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Edward Said Um Intelectual Crítico e Cosmopolita

Veiguinha, Joaquim Jorge de Jesus Paiva
Fonte: Edições Universitárias Lusófonas Publicador: Edições Universitárias Lusófonas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 88611 bytes; application/pdf
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Edward Said, palestiniano cidadão do mundo, historiador crítico da literatura e da cultura preocupa-se em analisar e desmistificar as representações ideológicas que afirmam a superioridade de uma cultura sobre as outras. Em Orientalismo , publicado originalmente em 1978, demonstra como o colonialismo europeu constrói uma representação do mundo oriental, especialmente do mundo árabe e muçulmano, em que os representados surgem como seres incapazes de autonomia, racionalidade e autogoverno. Como contraponto a esta concepção, desenvolve-se, no período da emancipação e das independências coloniais, uma nova visão em que os povos colonizados de mero objecto de representação se transformam em sujeitos da sua própria história. Em Cultura e Imperialismo , publicado em 1993, Said analisa como os intelectuais e os criadores dos povos dominados elaboram uma nova representação de si próprios e do Outro no âmbito do processo de luta e emancipação colonial. Mas apenas a livre interacção e interdependência das culturas poderá constituir uma síntese superadora do imperialismo e do nacionalismo anticolonial. Dimensão libertadora que se tornará a verdadeira missão e vocação do intelectual sem fronteiras de que Said foi um dos maiores expoentes contemporâneos.; Revista Lusófona de Ciência Política e Relações Internacionais; Edward Said is a citizen of Palestine and of the world. He is a critical historian of literature and culture whose main goal is to analyze and demystify the ideological representations that state the superiority of a given culture over others. In Orientalism...

O liberalismo abrangente de Ronald Dworkin; Ronald Dworkin's comprehensive liberalism

Furquim, Lilian de Toni
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/09/2010 Português
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O presente trabalho discute o liberalismo abrangente de Ronald Dworkin, como alternativa ao liberalismo político de John Rawls. Dworkin interpreta o liberalismo como uma teoria contínua entre ética e moralidade, ou seja, sem uma separação entre as doutrinas abrangentes e nossas concepções políticas para justificação dos fundamentos constitucionais, respeitando o pluralismo razoável presente na sociedade democrática. O liberalismo abrangente se apresenta como uma teoria liberal na qual a liberdade, a igualdade e a comunidade fazem parte de um único ideal político.; The present study discusses Ronald Dworkins comprehensive liberalism as an alternative to John Rawlspolitical liberalism. Dworkin construes liberalism as a continuous theory between ethics and morality, that is, without a separation between comprehensive doctrines and our political conceptions so as to justify constitutional grounds, thus respecting the reasonable pluralism existing in democratic society. Comprehensive liberalism presents itself as a liberal theory in which freedom, equality and community merge into a single political ideal.

A família na escola : uma aliança produtiva

Klaus, Viviane
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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A partir de estudos genealógicos sobre a família e a escola —realizados principalmente por Julia Varela e Fernando Alvarez-Uría, Philippe Ariès, Jacques Donzelot, Michel Foucault— procuro, nesta Dissertação, descrever e analisar de que formas a família e a escola vêm sendo narradas e fabricadas no tempo e no espaço, marcando alguns pontos de emergência, continuidades e descontinuidades. Colocando em questão o caráter construído de legitimidade e de naturalidade da escola e da família modernas, abordo algumas das condições de possibilidade do surgimento/fabricação da aliança família/escola, procurando entender algumas das relações que foram se construindo a partir deste binômio na educação escolarizada moderna. Tendo mapeado e localizado meu tema de estudo —aliança família/escola—, investigo como esta aliança vem sendo narrada e fabricada atualmente, no Brasil. Para tanto, utilizo como corpus alguns fragmentos dos materiais produzidos na Campanha promovida pelo Governo Federal —Dia Nacional da Família na Escola—, nos anos de 2001 e 2002. Analiso os ditos sobre família, escola e aliança família/escola presentes nestes materiais. Utilizo o conceito foucaultiano de governamentalidade, de modo a perceber como a família...

