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Die Vermessung „Neu-Seellands“: Schreibweisen der Psychologien in der deutschsprachigen Literatur der Jahrhundertwende

Gräber-Magocsi, Sonja
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
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Focusing largely on the analysis of the representations of feelings and thoughts of literary characters or even the hidden “desires” of their authors, literary criticism for the most part has neglected to discuss the portrayal of the ‘inside’ of literary characters as a construction. Similarly, the critical discussion of texts by psychological theorists such as Sigmund Freud and C.G. Jung attests to an oversight regarding the fact that they had to contend with the exact same challenge their colleagues in literature faced, namely the linguistic construction of a descriptive model for something singularly elusive and essentially non-verbal. The turn of the nineteenth to the twentieth century in particular – just when the schools of Analytical Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Gestalt theory were emerging – proved to be a period in which literature responded to a particularly high popular interest in gaining insight into the supposed ‘inner world’ of literary characters. In pairing literary texts of that period by Richard Beer-Hofmann, Arthur Schnitzler, and Robert Musil with theoretical texts by Jung, Freud, and Robert Musil, this project examines the deployment of symbol, allegory and metaphor as well as the use of “Gestalten” – figures or shapes – in order to simulate the ‘inside.’ The first chapter examines the writings of C.G. Jung and Richard Beer-Hofmann’s novella...

Beowulf in Deutschland: Zur literarischen und wissenschaftlichen Rezeption altenglischer Literatur in Deutschland am Beispiel des "Beowulf"; Beowulf in Germany: Literary and Scholarly Reception of Old Englisch Literature in Germany - The Case of "Beowulf"

Baatz, Christine
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
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Die Arbeit untersucht die wissenschaftliche und literarische Rezeption des altenglischen "Beowulf"-Epos in Deutschland von den ersten Übersetzungen in der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts, über die Zeit der Weimarer Republik und des Nationalsozialismus bis in die ersten Jahre des 21. Jahrhunderts. Untersucht werden Bearbeitungen in Prosaform, z. B. von Therese Dahn (1888), Theodor Seidenfaden (1930 und 1938), Hans Friedrich Blunck (1938), Severin Rüttgers (1940), Adaptionen des Stoffes für die Bühne, z. B. von Hermann Griebel (1924), Otto Bruder (1927), Fritz Diettrich (1939/1940), sowie der von "Beowulf" inspirierte Roman "Hakons Lied" von Gisela Reichel (1962). Ein Exkurs beleuchtet knapp Filmadaptionen des Stoffes. Die Arbeit zeigt dabei, wie "Beowulf" jeweils im Kontext der Zeit und auf der Basis (pseudo)wissenschaftlicher Darstellungen gelesen, rekonzeptualisiert und ideologisiert wird. Die Bearbeitungen instrumentalisieren den altenglischen Stoff, indem sie ihm bestimmte Themen, Motive und Ideologeme einschreiben, wie das des Helden und Propheten, germanischer Schicksalsgewissheit und Sendungsbewusstseins, des Führergedankens, der Bergentrückung, Erlösung (religiös oder politisch verstanden), aber auch der Selbstfindung und -behauptung des Menschen unter dem Regime des Nationalsozialismus oder der DDR.; This study analyzes the scholarly and literary reception of the Old English "Beowulf" epic in Germany from the first translations in the first half of the 19th century...

