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Psicologia ambiental, Psicologia do Desenvolvimento e Educação Infantil: integração possível?; Environmental and Developmental Psychology and Early Childhood Education: is there a possible integration?; Psicología ambiental, Psicología del Desarrollo y Educación Infantil: ¿es posible esa integración?

CAMPOS-DE-CARVALHO, Mara; SOUZA, Tatiana Noronha de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.73815%
Objetiva-se mostrar como vem sendo feita a integração entre Psicologia Ambiental, Psicologia do Desenvolvimento e Educação Infantil, tendo como base pesquisas empíricas com foco na organização espacial em creches, agrupadas em duas linhas: (1) pesquisas sobre arranjo espacial (maneira como móveis/equipamentos estão posicionados em salas de crianças de 1-2/2-3/3-4 anos), evidenciaram como um dos elementos ambientais mediadores da interação criança-criança e criança-educador favorece certas práticas educativas e interativas e impede outras; (2) estudos sobre uma escala norte-americana de avaliação de qualidade de ambientes infantis coletivos e outro sobre análise de princípios de qualidade de creches em documentos nacionais e estrangeiros indicaram a adequabilidade da escala para nosso contexto e o compartilhamento de indicadores de qualidade. Tais dados empíricos demonstram a possibilidade de integração entre Psicologia Ambiental, do Desenvolvimento e Educação Infantil.; This paper aimed to show the integration between Environmental Psychology, Developmental Psychology, and Early Childhood Education, focusing on two groups of empirical studies on spatial organization in day-care centers: (1) studies on spatial arrangement (the way in which furniture / equipments are arranged in rooms for 1-2/2-3/3-4 year-old children); (2) studies on a North-American scale for assessing the quality of center-based child care...

Educação para o envelhecimento: abordagem em grupo com idosas como espaço de prevenção e promoção de saúde; Aging education: a group approach with elderly for prevention and health promotion

Silva, Janaina Corazza Barreto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/09/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.400576%
O presente trabalho teve como objetivo investigar uma proposta de educação para o envelhecimento voltada para pessoas que estão nesta fase da vida. Pretendeu-se aprofundar a compreensão a respeito dos aspectos psíquicos doenvelhecimento e das demandas de uma parcela desta população para construir uma proposta de intervenção. A abordagem da pesquisa foi qualitativa. Foram realizadas três etapas de trabalho de campo. Inicialmente, foram aplicados questionários para quinze participantes de um curso da Universidade Aberta à Terceira Idade do Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade de São Paulo. Em seguida, foram realizados quatro encontros em grupo com três mulheres, com idades entre 57 e 64 anos, ex-participantes da Universidade Aberta à Terceira Idade do Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade de São Paulo. Por fim, foram realizados cinco encontros em grupo com seis mulheres, entre 60 e 70 anos de idade, frequentadoras de uma associação com atividades para a terceira idade, nazona leste da capital. Para compreensão dos dados, os encontros foram analisados separadamente e foram destacados os temas emergentes de todas as etapas de coleta de dados. As temáticas foram analisadas com base nos eixos teóricos propostos pela Psicologia do Desenvolvimento...

Escolarização de pessoas com transtornos globais do desenvolvimento: possibilidades de atuação no campo da psicologia; SCHOOLING OF PEOPLE WITH PERSUASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER : POSSIBILITIES OF PERFORMANCE IN PSICOLOGY BRANCHES

Braunstein, Valeria Campinas
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/06/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.426514%
Este trabalho é resultado de uma pesquisa de cunho qualitativo, que teve como objetivos descrever os parâmetros que norteiam práticas em psicologia escolar frente às demandas relacionadas ao aluno com Transtornos Globais do Desenvolvimento. Apresenta a demanda, a compreensão desses transtornos dos pontos de vista médico e social, algumas possibilidades de atuação em psicologia e subsídios para a formação profissional. À luz de uma psicologia que se propõe crítica, discute-se a atuação de profissionais no trabalho junto a esses alunos, a escolas e equipes multidisciplinares. Ao final, discute um fazer do psicólogo, que espelha a diversidade, tanto da ciência psicológica, enquanto teorias e práticas, quanto da sociedade. Concluímos ser indispensável o trabalho do psicólogo nas escolas, porém nota-se a emergente necessidade de repensar as intervenções de modo que as mesmas possam contribuir coletivamente e efetivamente para a democratização do ensino e para a transformação social.; This work is the result of a qualitative research, which aimed to describe the parameters that guide the practice of school psychology to meet the demands related to the student with a Pervasive Developmental Disorder-PDD. Displays the demand...

