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E2F-4 and E2F-5, two members of the E2F family, are expressed in the early phases of the cell cycle.

Sardet, C; Vidal, M; Cobrinik, D; Geng, Y; Onufryk, C; Chen, A; Weinberg, R A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/03/1995 Português
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The E2F transcription factors play a role in regulating the expression of genes required for cell proliferation. Their activity appears to be regulated by association with the retinoblastoma protein (pRb) and the pRb-related proteins p107 and p130. In vivo, pRb is found in complex with a subset of E2F components--namely, E2F-1, E2F-2, and E2F-3. Here we describe the characterization of cDNAs encoding two unusual E2Fs, E2F-4 and E2F-5, each identified by the ability of their gene product to interact with p130 in a yeast two-hybrid system. E2F-4 and -5 share common sequences with E2F-1, E2F-2, and E2F-3 and, like these other E2Fs, the ability to heterodimerize with DP-1, thereby acquiring the ability to bind an E2F DNA recognition sequence with high affinity. However, in contrast to E2F-1, E2F-4 and E2F-5 fail to bind pRb in a two-hybrid assay. Moreover, they show a unique pattern of expression in synchronized human keratinocytes: E2F-4 and E2F-5 mRNA expression is maximal in mid-G1 phase before E2F-1 expression is detectable. These findings suggest that E2F-4 and E2F-5 may contribute to the regulation of early G1 events including the G0/G1 transition.

CDC25A Phosphatase Is a Target of E2F and Is Required for Efficient E2F-Induced S Phase

Vigo, Elena; Müller, Heiko; Prosperini, Elena; Hateboer, Guus; Cartwright, Peter; Moroni, Maria Cristina; Helin, Kristian
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1999 Português
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Functional inactivation of the pRB pathway is a very frequent event in human cancer, resulting in deregulated activity of the E2F transcription factors. To understand the functional role of the E2Fs in cell proliferation, we have developed cell lines expressing E2F-1, E2F-2, and E2F-3 fused to the estrogen receptor ligand binding domain (ER). In this study, we demonstrated that activation of all three E2Fs could relieve the mitogen requirement for entry into S phase in Rat1 fibroblasts and that E2F activity leads to a shortening of the G0-G1 phase of the cell cycle by 6 to 7 h. In contrast to the current assumption that E2F-1 is the only E2F capable of inducing apoptosis, we showed that deregulated E2F-2 and E2F-3 activities also result in apoptosis. Using the ERE2F-expressing cell lines, we demonstrated that several genes containing E2F DNA binding sites are efficiently induced by the E2Fs in the absence of protein synthesis. Furthermore, CDC25A is defined as a novel E2F target whose expression can be directly regulated by E2F-1. Data showing that CDC25A is an essential target for E2F-1, since its activity is required for efficient induction of S phase by E2F-1, are provided. Finally, our results show that expression of two E2F target genes...

E2F/p107 and E2F/p130 complexes are regulated by C/EBPalpha in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.

Timchenko, N A; Wilde, M; Iakova, P; Albrecht, J H; Darlington, G J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/09/1999 Português
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We have previously found that loss of C/EBPalpha in hepatocytes of newborn livers leads to increased proliferation, to a reduction in p21 protein levels and to an induction of S phase-specific E2F/p107 complexes. In this paper, we investigated C/EBPalpha-dependent regulation of E2F complexes in a well-characterized cell line, 3T3-L1, and in stable transformants that conditionally express C/EBPalpha. C/EBPalpha and C/EBPbeta proteins are induced in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes during differentiation with different kinetics and potentially may regulate E2F/Rb family complexes. In pre-differentiated cells, three E2F complexes are observed: cdk2/E2F/p107, E2F/p130 and E2F4. cdk2/E2F/p107 complexes are induced in nuclear extracts of 3T3-L1 cells during mitotic expansion, but are not detectable in nuclear extracts at later stages of 3T3-L1 differentiation. The reduction in E2F/p107 complexes is associated with elevation of C/EBPalpha, but is independent of C/EBPbeta expression. Bacterially expressed, purified His-C/EBPalpha is able to disrupt E2F/p107 complexes that are observed at earlier stages of 3T3-L1 differentiation. C/EBPbeta, however, does not disrupt E2F/p107 complexes. A short C/EBPalpha peptide with homology to E2F is sufficient to bring about the disruption of E2F/p107 complexes from 3T3-L1 cells in vitro. Induction of C/EBPalpha in stable 3T3-L1 clones revealed that C/EBPalpha causes disruption of p107/E2F complexes in these cells. In contrast...

