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## Modeling and simulation of severe slugging in air-water systems including inertial effects

Fonte: Elsevier; Oxford
Publicador: Elsevier; Oxford

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

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#Severe slugging#Pipeline-riser system#Air-water flow#Stability#Lumped and distributed parameter systems#Switched systems#Petroleum production technology#TUBOS FLEXÍVEIS#SISTEMAS DE PRODUÇÃO#PETRÓLEO

A mathematical model and numerical simulations corresponding to severe slugging in air-water pipeline-riser systems are presented. The mathematical model considers continuity equations for liquid and gas phases, with a simplified momentum equation for the mixture. A drift-flux model, evaluated for the local conditions in the riser, is used as a closure law. In many models appearing in the literature, propagation of pressure waves is neglected both in the pipeline and in the riser. Besides, variations of void fraction in the stratified flow in the pipeline are also neglected and the void fraction obtained from the stationary state is used in the simulations. This paper shows an improvement in a model previously published by the author, including inertial effects. In the riser, inertial terms are taken into account by using the rigid water-hammer approximation. In the pipeline, the local acceleration of the water and gas phases are included in the momentum equations for stratified flow, allowing to calculate the instantaneous values of pressure drop and void fraction. The developed model predicts the location of the liquid accumulation front in the pipeline and the liquid level in the riser, so it is possible to determine which type of severe slugging occurs in the system. A comparison is made with experimental results published in literature including a choke valve and gas injection at the bottom of the riser...

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## Fuzzy distributed artificial intelligence systems

Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista

Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Formato: 462-467

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#Artificial intelligence#Computer systems#Distributed parameter control systems#Formal logic#Knowledge representation#Traffic control#Traffic signals#Fuzzy distributed artificial intelligence systems#Fuzzy systems#Traffic light control#Fuzzy sets

In this paper, we introduce a DAI approach called hereinafter Fuzzy Distributed Artificial Intelligence (FDAI). Through the use of fuzzy logic, we have been able to develop mechanisms that we feel may effectively improve current DAI systems, giving much more flexibility and providing the subsidies which a formal theory can bring. The appropriateness of the FDAI approach is explored in an important application, a fuzzy distributed traffic-light control system, where we have been able to aggregate and study several issues concerned with fuzzy and distributed artificial intelligence. We also present a number of current research directions necessary to develop the FDAI approach more fully.

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## Optimal measurement locations for parameter estimation of non linear distributed parameter systems

Fonte: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering
Publicador: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Formato: text/html

Publicado em 01/12/2010
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A sensor placement approach for the purpose of accurately estimating unknown parameters of a distributed parameter system is discussed. The idea is to convert the sensor location problem to a classical experimental design. The technique consists of analysing the extrema values of the sensitivity coefficients derived from the system and their corresponding spatial positions. This information is used to formulate an efficient computational optimum experiment design on discrete domains. The scheme studied is verified by a numerical example regarding the chemical reaction in a tubular reactor for two possible scenarios; stable and unstable operation conditions. The resulting approach is easy to implement and good estimates for the parameters of the system are obtained. This study shows that the measurement location plays an essential role in the parameter estimation procedure.

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## Blind Deconvolution for Distributed Parameter Systems with Unbounded Input and Output and Determining Blood Alcohol Concentration from Transdermal Biosensor Data(1)

Fonte: PubMed
Publicador: PubMed

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

Publicado em 15/03/2014
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We develop a blind deconvolution scheme for input-output systems described by distributed parameter systems with boundary input and output. An abstract functional analytic theory based on results for the linear quadratic control of infinite dimensional systems with unbounded input and output operators is presented. The blind deconvolution problem is then reformulated as a series of constrained linear and nonlinear optimization problems involving infinite dimensional dynamical systems. A finite dimensional approximation and convergence theory is developed. The theory is applied to the problem of estimating blood or breath alcohol concentration (respectively, BAC or BrAC) from biosensor-measured transdermal alcohol concentration (TAC) in the field. A distributed parameter model with boundary input and output is proposed for the transdermal transport of ethanol from the blood through the skin to the sensor. The problem of estimating BAC or BrAC from the TAC data is formulated as a blind deconvolution problem. A scheme to identify distinct drinking episodes in TAC data based on a Hodrick Prescott filter is discussed. Numerical results involving actual patient data are presented.

