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Validation of ASHA FACS-Functional Assessment of Communication Skills for Alzheimer Disease Population

CARVALHO, Isabel Albuquerque M. de; MANSUR, Leticia Lessa
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.23781%
This study vas aimed to validate the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Functional Assessment Of Communication Skills (ASHA FACS) for a Brazilian population. The scale was translated and adapted into Portuguese. Thirty-two patients with mild Alzheimer disease (AD). 25 patients with moderate AD. and 51 elderly without dementia were examined with Mini Mental State Examination, Geriatric Depression Scale. and Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog). The ASHA FACS was answered by their relative/caregiver. The scale`s internal consistency. its inter-examiner and intra-examiner`s reproducibility. and scale`s criterion validity were researched by correlation with ADAS-cog,. The sensitivity and specificity Were also researched. Statistical analyses indicated that the ASHA FACS has excellent internal consistency (Cronbach alpha = 0.955), test-retest reliability (interclass correlation coefficient = 0.995; P < 0.001). and inter-examiners (interclass correlation coefficient = 0.998: P < 0.001). It showed excellent criterion validity when correlated with ADAS-cog,. The ASHA FACS scale showed good sensitivity (75.0%) and specificity (82.4%) values once it is an ecologic and broad evaluation. The ASHA FACS Portuguese version is a valid and reliable instrument to verify communication alterations in AD patients and fills an important gap of efficiency indicators for speech language therapy in our country.; CAPES (Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior)

Presentation skills for engineers : systematic interventions in a project-based learning course

Hattum-Janssen, Natascha van; Fischer, Adriana; Moreira, Francisco
Fonte: European Society Engineering Education Publicador: European Society Engineering Education
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /09/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.64115%
This article seeks to reflect on effective presentation skills for engineering students and the effect of specific interventions on the quality of presentation skills. Most authors, who discuss transferable competencies for engineers, refer to different types of communication skills in general to oral and written communication skills. Although there is a broad recognition on the necessity of developing transferable skills in engineering education, there is no general agreement on what these they should be. Therefore, presentation skills are studied in the context of a project-based learning experience at the Industrial Management and Engineering (IME) programme of the University of Minho. Six groups of seven first year students of the first semester of the IME integrated Master´s degree programme carried out a semester-long project from September 2010 till January 2011. Three project oral presentations were conducted, preceded by three interventions focused on specific aspects of oral presentations. The teachers and the educational researchers involved in the project coordination team commented on the presentations and a qualitative analysis of the comments was carried out. The organisation of the interventions revealed to be well adapted to the developments that student went through in the project.

Signs Workshop: the importance of natural gestures in the promotion of early communication skills of children with developmental disabilities

Almeida, Ana Margarida P.; Condeço, Teresa; Ramos, Fernando; Sousa, Álvaro; Cotrim, Luísa; Macedo, Sofia; Palha, Miguel
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.520703%
This article emphasises the importance of natural gestures and describes the framework and the development process of the “Signs Workshop” CD-ROM, which is a multimedia application for the promotion of early communication skills of children with developmental disabilities. Signs Workshop CD-ROM was created in the scope of Down’s Comm Project, which was financed by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, and is the result of a partnership between UNICA (Communication and Arts Research Unit of the University of Aveiro) and the Portuguese Down Syndrome Association (APPT21/Differences).; Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation

Signs Workshop: promotion of early communication skills of children with developmental disabilities

Almeida, Ana Margarida; Sousa, Álvaro; Ramos, Fernando; Condeço, Teresa; Cotrim, Luísa; Macedo, Sofia; Palha, Miguel
Fonte: IOS Press Publicador: IOS Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.520703%
This article presents and describes the framework and the development process of the “Signs Workshop” CD-ROM, which is a multimedia application for the promotion of early communication skills of children with developmental disabilities. Signs Workshop CD-ROM was created in the scope of Down’s Comm Project, which was financed by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, and is the result of a partnership between UNICA (Communication and Arts Research Unit of the University of Aveiro) and the Portuguese Association of Trisomy 21 Carriers (APPT21/Differenças).; Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation

Signs Workshop: the importance of natural gestures in the promotion of early communication skills of children with developmental disabilities

Almeida, Ana; Condeço, Teresa; Ramos, Fernando; Sousa, Álvaro; Cotrim, Luísa; Macedo, Sofia; Palha, Miguel
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.520703%
This article emphasises the importance of natural gestures and describes the framework and the development process of the “Signs Workshop” CD-ROM, which is a multimedia application for the promotion of early communication skills of children with developmental disabilities. Signs Workshop CD-ROM was created in the scope of Down’s Comm Project, which was financed by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, and is the result of a partnership between UNICA (Communication and Arts Research Unit of the University of Aveiro) and the Portuguese Down Syndrome Association (APPT21/Differences).

