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Field crossings : hybridizing the urban park

Cyphers, Scott M
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 106 p.; 11427222 bytes; 23462280 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The growth and identity of urban open space is a vital issue facing our cities today. The development and revitalization of old industrial centers in the United States has prompted urban transformations in usage, densification and demographics. These shifting neighborhoods call for a reconsideration of the makeup and syntax of their associated green spaces. The design of this urban landscape is not currently positioned to take advantage of limited spatial opportunities while meeting increasingly diverse programmatic needs. Traditional park typologies must respond to contemporary forces, varying leisure practices and allow for new interactions with an evolving city. This thesis posits a new model for parks and their architecture within changing urban neighborhoods. It explores how parks can accommodate these transformations through the topics of imbedded infrastructure, flexibility, prototyping and merging public and private usage. It seeks to create more humane and vital open spaces by adding functional and diversified occupations that respond to specific contextual requirements. This thesis looks to understand how both the landscape and its built architecture can work together to become a more viable model for the next century.; Scott Marshall Cyphers.; Thesis (M.Arch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Filmic architecture : on motion perspective in architectural synthesis

Kwon, Kyoung Eun, 1974-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 84 p.; 3460172 bytes; 3470025 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis is an inquiry into the potential of film as an extended perspective defined by the sequential juxtaposition of images. Based on the notion that linear perspective in Renaissance architecture was used as a formal tool for the poetic imagination, it is assumed that motion perspective used as a design tool would have a formative influence on the architectural design process and thence, on the final product, architectural space and the sequence of spaces. The project uses film theory as the conceptual framework from which to gain a better understanding of the fourth dimension (time) in the creation of architecture. Cinematic camera movements, which already have a syntax or patterned language are modified for defining specific geometries in the creation of built space. The program consists of a housing block and community center in East Boston, offering a variety of spatial types for experimentation. In the primary analysis, the site is observed through a series of camera sequences. In the design process these camera movements are used to generate a spatial geometry based on the relationship between camera and filmed space. For instance, the housing has a layered spatial configuration corresponding to the tracking shot used in the site analysis. Computer generated motion graphics (4-D motion perspective) are used in each step of conceptual design. A dialectic of observation and form-generation with camera sequences are repeated throughout the building using the syntax of other movie-based sequences. The thesis demonstrates the potential of cinematographic sequencing in architectural design...

Cellular building components : investigation into parametric modeling and production logics

Austin, Charles B., M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 86 p.; 5399114 bytes; 5403031 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Recent advances in digital fabrication technologies have sparked a renewed interest in topology and biological form. The ability to design and prototype structural forms inspired by nature has challenged architects preconceived notions of space and form. With the assistance of parametric modeling and rapid prototyping we now not only have the ability to physically generate complex forms, but also the ability to create a seemingly infinite number of formal variations. As a result, this has caused architects to push toward new spatial concepts. Among these new spatial concepts are those that seek to create entire building systems out of a single material solution. Inspiration for such systems can be found by studying organic cellular structures. Unlike the component based design processes of most architects, in which multiple problems are solved through multiple material solutions, natural systems tend to create solutions that solve multiple problems through one material solution. This thesis is interested in answering the question, "Is it possible to create a building system (both structure and enclosure) out of a single adaptable building unit?" Furthermore, can the building unit also be capable of transforming from being either permeable to impermeable? If so...

Connective architecture : exploring relationships between tectonics of weaving and spatial tectonics of production and display

Mowlah, Naveem M
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 53 leaves; 2306462 bytes; 2308624 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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An extended sense of the wrap of a fabric is the fiber or essential, a foundation or base. This thesis sprouts from a fascination with the structure of fabric and the loom. On one level, it deals with the tectonics of the woven fabric. On another, it deals with all environment for both process and product (production and display) -- a programmatic arrangement of independent industries but not associated with large scale displays. This thesis explores these two tectonic environments and weaves a series of spaces to create and celebrate the sari -- a stretch of fabric that is simultaneously utilitarian, empowerment, cultural, social and art object. The various elements explored in the research included the heritage of the sari, the Important/image of the sari to women from various backgrounds, the structure of the loom and the methods involved with the process from conception to finish -- pinning, spooling. dyeing, weaving, display and retail. The program aims to create, for the growing South Asian community ill Queens who are caught in a liminal space, a place to celebrate their culture and for visitors to learn more about it through the medium of one of the oldest crafts in South Asia.; by Naveem M. Mowlah.; Thesis (M. Arch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Kinetic index : an exploration of site and program in flux; Exploration of site and program in flux

