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Educação para a carreira e interesses profissionais em estudantes do ensino médio regular e técnico; Career education and professional interests in regular and technical high school students

Fracalozzi, Nerielen Martins Neto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
59.50331%
Diante das velozes transformações no mundo do trabalho em um contexto de instabilidade e incertezas na carreira, tornam-se imperativas iniciativas de políticas que despertem nos indivíduos a capacidade de gerenciar o seu próprio desenvolvimento profissional. Nesse contexto, estratégias de Educação para a Carreira podem colaborar no desenvolvimento de carreira dos indivíduos ao longo da vida. Visando levantar pistas para esse tipo de intervenção, o presente trabalho objetivou analisar interesses profissionais e maturidade vocacional de estudantes do ensino médio regular e técnico, em função da procedência escolar, sexo e nível socioeconômico familiar. Investigaram-se também as principais necessidades de Educação para a Carreira desses alunos e possíveis relações entre o Teste de Fotos de Profissões (BBT-Br) e o Questionário de Educação para a Carreira (QEC). Participaram da pesquisa 220 adolescentes, entre 16 e 20 anos, sendo 147 do sexo feminino e 73 do sexo masculino, provenientes do último ano de duas escolas públicas de ensino médio, uma regular e outra técnica, de uma cidade do interior do estado de São Paulo. Os instrumentos, a saber, o BBT-Br, o QEC, o questionário de identificação e o Critério de Classificação Econômica Brasil (CCEB) foram aplicados coletivamente em sala de aula. Os dados foram inseridos em bancos de dados e submetidos a testes de estatística descritiva e inferencial (t de student). Com relação à maturidade vocacional...

Educação para a carreira no cotidiano da escola pública: Proposta de modelo interventivo para a grade curricular; Career Education in the daily one of the public school: an intervention proposal to regular curriculum

Faleiros, Nayara de Paula
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
49.11477%
A Educação para a Carreira foi um movimento surgido nos Estados Unidos na década de 1970, que propunha uma reforma na educação americana, desde o ensino elementar, fundamentada na ideia de que a educação escolar deveria ser socialmente útil, desenvolvendo no indivíduo habilidades que pudessem ser aproveitadas futuramente, quando ingressasse no mundo do trabalho. Embora essa concepção estivesse presente no pensamento educacional americano desde os primórdios da formação do Estado, sua retomada pelo movimento da Educação para Carreira num momento de declínio econômico, em que as indústrias buscavam novas estratégias de enfrentamento, abrindo espaço para a emergência do toyotismo, favoreceu a obtenção do apoio ostensivo de um grande número de associações civis e profissionais, além dos próprios educadores. A Educação para a Carreira se expandiu para outros países que viviam uma situação semelhante, sendo que, no Brasil, permanece sendo uma prática pouco conhecida, uma vez que há, no campo da orientação profissional, uma preponderância no uso da abordagem clínica nos atendimentos, mesmo aqueles desenvolvidos no contexto escolar. Há muitos estudos realizados em escolas que indicam o quão a orientação profissional favorece os jovens que se encontram em momento de escolha. Entretanto...

A formação de professores de ensino técnico de nível médio estadual e suas relações com o Arranjo Produtivo Local na cidade de Jahu

Vieira, Sebastião Gândara
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 145 f. : il. color. + Anexos
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.386426%
Pós-graduação em Educação - FFC; Este trabalho buscou analisar a formação docente para o ensino técnico estadual de nível médio, e como se dá a relação com os Arranjos Produtivos Locais, os APLs, possíveis contratantes dessa mão de obra qualificada, confrontando aspectos relacionados à evolução e características dessa modalidade técnico-profissional, suas relações com o mercado de trabalho e o atendimento às suas demandas em termos de consumo-produção. A educação profissional pública técnica e tecnológica é representada no estado de São Paulo pelo Centro Paula Souza, o CEETEPS, que completou 40 anos em 2009, e que expandiu e investiu em suas unidades. Compunha ainda a política oficial estadual, formar integralmente os indivíduos/cidadãos, conciliando os objetivos de prosseguimento de estudos, de preparação para o trabalho e de desenvolvimento pessoal frente às exigibilidades contemporâneas e do mercado de trabalho. De modo a organizar os elementos que envolvem esse trabalho, os capítulos se referem: à educação profissional, com histórico, legislação e como ela ocorre no estado de São Paulo; à formação de professores para o ensino técnico-profissional; ao que representam os APLs e finalmente ao ambiente onde se deu a pesquisa...