O perfil ideacional dos itens lexicais translator/tradutor em "Translators through history" e em "Os tradutores na história"

Fleuri, Lilian Jurkevicz
Fonte: Florianópolis, SC Publicador: Florianópolis, SC
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 177 f.| ils., grafs., tabs.
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Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Estudos da Tradução; A pesquisa parte dos conceitos de linguagem e de texto desenvolvidos pela Lingüística Sistêmico-Funcional (LSF) que interpreta a língua como um sistema modelador de realidades. Partindo desse conceito, sugere-se, nesta pesquisa de caráter interdisciplinar, a interface entre a Lingüística Sistêmico-Funcional, os Estudos da Tradução e a Lingüística de Corpus para análise descritiva da obra Translators Through History e sua tradução Os Tradutores na História. Busca-se examinar o perfil ideacional dos itens lexicais "translator/tradutor" em ambos os textos, identificando-se os padrões emergentes na textualização e na retextualização e os novos significados construídos no processo de retextualização. Observase que, apesar de os padrões de transitividade serem análogos em ambos os textos # os resultados da análise apontam para uma construção similar do "tradutor" # há especificidades no perfil ideacional do tradutor sendo tal item lexical mais representado como Portador na textualização (texto em inglês) e mais como Ator na retextualização (texto em português)...

Vivendo a verdadeira vida : vivandeiras, mulheres em outras frentes de combates; Living the true life : vivandières, women in other combat fronts

Carvalho, Maria Meire de
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Tese
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Tese (doutorado)—Universidade de Brasília, Programa de Pós-Graduação em História, 2008.; Na presente tese, enfoco, como objeto de estudo, as representações das vivandeiras, construtos veiculados em diferentes discursos sobre a presença e a ação das mulheres nos palcos da guerra. Procurei analisar a cena discursiva das imagens de vivandeiras, elaboradas no passado e no presente. Tais imagens revelam suas condições de produção, o modo como foram discursivamente produzidas, reconhecidas e significadas. Num esforço de desnaturalização, estive particularmente atenta aos indícios que me possibilitaram questionar o que se apresentava como dado natural e acessar outras formas de atuação e significação históricas das mulheres nos campos de combate. Procurei sentidos que fugissem dos esquemas prévios e sexistas, instituidores de uma essência feminina/masculina, de um domínio fundado na determinação biológica. Procurei, portanto, escrever uma história do ponto de vista feminino, uma história produzida com outras visões/leituras do mundo social, desatreladas da perspectiva sexista naturalizada como padrão e presente na produção do conhecimento histórico. Tal história evidencia a ação das mulheres na Guerra do Paraguai (1865-70) e na Coluna Prestes (1925-27) para além do modelo de representação da vivandeira francesa...

The Dialogical Jung: Otherness within the Self

Smythe, William E.
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 21/11/2013 Português
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This paper explores dialogical currents in Jung’s analytical psychology, with reference to contemporary theories of the dialogical self. The dialogical self is a notion that has gained increasing currency in psychology since the 1990s, in response to the limitations of traditional notions of the self, based on monological, encapsulated consciousness. Modern dialogical self theory construes the self as irrevocably embedded in a matrix of real and imagined dialogues with others. The theme of dialogical otherness within the self is also taken up in Jung’s analytical psychology, both in the practice of active imagination and psychotherapy and in the theory of archetypes, and a dialogical approach to inquiry is evident in Jung’s work from the outset. The implications of a dialogical re-conceptualization of analytical psychology and of analytical psychology for dialogical theory are considered in detail.