Wenceslao, Pablo Daniel
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 61 p.; 4363836 bytes; 4484898 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Sites and programs are in constant flux and are affected by environmental, social, and economic forces they encounter. This thesis explores the ways kinetic architecture mediates between the site and programs in flux. Programmatic flux requires the architecture to adapt through overlapping and transformable space while responding to the forces on the site through an understanding of their paths and boundaries. Kinetic spaces are carefully programmed to allow for flexibility over time but are also conscious in preventing under-programmed or unprogrammed space. Site and program interact through the exchange of social and environmental forces that impact each other simultaneously. The forces on the site will not only affect the architecture but the architecture will have an important impact on the reconstructed site and its environment.; by Pablo Daniel Wenceslao.; Thesis (M. Arch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Architecture, 2006.; Page 61 blank.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 59-60).

Architecture of uncertainty

Smith, James M., M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 120, [1] p.; 5444156 bytes; 5762006 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Machines have been used throughout history as an extension of the human body; a prosthetic device that can provide the opportunity to redefine the spatial experience of a given time and place. In this investigation the Pinhole camera was used as a device for capturing photographic images of an urban place. The images produced by the pinhole cameras are representations of the existing place and its experience. The representation of a place generated by the device mediates the relationship between the body and the landscape. This thesis explores the production of architectural form with respect to the uncertainties of our built environment, strategies of representation, and the construction of urban devices that re-define the spatial experience.; by James M. Smith.; Thesis (M. Arch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Architecture, 2006.; Includes bibliographical references (p. [118]-[121]).

Organism of options : a design strategy for flexible space

Kim, Young-Ju, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 81, [5] p., [2] leaves of folded plates
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The need for "flexibility" of architecture has been increasing as recent social demands are rapidly changing. However, many buildings designed in the name of flexibility are blocky, boring, and actually quite inflexible because of incomplete systems, or simple bad planning. A space is designed and built to fulfill a certain request, and in order to perform properly, the space needs to be equipped with the proper systems such as lighting, acoustics, structural system, etc. At the same time, the segregation of functions, or the blind obedience of spatial organization to functions can potentially eliminate the true multi-functionality of a space. The double interpretations of spatial flexibility-- for function, for adaptation-- comprises a primary concern for me. On March 16, 2007, Junior High School 13 (M013) in Harlem, Manhattan was considered by the city of New York for closing. Under the existing education segregation problem in Manhattan, the shutting down of a school in Harlem does not only mean a failure of one institution, but it would further result in deterioration of nearby schools as a result of increased overcrowding. Additionally, considering the fact that the neighborhood school used to function as a community space in Harlem...

Back to school : the alternate ground of integration

Kim, Kyu Ree, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 120 p.
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This thesis embraces the leftover spaces along the back alleyways and turns them into fronts. It proposes inhabitation of spaces below,above and in-between the warehouses through strategic and programmatically specific engagement. As such this project aims to devise a system that integrates both physical and sociological urban fractures.The site is the Los Angeles Fashion District. It is a place of constant transformation; with its evolving fashion trends, new techniques of production, a changing workforce and new buildings. Yet, despite all the sociological and technological changes, the apparel industry still remains labor intensive. Furthermore, the LA Fashion District concentrates the large number of recent immigrants who are mostly undereducated or uneducated. In response to this situation, I am proposing the School for Apparel Industry Workers. Modeled based on current education facilities for adult immigrants, it provides learning opportunities to the workers at their workplace. The school also acts as an architectural connector. It creates mutual relationships among buildings in the alleyways. Pleating, an apparel industry technique, is employed here as an architectural strategy to develop the system of the project that establish physical and sociological connections. It is also a tool in the organization of school programs as well as a technical solution in appropriating existing structures. Its structural and spatial flexibility exploits the diverse shapes extant in existing structures...