Deregulated expression of E2F family members induces S-phase entry and overcomes p16INK4A-mediated growth suppression.

Lukas, J; Petersen, B O; Holm, K; Bartek, J; Helin, K
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1996 Português
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The E2F family of transcription factors regulate genes, whose products are essential for progression through the mammalian cell cycle. The transcriptional activity of the E2Fs is inhibited through the specific binding of the retinoblastoma protein, pRB, and the pRB homologs p107 and p130 to their transactivation domains. Seven members of the E2F transcription factor family have been isolated so far, and we were interested in investigating the possible contribution of the various E2Fs to cell cycle control. By presenting the results of the generation of cell lines with tetracycline-controlled expression of E2F-1 and E2F-4 and microinjection of expression plasmids for all members of the E2F family, we demonstrate here that the pRB-associated ED2Fs (E2F-1, E2F-2, and E2F-3) all induce S phase in quiescent rate fibroblasts when expressed alone. In contrast, the p107/p130-associated E2Fs require the coexpression of the heterodimeric partner DP-1 to promote S-phase entry and accelerate G1 progression. Furthermore, the pRB-associated E2Fs were all able to overcome a G1 arrest mediated by the p16INK4 tumor suppressor protein, and E2F-1 was shown to override a G1 block mediated by a neutralizing antibody to cyclin D1. The p16INK4-induced G1 arrest was not affected by expression of E2F-4...

E2F-4 switches from p130 to p107 and pRB in response to cell cycle reentry.

Moberg, K; Starz, M A; Lees, J A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1996 Português
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The E2F transcription factor couples the coordinate expression of cell cycle proteins to their appropriate transition points. Its activity is controlled by the cell cycle regulators pRB, p107, and p130. These bind to E2F at defined but distinct stages of the cell cycle. Using specific antisera, we have identified the DP and E2F components of each of these species. Although present at very different levels, DP-1 and DP-2 are evenly distributed among each of these complexes. In contrast, the individual E2Fs have distinctly different binding profiles. Consistent with previous studies, E2F-1, E2F-2, and E2F-3 bind specifically to the retinoblastoma protein. In each case, their expression and DNA binding activity are restricted to post-G1/S fractions. Surprisingly, E2F-1 and E2F-3 make unequal contributions to the pRB-associated and free E2F activity, suggesting that these proteins perform different cell cycle functions. Most significantly, this study showed E2F-4 accounts for the vast majority of the endogenous E2F activity. In arrested cells, E2F-4 is sequestered by the p130 protein. However, as the cells pass the G1-to-S transition, the levels of pRB and p107 increase and E2F-4 now associates with both of these regulators. Despite this...

Induction of S-phase entry by E2F transcription factors depends on their nuclear localization.

Müller, H; Moroni, M C; Vigo, E; Petersen, B O; Bartek, J; Helin, K
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1997 Português
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The E2F transcription factors are essential for regulating the correct timing of activation of several genes whose products are implicated in cell proliferation and DNA replication. The E2Fs are targets for negative regulation by the retinoblastoma protein family, which includes pRB, p107, and p130, and they are in a pathway that is frequently found altered in human cancers. There are five members of the E2F family, and they can be divided into two functional subgroups. Whereas, upon overexpression, E2F-1, -2, and -3 induce S phase in quiescent fibroblasts and override G1 arrests mediated by the p16INK4A tumor suppressor protein or neutralizing antibodies to cyclin D1, E2F-4 and -5 do not. Using E2F-1 and E2F-4 as representatives of the two subgroups, we showed here, by constructing a set of chimeric proteins, that the amino terminus of E2F-1 is sufficient to confer S-phase-inducing potential as well as the ability to efficiently transactivate an E2F-responsive promoter to E2F-4. We found that the E2F-1 amino terminus directs chimeric proteins to the nucleus. Surprisingly, a short nuclear localization signal derived from simian virus 40 large T antigen could perfectly substitute for the presence of the E2F-1 amino terminus in these assays. Thus...

