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Variants of transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene and incident glucose intolerance in Japanese-Brazilians

FRANCO, L.F.; CRISPIM, F.; PEREIRA, A.C.; MOISÉS, R.S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.406953%
Common variants of the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene have been found to be associated with type 2 diabetes in different ethnic groups. The Japanese-Brazilian population has one of the highest prevalence rates of diabetes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess whether two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TCF7L2, rs7903146 and rs12255372, could predict the development of glucose intolerance in Japanese-Brazilians. In a population-based 7-year prospective study, we genotyped 222 individuals (72 males and 150 females, aged 56.2 ± 10.5 years) with normal glucose tolerance at baseline. In the study population, we found that the minor allele frequency was 0.05 for SNP rs7903146 and 0.03 for SNP rs12255372. No significant allele or genotype association with glucose intolerance incidence was found for either SNP. Haplotypes were constructed with these two SNPs and three haplotypes were defined: CG (frequency: 0.94), TT (frequency = 0.027) and TG (frequency = 0.026). None of the haplotypes provided evidence for association with the incidence of glucose intolerance. Despite no associations between incidence of glucose intolerance and SNPs of the TCF7L2 gene in Japanese-Brazilians, we found that carriers of the CT genotype for rs7903146 had significantly lower insulin levels 2 h after a 75-g glucose load than carriers of the CC genotype. In conclusion...

Biomarkers of oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction in glucose intolerance and diabetes mellitus

PEREIRA, Edimar Cristiano; FERDERBAR, Simone; BERTOLAMI, Marcelo Chiara; FALUDI, Andre Arpad; MONTE, Osmar; XAVIER, Hermes Toros; PEREIRA, Tiago Veiga; ABDALLA, Dulcineia Saes Parra
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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67.85499%
Objectives: To evaluate biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress in glucose intolerance (GI) compared to overt diabetes (DM2). Design and methods: 140 volunteers including 96 with DM2, 32 with GI and 12 controls (C) were Studied. NO metabolites, NO synthase inhibitors. thiols and N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase (NAGase) activity were analyzed by chemiluminescence, capillary electrophoresis, ELISA and colorimetric assay, respectively. Results: (center dot)NO metabolites were higher in GI (NOx: P=0.03 S-nitrosothiols: p=0.001) and DM2 (p=0.006; p=0.0006) groups in relation to group C, while nitrotyrosine was higher only in the DM2 group in comparison 10 the other groups. NAGase activity was elevated in GI (p=0.003) and DM2 (p=0.0004) groups in relation to group C, as well as, ADMA (p=0.01: p=0.003) and GSSG (p=0.01 p=0.002). Conclusions: (center dot)NO metabolites. (center dot)NO synthase inhibitors. thiols and NAGase are biomarkers Suitable to indicate endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress in the early stages of impaired response to insulin. (c) 2008 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.; CNPq; FAPESP

Long-term intermittent feeding, but not caloric restriction, leads to redox imbalance, insulin receptor nitration, and glucose intolerance

CERQUEIRA, Fernanda M.; CUNHA, Fernanda M. da; SILVA, Camille C. Caldeira da; CHAUSSE, Bruno; ROMANO, Renato L.; GARCIA, Camila C. M.; COLEPICOLO, Pio; MEDEIROS, Marisa H. G.; KOWALTOWSKI, Alicia J.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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58.071455%
Calorie restriction is a dietary intervention known to improve redox state, glucose tolerance, and animal life span. Other interventions have been adopted as study models for caloric restriction, including nonsupplemented food restriction and intermittent, every-other-day feedings. We compared the short- and long-term effects of these interventions to ad libitum protocols and found that, although all restricted diets decrease body weight, intermittent feeding did not decrease intra-abdominal adiposity. Short-term calorie restriction and intermittent feeding presented similar results relative to glucose tolerance. Surprisingly, long-term intermittent feeding promoted glucose intolerance, without a loss in insulin receptor phosphorylation. Intermittent feeding substantially increased insulin receptor nitration in both intra-abdominal adipose tissue and muscle, a modification associated with receptor inactivation. All restricted diets enhanced nitric oxide synthase levels in the insulin-responsive adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. However, whereas calorie restriction improved tissue redox state, food restriction and intermittent feedings did not. In fact, long-term intermittent feeding resulted in largely enhanced tissue release of oxidants. Overall...