Spring House

McMullen, Nathan Blane, 1955-
Fonte: Universidade da Flórida Publicador: Universidade da Flórida
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v, 264 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm.
Publicado em //1987 Português
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(Thesis) Thesis (M. Arch.)--University of Florida, 1987.; (Bibliography) Bibliography: leaf 263.; Typescript.; Vita.; (Statement of Responsibility) by Nathan Blane McMullen.

Nomadology in architecture: ephemerality, movement and collaboration.

Cowan, Gregory
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 1707165 bytes; 320998 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2002 Português
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This thesis investigates the theoretical and practical importance of nomadic ways of life for architecture. Nomadology is a construction of Deleuze and Guattari's 'counter-philosophy', challenging authenticity and propriety, in this case, in the context of architecture. This thesis describes how nomadology may serve contemporary architectural practice and criticism; challenging static, permanent, and heroically solitary ways of working and dwelling. Nomadology in architecture proposes ways for thinking and working temporally, dynamically, and collaboratively. The thesis suggests strategies - diagramming, ephemerality, movement, and collaboration - as ways of reconciling nomadism and architecture. The 'Contexts' section of this thesis surveys Western and global contexts of understanding nomads and nomadology, and how these pertain to architecture. Western conceptions of architecture have inhibited the study of nomadology in architecture. A case is made for challenging biases in Western views of architecture, for critically employing the ideas of the diagram and the rhizome in architectural criticism, and for recognising the role of movement. The 'Applications' section shows, through practical examples, that the potential of nomadology is latent in spatial and environmental practices of architectural production and architectural criticism. This section of the thesis identifies the significance of nomads as users and exponents of architecture...

Film + architecture : Text

González, Katrina Susana. ( Dissertant ); Tanzer, Kim ( Thesis advisor ); McGlothlin, Mark ( Thesis advisor )
Fonte: University of Florida; University of Florida ( Gainesville, Fla. ) Publicador: University of Florida; University of Florida ( Gainesville, Fla. )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
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(Thesis) Printout. Accompanying material: 1 DVD. Master's Research Project (M. Arch.)--University of Florida, 2008. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 103-[110]). Advisors: Kim Tanzer, Mark McGlothlin.; Architecture terminal project; Project in lieu of thesis

Urban Block Networks

Angelbello, Alexandro
Fonte: University of Florida ( [Gainesville, Fla.] ) Publicador: University of Florida ( [Gainesville, Fla.] )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1 online resource (63 p.)
Publicado em //2008 Português
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In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.; Includes vita.; (Bibliography) Includes bibliographical references.; (Source of Description) Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.; (Source of Description) This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.; (Thesis) Thesis (M.Arch.)--University of Florida, 2008.; (Local) Adviser: Macleod, Robert M.; (Local) Co-adviser: Bitz, Diana H.; (Statement of Responsibility) by Alexandro Angelbello

Celebrating diversity : an exploration into African contributions to Caribbean residential architecture; Exploration into African contributions to Caribbean residential architecture

Harris, Patricia Elaine
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 183 p.; 10247703 bytes; 10272698 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The purpose of this thesis is to document, through observation and research, architectural elements of a culture that have contributed to the development of another. As such it represents a way of thinking about the impact of architecture on culture and of culture on architecture. The len~ for this focus is the contributions of African people brought to the Caribbean during the European Slave Trade (1520's--1860's). As it essentially was a world region where the influence of indigenous people was negligible due to their early demise and general lack of an extensively developed architecture, it may almost be regarded as a 'clean slate' upon which the Europeans and Africans devised an architecture based on climate, materials, and tradition modified by colonization/enslavement. As climate and materials were generally similar to those found in Africa, tradition may be considered the most important aspect of this process and is the basis for this thesis and for the exploration of the following questions: What did Africans do to contribute to the architecture of the Caribbean; how did they say, "We are here?" What may have been present in the physical landscape, built and natural, that gave Africans brought to the New World any sense of familiarity of place in an otherwise alien environment? What are some of their contributions that have survived...