Subunit composition determines E2F DNA-binding site specificity.

Tao, Y; Kassatly, R F; Cress, W D; Horowitz, J M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1997 Português
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The product of the retinoblastoma (Rb) susceptibility gene, Rb-1, regulates the activity of a wide variety of transcription factors, such as E2F, in a cell cycle-dependent fashion. E2F is a heterodimeric transcription factor composed of two subunits each encoded by one of two related gene families, denoted E2F and DP. Five E2F genes, E2F-1 through E2F-5, and two DP genes, DP-1 and DP-2, have been isolated from mammals, and heterodimeric complexes of these proteins are expressed in most, if not all, vertebrate cells. It is not yet clear whether E2F/DP complexes regulate overlapping and/or specific cellular genes. Moreover, little is known about whether Rb regulates all or a subset of E2F-dependent genes. Using recombinant E2F, DP, and Rb proteins prepared in baculovirus-infected cells and a repetitive immunoprecipitation-PCR procedure (CASTing), we have identified consensus DNA-binding sites for E2F-1/DP-1, E2F-1/DP-2, E2F-4/DP-1, and E2F-4/DP-2 complexes as well as an Rb/E2F-1/DP-1 trimeric complex. Our data indicate that (i) E2F, DP, and Rb proteins each influence the selection of E2F-binding sites; (ii) E2F sites differ with respect to their intrinsic DNA-bending properties; (iii) E2F/DP complexes induce distinct degrees of DNA bending; and (iv) complex-specific E2F sites selected in vitro function distinctly as regulators of cell cycle-dependent transcription in vivo. These data indicate that the specific sequence of an E2F site may determine its role in transcriptional regulation and suggest that Rb/E2F complexes may regulate subsets of E2F-dependent cellular genes.

E2F activity is regulated by cell cycle-dependent changes in subcellular localization.

Verona, R; Moberg, K; Estes, S; Starz, M; Vernon, J P; Lees, J A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1997 Português
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E2F directs the cell cycle-dependent expression of genes that induce or regulate the cell division process. In mammalian cells, this transcriptional activity arises from the combined properties of multiple E2F-DP heterodimers. In this study, we show that the transcriptional potential of individual E2F species is dependent upon their nuclear localization. This is a constitutive property of E2F-1, -2, and -3, whereas the nuclear localization of E2F-4 is dependent upon its association with other nuclear factors. We previously showed that E2F-4 accounts for the majority of endogenous E2F species. We now show that the subcellular localization of E2F-4 is regulated in a cell cycle-dependent manner that results in the differential compartmentalization of the various E2F complexes. Consequently, in cycling cells, the majority of the p107-E2F, p130-E2F, and free E2F complexes remain in the cytoplasm. In contrast, almost all of the nuclear E2F activity is generated by pRB-E2F. This complex is present at high levels during G1 but disappears once the cells have passed the restriction point. Surprisingly, dissociation of this complex causes little increase in the levels of nuclear free E2F activity. This observation suggests that the repressive properties of the pRB-E2F complex play a critical role in establishing the temporal regulation of E2F-responsive genes. How the differential subcellular localization of pRB...

The retinoblastoma protein binds to a family of E2F transcription factors.