Elevated tissue omega-3 fatty acid status prevents age-related glucose intolerance in fat-1 transgenic mice

Albernaz, Talita Romanatto; Fiamoncini, Jarlei; Wang, Bin; Curi, Rui; Kang, Jing X.
Fonte: Elsevier Pub. Co.; Amsterdam Publicador: Elsevier Pub. Co.; Amsterdam
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of elevated tissue omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) status on age-related glucose intolerance utilizing the fat-1 transgenic mouse model, which can endogenously synthesize n-3 PUFA from omega-6 (n-6) PUFA. Fat-1 and wild-type mice, maintained on the same dietary regime of a 10% corn oil diet, were tested at two different ages (2months old and 8months old) for various glucose homeostasis parameters and related gene expression. The older wild-type mice exhibited significantly increased levels of blood insulin, fasting blood glucose, liver triglycerides, and glucose intolerance, compared to the younger mice, indicating an age-related impairment of glucose homeostasis. In contrast, these age-related changes in glucose metabolism were largely prevented in the older fat-1 mice. Compared to the older wild-type mice, the older fat-1 mice also displayed a lower capacity for gluconeogenesis, as measured by pyruvate tolerance testing (PTT) and hepatic gene expression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and glucose 6 phosphatase (G6Pase). Furthermore, the older fat-1 mice showed a significant decrease in body weight, epididymal fat mass, inflammatory activity (NFκ-B and p-IκB expression)...

A intolerância à glicose que se instala precocemente em ratos retarda o desenvolvimento puberal e desregula o metabolismo lipídico e glicídico.; The glucose intolerance that is manifested early in the life in rats retards pubertal development and derranges carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.

Campaña, Amanda Baron
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/05/2008 Português
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A crescente prevalência de diabetes mellitus (DM) em nível mundial, a sua incidência cada vez maior em crianças e adolescentes e resultados prévios obtidos em nosso laboratório (piora do quadro diabético em ratos na puberdade) nos levaram a investigar o metabolismo de glicose em tecido adiposo branco na puberdade em ratos controle (CO) e intolerantes à glicose (STZ). Parâmetros de desenvolvimento corporal e maturação sexual foram estudados entre a 5ª e a 10ª semanas de vida dos animais, identificando-se a 6ª e 7ª semanas como importante fase da puberdade. Desta forma, os estudos metabólicos foram realizados neste período. Os animais CO apresentaram franca resistência à insulina no período da puberdade, com prejuízos no metabolismo de glicose em adipócitos isolados. A injeção de estreptozotocina no quinto dia de vida produziu um quadro de intolerância à glicose em nossos animais, resultando em atraso no início do estirão de crescimento e desenvolvimento sexual. A resistência fisiológica à insulina da puberdade não produziu piora da resposta à insulina no tecido adiposo branco.; The growth in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), a larger incidence of type 1 and 2 DM in children and adolescents and the previous results of our laboratory (worsening of the metabolic picture in diabetic rats during puberty) motivate us to study the glucose metabolism in the puberty in order to assess the possible influence of the physiological insulin resistance characteristic of this period on the course of the diabetic status. Five-day old male Wistar rats were divided into two experimental groups: control group (CO) and streptozotocin group (STZ). Body development and sexual maturation were weekly evaluated between the 5th and 10th weeks of life. We identify the 6th and 7th weeks as an important early phase of the puberty. The insulin resistance and a slight degree of glucose intolerance were determined in non-diabetic rats. On the other hand...

Cinética plasmática do colesterol livre e do colesterol esterificado e transferência in vitro de lípides para a HDL, utilizando uma nanoemulsão lipídica artificial, em indivíduos com intolerância à glicose; Plasma kinetics of free and esterified cholesterol and in vitro lipid transfer to HDL, using an artificial lipidic nanoemulsion, in subjects with glucose intolerance