EU Citizenship as a Battle of the Concepts: Travailleur v Citoyen

STASINOPOULOS, Panos
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf; digital
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Ever since Citizenship was introduced at EU level, the concept’s perception has varied from a mere declaratory status to a more substantial, fundamental status attached to Europeans. Regardless of whether one views Citizenship as the latter or the former of the above construes, this concept is undoubtedly intriguing and is still the subject of discussions and studies. This paper wishes to contribute to the debate regarding the concept of Union Citizenship and its future and relevance in today’s EU. The scope of the notion has been enriched considerably since its conception, as a result of the work of the Court of Justice although the Treaty provisions have not reflected this and they remain largely unchanged since 1993. Owing to said case-law, different constructions of Citizenship have been proposed in the academic literature; this paper focuses on the nature of the relationship between Union Citizenship and the pursuit of an economic activity and the relative independence the former enjoys owing to the recent CJEU case-law. This independence will be assessed in three parts, covering this content of Citizenship which supports the latter’s independence, its arguably receding association with the common market and its aims, and the support which the Lisbon Treaty’s new stance on social values could potentially offer.

Shell nouns : in a systemic functional linguistics perspective

Henshall, Ann Cecelia, 1963-
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2015 Português
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Tese de doutoramento, Linguística (Análise do Discurso), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Letras, 2015; Shell nouns in a Systemic Functional Linguistics perspective. The aim of this thesis is to develop an account of shell nouns (Schmid, 2000) in a Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) perspective. Using a parallel corpus comprising five article submissions by Portuguese academics in the field of economics and five published articles on comparable topics, the ideational, interpersonal and textual functions of shell nouns are tagged at the strata of the lexicogrammar and discourse semantics using Corpus Tool version 2.7.4 (O’Donnell, 2008). The systems networks used to tag the corpus are grounded in SFL theory. The analysis shows that shell nouns constitute an important systemic resource for the writers of research articles, who need to build an argument, positioning themselves and their study to convince the discourse community that their paper makes a contribution to knowledge in their disciplinary field. They enable a text to unfold by compacting information realised as a clause or more elsewhere in the text. Thus they can help scaffold a text through hyper-Themes, hyper-News and internal conjunction. At the stratum of the lexicogrammar...

Power relations in Padre Cícero's epistolary political discourse

Souza, Vilmar Ferreira de
Fonte: Florianópolis, SC Publicador: Florianópolis, SC
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 338 p.| tabs.
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Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão, Programa de Pós-graduação em Letras/Inglês e Literatura Correspondente; The "Phenomenon of Juazeiro" has fascinated the academic world as Braga (2008) in anthropology, Araujo (2007) in economics, and della Cava (1970) in history attest. Nevertheless, research from a linguistic and discourse perspective has lagged far behind. To tap this gap, the present work looks at Padre Cícero's epistolary political discourse on the fight for Juazeiro's independence from Crato, by drawing on concepts and categories from systemic-functional grammar (SFG) and critical discourse analysis (CDA) with a view to analyzing power relations among the social actors involved in the fight. From SFG, I utilized the systems of transitivity, speech function, mood, and modality for the descriptive and interpretative stages of analysis; from CDA, I borrowed the concepts of ideology (Fairclough, 1989, 2003) and hegemony (Gramsci, 1971, Fairclough, 2003, Laclau & Mouffe, 1985). Five research questions were posed: The first looks at how Padre Cícero represents himself and the other political actors of the social practice of fighting for Juazeiro's independence. The second asks how he construes...

The construal of bishop's ideational profile in flores raras e banalíssimas and rare and commonplace flowers

Pires, Thiago Blanch
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: xii, 95 f.| il., grafs.
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Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras/Inglês e Literatura Correspondente, Florianópolis, 2009.; This study carried out at the interface of SFL/Translation/corpus-based methodologies investigates the Ideational profile of Elizabeth Bishop in two texts in translation relationship: Flores Raras e Banalíssimas (Oliveira, 1995) e Rare and Commonplace Flowers (trans. Besner, 2002). Its objective is to examine, by means of the categories of the Transitivity System in its experiential component, the Participant =Bishop' and the Processes in which they are inscribed. The pattern of use of the lexical item 'Bishop' is analyzed with a view to observing what kind of Participant is realized by the lexical items related to it and how this Participant can be associated with representations of the American poet both in the textualization (Brazilian Portuguese text) and retextualization (North-American text). The methods for such an investigation were divided into: (i) corpus design, building and processing assisted by WordSmith Tools' suite of programs (Scott, 1999) and (ii) manual corpus analysis complementing automated analysis drawing on the grammar of Processes and Participants. Although results collected from the quantitative analysis show similarities of transitivity patterns in both texts (Bishop is construed as an active Participant involved in Material Processes (43%))...