"IDEAL" VERSUS "REAL": WOMANHOOD AS PORTRAYED IN THE LITERATURE AND CORRESPONDENCE OF EARLY GERMAN ROMANTICISM

MCCULLAR, SYLVIA YVONNE
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
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Treason and Related Offenses in the Roman Germanic Law

Lear, Floyd Seyward
Fonte: Electronic version published by Fondren Library, Rice University, made possible with funding from the Rice Historical Society and Thomas R. Williams, Ph.D., class of 2000. Publicador: Electronic version published by Fondren Library, Rice University, made possible with funding from the Rice Historical Society and Thomas R. Williams, Ph.D., class of 2000.
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Introduction-- The Crime of Majesty in Roman Public Law-- The Idea of Fidelity in Germanic Customary Law-- The Literature on Treason in Roman Public Law-- The Literature on Public Law in Germanic Custom-- Note

Un nuovo contributo allo studio del mito degli angeli neutrali nella "Commedia"

Álvarez Pérez, Xosé Afonso
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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El artículo analiza el motivo de los ángeles neutrales que aparece en el vestíbulo infernal representado en el canto tercero del Inferno de la Commedia de Dante Alighieri. En primer lugar, se examina la estructura de ese canto y el rol del vestíbulo infernal en el conjunto de la obra. A continuación, se estudian las distintas fuentes que se han barajado para explicar la inclusión en la obra dantesca de estos ángeles que no tomaron partido en la rebelión de Lucifer: teología católica e islámica, literatura apocalíptica, literatura románica y germánica (especialmente de visiones) y motivos folclóricos, prestando especial atención a las opiniones de los comentaristas medievales a la Commedia. Se concluye poniendo en relieve el gran interés del folclore para explicar la creencia en ángeles neutrales y su inclusión por Dante.; This article analyzes the motif of neutral angels that appear in the lobby of Hell represented in the third song of the Dante's Commedia Inferno. First, the article examines the structure of the Inferno and the role of the lobby throughout the book. Then, it reviews the various sources that have been discussed to explain the inclusion of these angels that didn't take part in the rebellion of Lucifer: Catholic and Islamic theology...

Rosa Mayreder and a case of "Austrian fate": The effects of repressed humanism and delayed enlightenment on women's writing and feminist thought in Fin-de-siecle Vienna

Mittnik, Kay Lewis
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 278 p.; application/pdf
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Despite increased interest in turn-of-the-century Austrian literature, women writers of the period have suffered the classic "Austrian fate": their works remain unrecognized. Yet a comparison of both the fiction and non-fiction by women of Vienna's Fin de siecle uncovers parallels between these works and those of eighteenth-century women. These parallels provide insight into the discrepancies between a woman's public and her private self-image in the age of male liberal humanism since the Enlightenment. Rosa Mayreder's nonfiction projects progressive ideals which are compromised in the fiction where the protagonists assume roles created for them by Western patriarchal society. Closer examination shows that women of the eighteenth century also compensated and compromised their positions in order to secure a reading public. Rosa Mayreder's utopian vision of a reformed patriarchal ideology (non-fiction) gives way to resignation in the fictional works. But where the modernists endeavor to sustain the ideals of humanistic thought even under historic conditions that prevent its realization outside the spheres of art, Rosa Mayreder does not bow to the psychology of repression or to the relentless sexism of patriarchal society. She reconciles her revolutionary feminist thought with narrative forms to which women have traditionally had access. But she attacks nineteenth century institutions associated with the patriarchal oppression of Viennese society. And her female protagonists...

Wort und bild: Ueberlegungen zum Verhaeltnis von Buch und Film am Beispiel von Alfred Doeblins und Rainer Werner Fassbinders "Berlin Alexanderplatz". [German text]

Schmid, Zeno
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 123 p.; application/pdf
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By examining the distinctions made by Lessing between word and picture, I present the hypothesis that cinema and literature have essentially the same range of expression possibilities. However, the ways of expression are differently organized so that there are no linear correspondences between the two artistic modes. The result is that a cinematic adaptation is less a translation of a literary work than a recreation. The examination of Doblin's and Fassbinder's texts shows that there are essential differences in the presentation of the plot. While the novel captures in a mode of citation and montage the violence of collective life in the city, the movie demonstrates in its concentration on psychological types and figures the violence within sexual, interpersonal relationships. The emergence of two different contents that is based upon differences in representation underscores the essential equality in the two modes of expression, cinema and literature.