Employer Voices, Employer Demands, and Implications for Public Skills Development Policy

Cunningham, Wendy; Villasenor, Paula
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
39.385525%
Educators believe that they are adequately preparing youth for the labor market while employers lament the lack of skills. A possible source of the mismatch in perceptions is that employers and educators have different understandings of the types of skills valued in the labor market. This paper uses economics and psychology literature to define four skills sets: socio-emotional, higher-order cognitive, basic cognitive, and technical skills. The paper reviews the literature that quantitatively measures employer skill demand, as reported in preference surveys. A sample of 28 studies reveals remarkable consistency across the world in the skills demanded by employers. Although employers value all skill sets, there is a greater demand for socio-emotional and higher-order cognitive skills than for basic cognitive or technical skills. These results are robust across economy size and level of development, sector, export-orientation, and occupations. Employers perceive that the greatest skills gaps are in socio-emotional and technical skills. These findings suggest the need to re-conceptualize education and training systems. Taking into consideration the developmental process to acquire the skills identified by employers...

Does hope matter? The influence of dispositional hope on persistence in a developmental writing course

Madison, Stephen Sean
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.16863%
The purpose of this study was to determine hope’s unique role, if any, in predicting persistence in a developmental writing course. Perceived academic self-efficacy was also included as a variable of interest for comparison because self-efficacy has been more widely studied than hope in terms of its non-cognitive role in predicting academic outcomes. A significant body of research indicates that self-efficacy influences academic motivation to persist and academic performance. Hope, however, is an emerging psychological construct in the study of non-cognitive factors that influence college outcomes and warrants further exploration in higher education. This study examined the predictive value of hope and self-efficacy on persistence in a developmental writing course.^ The research sample was obtained from a community college in the southeastern United States. Participants were 238 students enrolled in developmental writing courses during their first year of college. Participants were given a questionnaire that included measures for perceived academic self-efficacy and hope. The self-efficacy scale asked participants to self-report on their beliefs about how they cope with different academic tasks in order to be successful. The hope scale asked students to self-report on their beliefs about their capability to initiate action towards a goal (“agency”) and create a plan to attain these goals (“pathways”).^ This study utilized a correlational research design. A statistical association was estimated between hope and self-efficacy as well as the unique variance contributed by each on course persistence. Correlational analysis confirmed a significant relationship between hope and perceived academic self-efficacy...

Beyond Qualifications; Returns to Cognitive and Socio-Emotional Skills in Colombia

Acosta, Pablo; Muller, Noel; Sarzosa, Miguel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
39.172864%
This paper examines the relationship between individuals’ skills and labor market outcomes for the working-age population of Colombia’s urban areas. Using a 2012 unique household survey, the paper finds that cognitive skills (aptitudes to perform mental tasks such as comprehension or reasoning) and socio-emotional skills (personality traits and behaviors) matter for favorable labor market outcomes in the Colombian context, although they have distinct roles. Cognitive skills are greatly associated with higher earnings and holding a formal job or a high-qualified occupation. By contrast, socio-emotional skills appear to have little direct influence on these outcomes, but play a stronger role in labor market participation. Both types of skills, especially cognitive skills, are largely associated with pursuing tertiary education. The analysis applies standard econometric techniques as a benchmark and structural estimations to correct for the measurement error of skill constructs.