Intricate cases in clauses in SFG concerning the grammar of brazilian portuguese

Gonzaga, Jair João
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 263 p.| il.
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Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras/Inglês e Literatura Correspondente, Florianópolis, 2011; Ao reconhecer que na Gramática Sistêmico-Funcional (GSF) "uma quantidade desproporcional de pesquisas estão relacionadas com a lingua inglesa" e que esse fato é o que torna a teoria "não representativa em outras línguas" (minha tradução), Halliday (1994) sugere que as línguas não são iguais porque cada língua possui o que poderíamos chamar de preferências gerais por certos padrões lingüísticos (Baker, 1992). Ao afirmar que a GSF é uma teoria 'logocêntrica' e que a descrição de uma lingua é 'glotocêntrica', Halliday confirma que "a teoria não é 'anglocêntrica' e sim a descrição da língua inglesa" (Halliday, 1996, p. 33). Tendo esses fatos em consideração, juntamente com o conceito de gramaticalização, que é a base para uma gramática sistêmica, na qual o significado é construído através de redes de contrastes interrelacionados que são melhor percebidos em termos de padrões logogenéticos no desenvolvimento de uma mensagem por meio de orações, as quais são "a mola mestra da energia gramatical" (Halliday e Matthiessen (2004...

El bullying, fenómeno social agresivo en los estudiantes de la escuela normal superior de Villavicencio grado octavo tres

Giraldo Cardona, Leydy M.; Ruiz Rodriguez, Sandra P.; Morales Rengifo, Ana M.
Fonte: ecsah; UNAD Publicador: ecsah; UNAD
Tipo: Curso_de_Profundizacion Formato: pdf
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Encuestas; El bullying es un fenómeno social agresivo que afecta de manera directa a todos los ambientes escolares, sin excluir clase social, raza, edad, genero, físico y cultura; por tal razón es importante empezar a investigar sobre el grave problema que puede constituir este fenómeno de la violencia escolar, en esta propuesta de investigación se propone una metodología cuantitativa y cualitativa, debido a la realización de dos instrumentos que complementaran la exposición de la realidad social, brindando la posibilidad de incursionar en la comprensión y punto de vista de la violencia escolar; El compromiso que se tiene para esta propuesta de investigación es la comprensión de las causas y consecuencias que originan este comportamiento, y que no solo se desencadenan en la victima sino también en el espectador y el agresor; Por consiguiente se aborda la teoría del desarrollo moral, y se construye un comparativo de la realidad de los alumnos del grado 8 – 3 de la escuela normal superior de Villavicencio de la jornada mañana, con el propósito de que esta propuesta proporcione en un futuro no muy lejano la posibilidad de ser desarrollado en su totalidad, para que con ello la población académica tenga una herramienta que genere cambio y a si una mejor convivencia y desarrollo de los estudiantes.; Is a aggressive social phenomenon directly affects all school environments...

Self-determination, Identity and International Relations

Barata, Maria João
Fonte: Instituto Superior Miguel Torga Publicador: Instituto Superior Miguel Torga
Tipo: Aula
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In this paper, I argue that self-determination constitutes the selves by which it is claimed. I base this argument on a reflexivist conception of identity. The process, I suggest, goes like this. Human groups striving for political independence, autonomy, or a share in state power draw on the norm of self-determination to seek international support and recognition. This norm epitomizes general ideas of freedom, justice and the good life, but it also legitimizes (and illegitimates) concrete ways of bound and rule political communities. These ideas and rules enter the process by which the group construes as a self. They influence the thinking and acting of the group upon itself, and so get reflected in its constitution.