Bertato, Marina da Paz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/03/2010 Português
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67.85499%
O indivíduo com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 apresenta um risco de 2 a 4 vezes maior de desenvolver doença cardiovascular (DCV) quando comparado ao não-diabético, sendo que este aumento do risco para o desenvolvimento da DCV também é observado quando na intolerância à glicose (IG) que ocorre em fases mais precoces da história natural do diabetes. Atribui-se ser a presença da síndrome metabólica (SM), que ocorre na maioria dos pacientes com DM2 e IG, um fator importante para o desenvolvimento da DCV nestes indivíduos. Dos componentes da SM, inúmeros estudos destacam a dislipidemia como um dos principais fatores para este risco. A dislipidemia comumente encontrada na IG é caracterizada por hipertrigliceridemia, baixo HDL-C e presença de LDL pequena e densa. Entretanto, como a elevação dos níveis séricos do LDL-C associada ao surgimento de aterosclerose prematura em indivíduos não diabéticos na maioria das vezes não é observada em pacientes com IG, questiona-se se outras alterações do metabolismo lipídico, tais como alterações da cinética do colesterol ou a transferência de lípides das lipoproteínas para a HDL, poderiam estar relacionadas ao maior risco cardiovascular nestes pacientes. Estudo prévio, utilizando uma nanoemulsão lipídica artificial de LDL...

Association Between Insulin Resistance, Glucose Intolerance, and Hypertension in Pregnancy

Negrato, Carlos Antonio; Jovanovic, Lois; Tambascia, Marcos Antonio; Geloneze, Bruno; Dias, Adriano; Calderon, Iracema de Mattos Paranhos; Rudge, Marilza Vieira Cunha
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 53-59
Português
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48.516733%
There is an association between insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, and essential hypertension, but the relation between insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, and hypertension diagnosed during pregnancy is not well understood. Transient hypertension of pregnancy, the new-onset nonproteinuric hypertension of late pregnancy, is associated with a high risk of later essential hypertension and glucose intolerance; thus, these conditions may have a similar pathophysiology. To assess the association between insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, essential hypertension, and subsequent development of proteinuric and nonproteinuric hypertension in pregnancy in women without underlying essential hypertension, we performed a prospective study comparing glucose (fasting, I and 2 hours postglucose load), insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglycerides levels on routine screening for gestational diabetes mellitus. Women who developed hypertension in pregnancy (n = 37) had higher glycemic levels (fasting, 1 and 2 hours postglucose load) on a 100-gram oral glucose loading test, although only the fasting values showed a statistical significance (p < 0.05), and a significantly higher frequency of abnormal glucose loading tests...

Exercise training in the aerobic/anaerobic metabolic transition prevents glucose intolerance in alloxan-treated rats

Soares de Alencar Mota, Clécia; Ribeiro, Carla; de Araújo, Gustavo Gomes; de Araújo, Michel Barbosa; de Barros Manchado-Gobatto, Fúlvia; Voltarelli, Fabrício Azevedo; de Oliveira, Camila Aparecida Machado; Luciano, Eliete; de Mello, Maria Alice Rosto
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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68.132334%
Background: Ninety percent of cases of diabetes are of the slowly evolving non-insulin-dependent type, or Type 2 diabetes. Lack of exercise is regarded as one of the main causes of this disorder. In this study we analyzed the effects of physical exercise on glucose homeostasis in adult rats with type 2 diabetes induced by a neonatal injection of alloxan. Methods: Female Wistar rats aged 6 days were injected with either 250 mg/ kg of body weight of alloxan or citrate buffer 0.01 M (controls). After weaning, half of the animals in each group were subjected to physical training adjusted to meet the aerobic-anaerobic metabolic transition by swimming 1 h/day for 5 days a week with weight overloads. The necessary overload used was set and periodically readjusted for each rat through effort tests based on the maximal lactate steady state procedure. When aged 28, 60, 90, and 120 days, the rats underwent glucose tolerance tests (GTT) and their peripheral insulin sensitivity was evaluated using the HOMA index. Results: The area under the serum glucose curve obtained through GTT was always higher in alloxan-treated animals than in controls. A decrease in this area was observed in trained alloxan-treated rats at 90 and 120 days old compared with non-trained animals. At 90 days old the trained controls showed lower HOMA indices than the non-trained controls. Conclusion: Neonatal administration of alloxan induced a persistent glucose intolerance in all injected rats...

