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Tempo de jejum na granja sobre o perfil hormonal e os parâmetros fisiológicos em suínos de abate pesados

Dalla Costa, Osmar Antonio; Ludke, Jorge Vitor; Costa, Mateus José Rodrigues Paranhos da; Faucitano, Luigi; Coldebella, Arlei; Kich, Jalusa Deon; Peloso, José Vicente; Dalla Roza, Darlan
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2300-2306
Português
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O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o tempo de jejum na granja e a posição dos animais na carroceria do caminhão durante o transporte ao abatedouro sobre o status hormonal e fisiológico de suínos de abate pesados visando obter melhorias no manejo pré-abate e reduzir perdas na qualidade de carne. Foram utilizadas 64 fêmeas com peso médio de 133+11kg, oriundas de duas granjas de terminação. Os tempos de jejum avaliados foram nove, 12, 15 e 18h, enquanto que as posições consideradas na carroceria foram box (frente, meio e atrás), piso (inferior e superior) e lado (lateral direita e esquerda). Ao abate, foram medidos os níveis de glicose, lactato e CPK no sangue. A concentração de cortisol na saliva (CCS) foi medida nas granjas (24 horas antes e após embarque) e no abatedouro (logo após o descarregamento e antes do abate). A freqüência cardíaca foi monitorada durante todo o manejo pré-abate. Foi observado o efeito da interação entre TJG e o local de avaliação sobre a CCS e a freqüência cardíaca. A CCS e a freqüência cardíaca aumentaram significativamente da granja ao desembarque no abatedouro em relação ao descanso pré-abate no abatedouro foi observada uma redução (P<0,05) nos valores. A CCS variou em função do TJG e o local de avaliação da seguinte maneira: suínos com 18 horas de jejum apresentaram menor (P<0...

Efeito do manejo pré-abate sobre alguns parâmetros fisiológicos em fêmeas suínas pesadas

Dalla Costa, Osmar Antonio; Ludke, Jorge Vitor; Coldebella, Arlei; Kich, Jalusa Deon; Costa, Mateus José Rodrigues Paranhos da; Faucitano, Luigi; Peloso, José Vicente; Dalla Roza, Darlan
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 852-858
Português
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O objetivo neste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do período de descanso (3, 5, 7 e 9 horas) dos suínos no frigorífico (PDF) e da localização dos suínos na carroceria do caminhão (PBO), quando transportados, no inverno ou verão, sobre alguns parâmetros fisiológicos avaliados em 64 fêmeas, com peso médio de 130kg para abate, durante o manejo pré-abate. Para a análise estatística, foram considerados, no modelo de análise da variância, os efeitos de bloco, PDF, PBO e da interação (bloco x PDF), entre outros. O PDF influenciou, significativamente, as concentrações de lactato no sangue e cortisol na saliva. Suínos que descansaram 5 e 7 horas apresentaram maior concentração de lactato em relação aos animais que descansaram 3 e 9 horas. No transporte, a freqüência cardíaca foi muito maior em relação aos demais locais avaliados. Concluiu-se que o incremento do PDF não promove mudanças na freqüência cardíaca, nas concentrações de glicose e CPK no sangue e cortisol na saliva, mas interfere na concentração de lactato no sangue dos suínos.; The aim of the research was to evaluate the effect of pig lairage time (PDF=3, 5, 7 and 9 hours) and evaluate the effect of pig position into the truck (PBO) during transportation to slaughterhouse...

Interactions between beta-enolase and creatine kinase in the cytosol of skeletal muscle cells.

Foucault, G; Vacher, M; Cribier, S; Arrio-Dupont, M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/02/2000 Português
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We studied interactions in vivo between the cytosolic muscle isoform of creatine kinase (M-CK) and the muscle isoform of 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydrolyase (beta-enolase) in muscle sarcoplasm by incubating glycerol-skinned fibres with FITC-labelled beta-enolase in the presence or absence of free CK. A small amount of bound beta-enolase was observed in the presence of large concentrations of CK. The mobility of enolase was measured in cultured satellite cells by modulated-fringe-pattern photobleaching. FITC-labelled beta-enolase was totally mobile in both the presence and the absence of CK but its diffusion coefficient was slightly lower in the presence of CK. This suggests a weak interaction in vivo between enolase and CK.