Death and the wisdom of "Solarljod"

Sager, Kurt Matthew
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 697 p.; application/pdf
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Solarljo∂ is an Old Icelandic poem in which a deceased father advises his son from beyond the grave. The poem consists of a series of parables and proverbs, a moving description of dying, and accounts of both heaven and hell. Solarljo∂ is concerned with eschatological mystery, and this mystery is reinforced by the poet through the use of obscure imagery and enigmatic presentation. This study begins with an introduction to the general form, content and composition of Solarljo∂. There then follows a description of the manuscripts in which Solarljo∂ has been preserved, adding several new records to the list recently begun by Njor∂ur P. Njar∂vik. The manuscripts are cross referenced to the editions which have been based upon them. Previous research has traditionally resulted in new readings of Solarljo∂ which have been embodied in new editions or rewritings of the poem. This has produced a confusing proliferation of different poems claiming to be Solarljo∂. No "improved" edition is offered here. Instead, the editorial tradition is broken and previous editions are compared on their merits. The versions in Sophus Bugge's Norroen Fornkvae∂i and Finnur Jonsson's Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning are supported as standards to be used pending a more accessible and legible version of Njor∂ur Njar∂vik's Solsangen . The literature is otherwise examined with the aim of clarifying bibliographical contradictions and providing a critical evaluation of the sources regularly cited in connection with Solarljo∂ . Finally...

ALCHEMICAL THEMES AND GNOSTIC MYTH IN ALFRED DOEBLIN'S NOVEL "WALLENSTEIN"

BROWN, BARRY ALAN
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: application/pdf
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This study identifies structural themes for analysis in relation to the mythopoeic contours of Alfred Doblin's "historical" novel Wallenstein. While its extensive historical and quasi-historical material conforms to empirical facticity, its fictional structure (or mythic aspect) reveals a modern gnostic myth of enlightenment and salvation countered by forces of darkness and chaos. The introductory chapter outlines bio-graphical conditions including Doblin's extensive research and planning before the writing of the novel. Partially on the basis of factual evidence, partly because of the coherent and intricate design of the novel, the "automatic" or spontaneous fallacy is rejected. Recent critical literature pertinent to Wallenstein and mythic elements in Doblin's works are examined. Finally, Doblin's own aesthetic theory of the genre and his reaction to the initial critical reception of Wallenstein are discussed in the context of the alchemical-esoteric images which are present to a limited degree even in Doblin's non-fictional writings. Chapter II presents a summary of the number symbolism imbedded in the novel's chapter and book divisions and gives a synopsis of the origins and traditions of numerology, astrology, Pythagoreanism, and gnosis as they pertain to the interpretation of the novel. The names of the polar figures of Ferdinand II and Wallenstein have gematric numeric roots which correspond to the numerical roots of the book divisions (1-5-5-5-5-1). The Valentinian gnostic myth of cosmogony integrates imagery and symbolism of the oriental salvation and mystery religions and offers a syncretistic doctrine both of dualism in the existential world and of the promise of man's mystic reunification with God. Fictional elements of knowledge...

Elfriede Jelinek und Valie Export: Rezeption der feministischen Avantgarde Oesterreichs im deutschsprachigen Feuilleton (German text)