Lees, J A; Saito, M; Vidal, M; Valentine, M; Look, T; Harlow, E; Dyson, N; Helin, K
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1993 Português
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E2F is a transcription factor that helps regulate the expression of a number of genes that are important in cell proliferation. Recently, several laboratories have isolated a cDNA clone that encodes an E2F-like protein, known as E2F-1. Subsequent characterization of this protein showed that it had the properties of E2F, but it was difficult to account for all of the suggested E2F activities through the function of this one protein. Using low-stringency hybridization, we have isolated cDNA clones that encode two additional E2F-like proteins, called E2F-2 and E2F-3. The chromosomal locations of the genes for E2F-2 and E2F-3 were mapped to 1p36 and 6q22, respectfully, confirming their independence from E2F-1. However, the E2F-2 and E2F-3 proteins are closely related to E2F-1. Both E2F-2 and E2F-3 bound to wild-type but not mutant E2F recognition sites, and they bound specifically to the retinoblastoma protein in vivo. Finally, E2F-2 and E2F-3 were able to activate transcription of E2F-responsive genes in a manner that was dependent upon the presence of at least one functional E2F binding site. These observations suggest that the E2F activities described previously result from the combined action of a family of proteins.

E2F-1 binding affinity for pRb is not the only determinant of the E2F-1 activity

Sahin, Fikret; Sladek, Todd L.
Fonte: Ivyspring International Publisher Publicador: Ivyspring International Publisher
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/07/2010 Português
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E2F-1 is the major cellular target of pRB and is regulated by pRB during cell proliferation. Interaction between pRB and E2F-1 is dependent on the phosphorylation status of pRB. Despite the fact that E2F-1 and pRB have antagonistic activities when they are overexpressed, the role of the E2F-1-pRB interaction in cell growth largely remains unknown. Ideally, it would be better to study the properties of a pRB mutant that fails to bind to E2F, but retains all other activities. To date, no pRB mutation has been characterized in sufficient detail to show that it specifically eliminates E2F binding but leaves other interactions intact. An alternative approach to this issue is to ask whether mutations that change E2F proteins binding affinity to pRB are sufficient to change cell growth in aspect of cell cycle and tumor formation. Therefore, we used the E2F-1 mutants including E2F-1/S332-7A, E2F-1/S375A, E2F-1/S403A, E2F-1/Y411A and E2F-1/L132Q that have different binding affinities for pRB to better understand the roles of the E2F-1 phosphorylation and E2F-1-pRB interaction in the cell cycle, as well as in transformation and gene expression. Data presented in this study suggests that in vivo phosphorylation at amino acids 332-337, 375 and 403 is important for the E2F-1 and pRB interaction in vivo. However...

The Nuclear Matrix Protein, NRP/B, Acts as a Transcriptional Repressor of E2F-mediated Transcriptional Activity

Choi, Jina; Yang, Eun Sung; Cha, Kiweon; Whang, John; Choi, Woo-Jung; Avraham, Shalom; Kim, Tae-Aug
Fonte: Korean Society of Cancer Prevention Publicador: Korean Society of Cancer Prevention
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background: NRP/B, a family member of the BTB/Kelch repeat proteins, is implicated in neuronal and cancer development, as well as the regulation of oxidative stress responses in breast and brain cancer. Our previous studies indicate that the NRP/B-BTB/POZ domain is involved in the dimerization of NRP/B and in a complex formation with the tumor suppressor, retinoblastoma protein. Although much evidence supports the potential role of NRP/B as a tumor suppressor, the molecular mechanisms of NRP/B action on E2F transcription factors have not been elucidated. Methods: Three-dimensional modeling of NRP/B was used to generate point mutations in the BTB/Kelch domains. Tet-on inducible NRP/B expression was established. The NRP/B deficient breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231, was generated using lentiviral shNRP/B to evaluate the effect of NRP/B on cell proliferation, invasion and migration. Immunoprecipitation was performed to verify the interaction of NRP/B with E2F and histone deacetylase (HDAC-1), and the expression level of NRP/B protein was analyzed by Western blot analysis. Changes in cell cycle were determined by flow cytometry. Transcriptional activities of E2F transcription factors were measured by chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) activity. Results: Ectopic overexpression of NRP/B demonstrated that the NRP/B-BTB/POZ domain plays a critical role in E2F-mediated transcriptional activity. Point mutations within the BTB/POZ domain restored E2-promoter activity inhibited by NRP/B. Loss of NRP/B enhanced the proliferation and migration of breast cancer cells. Endogenous NRP/B interacted with E2F and HDAC1. Treatement with an HDAC inhibitor...

