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Analysis of the Factors that Limit the Ability of Feeder Cells to Maintain the Undifferentiated State of Human Embryonic Stem Cells

Villa-Diaz, Luis G.; Pacut, Crystal; Slawny, Nicole A.; Ding, Jun; O'Shea, K. Sue; Smith, Gary D.
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
Human embryonic stem cell (hESC) culture is routinely performed using inactivated mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) as a feeder cell layer (FL). Although these cells maintain pluripotency of hESCs, the molecular basis for this is unknown. Objectives of this study were to determine whether timing between MEF inactivation and their use as a FL influenced hESC growth and differentiation, and to begin defining the mechanism(s) involved. hESCs were plated on MEFs prepared 1 (MEF-1), 4 (MEF-4), and 7 (MEF-7) days earlier. hESC colony morphology and Oct3/4 expression levels were evaluated to determine the influence of different FLs. Significant enhancement of hESC growth (self-renewal) was observed on MEF-1 compared with MEF-4 and/or MEF-7. Conditioned media (CM) collected from MEF-1 supported significantly better hESC growth in a FL-free system compared to MEF-7 CM. Effects of MEFs on hESC growth were not caused by differences in cell density or viability, although indications of apoptosis were observed in MEF-7. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that MEF-7 were morphologically distinct from MEF-1 and MEF-4. Microarray analysis identified 19 genes related to apoptosis with significantly different levels of expression between MEF-1 and MEF-7. Several differentially expressed RNAs had gene ontology classifications associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) structural constituents and growth factors. Because members of Wnt signaling pathway were identified in the array analysis...