Lamb-Faffelberger, Margarete Barbara
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 348 p.; application/pdf
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The writer Elfriede Jelinek and the multi-media artist Valie Export represent Austria's feminist avant-garde which evolved in the 1960s. Their work--a strong criticism of the social, economic and political situation of women in today's Austria combined with innovative avant-garde aesthetics--evoked a wide range of reactions by the press over the past 25 years. Interviews with Jelinek and Export conducted by the author and included in this study give light to the problematic relationship between the press and the artists. This dissertation presents a thorough compilation and analysis of the book, theatre and film reviews which were published in the "Fueilleton" section of German and Austrian daily and weekly newspapers. An examination of the post-war status and the intense scholarly discussion of its legitimacy in today's mass media-dominated society reveals the current crisis of "feuilletonistic" art-criticism. The clash between the provocative content and aesthetics of avant-garde art as an alternative and the media as voice of mainstream society demonstrates a climax of the problematic situation in contemporary Austria and Germany. The large number of negative reactions of Jelinek's literature and Export's films by the critics and their aggressive rhetoric had a strong influence on the general public's resentment against Austria's feminist avant-garde. Jelinek's and Exports perseverance as active feminists stands out in Austria's conservative society. Its strong social and religious traditions and patriarchal values have been the major hurdle for many women to achieve equality. The fact that Austria's women in large part still succumb to their traditional roles underscores...

Infanticide, illegitimacy, and abortion in modern German literature

Shouse-Luxem, Leslie
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 206 p.; application/pdf
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This dissertation examines the evolution and interaction of the public policy debate on reproductive issues in Germany and literary portrayals of crisis pregnancies in German literature and concentrates mainly on literature produced in the 20th century. Clusters of works thematicizing infanticide and abortion appear when public attention is focused on issues of morality and population concerns. The discussion about the rising number of infanticide cases during the late 18th century was accompanied by a cluster of works aligned with the Storm and Stress movement. These works explored injustices committed by the upper classes against the lower classes and evoked sympathy for the woman by depicting the woman's circumstances and motivations. During the Weimar Republic left-wing and left-leaning political parties called for a liberalization of the complete ban on abortions in place since 1871. The plays and novels that appeared in the 1920s and early 1930s explored the class-discriminatory effects of the law. Many depicted young, single, working women, an image that called up both positive and negative cultural connotations including a rational, efficient outlook on life as well as decadence and consumerism. The postwar works fall into three phases. The early works of the 1950s and 1960s explore the issue within the context of war atrocities and question society's view of death and killing. In the mid-1970s...

Heimat und Exil: Ihre Dynamik im Werk von Hilde Spiel (German text)

Howells, Christa Victoria
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 342 p.; application/pdf
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Hilde Spiel (1911-1990) had gained a respectable literary reputation when she emigrated to England in 1936. At that time she was working on her fourth novel. It reflected her own experiences, as did most of her prose. She later turned to journalism to earn a living. Following the war she frequently returned to Austria. But even after her "final return" in 1963, she maintained strong personal and professional ties to Britain. She could never resolve the resulting dilemma of divided loyalties which she expressed in her autobiography by asking, "Which World is my World?" In exile Spiel decided to switch languages, usually producing both a German and an English version of her works. Detailed comparisons show the difficulty of making the transition to a foreign tongue and the considerable obstacles involved in eventually reversing the process. These changes also entailed significant textual revisions. In her own distinctive way Spiel confronted many of the problems germane to a woman of her generation. Her life and work were shaped by conflicting influences--literature and journalism, family and profession, her husbands Peter de Mendelssohn and Hans Flesch-Brunningen, past and present, her attachment to England and her passionate devotion to Vienna. Ultimately...

Love and war: German-Slavic wartime relationships in post-World War II literature

Ronald, John Jamison
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 103 p.; application/pdf
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The glorification of war and the thoughtless use of "national" stereotypes characteristic of 19th century literature have broken down in the later 20th century after World War II and the end of the Cold War in 1991. German-speaking authors from various parts of Europe have participated in this dismantling through their creation of engaging fictions related to the war experience that contain critical reexaminations of relationships between the German and Slavic peoples of Europe at an individual, existential level. They have proven that "national" stereotypes perish when individuals are presented with real human beings. The works examined are Siegfried von Vegesack's Tanja: Eine Erzahlung aus dem Kaukasus, Heinrich Boll's Der Zug war punktlich and Gruppenbild mit Dame, Max Frisch's Als der Krieg zu Ende war, Herbert Eisenreich's Tiere von ganz naturlicher Grausamkeit, and Christa Wolfs Moskauer Novelle. Thus, the phenomenon is a Europe-wide development and not an isolated incident.