Conception de miARN artificiels basée sur la caractérisation de la boucle de régulation miR-20/E2F

De Guire, Vincent
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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La biologie moléculaire et, plus spécifiquement, la régulation de l’expression génique ont été révolutionnées par la découverte des microARN (miARN). Ces petits ARN d’une vingtaine de nucléotides sont impliqués dans la majorité des processus cellulaires et leur expression est dérégulée dans plusieurs maladies, comme le cancer. Un miARN reconnaît ses cibles principalement par son noyau, ce qui lui permet de réguler simultanément la traduction de centaines d’ARN messagers. Nos travaux ont montré l’existence d’une boucle de rétro-activation négative, entre deux miARN du polycistron miR-17-92 et trois facteurs de transcription de la famille E2F. E2F1, 2 et 3 induisent la transcription de miR-20 et miR-17 qui par la suite inhibent leur traduction. Nos résultats suggèrent l’implication de cette boucle dans la résistance à l’apoptose induite par E2F1 dans les cellules du cancer de la prostate, ce qui expliquerait en partie le potentiel oncogénique du polycistron miR-17-92. L’étude de ce motif de régulation nous a donc permis de réaliser le potentiel incroyable qu’ont les miARN à inhiber la traduction de plusieurs gènes. Basé sur les règles de reconnaissance des miARN, nous avons développé et validé MultiTar. Cet outil bioinformatique permet de trouver la séquence d’un miARN artificiel ayant le potentiel d’inhiber la traduction de gènes d’intérêts choisis par l’utilisateur. Afin de valider MultiTar...

Induction of the Cellular E2F-1 Promoter by the Adenovirus E4-6/7 Protein

Schaley, Joel; O'Connor, Robert J.; Taylor, Laura J.; Bar-Sagi, Dafna; Hearing, Patrick
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2000 Português
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The adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) E4-6/7 protein interacts directly with different members of the E2F family and mediates the cooperative and stable binding of E2F to a unique pair of binding sites in the Ad5 E2a promoter region. This induction of E2F DNA binding activity strongly correlates with increased E2a transcription when analyzed using virus infection and transient expression assays. Here we show that while different adenovirus isolates express an E4-6/7 protein that is capable of induction of E2F dimerization and stable DNA binding to the Ad5 E2a promoter region, not all of these viruses carry the inverted E2F binding site targets in their E2a promoter regions. The Ad12 and Ad40 E2a promoter regions bind E2F via a single binding site. However, these promoters bind adenovirus-induced (dimerized) E2F very weakly. The Ad3 E2a promoter region binds E2F very poorly, even via a single binding site. A possible explanation of these results is that the Ad E4-6/7 protein evolved to induce cellular gene expression. Consistent with this notion, we show that infection with different adenovirus isolates induces the binding of E2F to an inverted configuration of binding sites present in the cellular E2F-1 promoter. Transient expression of the E4-6/7 protein alone in uninfected cells is sufficient to induce transactivation of the E2F-1 promoter linked to chloramphenicol acetyltransferase or green fluorescent protein reporter genes. Further...

The adenovirus E4-6/7 protein transactivates the E2 promoter by inducing dimerization of a heteromeric E2F complex.

Obert, S; O'Connor, R J; Schmid, S; Hearing, P
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1994 Português
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Binding of the mammalian transcription factor E2F to the adenovirus E2a early promoter is modulated through interaction with the viral E4-6/7 protein. E4-6/7 induces the cooperative and stable binding of E2F in vitro to two correctly spaced and inverted E2F binding sites in the E2a promoter (E2F induction) by physical interaction in the protein-DNA complex. The E2a promoter is transactivated in vivo by the E4-6/7 product. The C-terminal 70 amino acids of E4-6/7 are necessary and sufficient for induction of E2F binding and for transactivation. To assess the mechanism(s) of E2a transactivation and the induction of cooperative E2F binding by the E4-6/7 protein, we have analyzed a series of point mutants in the functional C-terminal domain of E4-6/7. Two distinct segments of E4-6/7 are required for interaction with E2F. Additionally, and E4-6/7 mutant with a phenylalanine-to-proline substitution at amino acid 125 (F-125-P) efficiently interacts with E2F but does not induce E2F binding to the E2a promoter and is defective for transactivation. Induction of E2F stable complex formation at the E2a promoter by the F-125-P mutant protein is restored by divalent E4-6/7-specific monoclonal antibodies, but not a monovalent Fab fragment, or by appending a heterologous dimerization domain to the N terminus of the mutant protein. These and other data support the involvement of E4-6/7 dimerization in the induction of cooperative and stable E2F binding and transactivation of the E2a promoter. We present evidence that at least two cellular components are involved in E2F DNA binding activity and that both are required for E2F induction by the E4-6/7 product. The recently cloned E2F-related activities E2F-1 and DP-1 individually bind to an E2F binding site weakly...