Structuring beyond architecture

Foxe, David M
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 214 p.; 41804503 bytes; 41775927 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis explores the layering and negotiation of structural devices in urban settings. Its point of departure is a series of patterns of how structural design and urban design interact and overlap, from which are developed design strategies that encourage differentiation and the ability to accommodate change in the future. Therefore, the thesis traces an approach for growth rather than simply specifying a particular isolated solution to a single local set of conditions: a machine rather than a spare part. The overarching structural challenge which I have investigated as a vehicle for this approach is for foundation systems spanning over shallowly buried subway and highway tunnels at a site adjacent to the Fort Point Channel neighborhood in South Boston. This challenge, facing many cities around the world, provokes the problem of designing and creating the structure of support in these areas to enable more - rather than less - creative spatial possibilities above the ground. The subsequent proposal details a system of linear bundles - high-performance concrete beams rooted down to bedrock, along with utilities, walkways, plantings, open spaces, loading conditions, property rights, and implementation strategies bundled together -; (cont.) as well as the bridges...

East of Liberty : reclaiming Main Street

Westervelt, Nathalie M. (Nathalie Marie)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 67 p.; 36153824 bytes; 36153462 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Although we were taught about the success of the Civil Rights movement in elementary school, it is undeniable that socioeconomic differences create community borders throughout the world. Specifically discussed here is East Liberty part of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's "East End." Over a forty-five year period East Liberty has been disassociated from her neighbors and become an archipelago like many of Pittsburgh's neighborhoods. Since the sixties, when the first interventions were commissioned by David L. Lawrence's Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA), development reinforced already present socioeconomic barriers and people began to fear East Liberty, on the other side of the tracks from Shadyside. Today, the URA no longer directly influences design, but oversees the federal funding that non profit Community Development Corporations (CDCs) receive for the commercial and residential development projects. Ironically, CDCs are comprised of real-estate brokers, not politicians, architects, nor planners. Economically, East Liberty is improving if the big box stores make profits, then the land will generate revenue from taxes and its value will rise. If more developers and business owners take interest, the empty storefronts will fill. This process...

Revealing Burlington : Vermont architecture on the edge

Gates, Jeremy M., 1975-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 43, [2] p.; 6358627 bytes; 6361806 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This project explores building in the most urban environment of a state that identifies with its ruralness. The site, located at the top of a steep bluff in Burlington at the edge between the city's downtown core and its waterfront, calls for a response to the urban forces that are present. Creating a connection between the city and the waterfront, and responding to the city grid, the shape of the land, and the adjacent park were central goals of the project. With these objectives in place, I looked to rural sources to establish a set of criteria for judging the architectural design moves. I began by looking at the rural typology of the barn for its simple and continuous membrane, use of materials that record the building's age, structure that is completely revealed and inhabited, the purely functional plan, and the way it addresses the landscape. The project later drew upon other aspects of 'Vermontness' such as the steeple as a marker in the landscape and the quarry's geometric cuts in the earth. The design uses these criteria together with the site specific urban objectives to create a project that both embodies the identity of the state of Vermont and reveals important aspects of the city and the site.; by Jeremy M. Gates.; Thesis (M. Arch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

The infrastructural complex : a return to big design

Campos, Robert Timothy, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 63 p.
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A new pattern of territorial settlement is proposed for the 70 mile-long strip straddling the Mississippi River between Baton Rouge and New Orleans, Louisiana (here termed the "South Louisiana-Mississippi River Corridor"). Current urban design paradigms at work in the area are ill-equipped to deal with the complex and competing systems within which the city of New Orleans-and any city sufficiently understood-is situated. It was a historical failure to engage with these big systems in the first place that resulted in the disaster of 2005. Such a truly big meshwork of competing interests as exists in the region can only be managed by a radically big re-definition of the scale and magnitude of the area in which design can intervene, harkening back to the territorial plans of the Russian avant-garde or the Tennessee Valley Authority. In South Louisiana, territorial infrastructure has always been the interface between systems and complexes, and it is only through a rapid redeployment of new infrastructures across a sufficiently big scale that a viable, long-term vision for the region can be realized, and only by applying architectural thinking.; (cont.) Along the (relatively) terra firma of the river's natural levee, rapidly-constructed long-distance sediment-transport pipeline become the "spines" for new program in the region...