Pre-service career and technical education teachers’ perceptions of their subject matter and learning to teach it : an action research study

Green, Jeffrey M. (1983 - ); Hursh, David W. (1948 - )
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Illustrations:ill.; Number of Pages:vii, 295 leaves
Português
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68.77315%
Thesis (Ed. D.)--University of Rochester. Margaret Warner Graduate School of Education and Human Development, 2012.; Our nation’s public schools have been given the task of preparing our students for success in college as well as future careers. Determining how to best prepare future teachers is not an easy task, and the current state of public education has had an impact on what it takes to be a successful teacher. Involving pre-service career and technical education (CTE) teachers in research on their student teaching experiences should help them in their student teaching and future teaching careers as well as aid CTE teacher educators in the preparation of future CTE teachers. With those goals in mind, the following two main research questions guided this study: 1. How do pre-service CTE teachers perceive CTE?
2. How can CTE teacher educators support pre-service CTE teachers in negotiating the differing messages regarding CTE?

Four graduate business and marketing education students who completed their student teaching practicum experiences during the fall 2011 semester participated in this study. Using action research, the researcher employed written surveys, individual interviews, group discussions, participant reflection journals...

International Comparative Study : Engineering Education in India

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.250635%
The central and state governments of India have been pursuing several reforms in the higher education sector. In engineering education, the government has already embarked on several reforms within the current legislative framework. Given this dynamic momentum, the engineering education sector in India is expected to receive a significant boost over the next few years. It is therefore timely to take stock and review the position of the sector internationally. This study thus aims to provide the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), and relevant stakeholders with key facts, reliable data, and the results of relevant international comparisons to establish a common ground and to help in measuring the performance of the current engineering education system in India. The government also recognizes the importance of lessons that may be learned from the other Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, and China (BRIC) countries, and these countries were therefore selected for the comparison. This report is organized as follows: section one gives introduction; section two briefly discusses the background of both general higher education and engineering education in India. Section three reviews earlier comparative studies on international engineering education. Section four describes the scope of the study. Section five explains the methodology of data collection and identifies the data sources. Section six outlines the analysis of the collected data and the findings. Section seven presents conclusions. The appendixes describe the engineering education systems of the various countries examined in the study...

Career Technical Education Adjunct Faculty Teacher Readiness: An Investigation of Teacher Excellence and Variables of Preparedness

Guerra, Jorge
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.6879%
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between teaching readiness and teaching excellence with three variables of preparedness of adjunct professors teaching career technical education courses through student surveys using a correlational design of two statistical techniques; least-squares regression and one-way analysis of variance. That is, the research tested the relationship between teacher readiness and teacher excellence with the number of years teaching, the number of years of experience in the professional field and exposure to teaching related professional development, referred to as variables of preparedness. The results of the research provided insight to the relationship between the variables of preparedness and student assessment of their adjunct professors. Concerning the years of teaching experience, this research found a negative inverse relationship with how students rated their professors’ teaching readiness and excellence. The research also found no relationship between years of professional experience and the students’ assessment. Lastly, the research found a significant positive relationship between the amount of teaching related professional development taken by an adjunct professor and the students’ assessment in teaching readiness and excellence. This research suggests that policies and practices at colleges should address the professional development needs of adjunct professors. Also...

Women in Nontraditional Career and Technical Education

Whitehead, Chaundra L.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.6879%
The purpose of this research is to outline several of the issues that serve as barriers to women participating in nontraditional career and technical education in an effort to prompt solution based strategies on the part of career and technical instructors, adult education practitioners, and administrators.