Predictors of developmental gains in children enrolled in an early intervention setting

Maring, Joyce R
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.194414%
The purpose of this research was to determine whether initial developmental delay, site of intervention, frequency of intervention, age of the child, socio-economic status (SES), gender and ethnicity significantly predict developmental gains in a group of children enrolled in an early intervention setting. The records of 134 children enrolled in an inner-city program in Miami, Florida were reviewed for inclusion in this study. ^ Demographic variables, site placement and treatment frequencies were collected during a retrospective chart review. Level of delay was expressed using the developmental quotient and developmental gain was calculated using the mean gain on age equivalent scores or developmental tests. A multiple regression analysis was performed to determine which of the above variables significantly predicted developmental gains. Multivariate analysis compared developmental gains for all the developmental domains based on intervention site (center versus home-based) while controlling for developmental delay. ^ Children made greater developmental gains if they had higher developmental quotients and if they were younger at the time services were initiated. Frequency of intervention significantly improved developmental outcomes in children attending center-based programs. Children attending center-based programs also made significantly greater gains in gross motor skills compared to children attending home-based programs. ^ These findings emphasize the importance of early screening and referral of children with developmental delay and adjusting intervention for the child's developmental quotient. Children should receive intense treatment to maximize results. Decisions regarding program placement should be individualized according to the child's unique developmental pattern. Policy and program decisions affecting the curriculum of a child in early intervention need to reflect these multivariate considerations. ^

Differential effects of single -sex versus coed education on the mathematical reasoning ability, verbal reasoning ability, and self-concept of high school girls

Conway, Kevin E
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.589688%
This study explored the differential effects of single-sex versus coed education on the cognitive and affective development of young women in senior year of high school. The basic research question was: What are the differential effects of single-sex versus coed education on the development of mathematical reasoning ability, verbal reasoning ability, or self-concept of high school girls?^ This study was composed of two parts. In the first part, the SAT verbal and mathematical ability scores were recorded for those subjects in the two schools from which the sample populations were drawn. The second part of the study required the application of the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale to subjects in each of the two sample populations. The sample schools were deliberately selected to minimize between group differences in the populations. One was an all girls school, the other coeducational.^ The research design employed in this study was the causal-comparative method, used to explore causal relationships between variables that already exist. Based on a comprehensive analysis of the data produced by this research, no significant difference was found to exist between the mean scores of the senior girls in the single-sex school and the coed school on the SAT 1 verbal reasoning section. Nor was any significant difference found to exist between the mean scores of the senior girls in the single-sex school and the coed school on the SAT 1 mathematical reasoning section. Finally...

Immigrant high school students' in-depth understandings of the value of heritage language and bilingualism

Arrieta, Edwin David
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.46712%
The purpose of this research was to explore perceptions among 9 th through 12th grade students from Brazil, Haiti and Jamaica, with respect to their heritage languages: Portuguese, Haitian Creole, and Jamaican Patois. An additional purpose was to understand in greater detail possible variations of perception with respect to heritage language maintenance (or loss) in relation to one’s gender, first language, and place of birth. The research implemented semi-structured interviews with male and female adolescents with these heritage language backgrounds. Participants’ responses were recorded and transcribed. The transcriptions were analyzed via a categorizing of themes emerging from the data.^ Data were analyzed using inductive analysis. Three categories emerged from the inductive analysis of the data: (a) heritage language, (b) bilingualism, and (c) English as a second language. The analysis reveals that as participants learn English, they continue to value their heritage language and feel positively toward bilingualism, but differ in their preference regarding use of native language and English in a variety of contexts. There seems to be a mismatch between a positive attitude and an interest in learning their heritage language. Families and teachers...

The effect of the use of computer assisted instruction (CAI) on attitudes and computational scores of developmental mathematics students at two inner city schools with predominantly Black enrollment

Thayer, John
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.57503%
This study examined the effects of computer assisted instruction (CAI) 1 hour per week for 18 weeks on changes in computational scores and attitudes of developmental mathematics students at schools with predominantly Black enrollment. Comparisons were made between students using CAI with differing software--PLATO, CSR or both together--and students using traditional instruction (TI) only.^ This study was conducted in the Dade County Public School System from February through June 1991, at two senior high schools. The dependent variables, the State Student Assessment Test (SSAT), and the School Subjects Attitude Scales (SSAS), measured students' computational scores and attitudes toward mathematics in 3 categories: interest, usefulness, and difficulty, respectively.^ Univariate analyses of variance were performed on the least squares mean differences from pretest to posttest for testing main effects and interactions. A t-test measured significant main effects and interactions. Results were interpreted at the.01 level of significance.^ Null hypotheses 1, 2, and 3 compared versions of CAI with the control group, for changes in mathematical computation scores measured with the SSAT. It could not be concluded that changes in standardized mathematics test scores of students using CAI with differing software 1 hour per week for 18 class hours combined with TI were significantly higher than changes in test scores for students receiving TI only.^ Null hypotheses 4...