Mutually exclusive interaction of the adenovirus E4-6/7 protein and the retinoblastoma gene product with internal domains of E2F-1 and DP-1.

O'Connor, R J; Hearing, P
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1994 Português
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The binding of E2F to the adenovirus (Ad) E2a promoter is stimulated by the Ad E4-6/7 protein. E2F DNA binding activity is composed of a heterodimer of related but distinct proteins of the E2F-1 and DP-1 families. The E4-6/7 protein induces the cooperative and stable binding of E2F to an inverted repeat binding site in the E2a promoter apparently by providing a dimerization interface to two adjacent E2F heterodimers. The product of the retinoblastoma gene product (Rb) represses the transcriptional activity of E2F by direct protein-protein interaction. In this report, we have examined the regions of E2F-1 and DP-1 that are required for the induction of cooperative E2F binding to the E2a promoter by the E4-6/7 protein. Our results demonstrate that an internal segment of E2F-1, that is conserved among members of the E2F family, is required for functional interaction with the E4-6/7 product. Consistent with this observation, other members of the E2F family (E2F-2 and E2F-3) productively interact with E4-6/7. DP-1 also is necessary for stable interaction with E4-6/7 and an internal segment of DP-1 is required that is positioned in a location similar to that of the conserved E2F-1 domain. Interestingly, the binding of E4-6/7 and the binding of Rb to E2F are mutually exclusive...

E2F-5, a new E2F family member that interacts with p130 in vivo.

Hijmans, E M; Voorhoeve, P M; Beijersbergen, R L; van 't Veer, L J; Bernards, R
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/1995 Português
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E2F DNA binding sites are found in a number of genes whose expression is tightly regulated during the cell cycle. The activity of E2F transcription factors is regulated by association with specific repressor molecules that can bind and inhibit the E2F transactivation domain. For E2F-1, E2F-2, and E2F-3, the repressor is the product of the retinoblastoma gene, pRb. E2f-4 interacts with pRb-related p107 and not with pRb itself. Recently, a cDNA encoding a third member of the retinoblastoma gene family, p130, was isolated. p130 also interacts with E2F DNA binding activity, primarily in the G0 phase of the cell cycle. We report here the cloning of a fifth member of the E2F gene family. The human E2F-5 cDNA encodes a 346-amino-acid protein with a predicted molecular mass of 38 kDa. E2F-5 is more closely related to E2F-4 (78% similarity) than to E2F-1 (57% similarity). E2F-5 resembles the other E2Fs in that it binds to a consensus E2F site in a cooperative fashion with DP-1. By using a specific E2F-5 antiserum, we found that under physiological conditions, E2F-5 interacts preferentially with p130.