The Relationship of Instructor Technical Literacy to the Academic Performance of Students in Career Academies

Gomez, Jorge
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
59.36603%
Career Academy instructors’ technical literacy is vital to the academic success of students. This nonexperimental ex post facto study examined the relationships between the level of technical literacy of instructors in career academies and student academic performance. It was also undertaken to explore the relationship between the pedagogical training of instructors and the academic performance of students. Out of a heterogeneous population of 564 teachers in six targeted schools, 136 teachers (26.0 %) responded to an online survey. The survey was designed to gather demographic and teaching experience data. Each demographic item was linked by researchers to teachers’ technology use in the classroom. Student achievement was measured by student learning gains as assessed by the reading section of the FCAT from the previous to the present school year. Linear and hierarchical regressions were conducted to examine the research questions. To clarify the possibility of teacher gender and teacher race/ethnic group differences by research variable, a series of one-way ANOVAs were conducted. As revealed by the ANOVA results, there were not statistically significant group differences in any of the research variables by teacher gender or teacher race/ethnicity. Greater student learning gains were associated with greater teacher technical expertise integrating computers and technology into the classroom...

Governance for Quality in Higher Education in Odisha, India

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.793%
The rise of the global economy, where social and economic development are driven by knowledge coupled with the information and technology revolution, signifies that tertiary education everywhere cannot continue with business as usual. The hope is that by creating, applying and disseminating new ideas and technologies to greater numbers, higher education systems will graduate a skilled, flexible and productive work force. The scope of the study includes primarily the governance and management system across the Higher Education (HE) sector in Odisha; the current Quality Assurance System (QAS) including affiliation and accreditation and the inter-relationship between QAS and HE governance system; issues associated with autonomy in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Odisha; the existing policy and legal environment in view of systemic transformation of governance for excellence; and international experience of good practices of governance and management system focusing on quality assurance. This paper aims: to describe and analyze the state of governance in Odisha higher education with special focus on the role of the higher education department of the GoO...

Assessing Advances and Challenges in Technical Education in Brazil

Almeida, Rita; Amaral, Nicole; de Felicio, Fabiana
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Book; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.21396%
As Brazil is massively investing in a scale-up of in vocational education and training (VET) through the national flagship program, PRONATEC, this report assesses institutions and policies in VET taking an in depth critical view of upcoming opportunities. It shares international best practices on selected operational issues identified as strategic bottlenecks for the delivery of technical education. The report explores multiple sources of information including a desk review of existing reports and papers, inputs/data provided by the Ministry of Education and interviews with multiple stakeholders and practitioners at the federal and state level. The report highlights the need of promoting a better alignment between the supply and demand of skills at the sub national level and of promoting better a solid monitoring and evaluation system, including the monitoring of student learning and of the trajectories into the labor market or into higher educational degrees. Issues of student career guidance and teacher quality also emerge as areas of strategic importance to the Brazilian VET system in the years ahead.

Career technical education adjunct faculty teacher readiness: An investigation of teacher excellence and variables of preparedness

Guerra, Jorge
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
78.28172%
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between teaching readiness and teaching excellence with three variables of preparedness of adjunct professors teaching career technical education courses through student surveys using a correlational design of two statistical techniques; least-squares regression and one-way analysis of variance. That is, the research tested the relationship between teacher readiness and teacher excellence with the number of years teaching, the number of years of experience in the professional field and exposure to teaching related professional development, referred to as variables of preparedness.^ The results of the research provided insight to the relationship between the variables of preparedness and student assessment of their adjunct professors. Concerning the years of teaching experience, this research found a negative inverse relationship with how students rated their professors' teaching readiness and excellence. The research also found no relationship between years of professional experience and the students' assessment. Lastly, the research found a significant positive relationship between the amount of teaching related professional development taken by an adjunct professor and the students' assessment in teaching readiness and excellence.^ This research suggests that policies and practices at colleges should address the professional development needs of adjunct professors. Also...