The effect of young adult literature on adolescents' rape myth acceptance

Malo-Juvera, Victor
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.803066%
This quasi-experimental study (N = 139) measured the effect of a reader response based instructional unit of the novel Speak on adolescents' rape myth acceptance. Participants were eighth grade language arts students at a Title I middle school in a major metropolitan school district. Seven classes were randomly assigned to treatment ( n = 4) or control (n = 3) condition. Two teachers participated in the study and both taught both treatment and control classes. The study lasted a period of five weeks. Participants were pretested using the Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (Burt, 1980) and a researcher created scale, the Adolescent Date Rape Scale (ADRMS). ^ Analysis of pretests showed the ADRMS to be a reliable and valid measure of rape myth acceptance in adolescents. Factor analysis revealed it to have two major components: "She Wanted It" and "She Lied." Pretests supported previous studies which found girls to have significantly lower initial levels of rape myth acceptance than boys (p < .001). A 2 (group) x 2 (instructor) x 2 (sex) ANCOVA using ADRMS pretest as a covariate and ADRMS posttest as a dependent variable found that treatment was effective in reducing rape myth acceptance (p < .001, η2 = .15). Boys with high rape myth acceptance as demonstrated by pretest scores of 1 standard deviation above the mean on ADRMS did not have a backlash to treatment. Extended analysis revealed that participants had significantly lower scores posttest on Factor 1...

The possible selves method in evaluating youth development interventions: The use of Integrated Qualitative /Quantitative Data Analytic Strategies (IQ -DAS)

Kortsch, Gabrielle Annemarie
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.079272%
This study investigated the feasibility of using qualitative methods to provide empirical documentation of the long-term qualitative change in the life course trajectories of “at risk” youth in a school based positive youth development program (the Changing Lives Program—CLP). This work draws from life course theory for a developmental framework and from recent advances in the use of qualitative methods in general and a grounded theory approach in particular. Grounded theory provided a methodological framework for conceptualizing the use of qualitative methods for assessing qualitative life change. The study investigated the feasibility of using the Possible Selves Questionnaire-Qualitative Extension (PSQ-QE) for evaluating the impact of the program on qualitative change in participants' life trajectory relative to a non-intervention control group. Integrated Qualitative/Quantitative Data Analytic Strategies (IQ-DAS) that we have been developing a part of our program of research provided the data analytic framework for the study. ^ Change was evaluated in 85 at risk high school students in CLP high school counseling groups over three assessment periods (pre, post, and follow-up), and a non-intervention control group of 23 students over two assessment periods (pre and post). Intervention gains and maintenance and the extent to which these patterns of change were moderated by gender and ethnicity were evaluated using a mixed design Repeated Measures Multivariate Analysis of Variance (RMANOVA) in which Time (pre...

The utility of an Integrated Qualitative /Quantitative Data Analytic Strategy (IQ -DAS) to evaluate the impact of youth development interventions to positive qualitative change in the life course

Lewis-Arango, Lisa
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.312983%
This study reports one of the first controlled studies to examine the impact of a school based positive youth development program (Lerner, Fisher, & Weinberg, 2000) on promoting qualitative change in life course experiences as a positive intervention outcome. The study built on a recently proposed relational developmental methodological metanarrative (Overton, 1998) and advances in use of qualitative research methods (Denzin & Lincoln, 2000). The study investigated the use the Life Course Interview (Clausen, 1998) and an integrated qualitative and quantitative data analytic strategy (IQ-DAS) to provide empirical documentation of the impact the Changing Lives Program on qualitative change in positive identity in a multicultural population of troubled youth in an alternative public high school. The psychosocial life course intervention approach used in this study draws its developmental framework from both psychosocial developmental theory (Erikson, 1968) and life course theory (Elder, 1998) and its intervention strategies from the transformative pedagogy of Freire's (1983/1970). ^ Using the 22 participants in the Intervention Condition and the 10 participants in the Control Condition, RMANOVAs found significantly more positive qualitative change in personal identity for program participants relative to the non-intervention control condition. In addition...

