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Propostas de Ações Afirmativas no Brasil: o acesso da população negra ao ensino superior; Affirmative Actions in Brazil: black students´ access to higher education

Moehlecke, Sabrina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/02/2000 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
97.72734%
A presente pesquisa tem como objetivo realizar um mapeamento da discussão de propostas de ações afirmativas voltadas para a população negra no Brasil. Ainda que incipiente, esse debate já suscita diversas polêmicas e leva a questões sobre o que são essas ações, onde existem, o que propõem e por que. A informação corrente no país traz como principal referência a experiência norte-americana, hoje com quase 40 anos, e identifica as ações, fundamentalmente, com o sistema de cotas, como é o caso de alguns projetos de lei que visam a melhoria do acesso da população negra ao ensino superior. Entretanto, à medida que políticas desse tipo vão sendo mais amplamente discutidas e propostas, torna-se necessário um debate mais detalhado definindo seus limites e possibilidades. Através da análise do processo de denúncia, reconhecimento e, principalmente, das formas de combate ao racismo, observa-se que as particularidades da realidade social, política, econômica e racial brasileiras são apreendidas na formulação de ações afirmativas que vão assumindo significados específicos. ; The current research has as subject mapping the discussion about affirmative actions proposals toward black population in Brazil. Even tough incipient...

Do ensino básico ao superior: a ideologia como um dos obstáculos à democratização do acesso ao ensino superior público paulista; On the elementary school: Ideology as an obstacle to access higher education in São Paulo

Silva, Paula Nascimento da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/06/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.45434%
Diante da preocupação generalizada em relação à qualidade da educação pública básica e às dificuldades de acesso ao ensino superior público em São Paulo, a presente pesquisa se propõe a analisar as condições educacionais que inibem os estudantes das escolas públicas a terem as universidades públicas como possibilidade ou meta ao prestar o vestibular. Defendese, nesse trabalho, que a ausência de perspectiva em relação ao ensino superior, por parte dos estudantes, é mais do que a simples falta de informação do aluno frente ao vestibular. Trata-se antes de um dos efeitos das ideologias envolvidas na constituição e desenvolvimento do sistema educacional brasileiro. É necessário sublinhar também que a escola pública está se habituando à redução das possibilidades de acesso de seus estudantes ao ensino superior. Para tanto, explorou-se a bibliografia sobre o tema, procurando aprofundar uma discussão teórica e analisar dados estatísticos disponíveis sobre o ingresso nos vestibulares de universidades públicas paulistas. Essa pesquisa permitiu apreender efeitos das políticas públicas até agora empreendidas para o acesso ao ensino superior, tanto aquelas adotadas pelos órgãos governamentais como aquelas geradas pelas próprias universidades públicas. Como meio de aprofundar os significados abertos pela palavra dos sujeitos-alvos dessas políticas e vítimas dessa exclusão...

Pontos de partida, pontos de chegada : impacto de variáveis sócio-culturais no ingresso ao ensino superior; Starting point, arrival point : impact of socio-cultural variables on the admission to higher education

Saavedra, Luísa; Almeida, Leandro S.; Gonçalves, Albertino, 1959-; Soares, Ana Paula
Fonte: Universidade do Minho. Instituto de Ciências Sociais Publicador: Universidade do Minho. Instituto de Ciências Sociais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
107.93721%
Abrangendo a generalidade dos alunos que em 2002/03 se inscreveram na Universidade do Minho (1ª Fase do Concurso Nacional de Acesso), este estudo analisa o impacto de algumas variáveis demográficas e sócio-culturais dos estudantes em vários dos seus comportamentos e decisões relativos à escolha do curso/universidade. Verificando-se uma progressiva democratização no acesso ao ensino superior, bem como uma maior feminização do seu corpo discente, os resultados obtidos apontam para uma influência estatisticamente significativa por parte de tais variáveis. Os alunos diferenciam-se percentualmente, segundo o sexo, confirmando a influência do género na escolha de cursos. Observa-se, ainda, o efeito da origem sócio-cultural das famílias, na escolha dos cursos e da Universidade do Minho.; Considering all the students that have enrolled at the Universidade of Minho, in 2002/2003 (first phase of national access concourse), this study analyses the impact of some demographic and socio-cultural variables in students’ behaviour and decisions related to the university/course choices. It was verified a gradual democratization during the access to higher education, as well as, a greater number of female students. The obtained results lead to a significantly statistical influence by the variables. In terms of percentage...