"No refuge": The woman within/beyond the borders of Henry Adams, Henry James, and others

van Oostrum, Duco C.
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 294 p.; application/pdf
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The dissertation investigates whether there is a place of refuge for women characters within and/or beyond American literary texts written by men around the turn of the twentieth century. Besides major and minor texts of leading American men of letters, Henry Adams and Henry James, the texts also include two Dutch novels, Multatuli's Max Havelaar and Frederik van Eeden's Van de koele meren des doods. In examining these texts, the dissertation seeks for a male feminist practice that does not immediately turn into a male practice of appropriation and violence, I adopt a feminist practice of exposing gender representations in canonical male-authored texts, giving particular attention to the results of their representations for women. The question I ask of them is also a question I ask of my critical practice: is a genuine representation of female characters by male authors possible? The metaphors of feminism as a "no man's land" and American literature as a "territorial battle" connect issues central in Adams, James, Multatuli, and Van Eeden. The inclusion of the Dutch texts "within" American literature takes place not only on the basis of intertextual links with Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, but also because their preoccupation with gender resembles gender systems in texts of Henry Adams and Henry James. All these male authors share an interest in the representation of women in their literary works. Henry Adams argues in The Education that there is "no refuge" for modern American women except "such as the male created for himself." After analyzing the Dutch novels...

Foolish humor in the German Democratic Republic: Hermann Kant's "Der Aufenthalt", Irmtraud Morgner's "Amanda. Ein Hexenroman", and Volker Braun's "Hinze-Kunze-Roman"

Sager, Kurt Matthew
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 106 p.; application/pdf
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The literature of the German Democratic Republic is not always a serious realm where problems of German fascism, East-West relations, and Marxist class struggle are treated in the sober manner of socialist realism. Currently, the character of the fool appears in various guises adding humor and depth to the literary analysis of these problems. Hermann Kant's Der Aufenthalt examines problems through the eyes of a picaresque fool. Humor is produced by various means. In Irmtraud Morgner's Amanda, the satiric Eulenspiegel uses similar techniques to criticize and to encourage change through laughter. Volker Braun's Hinze-Kunze-Roman explores the relationship of leader and led through the humor of a fool-like modern comedy team.

"Die Willkuer der Ichsucht": Jean Paul's "Clavis Fichtiana" and the critique of German idealism

Nelson, John William
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 240 p.; application/pdf
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It was no coincidence that the dawning of the Romantic movement in Germany occurred simultaneously with the emergence of the philosophical idealists. The attempt to expand upon Kant's Critical Philosophy resulted in the development of a number of ambitious philosophical systems, all of which claimed to be the completion and ultimate culmination of Kant's ideas. For the early German Romantics the most influential among Kant's successors was Johann Gottlieb Fichte. Much has been made of Fichte's speculative philosophy and its subjective foundations as being the major. factor that contributed to the unbridled subjectivity of the Romantics as well as their own penchant for speculation. While the literature of the time abounds with examples of Fichte's influence, the following study analyzes a direct confrontation with Fichteanism by a popular author of the period, Jean Paul Friedrich Richter. Although he may have shared the Romantic fascination with Fichte's philosophy, Jean Paul was anything but a devotee---nor was he inclined for that matter to number himself among the Romantics. Deeply influenced by the Gefuhlsphilosoph Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, he remained critical of Kantianism and post-Kantian idealism throughout his life. And for Jean Paul...