Post-Basic Education and Training in Rwanda : Skills Development for Dynamic Economic Growth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.40382%
Improved access to and quality of upper secondary schools, teacher training colleges, Higher Learning Institutions (HLIs), and demand-driven Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) courses to supply the demand for the higher-level skills and competencies relevant to labor market needs remains a central priority for the ministry of education in Rwanda. Since the original analysis and drafting of this report took place there have been a number of changes within the Post Basic Education and Training (PBET) sector and progress has been made on various areas of policy implementation discussed in the report. Most significantly, the government of Rwanda announced in 2010 that all students will be entitled to access fee-free education until the end of upper secondary school (or equivalent). This policy move addresses some of the concerns raised in the report to ensure that increasing numbers of basic education graduates can move on to PBET. This report provides a description of key aspects of the education sector as a whole with particular emphasis on quality improvement in basic education. The present report takes the perspective that Rwanda's PBET system is the country's principle mechanism for generating the skilled labor force needed to become a middle-income...

Bangladesh : Education Sector Review, Volume 3

World Bank
Fonte: Dhaka: The University Press Limited for the World Bank Publicador: Dhaka: The University Press Limited for the World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.54231%
This Education Sector Review covers many major educational topics in Bangladesh. Six actions are needed to realize Bangladesh's vision in 2020: build a stronger, wider and deeper foundation of basic education; reorient and establish secondary education on a more equitable footing; transfer vocational skill training to non-government providers; rationalize, reform and revitalize higher education; vastly increase public financing of education; and manage the system better. Volume 1: addresses the above six actions as well as socioeconomic development, implications for education, and education finance. Volume 2 examines in depth primary and pre-primary education; early childhood care and education for development; non-formal education; secondary; and higher secondary education. Volume 3: focuses on technical vocational education and training; and higher education.

Institutional Assessment of Sindh Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.936973%
Providing quality training that leads young people to jobs is critical for the economic and social development of the Province of Sindh, Pakistan. This working paper assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the Sindh Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (STEVTA) as a provincial apex body in Technical Education and Vocational Training (TVET). The recent establishment of STEVTA was a major step to reduce fragmentation of training policies and programs. The paper assesses the Authority's legal foundation, governance, management, organization, human resources, financial resources and management, and networking with external organizations. The institutional assessment finds that Government of Sindh and STEVTA need to: (i) strengthen its governance by establishing a clearer reporting structure for the management of the authority's director, and by increasing the involvement of the private sector in the board, (ii) enhance its institutional capacity through hiring of teachers in its institutions based upon increased funding and a sustainable HR rationalization plan for the system that is coordinated with planned physical investments in institutions...

Differentiation and Articulation in Tertiary Education Systems : A Study of Twelve African Countries; Differenciation et articulation dans les systemes d'enseignement superieur en Afrique : une etude de douze pays Africains

Ng'ethe, Njuguna; Subotzky, George; Afeti, George
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.549253%
This study strives to sketch an initial map of the extent and nature of institutional and program differentiation within African systems of tertiary education. In doing so, it also seeks to chart the patterns of articulation that have emerged or been consciously put in place between the different institutional types (such as public universities, private universities, polytechnics, training colleges). The analysis of tertiary education differentiation and articulation is based on field visits to a dozen selected African countries. Its purpose is to improve general understanding of this under-researched but strategically important technical aspect of African higher education at a time when it is becoming an important aspect of education policy. African countries display far more differentiation than articulation within their tertiary education systems. Their systems are quite diverse and can be classified as unitary, binary, trinary, semi-differentiated or fully differentiated, depending upon the number of different institutional types that comprise the tertiary system. In general...

An Assessment of Skills in the Formal Sector Labor Market in Bangladesh : A Technical Report on the Enterprise-Based Skills Survey 2012

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.90393%
Education and skill development have played a crucial role in economic growth, poverty reduction and social transformation in Bangladesh, particularly the inclusion of women in the labor force in the last decade. Bangladesh has made impressive gains in improving access to education, reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) of gender parity at the primary and secondary levels. Increased access to secondary education among girls over the past twenty years appears to have produced a powerful agent of social mobility as it is likely that many of the young girls who benefitted from the female stipends in the early 90s have now entered the labor market and may be enjoying higher earnings than older female cohorts. The widespread entry of women into the labor market has been a leading factor in the rapid expansion of the garment industry. With around USD 15 billion in export value in 2010, the readymade garment industry is currently Bangladesh's most important industry sector (McKinsey and Company 2011). In this context...