Analysis of pancreas histological images for glucose intolerance identificationusing ImageJ-preliminary results

Rato, L.M.; Capela e Silva, F.; Costa, A.R.; Antunes, C.M.
Fonte: CRC Press Publicador: CRC Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The observation in microscopy of histological sections allows us to evaluate structural differences, in pancreatic cells, between rats with normal glucose tolerance and with glucose intolerance (pre-diabetic) situation. Nevertheless, this pre-diabetic condition implies subtle changes in islets of Langerhans structure. This and the normal variability among sampled cells makes difficult the task of identifying glucose intolerance (pre-diabetic situation) with a low level of error. This paper presents preliminary results in the processing of histological pancreas images with the goal of identifying pre-diabetic situation in Wistar rats. The immediate goal of this work is to evaluate the performance of a classifier based in a morphometric measurement of the histological images and to assess the potential for image based automatic processing and classification. A set of 90 images, were used (58 from rats with normal glucose tolerance, and 32 from pre-diabetic ones). These images were segmented manually using ImageJ. This segmentation and area measurements have been speedup by the application of ImageJ macros which were defined for this purpose. The ratio, between the area of -cells and the islets of Langerhans , was used has the indicator of the prediabetic situation. Considering this feature...

Risk factors for glucose intolerance in active acromegaly

Kreze,A.; Kreze-Spirova,E.; Mikulecky,M.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2001 Português
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58.296694%
In the present retrospective study we determined the frequency of glucose intolerance in active untreated acromegaly, and searched for risk factors possibly supporting the emergence of the diabetic condition. Among 43 patients, 8 (19%; 95% CI: 8-33%) had diabetes mellitus and 2 (5%; 1-16%) impaired glucose tolerance. No impaired fasting glycemia was demonstrable. The frequency of diabetes was on average 4.5 times higher than in the general Slovak population. Ten factors suspected to support progression to glucose intolerance were studied by comparing the frequency of glucose intolerance between patients with present and absent risk factors. A family history of diabetes and arterial hypertension proved to have a significant promoting effect (P<0.05, chi-square test). A significant association with female gender was demonstrated only after pooling our data with literature data. Concomitant prolactin hypersecretion had a nonsignificant promoting effect. In conclusion, the association of active untreated acromegaly with each of the three categories of glucose intolerance (including impaired fasting glycemia, not yet studied in this connection) was defined as a confidence interval, thus permitting a sound comparison with the findings of future studies. Besides a family history of diabetes...

Variants of transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene and incident glucose intolerance in Japanese-Brazilians

Franco,L.F.; Crispim,F.; Pereira,A.C.; Moisés,R.S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.406953%
Common variants of the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene have been found to be associated with type 2 diabetes in different ethnic groups. The Japanese-Brazilian population has one of the highest prevalence rates of diabetes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess whether two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TCF7L2, rs7903146 and rs12255372, could predict the development of glucose intolerance in Japanese-Brazilians. In a population-based 7-year prospective study, we genotyped 222 individuals (72 males and 150 females, aged 56.2 ± 10.5 years) with normal glucose tolerance at baseline. In the study population, we found that the minor allele frequency was 0.05 for SNP rs7903146 and 0.03 for SNP rs12255372. No significant allele or genotype association with glucose intolerance incidence was found for either SNP. Haplotypes were constructed with these two SNPs and three haplotypes were defined: CG (frequency: 0.94), TT (frequency = 0.027) and TG (frequency = 0.026). None of the haplotypes provided evidence for association with the incidence of glucose intolerance. Despite no associations between incidence of glucose intolerance and SNPs of the TCF7L2 gene in Japanese-Brazilians, we found that carriers of the CT genotype for rs7903146 had significantly lower insulin levels 2 h after a 75-g glucose load than carriers of the CC genotype. In conclusion...

Body mass index, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, and glucose intolerance in Chinese and Europid adults in Newcastle, UK.

Unwin, N; Harland, J; White, M; Bhopal, R; Winocour, P; Stephenson, P; Watson, W; Turner, C; Alberti, K G
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1997 Português
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48.406953%
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of glucose intolerance (impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes), and its relationship to body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio in Chinese and Europid adults. DESIGN: This was a cross sectional study. SETTING: Newcastle upon Tyne. SUBJECTS: These comprised Chinese and Europid men and women, aged 25-64 years, and resident in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Two hour post load plasma glucose concentration, BMI, waist circumference, and waist-hip ratio. METHODS: Population based samples of Chinese and European adults were recruited. Each subject had a standard WHO oral glucose tolerance test. RESULTS: Complete data were available for 375 Chinese and 610 Europid subjects. The age adjusted prevalences of glucose intolerance in Chinese and Europid men were 13.0% (p = 0.04). Mean BMIs were lower in Chinese men (23.8 v 26.1) and women (23.5 v 26.1) than in the Europids (p values < 0.001), as were waist circumferences (men, 83.3 cm v 90.8, p < 0.001; women, 77.3 cm v 79.2, p < 0.05). Mean waist-hip ratios were lower in Chinese men (0.90 v 0.91, p = 0.02) but higher in Chinese women (0.84 v 0.78, p < 0.001) compared with Europids. In both Chinese and Europid adults, higher BMI, waist circumference...