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## A direct approach to compensator design for distributed parameter systems

Fonte: Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Publicador: Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Formato: 31 p.; application/pdf

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J.M. Schumacher.; Bibliography: p. 29-31.; "March, 1982"

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## Status report on estimation and statistical analysis of spatially distributed random processes; Estimation and statistical analysis of spatially distributed random processes.

Fonte: Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Publicador: Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Formato: v.; application/pdf

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781.0039%

#TK7855.M41 E3864 no.1114#Spatial analysis (Statistics)#Stochastic processes#Distributed parameter systems

prepared by: Bernard C. Levy, Alan S. Willsky.; Prepared for Systems Theory and Operations Research Program, Division of Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering, National Science Foundation under NSF Grant ECS-8012668.; Description based on: Nov.1, 1980/June 30, 1981.

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## Distributed decision and communication problems in tactical USAF command and control : annual technical report for period ...

Fonte: Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Publicador: Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Formato: v.; 714902 bytes; application/pdf

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#TK7855.M41 E3831 no.1226, etc.#Command and control systems#Decision making Mathematical models#Distributed parameter systems#Information networks

Alexander H. Levis [et al.].; Prepared for Air Force [Office] of Scientific Research, Bolling Air Force Base, Washington, D.C. Contract AFOSR - 80-0229.; Description based on: July 1981/June 1982.

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## Performance models of distributed database systems

Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Formato: 176 leaves; 8111047 bytes; 8110804 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf

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#Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.#Distributed parameter systems#Information retrieval#Database management#Computer networks#Algorithms

by Victor On-Kwok Li.; Thesis (Sc.D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1981.; MICROFICHE COPY AVAILABLE IN ARCHIVES AND ENGINEERING.; Bibliography: leaves 174-176.

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## Reduced complexity adaptive nonlinear control of a distributed collector solar field

Fonte: Universidade de Évora
Publicador: Universidade de Évora

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

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576.51977%

An approach to the control of a distributed collector solar ®eld relying on feedback linearization, Lyapunov based adaptation and a simpli®ed plant model is presented. The control objective consists of manipulating the oil ̄ow so that the outlet oil tem- perature is regulated around a given setpoint. For dealing with plant nonlinearities and external disturbances, a nonlinear trans- formation is performed on the accessible variables such that the transformed system behaves as an integrator, to which linear control techniques are then applied. Since the transformation depends on an unknown parameter, an adaptation law is designed so as to minimize a Lyapunov function for the whole system's state. For the sake of control synthesis a simpli®ed plant model which retains the bilinear nonlinearity is employed. The resulting control law has the same control structure of the one yielding exact input-output linearization but assumes a di erent placement of a temperature sensor. In order to justify this procedure, plant internal dynamics is studied. Experimental results obtained in the actual ®eld are presented. 5 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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## A Kalman Filtering approach of improved precision for fault diagnosis in distributed parameter systems

Fonte: Universidade Cornell
Publicador: Universidade Cornell

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

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The Derivative-free nonlinear Kalman Filter is proposed for state estimation
and fault diagnosis in distributed parameter systems and particularly in
dynamical systems described by partial differential equations of the nonlinear
wave type. At a first stage, a nonlinear filtering approach for estimating the
dynamics of a 1D nonlinear wave equation, from measurements provided from a
small number of sensors is developed. It is shown that the numerical solution
of the associated partial differential equation results into a set of nonlinear
ordinary differential equations. With the application of diffeomorphism that is
based on differential flatness theory it is shown that an equivalent
description of the system is obtained in the linear canonical (Brunovsky) form.
This transformation enables to obtain local estimates about the state vector of
the system through the application of the standard Kalman Filter recursion. At
a second stage, the local statistical approach to fault diagnosis is used to
perform fault diagnosis for the distributed parameters system by processing
with elaborated statistical tools the differences (residuals) between the
output of the Kalman Filter and the measurements obtained from the distributed
parameter system. Optimal selection of the fault threshold is succeeded by
using the local statistical approach to fault diagnosis. The efficiency of the
proposed filtering approach for performing fault diagnosis in distributed
parameters systems is confirmed through simulation experiments.; Comment: 11 pages...