Cardioprotective properties of Crataegus oxycantha extract against ischemia-reperfusion injury

Swaminathan, Jayachandran Kesavan; Khan, Mahmood; Mohan, Iyappu K; Selvendiran, Karuppaiyah; Devaraj, S. Niranjali; Rivera, Brian K.; Kuppusamy, Periannan
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The aim of the study was to investigate the cardioprotective effect and mechanism of Crataegus oxycantha (COC) extract, a well-known natural antioxidant-based cardiotonic, against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Electron paramagnetic resonance studies showed that COC extract was capable of scavenging superoxide, hydroxyl, and peroxyl radicals, in vitro. The cardioprotective efficacy of the extract was studied in a crystalloid perfused heart model of I/R injury. Hearts were subjected to 30 min of global ischemia followed by 45 min of reperfusion. During reperfusion, COC extract was infused at a dose rate of 1 mg/ml/min for 10 min. Hearts treated with COC extract showed a significant recovery in cardiac contractile function, reduction in infarct size, and decrease in creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase activities. The expressions of xanthine oxidase and NADPH oxidase were significantly reduced in the treated group. A significant upregulation of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Hsp70 with simultaneous downregulation of the pro-apoptotic proteins cytochrome c and cleaved caspase-3 was observed. The molecular signaling cascade including phospho-Akt (ser-473) and HIF-1α that lead to the activation or suppression of apoptotic pathway also showed a significant protective role in the treatment group. No significant change in phospho-p38 levels was observed. The results suggested that the COC extract may reduce the oxidative stress in the reperfused myocardium...

Cardiac Muscle Ring Finger-1 - Friend or Foe?

Willis, Monte S.; Zungu, Makhosazane; Patterson, Cam
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2010 Português
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The ubiquitin proteasome system plays a role in regulating protein activity and is integral to the turnover of damaged and worn proteins. In this review, we discuss the recently described relationship between the ubiquitin proteasome system and the cardiac creatine kinase/phospho-creatine shuttle, an essential component of ATP generation and energy shuttling within the heart. The ubiquitin ligase muscle ring finger-1 (MuRF1) binds creatine kinase, leading to its ubiquitination and possible degradation. MuRF1 may also be integral in the regulation of creatine kinase activity in vivo. Since there is a close relationship between the cardiac creatine kinase/phospho-creatine shuttle activity and heart failure, these findings suggest that MuRF1’s role in protein quality control of creatine kinase may be vital to the regulation and maintenance of cardiac energetics to protect against heart failure.

Sevoflurane postconditioning reduces myocardial reperfusion injury in rat isolated hearts via activation of PI3K/Akt signaling and modulation of Bcl-2 family proteins*

Yu, Li-na; Yu, Jing; Zhang, Feng-jiang; Yang, Mei-juan; Ding, Ting-ting; Wang, Jun-kuan; He, Wei; Fang, Tao; Chen, Gang; Yan, Min
Fonte: Zhejiang University Press Publicador: Zhejiang University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2010 Português
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Sevoflurane postconditioning reduces myocardial infarct size. The objective of this study was to examine the role of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway in anesthetic postconditioning and to determine whether PI3K/Akt signaling modulates the expression of pro- and antiapoptotic proteins in sevoflurane postconditioning. Isolated and perfused rat hearts were prepared first, and then randomly assigned to the following groups: Sham-operation (Sham), ischemia/reperfusion (Con), sevoflurane postconditioning (SPC), Sham plus 100 nmol/L wortmannin (Sham+Wort), Con+Wort, SPC+Wort, and Con+dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO). Sevoflurane postconditioning was induced by administration of sevoflurane (2.5%, v/v) for 10 min from the onset of reperfusion. Left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), maximum increase in rate of LVDP (+dP/dt), maximum decrease in rate of LVDP (−dP/dt), heart rate (HR), and coronary flow (CF) were measured at baseline, R30 min (30 min of reperfusion), R60 min, R90 min, and R120 min. Creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured after 5 min and 10 min reperfusion. Infarct size was determined by triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining at the end of reperfusion. Total Akt and phosphorylated Akt (phospho-Akt)...