Non-traditional access to higher education – an evolution in Portugal

Bago, Joana; Santos, Lucilia; Fonseca, Henrique; Almeida, António Fragoso de; Gonçalves, Teresa; Ribeiro, Carlos Miguel; Quintas, Helena; Monteiro, Rute
Fonte: EUCEN European University Publicador: EUCEN European University
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
108.08835%
Poster apresentado à 44th EUCEN Conference “Border Crossing as a Viable Choice: Collaboration, Dialogue and Access to higher Education”; In Portugal the access to Higher Education (HE), comprising Universities and Polytechnic institutions, can be achieved by several dedicated “doors”. Besides the “National Admission Process” that accounts for the largest number of candidacies and vacancies and constitutes the regular pathway, there are a number of other processes, such as particular admission processes and special regimes, created as a result of the effort to open Higher Education to more and different publics. Gateways have been built based on the profiles at entrance, identifying, in particular, Non-Traditional Students, in particular older than 23 years that have now a dedicated via on the “Special Admission to HE” (SAHE) that has it set of vacancies established on a yearly basis by each university, and targets candidates (M23 regime). As a case study, this work pretends to bring up the major changes between past and present protocols of the SAHE, i.e., “ad-hoc examinations” and the actual M23 regime.

Higher Education Financing in the New EU Member States : Leveling the Playing Field

Canning, Mary; Godfrey, Martin; Holzer-Zelazewska, Dorota
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The study reviews the experience in the EU8 countries of the emergence of private higher education institutions and introduction of fees for student who do not gain regular admission. This has resulted in a dual-track system that is affecting the equity of access to higher education. The authors have addressed this with a variety of financing mechanisms in the EU8 countries and seek to develop some useful policy options to "level the playing field" for countries contemplating further reforms, which would include the introduction of variable fees, needs-based grants and loans to increase private financial flows into higher education while facilitating equal access across the board. The study begins with and introduction. Chapter 2 provides an overview of current higher education systems in the EU8 in a comparative perspective. Chapter 3 suggests some directions for further reform initiatives. Chapter 4 concludes.

Egypt : Inequality of Opportunity in Education

Ersado, Lire; Gignoux, Jeremie
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The paper examines the levels and trends in access to education and educational outcomes across generations of Egyptian youth. Examination of three cohorts of individuals aged 21 to 24 (born between 1964 and 1967, 1974 and 1977, and 1982 and 1985) shows that access to education has substantially improved during the last three decades. Completion rates increased by more than 60 percent at the preparatory level and 70 percent at the secondary level and the college completion rate more than doubled. However, significant inequities remain in access to education and educational outcomes. The fraction of never enrolled among the cohorts is still large, affecting more girls than boys, more rural than urban areas, and more children of parents with lower level of education and in elementary occupations, such as subsistence agriculture. The analysis of test-scores from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and national examinations shows that more than a quarter of learning outcome inequality is attributable to circumstances beyond the control of a student...

Tajikistan : Higher Education Sector Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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88.64195%
The introduction provides background on higher education reforms in Tajikistan and the rationale for this study. Chapter one presents an overview of the higher education system. Chapter two outlines the system-wide governance framework for Tajikistan s higher education system. It examines the regulatory framework governing higher education, system-level and institutional-level governance, stakeholders participation, and corruption. Chapter three reviews international trends in quality assurance as a benchmark for Tajikistan and examines Tajikistan s existing quality assurance system. Chapter four analyzes the higher education financing model in Tajikistan. Chapter five assesses the feasibility of using Information and Communication Technologies to improve access, quality, and relevance of higher education in Tajikistan. It also presents the results of an innovative pilot project to apply ICT-based solutions for higher education challenges. Chapter six concludes with a summary of findings and policy recommendations.

The Resilience of Women in Higher Education in Afghanistan

Kosha, Afifa; Oriya, Spozhmay; Nabi, Tahira; Halim, Sabera; Hofyani, Sohaila; Liwal, Abida; Safi, Najibullah; Sahak, Mohamad Nadir; Noormal, Bashir
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Female access to higher education in Afghanistan is has been and continues to be limited. At the basic education level, the country has made great advances since 2000; it increased access from 900,000 students in 2000, almost all boys, to 6.7 million students in 2009, and girl s enrollment increased from 5,000 under the Taliban to 2.4 million in the same time period (Afghanistan, Ministry of Education 2009-2010). Seventy-one percent are currently enrolled in primary and middle school (Grades 1-9) and 29 percent are enrolled in secondary education (Grades 10-12; Samady 2013). The post-secondary gains for girls have already increased, as 120,000 girls have graduated from secondary school, and 15,000 have enrolled in universities (George W. Bush Institute 2013). Every year, more than 100,000 secondary school graduates write the Kankor, the nationwide higher education entrance exam, but due to insufficient spaces and limited capacity, only about half of those students find a spot at the government universities and colleges (UN Women 2013). Of the total number of university students...