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## Port-Hamiltonian systems on discrete manifolds

Fonte: Universidade Cornell
Publicador: Universidade Cornell

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

Publicado em 27/01/2012
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This paper offers a geometric framework for modeling port-Hamiltonian systems
on discrete manifolds. The simplicial Dirac structure, capturing the
topological laws of the system, is defined in terms of primal and dual cochains
related by the coboundary operators. This finite-dimensional Dirac structure,
as discrete analogue of the canonical Stokes-Dirac structure, allows for the
formulation of finite-dimensional port-Hamiltonian systems that emulate the
behaviour of the open distributed-parameter systems with Hamiltonian dynamics.; Comment: MATHMOD 2012 - 7th Vienna International Conference on Mathematical
Modelling

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## Autonomic Management in a Distributed Storage System

Fonte: Universidade Cornell
Publicador: Universidade Cornell

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

Publicado em 02/07/2010
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484.02008%

This thesis investigates the application of autonomic management to a
distributed storage system. Effects on performance and resource consumption
were measured in experiments, which were carried out in a local area test-bed.
The experiments were conducted with components of one specific distributed
storage system, but seek to be applicable to a wide range of such systems, in
particular those exposed to varying conditions. The perceived characteristics
of distributed storage systems depend on their configuration parameters and on
various dynamic conditions. For a given set of conditions, one specific
configuration may be better than another with respect to measures such as
resource consumption and performance. Here, configuration parameter values were
set dynamically and the results compared with a static configuration. It was
hypothesised that under non-changing conditions this would allow the system to
converge on a configuration that was more suitable than any that could be set a
priori. Furthermore, the system could react to a change in conditions by
adopting a more appropriate configuration. Autonomic management was applied to
the peer-to-peer (P2P) and data retrieval components of ASA, a distributed
storage system. The effects were measured experimentally for various workload
and churn patterns. The management policies and mechanisms were implemented
using a generic autonomic management framework developed during this work. The
experimental evaluations of autonomic management show promising results...

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## Discrete Exterior Geometry Approach to Structure-Preserving Discretization of Distributed-Parameter Port-Hamiltonian Systems

Fonte: Universidade Cornell
Publicador: Universidade Cornell

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

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This paper addresses the issue of structure-preserving discretization of open
distributed-parameter systems with Hamiltonian dynamics. Employing the
formalism of discrete exterior calculus, we introduce a simplicial Dirac
structure as a discrete analogue of the Stokes-Dirac structure and demonstrate
that it provides a natural framework for deriving finite-dimensional
port-Hamiltonian systems that emulate their infinite-dimensional counterparts.
The spatial domain, in the continuous theory represented by a
finite-dimensional smooth manifold with boundary, is replaced by a homological
manifold-like simplicial complex and its augmented circumcentric dual. The
smooth differential forms, in discrete setting, are mirrored by cochains on the
primal and dual complexes, while the discrete exterior derivative is defined to
be the coboundary operator. This approach of discrete differential geometry,
rather than discretizing the partial differential equations, allows to first
discretize the underlying Stokes-Dirac structure and then to impose the
corresponding finite-dimensional port-Hamiltonian dynamics. In this manner, a
number of important intrinsically topological and geometrical properties of the
system are preserved.; Comment: Journal of Geometry and Physics

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## Adaptation and optimization of synchronization gains in networked distributed parameter systems

Fonte: Universidade Cornell
Publicador: Universidade Cornell

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

Publicado em 30/05/2013
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This work is concerned with the design and effects of the synchronization
gains on the synchronization problem for a class of networked distributed
parameter systems. The networked systems, assumed to be described by the same
evolution equation in a Hilbert space, differ in their initial conditions. The
proposed synchronization controllers aim at achieving both the control
objective and the synchronization objective. To enhance the synchronization, as
measured by the norm of the pairwise state difference of the networked systems,
an adaptation of the gains is proposed. An alternative design arrives at
constant gains that are optimized with respect to an appropriate measure of
synchronization. A subsequent formulation casts the control and synchronization
design problem into an optimal control problem for the aggregate systems. An
extensive numerical study examines the various aspects of the optimization and
adaptation of the gains on the control and synchronization of networked 1D
parabolic differential equations.; Comment: 17 pages, 5 figures

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## Cyber-Physical Systems as General Distributed Parameter Systems: Three Types of Fractional Order Models and Emerging Research Opportunities