Arginine Kinase. Joint Crystallographic & NMR RDC Analyses link Substrate-Associated Motions to Intrinsic Flexibility

Niu, Xiaogang; Brüschweiler-Li, Lei; Davulcu, Omar; Skalicky, Jack J.; Brüschweiler, Rafael; Chapman, Michael S.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The phosphagen kinase family, including creatine and arginine kinases, catalyze the reversible transfer of a “high energy” phosphate between ATP and a phospho-guanidino substrate. They have become a model for the study of both substrate-induced conformational change and intrinsic protein dynamics. Prior crystallographic studies indicated large substrate-induced domain rotations, but differences among a recent set of arginine kinase structures was interpreted as a plastic deformation. Here, the structure of Limulus substrate-free arginine kinase is refined against high resolution crystallographic data and compared quantitatively with NMR chemical shifts and residual dipolar couplings (RDCs). This demonstrates the feasibility of this type of RDC analysis of proteins that are large by NMR standards (42 kDa), and illuminates the solution structure, free from crystal-packing constraints. Detailed comparison of the 1.7 Å resolution substrate-free crystal structure against the 1.2 Å transition state analog complex shows large substrate-induced domain motions which can be broken down into movements of smaller quasi-rigid bodies. The solution state structure of substrate-free arginine kinase is most consistent with an equilibrium of substrate-free and –bound structures...

Anomalous Activity Measurements of Creatine (Phospho) Kinase, CK-MB Isoenzyme in Indian Patients in the Diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome

Fleming, Jude Joseph; Janardhan, Harish P.; Jose, Arun; Selvakumar, R.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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In the present study, the cause of suspected false-positive (anomalous) values for CK-MB activity, in Indian patients investigated for ACS. Total serum CK and CK-MB activity, serum Troponin I were measured and CK-MB as a percentage of the total CK activity (%CK-MB) calculated. CK-MB was also estimated using densitometry and CK-MB mass assay. Anomalous specimens were tested for the presence of CK isoenzymes. In 22 healthy subjects, 11 male and female, the %CK-MB ranged from 3.6 to 30.2. In 11 male patients, with proven ACS, the %CK-MB was from 4.0 to 17.5. The cut off for anomalous CK-MB activity values was set as >33.0%. In 35 patients with anomalies, total CK values ranged from 39 to 231 U/L, CK-MB from 30 to 161 U/L. Investigation of CK isoenzymes, showed 10 patients had a CK-BB band, 14 an intermediate band between CK-MM and CK-MB (macro-CK type 1), 7 had a cathodal band (macro-CK type 2), and 3 had a band intermediate between CK-MB and CK-BB. This later band does not seem to have been previously reported. Against the CK-MB mass assay, the activity assay showed no correlation, in 43 patients (19 M, 24 F), Pearson coefficient (R2) was 0.006. The CK-MB immunoinhibition assay is better described as measuring “non-CK-MM activity.” A %CK-MB activity >6% as a marker of ACS is not valid in our patient population. Laboratories should not use only CK-MB activity as a biochemical marker of ACS.

Phosphocreatine Interacts with Phospholipids, Affects Membrane Properties and Exerts Membrane-Protective Effects

Tokarska-Schlattner, Malgorzata; Epand, Raquel F.; Meiler, Flurina; Zandomeneghi, Giorgia; Neumann, Dietbert; Widmer, Hans R.; Meier, Beat H.; Epand, Richard M.; Saks, Valdur; Wallimann, Theo; Schlattner, Uwe
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/08/2012 Português
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A broad spectrum of beneficial effects has been ascribed to creatine (Cr), phosphocreatine (PCr) and their cyclic analogues cyclo-(cCr) and phospho-cyclocreatine (PcCr). Cr is widely used as nutritional supplement in sports and increasingly also as adjuvant treatment for pathologies such as myopathies and a plethora of neurodegenerative diseases. Additionally, Cr and its cyclic analogues have been proposed for anti-cancer treatment. The mechanisms involved in these pleiotropic effects are still controversial and far from being understood. The reversible conversion of Cr and ATP into PCr and ADP by creatine kinase, generating highly diffusible PCr energy reserves, is certainly an important element. However, some protective effects of Cr and analogues cannot be satisfactorily explained solely by effects on the cellular energy state. Here we used mainly liposome model systems to provide evidence for interaction of PCr and PcCr with different zwitterionic phospholipids by applying four independent, complementary biochemical and biophysical assays: (i) chemical binding assay, (ii) surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy (SPR), (iii) solid-state 31P-NMR, and (iv) differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). SPR revealed low affinity PCr/phospholipid interaction that additionally induced changes in liposome shape as indicated by NMR and SPR. Additionally...