The Jew Who Wasn't There: Studies on Jews and Their Absence in Old Norse Literature

Cole, Richard
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
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This dissertation explores certain attitudes towards Jews and Judaism in Old Norse literature. Regardless of an apparent lack of actual Jewish settlement in the Nordic region during the Middle Ages, medieval Icelanders and Norwegians frequently turned to the image of 'the Jew' in writing and in art, sometimes using him as an abstract theological model, or elsewhere constructing a similar kind of ethnic Other to the anti-Semitic tropes we find in medieval societies where gentiles really did live alongside Jews. The aim of this dissertation is to investigate the differing histories and functions projected onto the absent Jew in medieval Scandinavia.; Germanic Languages and Literatures

Sympathy for the Devil: Volatile Masculinities in Recent German and American Literatures

Knight, Mary Leslie
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011 Português
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This study investigates how an ambivalence surrounding men and masculinity has been expressed and exploited in Pop literature since the late 1980s, focusing on works by German-speaking authors Christian Kracht and Benjamin Lebert and American author Bret Easton Ellis. I compare works from the United States with German and Swiss novels in order to reveal the scope - as well as the national particularities - of these troubled gender identities and what it means in the context of recent debates about a "crisis" in masculinity in Western societies. My comparative work will also highlight the ways in which these particular literatures and cultures intersect, invade, and influence each other.

In this examination, I demonstrate the complexity and success of the critical projects subsumed in the works of three authors too often underestimated by intellectual communities. At the same time, I reveal the very structure and language of these critical projects as a safe haven for "male fantasies" of gender difference and identity formation long relegated to the distant past, fantasies that continue to lurk within our cultural currencies.

; Dissertation

The Austrian Postwar Avant-Garde - Experimental Art on Paper and Celluloid: A Semiological Approach

Wurmitzer, Gabriele
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2012 Português
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The period following the Second World War in Austria represents a unique historical situation. On the one hand, strongly conservative and restaurative trends in politics, publications, media, and social life dominated the country - at the same time, a radically new avant-garde movement emerged. What today is collectively referred to as the Wiener Gruppe was, in the 1950s, a circle of young writers, connected by friendship and collaboration with the filmmakers Kurt Kren and Peter Kubelka. These artists created experimental works that pre-empt the concept of performance art established at a theoretical level two decades later, and anticipate the re-conceptualization of the role of the reader theorized by Roland Barthes and Michel Foucault in the 1960s.

In this dissertation, I outline the socio-political situation in Austria during the years following World War Two in Chapter One and discuss the key concepts and works which are relevant for the understanding of experimental literature and film in Chapter Two and Three. I demonstrate that the radical experimentation of postwar experimental authors and filmmakers draws attention to the materiality, visuality, and performativity of their works and establishes experimental literature and film as individual art forms: writing-as-writing and film-as-film. In conclusion...

Putting Justice on Trial in Four Periods of German Literature: Case Studies (Jakob Wasserman, Arnold Zweig, Manfred Bieler, Thomas Brussig)

Reibold, Marc
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011 Português
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This dissertation explores arguments against legal and authoritarian structures as thematized by four works of fiction from distinct periods of German history: Jacob Wasserman's Der Fall Maurizius (the Weimar Republic), Arnold Zweig's Das Beil von Wandsbek (the Third Reich), Manfred Bieler's Das Kaninchen bin Ich (post-war division of Germany), and Thomas Brussig's Leben bis Männer (Germany after reunification). The aim of my analysis is to define how each work builds a "case" against the state. It conducts a literary analysis of each work, which it places in its own cultural and political context. It then compares this case to German theories of law to determine points at which the work is in dialogue with pressing questions of justice particular to its legal epoch: Der Fall Maurizius (1928) builds a case against the state by juxtaposing positivist and natural law, yet ultimately cannot avoid the axiomatic nature of each position; Das Beil von Wandsbek (1938-43) is a Marxist morality play whose concept of justice proves insufficient to its own implied standards; Maria Morzeck oder Das Kaninchen bin ich (1969) engages the GDR's 1961 law reform directly, yet in its development from GDR film to FRG novel softens its critique of the state by thematizing its own literary limitations; and Leben bis Männer (2001) argues against Germany's post-reunification trials of former GDR border guards...