Fonte: Universidade Cornell
Publicador: Universidade Cornell

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

Publicado em 07/09/2015
Português

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Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) are man-made complex systems coupled with
natural processes that, as a whole, should be described by distributed
parameter systems (DPSs) in general forms. This paper presents three such
general models for generalized DPSs that can be used to characterize complex
CPSs. These three different types of fractional operators based DPS models are:
fractional Laplacian operator, fractional power of operator or fractional
derivative. This research investigation is motivated by many fractional order
models describing natural, physical, and anomalous phenomena, such as
sub-diffusion process or super-diffusion process. The relationships among these
three different operators are explored and explained. Several potential future
research opportunities are then articulated followed by some conclusions and
remarks.; Comment: 12 pages, 0 figures, IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica, 2015

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## Greatly enhancing the modeling accuracy for distributed parameter systems by nonlinear time/space separation

Fonte: Universidade Cornell
Publicador: Universidade Cornell

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

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An effective modeling method for nonlinear distributed parameter systems
(DPSs) is critical for both physical system analysis and industrial
engineering. In this Rapid Communication, we propose a novel DPS modeling
approach, in which a high-order nonlinear Volterra series is used to separate
the time/space variables. With almost no additional computational complexity,
the modeling accuracy is improved more than 20 times in average comparing with
the traditional method.; Comment: 10 figures, 5 pages

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## The uniform controllability property of semidiscrete approximations for the parabolic distributed parameter systems in Banach spaces

Fonte: Universidade Cornell
Publicador: Universidade Cornell

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

Publicado em 24/06/2011
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The problem we consider in this work is to minimize the L^q-norm (q > 2) of
the semidiscrete controls. As shown in [LT06], under the main approximation
assumptions that the discretized semigroup is uniformly analytic and that the
degree of unboundedness of control operator is lower than 1/2, the uniform
controllability property of semidiscrete approximations for the parabolic
systems is achieved in L^2. In the present paper, we show that the uniform
controllability property still continue to be asserted in L^q. (q > 2) even
with the con- dition that the degree of unboundedness of control operator is
greater than 1/2. Moreover, the minimization procedure to compute the ap-
proximation controls is provided. An example of application is imple- mented
for the one dimensional heat equation with Dirichlet boundary control.

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## Explicit Simplicial Discretization of Distributed-Parameter Port-Hamiltonian Systems

Fonte: Universidade Cornell
Publicador: Universidade Cornell

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica

Português

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584.14375%

Simplicial Dirac structures as finite analogues of the canonical Stokes-Dirac
structure, capturing the topological laws of the system, are defined on
simplicial manifolds in terms of primal and dual cochains related by the
coboundary operators. These finite-dimensional Dirac structures offer a
framework for the formulation of standard input-output finite-dimensional
port-Hamiltonian systems that emulate the behavior of distributed-parameter
port-Hamiltonian systems. This paper elaborates on the matrix representations
of simplicial Dirac structures and the resulting port-Hamiltonian systems on
simplicial manifolds. Employing these representations, we consider the
existence of structural invariants and demonstrate how they pertain to the
energy shaping of port-Hamiltonian systems on simplicial manifolds.

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## Filtering and Smoothing for Linear Discrete-Time Distributed Parameter Systems Based on Wiener-Hopf Theory with Application to Estimation of Air Pollution

Fonte: IEEE
Publicador: IEEE

Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed
Formato: application/pdf

Publicado em /12/1981
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Optimal filtering and smoothing algorithms for linear discrete-time distributed parameter systems are derived by a unified approach based on the Wiener-Hopf theory. The Wiener-Hopf equation for the estimation problems is derived using the least-squares estimation error criterion. Using the basic equation, three types of the optimal smoothing estimators are derived, namely, fixed-point, fixed-interval, and fixed-lag smoothers. Finally, the results obtained are applied to estimation of atmospheric sulfur dioxide concentrations in the Tokushima prefecture of Japan.

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## Sensitivity Analysis of Distributed Parameter Systems

Fonte: IEEE
Publicador: IEEE

Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed
Formato: application/pdf

Publicado em /08/1982
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A method is developed for the calculation of sensitivity
coefficients of general distributed parameter systems to the variation of
spatially and temporally varying parameters appearing in the system equations
and initial and boundary conditions.

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