The Turtle : an American school of architecture : a radical mediocracy; American school of architecture : a radical mediocracy

Berríos Negrón, Luis Rafael, 1971-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 103 p.; 8220991 bytes; 8226620 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis evolves as a curatorial exercise with three phases: revisiting the practical and aesthetic position of the architecture thesis, structuring a design environment within MIT for fellow thesis candidates, leading to the development of a 1:1 test case - the Turtle. The Turtle will transport past student theses while also serving as a remote "pin-up" review space. The unit travels through and out of campus, in order to place greater publicity on the output of MIT both within and beyond the Institute. This provides theses candidates with a prop for their respective presentations allowing for more informed contributions to the MIT School of Architecture. The Turtle ultimately aims to serve as cultural equipment towards informing a broader sphere of knowledge that becomes more accessible to the contemporary architecture student, their critics/consultants, and their respective audiences. Considering MIT's digital thesis search engine, D-Space, these additional terms are addressed: a new type of specialist, authorship, collaboration, collective imagination, communication, digital, Venturi's duck, education, endless, fact, faction, fear, fiction, Gehry's fish, hegemony, human, infinite, interference, knowledge, lack of knowledge, learning...

Designing for communication : from orientation to empathy

Fricke, Gretchen M., 1974-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 67 leaves; 10116525 bytes; 22843545 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Beyond shelter, communication is the essential act of architecture. The construction of a building is the result of a dialogue between people and the natural environment where a building rises because it is the physical fulfillment of people's needs and desires that are not naturally met. Because buildings are designed for people, it is reasonable to define a building'S success by the degree to which it is relevant to and usable by people. A building'S relevance, whether it be physical, historical, or spiritual, occurs through communication. This thesis proposes that architects should make communication a design priority. We have the ability to and should take upon ourselves responsibility for creating, maintaining, and heightening people's physical and emotional relationships to their world. The design subject for this thesis is a retreat center for artists, writers, and musicians. Because visitors come to a retreat center for short periods of time (usually 2-4 weeks), the necessity for understanding and relating to one's environment is concentrated and immediate. A retreat center must communicate quickly and meaningfully to its creative inhabitants in order for them to feel at ease, connected, and able to progress in their work.; by Gretchen M. Fricke.; Thesis (M.Arch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Repositioning Chinatown Las Vegas : theming authenticity and theory of boring architecture

Shen, James, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 181 p.
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China's surging economy compels cities worldwide to employ an extreme form of reverse colonization. A race is in progress to build the world's largest Chinatown. St. Petersburg and Dubai's are under construction and London is talking about it. Las Vegas belatedly joins the competition. The city already boasts the fist planned Chinatown - although it's just a strip mall. Learning from the success of its Chinatown Plaza, I propose an instant "Worlds' largest Chinatown" in collaboration with the newly formed International Chinatown Development Corporation. Situated in the capital of theming, Chinatown Las Vegas offers something different. The Paris Hotel Casino doesn't come with Parisians, but Chinatown Las Vegas comes with the Chinese. How can Chinatown exploit its themed people to market its notorious otherness? The success of current architectural practices of them- ing rests on its ability to mask the banal with signifiers of the exotic. The effects of this "shock and awe" approach, however, are short lived. My project offers an alternative; I begin with the banal to not end there. Instead of designing every aspect of the new Chinatown, I will populate the site with ready-mades; "carpet theming" by copy-paste. Preserving all existing buildings on the site...