Personal advisors for business professionals: improving communication skills with online corpora

Vieira, Nataliya
Fonte: CIGEST Publicador: CIGEST
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.452495%
The business sphere is a multilingual world where foreign language communication skills are crucial in international relations. It makes employers look for business professionals who have a high level of linguistic competences. Language proficiency increases the chances of negotiation among partners. There are mainly two obstacles that make barriers in formal communication in a foreign language: lack of knowledge of specific linguistic structures or terminology and frequent transitions from one language to another. This paper contributes to the quest for quick access to a wide range of English, Spanish and Russian online databases that provide authentic language samples. Their application may improve communication skills and facilitate preparation for business discourse.

Language background, English language proficiency and medical communication skills of medical students

Chur-Hansen, A.; Vernon-Roberts, J.; Clark, S.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Publicador: Blackwell Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1997 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.657437%
Associations between language background, English language proficiency and medical communication skills were investigated in a group of 149 third year undergraduate medical students studying at an Australian university. Written and aural English proficiency were assessed with the Screening Test for Adolescent Language (STAL). Medical communication skills and the fluency of spoken language were scored during an Observed Structured Clinical Interview (OSCI), rated by a standardized patient and a clinician. An association was found between language background, performance on the STAL and spoken language proficiency. Satisfactory performance in medical communication skills was not associated with language background or overall performance on the STAL. In this study it was the global rating of unsatisfactory spoken language fluency that was associated with poorer performance in medical communication skills under examination conditions.; A Chur-Hansen, J Vernon-Roberts, & S Clark

El uso de la publicidad para mejorar las limitaciones que sufren los niños con Síndrome de Asperger en algunas habilidades sociales y comunicativas; The use of advertising to improve limitations suffered by children with Asperger Syndrome in some social and communication skills.

Fernández Liaño, Álvaro
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.41835%
La publicidad es un elemento muy empleado en educación como apoyo a diferentes enseñanzas o propuestas didácticas. En este trabajo se ha pretendido dar solución mediante la publicidad a las limitaciones que sufren los alumnos con Síndrome de Asperger en algunas habilidades sociales y comunicativas. Partiendo del estudio del término autismo de Kanner (1943) y Asperger (1944) y llegando a las características más útiles de la publicidad, se desarrolla una propuesta didáctica para la consecución del objetivo principal del trabajo. Los resultados que se esperan obtener en caso de aplicación de la propuesta son una posible mejoría en los ámbitos que aquí se van a tratar, así como técnicas que sirvan de ayuda para solventar futuras situaciones.; Advertisements are widely used in education to support different teaching and didactic proposals. The goal of this paper has been to try and solve the limitations faced by students with Asperger Syndrome in some social and communication skills by using advertisements. Starting from the studies of the term “autism” by Kanner (1943) and Asperger (1944) and reaching the most useful features of advertising, a didactic proposal has been developed to achieve the main objective of the paper. The expected results from the enforcement of this proposal are a possible improvement in the areas discussed in this paper as well as the development of techniques which can help to solve future situations.; Grado en Magisterio en Educación Primaria

Companion animal veterinarians' use of clinical communication skills

McArthur, M.; Fitzgerald, J.
Fonte: Australian Veterinary Assn Publicador: Australian Veterinary Assn
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.520703%
OBJECTIVE: To describe the communication techniques used by clients and veterinarians during companion animal visits in Australia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study. METHODS: A total of 64 veterinary consultations were audiotaped and analysed with the Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS); clients completed appointment level measures, including their satisfaction and perceptions of relational communication. RESULTS: Participants were 24 veterinarians and 64 clients. Statements intended to reassure clients were expressed frequently in the consultations, but in 59% of appointments empathy statements were not expressed towards either the client or the patient. In 10% of appointments, veterinarians did not used any open-ended questions. Overall client satisfaction was high and veterinarians' expressions of empathy directed to the client resulted in higher levels of client satisfaction. Clients' perceptions of relational communication were related to several veterinarian and client nonverbal scales. CONCLUSIONS: A focus on developing evidence-based clinical communication skills is expected to further enhance the veterinarian-client-patient relationship and associated clinical outcomes. Particular recommendations include the development of a broader emotion-handling repertoire...