Structural basis for the mechanism and substrate specificity of glycocyamine kinase, a phosphagen kinase family member†‡

Lim, Kap; Pullalarevu, Sadhana; Surabian, Karen Talin; Howard, Andrew; Suzuki, Tomohiko; Moult, John; Herzberg, Osnat
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 09/03/2010 Português
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Glycocyamine kinase (GK), a member of the phosphagen kinase family, catalyzes the Mg2+-dependent reversible phosphoryl group transfer of the N-phosphoryl group of phospho glycocyamine to ADP to yield glycocyamine and ATP. This reaction helps to maintain the energy homeostasis of the cell in some multicelullar organisms that encounter high and variable energy turnover. GK from the marine worm Namalycastis sp. is heterodimeric, with two homologous polypeptide chains, α and β, derived from a common pre mRNA by mutually exclusive N-terminal alternative exons. The N-terminal exon of GKβ encodes a peptide that is different in sequence and is sixteen amino acids longer than that encoded by the N-terminal exon of GKα. The crystal structures of recombinant GKαβ and GKββ from Namalycastis sp. were determined at 2.6 Å and 2.4 Å resolution, respectively. In addition, the structure of the GKββ was determined at 2.3 Å resolution in complex with a transition state analog, Mg2+-ADP-NO3--glycocyamine. Consistent with the sequence homology, the GK subunits adopt the same overall fold as that of other phosphagen kinases of known structure (the homodimeric creatine kinase (CK) and the monomeric arginine kinase (AK)). As with CK, the GK N-termini mediate the dimer interface. In both heterodimeric and homodimeric GK forms...

Phosphoprotein abundance changes in hypertensive cardiac remodeling

Kotlo, Kumar; Johnson, Keven R.; Grillon, Jean M.; Geenen, David L.; deTombe, Pieter; Danziger, Robert S.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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There is over-whelming evidence that protein phosphorylations regulate cardiac function and remodeling. A wide variety of protein kinases, e.g., phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt, GSK-3, TGFβ, and PKA, MAPKs, PKC, Erks, and Jaks, as well as phosphatases, e.g., phosphatase I (PP1) and calcineurin, control cardiomyocyte growth and contractility. In the present work, we used global phosphoprotein profiling to identify phosphorylated proteins associated with pressure overload (PO) cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Phosphoproteins from hypertrophic and systolic failing hearts from male hypertensive Dahl salt-sensitive rats, trans-aortic banded (TAC), and spontaneously hypertensive heart failure (SHHF) rats were analyzed. Profiling was performed by 2-dimensional difference in gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) on phospho-enriched proteins. A total of 25 common phosphoproteins with differences in abundance in (1) the 3 hypertrophic and/or (2) the 2 systolic failure heart models were identified (CI>99%) by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) and Mascot analysis. Among these were (1) myofilament proteins, including alpha-tropomyosin and myosin regulatory light chain 2, cap Z interacting protein (cap ZIP)...

Idiopathic Benign Hyper-CK-Emia

Kaushik, Prashant; Gonuguntla, Anuradha
Fonte: Master Publishing Group Publicador: Master Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2009 Português
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It is not uncommon for a rheumatologist to get a request for evaluating a patient with persistent elevation of serum creatine (phospho) kinase (CK) level (hyper-CK-emia) especially if this laboratory abnormality is persistent. We present a descriptive analysis of 16 consecutive adult patients seen with a condition called idiopathic benign hyper-CK-emia at a tertiary care Rheumatology Clinic in Bismarck, North Dakota. This condition is well described in the medical literature but unfortunately is not recognized very often by the primary care physicians especially its benign course. A short review of literature is also presented. To the best of our knowledge this is the first such report on this condition from the state of North Dakota.