Association of Genetic Variants of Melatonin Receptor 1B with Gestational Plasma Glucose Level and Risk of Glucose Intolerance in Pregnant Chinese Women

Liao, Shunyao; Liu, Yunqiang; Tan, Yuande; Gan, Lu; Mei, Jie; Song, Wenzhong; Chi, Shu; Dong, Xianjue; Chen, Xiaojuan; Deng, Shaoping
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background: This study aimed to explore the association of MTNR1B genetic variants with gestational plasma glucose homeostasis in pregnant Chinese women. Methods: A total of 1,985 pregnant Han Chinese women were recruited and evaluated for gestational glucose tolerance status with a two-step approach. The four MTNR1B variants rs10830963, rs1387153, rs1447352, and rs2166706 which had been reported to associate with glucose levels in general non-pregnant populations, were genotyped in these women. Using an additive model adjusted for age and body mass index (BMI), association of these variants with gestational fasting and postprandial plasma glucose (FPG and PPG) levels were analyzed by multiple linear regression; relative risk of developing gestational glucose intolerance was calculated by logistic regression. Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium was tested by Chi-square and linkage disequilibrium (LD) between these variants was estimated by measures of D′ and (r^2). Results: In the pregnant Chinese women, the MTNR1B variant rs10830963, rs1387153, rs2166706 and rs1447352 were shown to be associated with the increased 1 hour PPG level (p = 8.04×10(^{−10}), 5.49×10(^{−6}), 1.89×10(^{−5}) and 0.02, respectively). The alleles were also shown to be associated with gestational glucose intolerance with odds ratios (OR) of 1.64 (p = 8.03×10(^{−11}))...

Chronic phase shifts of the photoperiod throughout pregnancy programs glucose intolerance and insulin resistance in the rat

Varcoe, T.; Wight, N.; Voultsios, A.; Salkeld, M.; Kennaway, D.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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57.853257%
Shift work during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for preterm birth and low birth weight. However, the impact upon the long term health of the children is currently unknown. In this study, we used an animal model to determine the consequences of maternal shift work exposure on the health of the adult offspring. Pregnant rats were exposed to chronic phase shifts (CPS) in their photoperiod every 3–4 days throughout gestation and the first week after birth. Adult offspring were assessed for a range of metabolic, endocrine, circadian and neurobehavioural parameters. At 3 months of age, male pups exposed to the CPS schedule in utero had increased adiposity (+29%) and hyperleptinaemia (+99% at 0700h). By 12 months of age, both male and female rats displayed hyperleptinaemia (+26% and +41% respectively) and hyperinsulinaemia (+110% and +83% respectively). 12 month old female CPS rats displayed poor glucose tolerance (+18%) and increased insulin secretion (+29%) in response to an intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test. In CPS males the glucose response was unaltered, but the insulin response was reduced by 35%. The glucose response to an insulin tolerance test was decreased by 21% in CPS females but unaltered in males. Disruption of circadian rhythmicity during gestation resulted in gender dependent metabolic consequences for the adult offspring. These results highlight the need for a thorough analysis of shift work exposure in utero on the health of the adult offspring in humans.; Tamara J. Varcoe...

High cortisol levels in hyperglycaemic myocardial infarct patients signify stress hyperglycaemia and predict subsequent normalization of glucose tolerance