Validity of scores from communication skills instruments for patients and their dental student-clinicians

Winning, T.; Kinnell, A.; Wener, M.; Mazurat, N.; Schonwetter, D.
Fonte: Blackwell Munksgaard Publicador: Blackwell Munksgaard
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.330425%
The development of appropriate communication skills by healthcare providers is central to providing quality patient-centred care. Patients can provide valuable feedback to practitioners about their clinical communication. However, in oral health care, their involvement is uncommon and instruments specific for communication in oral health care have not been available. Recently, two complementary instruments have been developed by the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Manitoba for evaluating student-clinicians' clinical communication: one for patient evaluation and one for student self-evaluation. The aim of the current study was to provide validity evidence for the scores related to the internal structure of the revised 2007 versions of these instruments in two dental clinical/education contexts, namely the Universities of Manitoba, Canada (UM) and Adelaide, Australia (UA). The proposed factor structure and loadings, and their stability across contexts were assessed using confirmatory factor analysis, and the adequacy of the internal consistency reliability of the scores was analysed using Cronbach's alpha. The factor structure of the current 2007 versions of the patient and student instruments, derived from the previously developed longer versions of these instruments...

A qualitative study to explore communication skills in veterinary medical education

Hamood, W.J.; Chur-Hansen, A.; McArthur, M.L.
Fonte: IJME Publicador: IJME
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.865054%
OBJECTIVE: To explore and gain an understanding of what "clinical communication skills" mean to veterinarians working in private practice and what implications this might have for veterinary medical education. METHODS: Qualitative research methods were used to purposefully sample a range of veterinary practitioners from a pool of South Australian veterinary practices who were interviewed to determine their understanding of what communication skills mean in the context of veterinary practice. Interviews were conducted with fourteen veterinary practitioners. Participants were sampled from a range of ages, veterinary schools of graduation plus urban and rural locations. Interview transcripts were analysed for themes, definitions and contexts. RESULTS: Participants' accounts included a number of skills which they considered to be "communication". Some of the definitions of these skills parallel communication skills and competencies for human medicine on which communication skills training incorporated into veterinary curricula to date have largely been based. However, the veterinarians in this study also raised interesting contextual differences unique to the veterinary profession, such as communication with the animal, selling service...

Communication skills training for general practice / Robert George Moorhead.

Moorhead, Robert George.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 161029 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2000 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.55152%
Examines aspects of teaching medical students communication skills at a time when they are entering their clinical years. Integrates reports of 12 data-gathering exercises centred on medical student communication skills with the international literature, and with the author's reflections as an experienced educator and G.P. Recommends that communication skills training in a general practice setting should be a crucial factor in all future training of medical students.; Thesis (M.D.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of Psychiatry, 2000; Bibliography: leaves 554-636.; 637 leaves ;; Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library.

The self-evaluation of medical communication skills

Chur-Hansen, A.
Fonte: Carfax Publishing Ltd Publicador: Carfax Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.6186%
Self-evaluation of professional skills is recognised to be an essential requirement in undergraduate medical education, yet this aspect of learning is rarely taught in an explicit and systematic fashion. This paper reports on a teaching project in which first year Australian and international medical students self-evaluated their ability to demonstrate medical communication skills during two interviews with a standardised patient. These self-evaluations were compared with clinical tutors' evaluations of the same interactions, for the purpose of formative assessment. Students' self-evaluations showed moderate, significant correlations with those of their tutor. Students improved in their medical communication skills across the two interviews, whilst English language proficiency as assessed by a standardised screening instrument, was not indicative of ability. Further research is necessary to ascertain whether short-term interventions result in enduring outcomes in both improved medical communication skills and a capacity to self-assess.; Anna Chur-Hansen; © Carfax Publishing