Protective Effects of Kaempferol against Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Isolated Rat Heart via Antioxidant Activity and Inhibition of Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3β

Zhou, Mingjie; Ren, Huanhuan; Han, Jichun; Wang, Wenjuan; Zheng, Qiusheng; Wang, Dong
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Objective. This study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of kaempferol against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. Method. Left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and its maximum up/down rate (±dp/dtmax) were recorded as myocardial function. Infarct size was detected with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was determined using terminal deoxynucleotidyl nick-end labeling (TUNEL). The levels of creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione/glutathione disulfide (GSH/GSSG) ratio, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were determined using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Moreover, total glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), phospho-GSK-3β (P-GSK-3β), precaspase-3, cleaved caspase-3, and cytoplasm cytochrome C were assayed using Western blot analysis. Results. Pretreatment with kaempferol significantly improved the recovery of LVDP and ±dp/dtmax, as well as increased the levels of SOD and P-GSK-3β and GSH/GSSG ratio. However, the pretreatment reduced myocardial infarct size and TUNEL-positive cell rate, as well as decreased the levels of cleaved caspase-3, cytoplasm cytochrome C, CK, LDH...

Presence of (phospho)creatine in developing and adult skeletal muscle of mice without mitochondrial and cytosolic muscle creatine kinase isoforms

in't Zandt, H J A; de Groof, A J C; Renema, W K J; Oerlemans, F T J J; Klomp, D W J; Wieringa, B; Heerschap, A
Fonte: Blackwell Science Inc Publicador: Blackwell Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We assessed the relationship between phosphocreatine (PCr) and creatine (Cr) content and creatine kinase (CK) activity in skeletal muscle of mice. The PCr and total Cr (tCr) concentrations, as well as CK activity, in hindlimb muscles of mice, with or without the cytosolic and mitochondrial isoforms of muscle creatine kinase (wild-type or CK−/− mice), were determined by in vivo magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy and by biochemical means during postnatal growth and adulthood. In wild-type muscle the [tCr], PCr/ATP ratio and CK activity increased rapidly in the first 4–7 weeks. Remarkably, CK−/− mice showed a similar increase in the PCr/ATP ratio during the first month in the presence of only minor brain-type BB-CK activity. Uptake of Cr in muscle was seemingly unrelated to CK activity as tCr increased in the same way in the muscles of both mouse types. At older ages the PCr/ATP ratio decreased in CK−/− muscles, in contrast to wild-type where it still slowly increased, whereas [tCr] was similar for muscle of both mouse types. Using a new in vivo MR approach with application of [4-13C]Cr, a lower PCr/tCr ratio was also observed in CK−/− muscle. From these data it follows that in vivo global ATP levels at rest are similar in the presence or absence of CK. Although Cr could still be converted to PCr in mature CK−/− muscle...

Chromatin regulated interchange between PRC2-Ezh2 and PRC2-Ezh1 complexes controls Myogenin activation in skeletal muscle cells.

Stojic, Lovorka; Jasencakova, Zuzana; Prezioso, Carolina; Stutzer, Alexandra; Bodega, Beatrice; Pasini, Diego; Klingberg, Rebecca; Mozzetta, Chiara; Margueron, Raphael; Puri, Pier Lorenzo; Schwarzer, Dirk; Helin, Kristian; Fischle, Wolfgang; Orlando, Vale
Fonte: Universidade de Cambridge Publicador: Universidade de Cambridge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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RIGHTS : This article is licensed under the BioMed Central licence at http://www.biomedcentral.com/about/license which is similar to the 'Creative Commons Attribution Licence'. In brief you may : copy, distribute, and display the work; make derivative works; or make commercial use of the work - under the following conditions: the original author must be given credit; for any reuse or distribution, it must be made clear to others what the license terms of this work are.; Abstract Background Polycomb group (PcG) genes code for chromatin multiprotein complexes that are responsible for maintaining gene silencing of transcriptional programs during differentiation and in adult tissues. Despite the large amount of information on PcG function during development and cell identity homeostasis, little is known regarding the dynamics of PcG complexes and their role during terminal differentiation. Results We show that two distinct polycomb repressive complex (PRC)2 complexes contribute to skeletal muscle cell differentiation: the PRC2-Ezh2 complex, which is bound to the myogenin (MyoG) promoter and muscle creatine kinase (mCK) enhancer in proliferating myoblasts, and the PRC2-Ezh1 complex, which replaces PRC2-Ezh2 on MyoG promoter in post-mitotic myotubes. Interestingly...