Rethinking the Tension Between Peace and Justice: The International Criminal Prosecutor as Diplomat

Mnookin, Robert H.
Fonte: Harvard Law School Publicador: Harvard Law School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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“Using the war in Afghanistan as a backdrop, this paper asks: in deciding whether to investigate or prosecute possible war crimes, should the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court take into account the possibility that her actions might jeopardize ongoing peacemaking efforts? The Office of the International Prosecutor has claimed it should not. A 2007 Policy Paper narrowly construes the “interests of justice” provision of Article 53 and then suggests that the Prosecutor should be exclusively concerned with enforcement of the law and should ignore the possible impact her prosecutorial decisions may have on broader concerns relating to peace or reconciliation. This essay counters that narrow view of the Prosecutor's institutional role under the Rome Statute. I argue that the Prosecutor should not ignore the tension between the pursuit of peace and the pursuit of justice, but instead must diplomatically manage this tension. It is both prudent and proper for the Prosecutor to take into account the interests of peace, if not under Article 53 then in two other ways: (1) in exercising the Prosecutor's broad discretion to control timing - i.e., by choosing when investigations and prosecutions should begin; and (2) by embracing a policy of proactive complementarity until Article 17 and encouraging member states to pursue crimes on their own. The essay concludes by providing a set of practical guidelines the *146 Prosecutor should follow in managing the tension between peace and justice. While the Prosecutor should not explicitly bargain with offenders or acknowledge the validity of blanket amnesty programs...

A crop population perspective on maize seed systems in Mexico

Dyer, George A.; Taylor, J. Edward
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Improvement of local germplasm through artificial selection is regarded as the main force behind maize evolution and diversity in Mexico, the crop's center of origin. This perspective neglects the larger social context of maize evolution. Using a theoretical approach and Mexico-wide data, we show that farmer-led evolution of maize is largely driven by a technological diffusion and appropriation process that selectively integrates nonlocal germplasm into local seed stocks. Our approach construes farmer practices as events in the life history of seed to build a demographic model. The model shows how random and systematic differences in management combine to structure maize seed populations into subpopulations that can spread or become extinct, in some cases independently of visible agronomic advantages. The process involves continuous population bottlenecks that can lead to diversity loss. Nonlocal germplasm thus might play a critical role in maintaining diversity in individual localities. Empirical estimates show that introduction of nonlocal seed in Central and Southeastern Mexico is rarer than previously thought; prompt replacement further prevents new seed from spreading. Yet introduced seed perceived as valuable diffuses rapidly...

Informal “Seed” Systems and the Management of Gene Flow in Traditional Agroecosystems: The Case of Cassava in Cauca, Colombia

Dyer, George A.; González, Carolina; Lopera, Diana Carolina
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/12/2011 Português
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Our ability to manage gene flow within traditional agroecosystems and their repercussions requires understanding the biology of crops, including farming practices' role in crop ecology. That these practices' effects on crop population genetics have not been quantified bespeaks lack of an appropriate analytical framework. We use a model that construes seed-management practices as part of a crop's demography to describe the dynamics of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) in Cauca, Colombia. We quantify several management practices for cassava—the first estimates of their kind for a vegetatively-propagated crop—describe their demographic repercussions, and compare them to those of maize, a sexually-reproduced grain crop. We discuss the implications for gene flow, the conservation of cassava diversity, and the biosafety of vegetatively-propagated crops in centers of diversity. Cassava populations are surprisingly open and dynamic: farmers exchange germplasm across localities, particularly improved varieties, and distribute it among neighbors at extremely high rates vis-à-vis maize. This implies that a large portion of cassava populations consists of non-local germplasm, often grown in mixed stands with local varieties. Gene flow from this germplasm into local seed banks and gene pools via pollen has been documented...