Wong, K.; Wong, V.; Ho, J.; Torpy, D.; McLean, M.; Cheung, N.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.46706%
Context:  It is unclear if people who develop stress hyperglycaemia have underlying abnormal glucose metabolism, an exaggerated hormonal response to stress, or both. Similarly, it is unknown whether stress hyperglycaemia predicts future glucose intolerance. Objective:  To determine the relationship between illness severity and plasma cortisol concentration with the degree of hyperglycaemia in subjects experiencing acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and their later glucose metabolic status. Patients and design:  This analysis comprised 55 patients from the HI-5 Study – a randomized control trial of insulin-glucose infusion therapy for AMI patients with hyperglycaemia. Main outcome measures:  Blood glucose level (BGL) as well as total and free cortisol levels on admission were measured. Patients not previously known to have diabetes were assessed for abnormal glucose metabolism following discharge. Results:  Patients with ST segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and higher peak creatinine kinase level had a higher mean admission total and free cortisol level. As many as 38·5% of subjects were found to have newly diagnosed glucose intolerance at follow up. After multiple logistic regression, admission BGL was found to be a positive predictor (P = 0·027) whereas total cortisol level (P = 0·01) was a negative predictor for glucose intolerance. Conclusions:  Both the level of hyperglycaemia and cortisol levels on admission are predictive for the subsequent abnormal glucose tolerance development in hyperglycaemic AMI patients. Hyperglycaemia in patients who are more unwell (i.e. higher cortisol) reflects the stressed state rather than underlying glucose intolerance. Conversely...

Effects of exercise and metformin on the prevention of glucose intolerance: a comparative study

Molena-Fernandes,C.; Bersani-Amado,C. A.; Ferraro,Z. M.; Hintze,L. J.; Nardo Jr.,N.; Cuman,R. K. N.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2015 Português
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68.357573%
We aimed to evaluate the effects of aerobic exercise training (4 days) and metformin exposure on acute glucose intolerance after dexamethasone treatment in rats. Forty-two adult male Wistar rats (8 weeks old) were divided randomly into four groups: sedentary control (SCT), sedentary dexamethasone-treated (SDX), training dexamethasone-treated (DPE), and dexamethasone and metformin treated group (DMT). Glucose tolerance tests and in situ liver perfusion were undertaken on fasting rats to obtain glucose profiles. The DPE group displayed a significant decrease in glucose values compared with the SDX group. Average glucose levels in the DPE group did not differ from those of the DMT group, so we suggest that exercise training corrects dexamethasone-induced glucose intolerance and improves glucose profiles in a similar manner to that observed with metformin. These data suggest that exercise may prevent the development of glucose intolerance induced by dexamethasone in rats to a similar magnitude to that observed after metformin treatment.

The Role of Haemoglobin A1c in Screening Obese Children and Adolescents for Glucose Intolerance and Type 2 Diabetes; O Papel da Hemoglobina A1c no Rastreio de Intolerância à Glicose e da Diabetes Tipo 2 em Crianças e Adolescentes Obesos

Galhardo, Júlia; Unidade de Endocrinologia Pediátrica e Diabetes. Hospital de Dona Estefânia. Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central. Lisboa. Portugal. Department of Clinical Sciences. Institute of Child Life & Health. University of Bristol. Bristol. Rein
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2015 Português
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Introduction: In 2012, an international expert committee in diabetes wrote in favor of screening adult and paediatric patients for glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes using glycated haemoglobin. The aim of this study was to evaluate glycated haemoglobin utility as a screening tool in a young obese mainly Caucasian population.Material and Methods: Children [(n = 266), body mass index z-score 3.35 ± 0.59, 90% Caucasian 90%, 55% female, median age 12.3 (range: 8.9 - 17.6) years old] recently referred to a tertiary hospital-based obesity clinic underwent a routine oral glicose tolerance test and glycated haemoglobin measurement. Exclusion criteria: abnormal forms of haemoglobin and conditions linked to increased erythrocyte turnover.Results: The oral glicose tolerance test diagnosed 13 (4.9%) subjects as prediabetic but none as diabetic. According to glycated haemoglobin, 32 would be prediabetic (29 false positives) and one would be diabetic (when he was only glucose intolerant). On the other hand, 10 prediabetic patients would not have been identified (false negatives). Glycated haemoglobin receiver operator characteristic analysis area under the curve was 0.59 (CI 95% 0.40 - 0.78), confirming its reduced capacity to identify prediabetes. Better results were achieved when calculating receiver operator characteristic analysis area under the curve for fasting glucose (0.76;CI 95% 0.66 - 0.87)...