Young people transitioning from out-of-home care and access to higher education: a critical review of the literature

Mendes, P.; Michell, D.E.; Wilson, J.Z.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press (CUP) Publicador: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Young people transitioning from out-of-home care are known to have poor educational outcomes compared to their non-care peers. Yet little is known about the experiences or needs of the small numbers of Australian care leavers who enter higher education. This article critically examines existing Australian and international research on the access of care leavers to higher education. A group of pre-care, in-care, transition from care and post-care factors are identified as either hindering or assisting care leavers to maximise their educational opportunities. Some specific policy reforms are recommended to enhance opportunities for Australian care leavers to participate in and complete higher education.; Philip Mendes, Dee Michell, and Jacqueline Z. Wilson

Higher Education in Brazil : Challenges and Options

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
88.62343%
Brazil has put significant resources into developing its higher education system over the past three decades. As a result, a system has evolved in which some institutions have achieved recognizable excellence in teaching and research, while, more generally, the majority of institutions have struggled to provide relevant, quality education at reasonable cost. As a whole, the system has a number of large challenges to overcome. Brazil has a low enrolment rate in higher education. Rigidities in funding and regulation create strong disincentives for cost-efficiency or quality. The quality of instruction and the relevance of the curriculum are below desirable standards. The Government of Brazil has a three-pronged strategy for improving higher education: a) to change the legal framework for the sector; b) to change to a performance-based funding system that supports the Ministerio da Educacao e do Esporto's (MEC) policy goals of improved access, quality, and efficiency; and c) to improve capacity for evaluating quality of instruction and performance of institutions. The challenge is to focus attention on those changes that will promote the greatest progress in equitable access...

Brazil : Higher Education Sector Study, Volume 1

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
88.66806%
Brazil has put significant resources into developing its higher education system over the past three decades. As a result, a system has evolved in which some institutions have achieved recognizable excellence in teaching and research, while, more generally, the majority of institutions have struggled to provide relevant, quality education at reasonable cost. As a whole, the system has a number of large challenges to overcome. Brazil has a low enrolment rate in higher education. Rigidities in funding and regulation create strong disincentives for cost-efficiency or quality. The quality of instruction and the relevance of the curriculum are below desirable standards. The Government of Brazil has a three-pronged strategy for improving higher education: a) to change the legal framework for the sector; b) to change to a performance-based funding system that supports (Ministerio da Educacao e do Esporto's (MEC) policy goals of improved access, quality, and efficiency; and c) to improve capacity for evaluating quality of instruction and performance of institutions. The challenge is to focus attention on those changes that will promote the greatest progress in equitable access...

Indonesia's Higher Education System : How Responsive is it to the Labor Market?

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.32775%
Indonesia is at a development crossroads. It successfully weathered the 2008 international financial crisis, and it has shown resilience in the current turbulent times. Its economy is now one of the largest 20 economies in the world and it has ambitious plans to achieve high-income status and join the G-7 by 2030. Yet the challenges it faces are daunting. As highlighted in the recent Indonesia Economic Quarterly report by the World Bank, the status quo may not be enough to maintain current growth rates in light of domestic and policy pressures. And even maintaining the current rates of growth will not bring the country to high income status by the target year. This paper is organized as follows. Section two presents a framework to look at incentives and argues that without the right system in place, the tendency of the education sector will not necessarily be to align its supply with the demands of the labor market. The section discusses some of key features of the system in Indonesia. Section three looks at the performance of higher education graduates in the labor market...

Putting Higher Education to Work : Skills and Research for Growth in East Asia

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.34021%
A fundamental question facing East Asia, especially its low- and middle income economies, is how to sustain or even accelerate the growth of recent decades. From 1950 to 2005, for example, the region's real income per head rose sevenfold. With aging populations, these economies will need to derive an increasing share of growth from productivity improvements rather than from physical factor accumulation to drive growth. The book argues that higher education is failing to deliver skills for growth and research for innovation because of widespread disconnects between higher education institutions and other skill and research users and providers. These disconnects undermine the very functioning of the higher education system. The main assumption of the report is that to deliver labor market skills to higher education graduates, these institutions: (a) must have characteristics that are aligned with what employers and employees need; and (b) must be well connected among themselves and other skills providers. Similarly...