Transgenic plant cells expressing a recombinan plant E2F peptide

Gutiérrez Armenta, Crisanto; Xie, Qi; Ramírez-Parra, Elena
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Patente Formato: 1949435 bytes; 255233 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
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Filing Date: 1999-05-07 -- Priority Data: ES P 9800975 (1998-05-08), ES P 9800981 (1998-05-11); A method of controlling plant growth and/or cellular DNA replication and/or cell cycle progression, differentiation and development comprising increasing or decreasing E2F activity in a plant cell.; Peer reviewed

Cell type-specific role of the retinoblastoma/E2F pathway during arabidopsis leaf development

Desvoyes, Bénédicte; Ramírez-Parra, Elena; Xie, Qi; Chua, Nam-Hai; Gutiérrez Armenta, Crisanto
Fonte: American Society of Plant Biologists Publicador: American Society of Plant Biologists
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 677476 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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Organogenesis in plants is almost entirely a postembryonic process. This unique feature implies a strict coupling of cell proliferation and differentiation, including cell division, arrest, cell cycle reactivation, endoreplication, and differentiation. The plant retinoblastoma-related (RBR) protein modulates the activity of E2F transcription factors to restrict cell proliferation. Arabidopsis contains a single RBR gene, and its loss of function precludes gamete formation and early development. To determine the relevance of the RBR/E2F pathway during organogenesis, outside its involvement in cell division, we have used an inducible system to inactivate RBR function and release E2F activity. Here, we have focused on leaves where cell proliferation and differentiation are temporally and developmentally regulated. Our results reveal that RBR restricts cell division early during leaf development when cell proliferation predominates, while it regulates endocycle occurrence at later stages. Moreover, shortly after leaving the cell cycle, most of leaf epidermal pavement cells retain the ability to reenter the cell cycle and proliferate, but maintain epidermal cell fate. On the contrary, mesophyll cells in the inner layers do not respond in this way to RBR loss of activity. We conclude that there exists a distinct response of different cells to RBR inactivation in terms of maintaining the balance between cell division and endoreplication during Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) leaf development; This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (grant no. BMC2003–2131)...

Explore Rb/E2F Activation Dynamics to Define the Control Logic of Cell Cycle Entry in Single Cells

Dong, Peng
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2015 Português
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Control of E2F transcription factor activity, regulated by the action of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor, is critical for determining cell cycle entry and cell proliferation. However, an understanding of the precise determinants of this control, including the role of other cell cycle regulatory activities, has not been clearly defined.

Recognizing that the contributions of individual regulatory components could be masked by heterogeneity in populations of cells, we made use of an integrated system to follow E2F transcriptional dynamics at the single cell level and in real time. We measured and characterized E2F temporal dynamics in the first cell cycle where cells enter the cell cycle after a period of quiescence. Quantitative analyses revealed that crossing a threshold of amplitude of E2F transcriptional activity serves as the critical determinant of cell-cycle commitment and division.

By using a developed ordinary differential equation model for Rb/E2F network, we performed simulations and predicted that Myc and cyclin D/E activities have distinct roles in modulating E2F transcriptional dynamics. Myc is critical in modulating the amplitude whereas cyclin D/E activities have little effect on the amplitude but do contribute to the modulation of duration of E2F transcriptional activation. These predictions were validated through the analysis of E2F dynamics in single cells under the conditions that cyclin D/E or Myc activities are perturbed by small molecule inhibitors or RNA interference.

In an ongoing study...

Integrative Analysis of the Myc and E2F pathway Reveal the Roles for microRNAs in Cell Fate Control

Kim, Jong Wook
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.358796%

Cancer is a disease state that arises as a result of multiple alterations in signaling pathways that are critical for making key cell fate decisions in normal cells. Understanding how these pathways operate under normal circumstances, therefore, is crucial for comprehensive understanding of tumorigenic process. With Myc and E2F pathways being central components for controlling cell proliferation, an important property that defines a cancer cell, as well as expanding roles for microRNAs(miRNA) in control of gene expression, we asked if we may better understand the underlying regulatory (transcription factor, microRNA) structure that contribute to Myc and E2F pathway activities. Through integrative analysis of mRNA and miRNA expression profile, we observe a distinct regulatory pattern in which, in the case of Myc pathway, Myc-induced miRNAs were contributing to the repression of negative regulators of cell cycle, including PTEN, while in case of E2F pathway, E2F-induced miRs were forming an incoherent Feed-Forward Loop(iFFL) with a number of E2F-induced genes including cyclin E. We further demonstrate through functional studies, as well as through single cell imaging of gene expression dynamics that miRNAs, depending on the context of either Myc or E2F pathway...