRCs and didactic TCs from recent hybrid TRCs. It that hybrid TRCs integrate rigorous fact-finding and public testimony, focusing their work on the civic sphere. The thesis offers a theoretical conception of national reconciliation. Utilizing extensive qualitative research carried out in Sierra Leone and Peru...

Reassessing J. S. Mill's liberalism: The influence of Auguste Comte, Jeremy Bentham, and Wilhelm von Humboldt.

Kumar, Sujith Shashi
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 Português
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The thesis starts by considering the controversial claim made by Joseph Hamburger that couched within the arguments for freedom in On Liberty are calls for high levels of social control, which threaten the conventional reading of Mill as a paradigmatic liberal thinker. The thesis tests this argument against the claims of the revisionary secondary literature, which attempts to reconcile Mill's utilitarian and liberal writings. Examining Hamburger's main line of argumentation, the thesis shows how Mill's thought is more influenced by the thought of August Comte than Mill or the secondary literature acknowledge, while still retaining some crucial differences. The thesis next considers another influence argued to be outside of the liberal tradition, Jeremy Bentham. Even though Mill admittedly inherits utilitarianism from Bentham, he expands the psychological notion of pleasure in fundamental ways, even at the cost of internal consistency. Moreover, the thesis argues that Bentham utilises particular forms of social control in a similar manner as Comte, which is ultimately what Mill rejects in both of their doctrines. However at the same time, it is Comte's positivist philosophy of history that enables Mill to reconcile his utilitarian foundation with his liberal prescriptions. Next...

The evolution of Taiwan’s grand strategy: from Chiang Kai-shek to Chen Shui-bian

Chung, Chih-tung
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /10/2012 Português
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The thesis explores the concept of grand strategy and applies it to the development of Taiwan’s grand strategy between 1949 and 2008, from Presidents Chiang Kai-shek, Chiang Ching-kuo and Lee Teng-hui to Chen Shui-bian. The thesis first examines the debates between the ‘classical’ war-centred and ‘neo-classical’ peace-centred perspectives in the realm of strategic studies and argues that these need not be mutually exclusive, but can in fact supplement one another. The thesis then adopts a stance of theoretical pluralism, whereby grand strategy is regarded as a process of power practice across periods of war and peace; it defines grand strategy as a cognitive state agent taking action to create and manipulate power in furthering its desired ends in a dynamic international society. This convergent perspective of grand strategy is designed to embrace these two schools of thought, since it is equally important for those who seek a better understanding of grand strategy in general and the evolution of Taiwan’s grand strategy in particular to focus both on how best to wage war and how best to preserve peace. To make sense of and to apply the concept of grand strategy, as an operational term, this thesis proposes four strategic analytical dimensions...

Reconciling historically excluded and disadvantaged groups: Deliberative democracy, recognition and the politics of reconciliation.

Bashir, Bashir
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 Português
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This thesis provides a critical examination of four approaches to democratic inclusion. These approaches are: egalitarian theories of deliberative democracy, identity politics and its post-structuralist critics, and integrative approaches. The thesis presents each approach as a successively more effective way of addressing democratic exclusion. Each theory is measured against the demands of accommodating the claims of groups that have suffered some form of historical exclusion and injustice. The thesis explains the significance of the demands of historical injustices in relation to these approaches and concludes that deliberative democracy and the politics of recognition require supplementation by a politics of reconciliation. Drawing on the idea of reconciliation from conflict resolution and international relations, the thesis explores the way in which democratic inclusion can be supplemented. The politics of reconciliation is fundamentally crucial for the task of accommodating demands of historically excluded social groups primarily because of its emphasis on confronting the past, acknowledging injustices, taking responsibility and offering an apology for causing these injustices and embracing the concrete and specific experiences of historical oppression and exclusion. Briefly...

Healing ourselves: ethical subjectivity in the stories of complementary self-help users with cancer

MacArtney, John I.
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /05/2011 Português
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This thesis explores conceptualisations of ethical subjectivity in the stories of people who have, or have had, cancer and who use complementary therapies and self-help (complementary self-health). In England the increasing emphasis on individual responsibility and choice in healthcare means that those with cancer are now in the position where they have to make many of their own decisions about their treatment. For the people with cancer in this research this included choosing complementary self-health. The thesis explores the stories and experiences of people with cancer who used complementary self-health. The aim of the thesis is to document and make visible the many original ways people come to understand themselves as able to ‘heal’ their health, self and life. The thesis also reflects on the highly unusual position of the author, who was himself diagnosed with cancer mid-way through his fieldwork. The problems and challenges to the research are explored in the thesis, which became a story in itself. The thesis finds the ‘price that is paid’ for the way that the interviewees came to think of their selves in their subjectivity. The interviewees told open and ongoing stories of ‘balanced living’ and how they found ways to listen to their ‘embodied guides’. They also described how understanding ‘cancer as an opportunity for change’ helped to transform and transcend their previous ways of living. In doing so they provided themselves with new narratives of the past and future...