Internationalization of Higher Education in MENA : Policy Issues Associated with Skills Formation and Mobility

Jaramillo, Adriana; Ruby, Alan; Henard, Fabrice; Zaafrane, Hafedh
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.46413%
This policy issues note is focused on internationalization of higher education and the linkages and implications that internationalization has for skills mobility. Internationalization is one of the most important developments that globalization has brought to higher education worldwide. In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, it has turned into quite a complex undertaking. The Arab Spring has made it clear that young people in MENA are asking for more and better opportunities: to study and work; to move about the world; and to learn and to create new knowledge and enterprises. Higher education, migration, and labor mobility are key policy areas as MENA nations address the need for a strong skills base to underpin the economic and social development of the regions disparate economies. All three policy areas share an interest in the development, recognition, and application of educational qualifications, in the quality of education and training, and in the ability of people to acquire, provide, and use education for their own well-being and for their nation's benefit. This note is intended to be the base document for a policy dialogue integrating the three issues associated with the development of human capital: higher education...

Educación superior sin barreras: la accesibilidad de las universidades para los estudiantes con discapacidad; Higher education without barriers: university access for students with disabilities

Pastor, Carmen Alba
Fonte: Faculty of Education, Queen's University Publicador: Faculty of Education, Queen's University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 173173 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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98.25489%
Higher Education institutions have developed online information services and degrees as an echo of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) incidence in all society fields. Equal access to education is a fundamental right; but equal access to higher education for people with disabilities is far from being achieved yet. To this inequality has to be added the difficulty of some groups to participate in the information society, the so called infoexclusion. The short number of students with disabilities in higher education makes evident the presence of barriers for this people to get into this educational level. One of them is the low degree of accessibility to digital services and studies offered by the Universities, something that can be considered a new kind of segregation.

Acesso ao ensino superior e trajetórias dos egressos do Prouni; Acess to higher education and trajectories of graduates of Prouni

Paula Macchione Saes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A presente pesquisa trata do Prouni - Programa Universidade para Todos-, instituído pelo Governo Federal brasileiro em 2005. O programa surge em um contexto de aprofundamento do debate em torno das políticas públicas de educação para a expansão do acesso ao ensino superior e de políticas de ações afirmativas nas universidades. Tem por objetivo conceder bolsas de estudo, integrais ou parciais, em cursos de graduação em instituições privadas de educação superior a estudantes que possuam baixa renda per capita familiar. A pesquisa tem como centro de interesse compreender os efeitos do Prouni para os alunos que se formaram no ensino superior com a bolsa desse programa e que, possivelmente, sem a bolsa, estariam excluídos desse nível de ensino. Para isso, a partir de um questionário e de entrevistas com um grupo de ex-bolsistas, procurou-se investigar as trajetórias desses egressos e de que forma a inserção e conclusão de um curso superior trouxeram mudanças na vida deles, em especial em relação as possibilidade de colocação no mercado de trabalho. As histórias individuais e as trajetórias coletivas revelam que, para uma população com pouca ou nenhuma perspectiva de ingressar no ensino superior, o Prouni se coloca como uma oportunidade importante nessas trajetórias ao abrir caminho para a fuga do destino familiar.; This research discusses the Prouni - Program University for All - created by the Brazilian Federal Government in 2005. The program started in a context of important debates on public education policies for expanding access to higher education and also in a context of appearance of policies for affirmative action in universities. It aims to provide scholarships...

"It'll look good on your personal statement": a multi-case study of self-marketing amongst 16-19 year olds applying to university

Shuker, Lucie
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Department of Education; Homerton College Publicador: University of Cambridge; Department of Education; Homerton College
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The aim of the study presented in this thesis was to understand how 16-19 year old students within three different types of educational institution, approached the process of having to ?market? themselves in the context of applying for university places, and why discourses and practices of self-marketing have become more prominent in recent decades. The research focused particularly closely on the role of the Personal Statement as part of the Higher Education application process, and the ways that the particular characteristics and situations of different schools and colleges may shape distinctive self-marketing practices among their students. A multi-case study model was used, in which interviews were conducted with 36 students and various key members of staff, across three institutions and over three successive research phases. This interview data was supplemented by further data gathered from field observation and documentary analysis. The final interview with each respondent used the student?s Personal Statement as a resource to explore their self-marketing behaviour in more detail. Drawing on a Bernsteinian theoretical framework it was found that each institution had developed a pedagogy of self-marketing that was strongly embedded within and shaped by the dominant pedagogic code of that institution - both pedagogies being part of an ongoing strategic response to the conditions of the local education market-place. Self-marketing in the context of making applications to Higher Education institutions involved: firstly the recognition of a ?destination habitus? (a combination of institutional status and disciplinary habitus)...