Strategic Reform Road-map for the Technical and Vocational Education and Training Sector in West Bengal

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
59.19176%
This report focuses on one of the key pillars of economic growth - namely, human development, and in particular, on skills development in West Bengal. It examines the current status of skills development, and potential ways forward for making the production of skills in the state more aligned to its economic growth needs. More specifically, the report investigates the characteristics of the technical and vocational education and training system that produces skills, how these skills match up in quantity and quality with what is in demand from employers in the organized and informal sectors, governance and quality assurance systems, emerging partnerships between the government and private providers of skills, and the availability of financial resources for skills development. Based on the findings from primary surveys, secondary data analysis, in-depth consultations with stakeholders, and declared policy priorities, the report provides a strategic framework and a time-based implementation road-map for reforming and reorienting technical and vocational education and training in West Bengal. This task was undertaken at the specific request of the new Government of West Bengal (GOWB) who took office in 2011. The GOWB wanted to know how to improve the quality of vocational and technical education and training in the state...

Tertiary Education in Indonesia : Directions for Policy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.53537%
Indonesia has made notable progress in raising attainment levels in primary and secondary school. More than 1 million additional students graduated high school in 2012 when compared with 1999, and graduation rates are expected to increase further. Major efforts are being made throughout the system to improve learning outcomes and ensure graduates have more knowledge and better skills. This progress at primary and secondary school creates more demand for tertiary education (TE). Most students (88 percent in a recent survey) profess a desire to continue studying after high school. Indonesia's TE system, however, is not well prepared to help create relevant, high-quality opportunities for this growing pool of high school graduates. Wages for those with TE are high and have remained so even as more and more workers enter the labor market with at least some TE. TE is a good investment in Indonesia, even when one attends a TE institution (TEI) of perceived low quality. Empirical analyses of labor markets do not support the anecdotes about large numbers of unemployed and underpaid workers with TE. This fact is a main general conclusion that should shape the direction of TE policy in Indonesia.

Tertiary Education in Mongolia : Meeting the Challenges of the Global Economy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.863203%
Since the transition from a planned economy to a market-based democracy in the early 1990s, Mongolian higher education has experienced a marked expansion. Between 1992 and 2007, the number of tertiary education institution (TEIs) has increased more than four-fold and enrollment more than six-fold, with the gross enrollment ratio growing from 14 to 47 percent. This rapid growth has been fueled by the increased demand for higher skills in the labor market and has led to rising education premia. These trends, in turn, have stimulated increased household demand for tertiary education. In the early 1990s, the liberalization of the economy and the legalization of private higher education made it possible to increase the supply of tertiary education. However, this expansion in supply has been met with the charging of tuition fees in public universities and the growth of private institutions. As a result, public expenditure on higher education has been contained to about 14 percent of total expenditure, compared with over 20 percent in China. Although this policy has met the need for an increased supply of tertiary education...

Vocational Education in the New EU Member States : Enhancing Labor Market Outcomes and Fiscal Efficiency

Canning, Mary; Godfrey, Martin; Holzer-Zelazewska, Dorota
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.62295%
This report explores the fiscal aspects of vocational education reform in the context of secondary education as a whole and considers the implications of any changes in the vocational education (VE) system for post-secondary and other modes of skill development. The report begins by describing the inherited system of vocational education in the former socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe which was based on the assumption that everyone had to be trained for a specific occupation before starting work and that it was the function of vocational schools to provide such training. The report explores the scope for improvements in fiscal efficiency via a number of propositions about VE in the EU8 countries today: a) It would not be possible or advisable to fund adequately a traditional VE system which would provide ready-to-work recruits with narrowly specialized skills for the economy's enterprises; b) One way to reduce costs to government would be to locate practical training entirely in-plant but this is increasingly difficult; c) EU8 employers' traditional expectations of a fully-subsidized VE system delivering ready-to-work...