Educational, Economic Welfare and Subjective Well-Being in Afghanistan

Auturupane, Harsha; Gunatilake, Ramani; Shojo, Mari; Ebenezer, Roshini
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.67041%
Education is universally recognized as one of the key determinants of socio-economic security and welfare. The link between education and increased individual earnings has been widely documented: there is a large body of cross-country evidence that education enhances the employability, productivity and income earning capacity of individuals. The impact of educational attainment on these various socio-economic indicators has been shown to vary by region, sub-region, gender, age, by income levels, and other variables. In this paper, we focus on the socio-economic impact of educational attainment in Afghanistan. Afghanistan presents a fairly unique context for examining the association between education and the socio-economic variable discussed above. It is a conflict-affected country, with strong and rich cultural and religious traditions. It also has some of the worst developmental indicators and in the world. Using data from the National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) survey of 2007/08, authors investigate the extent to which the educational attainment of men and women is associated with greater economic welfare and less likelihood of being poor. The analysis is divided into four parts: part one looks education and other factors associated with household economic welfare and the probability of being poor; part two focuses on the education and other factors associated with women's participation in the labor force; part three looks at the association of mother's education with health-related outcomes of children; and part four looks at the association between educational attainment of girls and women...

L'alimentation selon l'âge et la culture : une analyse logico-naturelle des représentations construites par des enfants canadiens/québécois et roumains

Grabovschi, Cristina
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.44255%
Cette recherche s’intéresse à la question des représentations que les enfants construisent au sujet de l’alimentation dans une perspective épistémologique constructiviste, ancrée dans les traditions de la communication et de la psychologie sociale. Notre but a été de déterminer si les représentations de l’alimentation chez les enfants pouvaient être comprises en tant que représentations sociales, et si la construction de ces représentations variait selon l’âge et selon l’appartenance socioculturelle des enfants. Pour ce faire, nous avons analysé les discours sur l’alimentation des enfants de 7 à 12 ans issus de trois contextes culturels différents. Ainsi, nous avons comparé les représentations de l’alimentation construites par des enfants nés, élevés et éduqués en Roumanie et au Québec, ainsi que celles des enfants nés (ou élevés depuis un très bas âge) au Québec, mais provenant de familles d’immigrants roumains. La méthodologie de recherche a reflété une intégration instrumentale des perspectives issues de la psychologie sociale et de la communication, en étant dérivée de la logique naturelle et des théories sur les représentations sociales. Nos résultats suggèrent que les enfants construisent des représentations sociales de l'alimentation et que ces représentations progressent en complexité...

Secondary music students' compositional development with computer-mediated environments in classroom communities

Kirkman, Philip
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Education; Hughes Hall Publicador: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Education; Hughes Hall
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.722764%
Over the last decade digital technologies have brought significant changes to classroom music, promising support for the realisation of a musical education for all students. National curricula and exam specifications continue to embed technology more deeply. While these changes increasingly impact on music classrooms, there is a growing awareness that the presence of digital technologies may not always promote meaningful compositional development, particularly at GCSE level. A ?musical? curriculum seeks to promote meaningful compositional development by building upon a student?s previous musical experience and by providing practical, integrated and collaborative composing experiences. Existing empirical research demonstrates that a wide range of digital technologies are used in secondary classrooms to support students? compositional processes. When used successfully, such technologies give rise to computer- mediated environments which promote musical composing experiences. At the same time, current models of compositional development do not adequately account for the ways in which such contextual factors mediate students? compositional development. In response to this, the current research employs a multiple case study approach to explore the ways in which two secondary music students? compositional development proceeds when working with digital technologies. Drawing from both symbolic interactionism and activity theory as complementary theoretical lenses...

Constructing Stage-Environment Fit: Early Adolescents' Psychological Development and their Attitudes Towards School in English Middle and Secondary School Environments

Symonds, Jenny
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Education Publicador: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Education
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.96361%
This longitudinal multiple methods study used an ethnographic approach to examine the development of early adolescents? psychology during pubertal and school transitions. It explored potential associations between attitudes to school, perceptions of school life and transfer, home and peer relations, and puberty over the course of a school year. It compared two groups of UK 11 and 12 year olds (Year 7), one in a middle school (age range 8?13 years) without transfer at age 11, and the other in a secondary school (11?16 years) where transfer from primary school had just occurred. Pupil attitudes to school were surveyed across the Year 7 cohort in each school at the beginning (N=252) and end (N=262) of the school year. The initial survey facilitated selection of two matched groups of target pupils (N=20) who were engaged in an active participation method designed to improve validity. Data on perceptions of school and growing up were gathered in 80 interviews, 40 audio diaries, 42 hours of participant observation and by 63 targeted observations across three school terms. An end of year survey assessed the attitudes of the target pupils and their year groups. Qualitative data were analysed inductively using grounded theory coding procedures which uncovered early adolescent needs that mismatched with many design features of secondary schooling. Of particular developmental offence were impersonal teachers and lessons that were non-practical...