PROUNI: democratization of the access to Higher Education Institutions?; PROUNI: democratização do acesso às Instituições de Ensino Superior?

Catani, Afrânio Mendes; Hey, Ana Paula; Gilioli, Renato de Souza Porto
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Paraná Publicador: Universidade Federal do Paraná
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/03/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The objective of this paper is to discuss if Prouni (University for all Program) is a way if democratization of higher education in Brazil or a program merely devoted to stimulate the expansion of private Institutions of Higher Education (ISEs). We will analyze the trajectory of this social program, from its first proposal to the endorsement of the law (January 2005), as well its posterior developments. In this process, Lula’s government conceded to almost all of the demands of private ISEs lobby. Despite of the State induct private ISEs to offer scholarships for low-income students in change of freed incomes,Prouni focus on students’s access to higher education, and not theirpermanency in the system.; O objetivo do artigo é discutir em que medida o Prouni é um instrumento de democratização da educação superior no Brasil ou um mero programa de estímulo à expansão das Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES) privadas. Analisaremos a trajetória desse programa social desde a primeira proposta apresentada até a lei que o sancionou (janeiro de 2005), bem como os desenvolvimentosposteriores a ela. Nesse processo, o governo Lula concedeu amaioria das reivindicações do lobby das IES privadas. Apesar de induzi-las a oferecer bolsas a estudantes de baixa renda em troca de isenções fiscais...

The Process of Democratization of the Access to Higher Education and the Relevance of PIBID within the Context of Chemistry Education Degree Students at UFRPE in Serra Talhada - Pernambuco; O Processo de Democratização do Acesso ao Ensino Superior e a Importância do PIBID no Contexto dos Alunos do Curso de Licenciatura em Química da UFRPE em Serra Talhada - Pernambuco

Veridiana A. S. F. Costa; Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco; Marília G. M. Guedes; Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Antonio M. A. de Oliveira; Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco; Katya M. O. de Sousa; Universidade Federal Rural de Pernamb
Fonte: Revista Virtual de Química Publicador: Revista Virtual de Química
Tipo: ; Formato: binary/octet-stream
Publicado em 06/05/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Deep thoughts have been given to the topic of the expansion of universities towards the countryside. This paper aims at investigating the process of democratization of the access to higher education and the relevance of the Institutional Scholarship Program for Teacher Initiation (PIBID) within the context of chemistry teaching degree at UFRPE in Serra Talhada-Pernambuco, and its likely influence on students’ expectations about their future. The data were collected using an individual questionnaire. The results indicate that the expansion project, with its many openings for entering college life, and the consolidation of implementation of public policies for populations historically excluded from the educational system has made the access to higher education more democratic. This happens because without the expansion project, many students currently in college would not have been there. Besides that, the expansion proposal seems to contribute somehow in altering the reality of many youths, who can now go to college, and get qualifications, allowing them to join the market in the future. Entering college represents for many students a change in the way they see life, and this by itself reveals the importance of the expansion of the university system. DOI: 10.5935/1984-6835.20130017; Muito se tem refletido a respeito da expansão universitária no sentido de interiorizar o ensino superior. Neste trabalho...

Does belonging matter?: Exploring the role of social connectedness as a critical factor in students' transition to higher education

Pym,June; Goodman,Suki; Patsika,Natasha
Fonte: Psychology in Society Publicador: Psychology in Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
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Widening access to Higher Education throughout the world has meant an increase in the number of students who do not necessarily have the types of capital that universities require. This means an increasing need to engage with the issues that separate students from connecting with their modes and places of learning. This paper describes a successful Academic Development programme that is focused on equity students in the Commerce Faculty at the University of Cape Town (South Africa). The programme actively promotes academic and affective factors that will contribute toward affirming students' identity and developing a learning community. The paper reports on the results of a research project that combined qualitative and quantitative research methods to investigate how fostering social connectedness impacts on the transition of students to higher education and their academic performance.