Avaliação funcional das habilidades de comunicação - ASHA FACS para população com doença de Alzheimer; Functional assessment of communication skills - ASHA FACS for patient with Alzheimer\'s disease

Carvalho, Isabel Albuquerque Maranhão de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/02/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.439883%
INTRODUÇÃO: Desde o início da doença de Alzheimer (DA), alterações de linguagem comprometem o engajamento, o exercício da vida social do indivíduo e, têm impacto em sua independência. A informação sobre essas alterações contribui para a caracterização do diagnóstico da doença. A limitação da capacidade de comunicação funcional, ou seja, a capacidade de emitir e compreender uma mensagem de maneira independente e eficiente em resposta à demanda do cotidiano, é uma das queixas mais importantes de familiares e cuidadores, daí a necessidade de se disponibilizar instrumento, em língua portuguesa, que avalie a comunicação, em contexto natural, para fins de diagnóstico e de acompanhamento de indivíduos acometidos. O objetivo deste estudo foi validar a escala de Avaliação Funcional das Habilidades de Comunicação - ASHA FACS para uso na população brasileira. A ASHA FACS é composta pelos domínios: Comunicação Social, Comunicação de Necessidades Básicas, Leitura, Escrita e Conceitos Numéricos, e Planejamento Diário. MÉTODOS: Foram realizadas a tradução e a adaptação da escala. Foram examinados 32 idosos com DA leve, 25 com DA moderada e 51 idosos sem demência. Os idosos com DA e os controles responderam ao Miniexame do Estado Mental (MEEM)...

Promoting communication skills for information systems students in Australian and Portuguese higher education : action research study

Isaias, Pedro; Issa, Tomayess
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.92478%
This paper aims to examine the value of communication skills learn- ing process through various assessments in Information Systems (IS) postgrad- uate units in Australia and Portugal. Currently, communication skills are indispensable to students in expanding their social networks and their knowl- edge at university and in the future workplace, since businesses expect their employees to have strong communication and presentation skills. This paper provides empirical evidence based on the anonymous quantitative and qualita- tive data collected during 2 years from 126 postgraduate students, which were collected via formal and informal feedback. Various assessment methods were used in Information Systems units to promote and develop the communication skills; these assessments are: reflective journal, business plan and prototype, discussion forum, presentation, and final examination. A Communication skills model (CSM) was developed based on Action research principles to promote the assessments which will assist IS students to enhance their communication skills. The research outcomes indicated that integrating communication skills in the assessments will allow students to promote their communication skills and boost their self-esteem skills. Furthermore...

Integrating communication skills into the computer science curriculum

Falkner, K.; Falkner, N.
Fonte: ACM; USA Publicador: ACM; USA
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.89916%
Computer Science majors must be able to communicate effectively. Industry surveys identify the development of communication and critical thinking skills as key to the reform of the higher education sector. However, academics are challenged by time and discipline content pressures, as well as a lack of familiarity with the teaching and assessment of communication skills content. There is considerable existing work in the area of communication skills development, positioned both in terms of curriculum guidelines for effective communication skills development, and example communication skills activities. However, this research is deficient in detailed, contextualised methodologies and frameworks for the development of communication skills within the Computer Science curriculum. We present a new methodology, building upon well established theoretical frameworks, designed to assist academics in the development of communication skills activities integrated with discipline content across the curriculum. We illustrate this methodology in the design of a CS1/CS2 communication skills course.; Katrina Falkner and Nickolas J.G. Falkner

The referential communication skills of children with imaginary companions

Roby, Anna C; Kidd, Evan
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Inc. Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.23781%
The present study investigated the referential communication skills of children with imaginary companions (ICs). Twenty-two children with ICs aged between 4 and 6 years were compared to 22 children without ICs (NICs). The children were matched for age, gender, birth order, number of siblings, and parental education. All children completed the Test of Referential Communication (Camaioni, Ercolani & Lloyd, 1995). The results showed that the children with ICs performed better than the children without ICs on the speaker component of the task. In particular, the IC children were better able to identify a specific referent to their interlocutor than were the NIC children. Furthermore, the IC children described less redundant features of the target picture than did the NIC children. The children did not differ in the listening comprehension component of the task. Overall, the results suggest that the IC children had a better understanding of their interlocutor's information requirements in conversation. The role of pretend play in the development of communicative competence is discussed in light of these results.