Psicologia ambiental, Psicologia do Desenvolvimento e Educação Infantil: integração possível?; Psicología ambiental, Psicología del Desarrollo y Educación Infantil: ¿es posible esa integración?; Environmental and Developmental Psychology and Early Childhood Education: is there a possible integration?

Campos-de-Carvalho, Mara; Souza, Tatiana Noronha de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.73815%
Objetiva-se mostrar como vem sendo feita a integração entre Psicologia Ambiental, Psicologia do Desenvolvimento e Educação Infantil, tendo como base pesquisas empíricas com foco na organização espacial em creches, agrupadas em duas linhas: (1) pesquisas sobre arranjo espacial (maneira como móveis/equipamentos estão posicionados em salas de crianças de 1-2/2-3/3-4 anos), evidenciaram como um dos elementos ambientais mediadores da interação criança-criança e criança-educador favorece certas práticas educativas e interativas e impede outras; (2) estudos sobre uma escala norte-americana de avaliação de qualidade de ambientes infantis coletivos e outro sobre análise de princípios de qualidade de creches em documentos nacionais e estrangeiros indicaram a adequabilidade da escala para nosso contexto e o compartilhamento de indicadores de qualidade. Tais dados empíricos demonstram a possibilidade de integração entre Psicologia Ambiental, do Desenvolvimento e Educação Infantil.; El objetivo es demostrar como viene siendo hecha la integración entre Psicología Ambiental, Psicología del Desarrollo y Educación Infantil, teniendo como base investigaciones empíricas con foco en el tema organización de espacios en guarderías...

Developmental Pathways in Underachievement

Snyder, Katie Elizabeth
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.70063%

Despite decades of research attention given to academic underachievement, longitudinal and developmental investigation of this phenomenon has been sparse. To address this shortcoming, the current study used a longitudinal, person-centered approach to identify latent subgroups of growth in the joint development of underachievement and four motivational beliefs (self-concept, task importance, psychological cost value, and self-worth) from first through sixth grade. Two types of underachievement latent classes emerged: one characterized by sustained underachievement and the other by growing underachievement (an Achievement class was also consistently found). Sustained, chronic underachievement was not associated with declines in self-concept or task importance, but was related to moderately lower levels of psychological cost value and self-worth, and was also related to lower middle school academic achievement. Growing underachievement was associated with lower and declining self-concept and task importance. Although differential class membership by gifted status was hypothesized, no such effects were found. Gender effects were found for the Task Importance and Self-Worth models in the hypothesized direction, but this effect was not as robust as in prior research. Findings from the current study build on prior research highlighting heterogeneity among underachieving students.

; Dissertation

Film as teacher education genre: Developing student agency in the production of #Taximaths - How children make their world mathematical

Ragpot,Lara
Fonte: South African Journal of Childhood Education Publicador: South African Journal of Childhood Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.42044%
The article reports on the process of producing a film for students in a university course. The purpose of the production was to make local film material that could assist students in their learning of developmental cognitive psychology theory in general, but specifically also the mathematical cognition of children. Although the students in the production team set out as actors and technical helpers, they gradually appropriated their acting roles and the plot of the story to the extent that they learned the theory that the film was portraying. Not only did they show interest in the psychology texts and the story, but they also developed agency - they became the owners of the film. The argument of this paper is that a multimodal foundation in teacher education can give students multiple semiotic entry points, but also, if given the opportunity to make a dramatic film, they can learn the content of mathematical cognition while learning film production. The article argues that contemporary teacher education programmes are by their very nature briefed to be multimodal, because teachers' work in schools in the 21st century requires more than language text and oral, in-person communication.