High incidence of glucose intolerance in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease

Yawata, N.; Nakamura, S.; Kijima, M.; Ikai, N.; Kanai, M.; Sugita, M.; Ohno, S.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1999 Português
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48.525454%
AIMS—To evaluate glucose tolerance of patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease before systemic corticosteroid therapy, and to assess changes brought on by treatment.
METHODS—20 VKH patients with acute bilateral panuveitis were studied. 20 healthy adults and 11 Behçet's disease patients with active uveoretinitis served as controls. A 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was given in the acute stage of ocular inflammation before systemic corticosteroid therapy. The OGTT was repeated in the convalescent stage of VKH disease in the patients with glucose intolerance before treatment. Insulin response was examined at the same time as the OGTT when possible.
RESULTS—55% of VKH patients (11/20) showed glucose intolerance but no apparent insulin secretion deficiency was detected. Four of seven patients in the convalescent stage showed improvement of glucose tolerance. None of the normal controls or disease controls showed glucose intolerance.
CONCLUSION—A high incidence of glucose intolerance was found in the acute stage of VKH disease. However, glucose intolerance improved in most cases after systemic corticosteroid therapy. It is possible that glucose intolerance seen in VKH patients may be related to the autoimmune inflammatory process of this disease.

 Keywords: glucose intolerance; Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease

Glicemia de ayuno versus prueba de tolerancia oral a la glucosa en la detección de intolerancia a la glucosa en niños y adolescentes obesos; Fasting glucose versus oral glucose tolerance test for detection of glucose intolerance in obese children

Codner, Ethel; Unuane M., Nancy; Avila, Alejandra; Gallardo T., Vivian
Fonte: Universidade do Chile Publicador: Universidade do Chile
Tipo: Artículo de revista
Português
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58.26661%
Background: Recently, the cut-off point for normal fasting glucose (FG) level, was decreased to 100 mg/dl. Aim: To determine the frequency of abnormal carbohydrate abnormalities in children with obesity and evaluate if the fasting glucose level is a useful tool for the screening of glucose intolerance (GI). Patients and methods: Children and adolescents, referred for evaluation of obesity were evaluated with an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and FG. The sensitivity of FG for detection of GI, using the 100 and 110 mg/dl cut-off point, was evaluated. Results: We studied 186 patients (125 females) aged 12.1 (range: 5.4-19.3) years with a body mass index (BMI) of 29.9 (18.3-44.6) kg/mt2 and a BMI Z score of 2.1 (1.7-3.2). Seven patients (3.8%) had abnormalities in the carbohydrate metabolism. The sensitivity of FG for the detection of GI using the 100 and 110 mg/dl cut-off values was 42.9 and 14.3%, respectively. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves showed that the optimal diagnostic level for FG corresponds to 80 mg/dl (sensitivity: 85.7% and specificity of 74.9%). Conclusions: An abnormal carbohydrate metabolism was detected in 3.8% of the obese children and adolescents in this sample. FG of 100 mg/dl does not detect 57.1% of the patients with glucose intolerance. These data suggest that FG is not a useful screening tool for glucose intolerance in young patients.

Doxorrubicina causa intolerância à glicose mediada pela inibição da sinalização da AMPk no músculo esquelético.; Doxorubicin cause glucose intolerance mediated by inhibition of AMPK signaling in skeletal muscle.

Lima Junior, Edson Alves de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/08/2015 Português
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O câncer é considerado uma das principais causas de morte no mundo. Para o tratamento dessa doença, frequentemente são utilizadas estratégias farmacológicas baseadas na intervenção quimioterápica, no qual a doxorubicina (DOX) é largamente utilizada. Visto que, o músculo esquelético possui importante papel na captação de glicose, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi investigar o efeito da DOX na intolerância à glicose. Para isso foram utilizados ratos Wistar, os quais receberam uma dose única de DOX ou salina intraperitoneal (15mg/kg). Avaliamos a expressão de proteínas envolvidas na sensibilidade à insulina e captação de glicose. Os ensaios captação de glicose foram realizados em cultura de miócitos, no qual foi utilizado o agonista de AMPK. O tratamento com DOX causou resistência à insulina e hiperglicemia. No músculo EDL e em miócitos houve menor expressão de GLUT-4 e de AMPk. Em conclusão, o tratamento com DOX causou intolerância à glicose e redução da expressão de AMPk e GLUT-4. A utilização do agonista de AMPk foi capaz de recuperar à intolerância à glicose.; The cancer is considered a major cause of death worldwide. For the treatment of this disease, with frequency are used pharmacological strategies based in chemotherapeutic intervention...