Avaliação do ensino de relacionamento enfermeira-paciente; Evaluación de la enseñanza de relacionamiento enfermero-paciente; Evaluation of toe teaching of communication skills in nursing undergraduate and graduate course

Sadala, Maria Lúcia Araújo; Stefanelli, Maguida Costa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.31933%
This study aims at evaluating the learning of communication skills by undergraduate and graduate students from the School of Nursing at Botucatu, São Paulo, in the last five years.; Este trabalho propõe-se a avaliar o ensino de relacionamento enfermeira -paciente entre alunas e egressos de Curso de Enfermagem - F. M. Botucatu, UNESP. Os resultados mostram a utilização dos conhecimentos teórico-práticos sobre comunicação relacionamento interpessoal pela população estudada, assim como a avaliação do conteúdo das Disciplinas Relacionamento Enfermeira-Paciente I, II e III do referido curso nos últimos cinco anos.; El presente trabajo se propone evaluar la enseñanza del reracionamiento enfermero-paciente entre los alumnos y graduados del Curso de Enfermería de la F. M. Botucatu - UNESP, Los resultados muestran la utilización de los conocimientos teórico-prácticos sobre la comunicación y relacionamiento interpersonal por la población estudiada, así como la evaluación del contenido de las disciplinas Relacionamiento Enfermero-Paciente I, II y III del referido curso por un período de cinco años.

Communication skills in medicine; Comunicação em medicina

Rios, Izabel Cristina
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/09/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.841206%
Comunicação efetiva e interação são competências clínicas essenciais ao profissionalismo em Medicina. Define-se comunicação efetiva como procedimento de interação do profissional da saúde e pacientes ou equipe que promove acolhimento, diálogo e entendimento recíprocos. Estudos mostram que comunicação efetiva tem impacto significativo no cuidado e aumento da qualidade da atenção à saúde. Já a falta de habilidade de comunicação está associada à má prática e erros médicos. A competência relacional e comunicacional se fundamenta em atitudes, conhecimentos e habilidades de comunicação e interação que requer ensino-aprendizagem e deve ser desenvolvida nas escolas médicas. As diretrizes curriculares do Ministério da Educação para o curso médico, desde 2001, preconizam o desenvolvimento de habilidades de comunicação. O ensino-aprendizagem de comunicação deve se desenvolver ao longo da graduação de forma sistematizada, em diversos cenários de ensino, em pequenos grupos trabalhados com metodologias ativas. O processo educacional começa com objetivos educacionais básicos (introdução à conversa na prática médica) e vai se complexizando ao longo do curso médico (comunicação em cenários e situações específicos...

A review of three educational projects using interactive theater to improve physician-patient communication when treating patients with irritable bowel syndrome

Saypol,Ben; Drossman,Douglas A.; Schmulson,Max J.; Olano,Carolina; Halpert,Albena; Aderoju,Ademola; Chang,Lin
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/05/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.619727%
Background: Quality communication skills and increased multicultural sensitivity are universal goals, yet teaching them have remained a challenge for educators. Objective: To document the process and participant responses to Interactive Theater when used as a method to teach physician-patient communication and cross-cultural competency. Design, setting, and participants: Three projects are reported. They were collaborations between Theater Delta, the UNC Center for Functional GI and Motility Disorders, the Rome Foundation, the World Gastroenterology Organization, and the American Gastroenterological Association. Outcome measures: 8 forced choice and 6 open ended were collected from each participant using a post-performance evaluation form. Results: Responses to the 8 indicators relating to a positive experience participating in the Interactive Theater. The vast majority either agreed or strongly agreed with the statements on the evaluation form. Written comments explained why. Conclusions: Data indicates that Interactive Theater stimulates constructive dialogue, analysis, solutions, and intended behavior change with regard to communication skills and adapting to patients from multicultural backgrounds. Interactive Theater directly focuses on communication itself (active listening...