On the feasibility of multi-polymer, liquid-crystal silica photovoltaics: simulating diodic p-n junctions with ionic gradients

Puniani, Arjan Singh
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/04/2010 Português
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Conventional photovoltaic machinery, including traditional silicone panels, fails to address efficiency problems. Recent technological advances suggest less metal-specific reliance, but plastic substrates are bound by cost-inefficiency. Photovoltaic paint effectively dissociates from metal dependency and relies on a combination p-n junction diode principle/thermoelectric effect to generate electrical energy from solar exposure. Replicating the junction is accomplished via multi-polymer layers of crystalline-silica water-based paint with ionic solution concentration gradient overlap, reconstructing the depletion zone and, in thermal respects, construes the thermoelectric effect via replication of a heavily modified thermocouple. Experimentation revealed the largest gradient (50%-10%) of ionic solution, specifically, sodium-chloride solution, per paint solution liter generated the largest electrical energy yield (Cf. control yielding none). Maintenance of a functional electro-conductive gradient is achieved with specialized, non-acidic solution, but the lifespan of the charge is virtually instantaneous. The experimentation yielded possible exploits for multi-polymer conduction layer advancement; however, the production of solar-receptive paints replicating the capture and distribution scheme of solar panels...

Democritus and the Critical Tradition

Miller, Joseph Gresham
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Modern scholars cannot agree how extant fragments of thought attributed to Leucippus and Democritus integrate (or do not) to form a coherent perspective on the ancient Greek world. While a certain degree of uncertainty is unavoidable, given the nature of the evidence available and the fact that Democritus wrote many different works (including at least one in which he deliberately argued against positions that he defended elsewhere), this study demonstrates that we know enough to take a more integrative view of the early atomists (and of Democritus in particular) than is usually taken. In the case of Democritus, this study shows that it makes good sense to read what remains of his works (physical, biological, and ethical) under the presumption that he assumes a single basic outlook on the world, a coherent perspective that informed every position taken by the atomist philosopher.

Chapter 1 provides an in-depth portrait of the historical and philosophical context in which early atomism was born. As part of this portrait, it offers thumbnail sketches of the doctrines attributed to a representative catalogue of pre-Socratic philosophers to whom published work is attributed (Anaximander, Xenophanes, Heraclitus, Parmenides...

Decentralization and local government in Bolivia : an overview from the bottom up

Faguet, Jean-Paul
Fonte: Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em /05/2003 Português
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Hundreds of studies have failed to establish the effects of decentralization on a number of important policy goals. This paper examines the remarkable case of Bolivia to explore decentralization's effects on government responsiveness and poverty-orientation. I first summarize econometric results on the effects of decentralization nationally, and then turn to qualitative research – the focus of the paper – that digs deep into local government processes to understand how decentralization did this. In Bolivia, decentralization made government more responsive by re-directing public investment to areas of greatest need. Investment shifted from economic production and infrastructure to social services and human capital formation, and resources were rebalanced in favor of poorer districts. I explain these results as the aggregate of discrete local institutional and political dynamics. I develop a conceptual model which construes local government as the nexus of two political markets and one organizational dynamic, where votes, money, influence and information are freely exchanged. In order for local government to be effective, these three relationships must counterbalance each other and none dominate the other. Such a stable tension leads to a self-limiting dynamic where pressures from various interest groups are contained within the bounds of political competition. Breaking this tension can hobble government...

A conceptual framework for community-based health insurance in low-income countries: social capital and economic development

Mladovsky, Philipa; Mossialos, Elias
Fonte: LSE Health, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: LSE Health, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 Português
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Current thinking in major international development agencies construes community-based health insurance (CBHI) as a transitional mechanism to achieving universal coverage for health care in low-income countries. The policy link between CBHI and universal coverage is implicitly determined by the historical experience of mutual health insurance in countries such as Germany and Japan in the 19th century, where the socioeconomic context was dramatically different to that of today’s much less successful schemes. This paper argues that the economic and health system frameworks employed in the analysis of CBHI have not taken into account context-dependent considerations such as goals, values and power. It is proposed that a critical engagement with social capital theories could contribute to our understanding of why CBHI schemes do not appear on course to develop according to the 19th century precedent, achieving significant levels of population coverage in a sustainable way. A framework of social capital and economic development is used to organize and interpret existing evidence and information on CBHI. This process suggests that solidarity, trust, extra-community networks, vertical civil society links and state-society relations at the local level affect the possibility of success of CBHI. To this extent...