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O gosto do arquivo (digital) : documento, arquivo e evento históricos a partir do September 11th Digital Archive (2002 – 2013)

Silveira, Pedro Telles da
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Este trabalho procura estudar alguns dos desdobramentos do encontro entre conhecimento histórico e as novas tecnologias de mídia, em especial a internet. Ele toma como fio condutor a análise sobre os arquivos digitais surgidos na primeira década do século XXI, em especial o September 11th Digital Archive, que se originou em 2002 e se manteve ativo até o ano de 2007. Este e outros arquivos digitais, argumenta-se aqui, levantam problemas que modificam os próprios elementos base da atuação do historiador, tais como as noções de documento e evidência históricas, a concepção e a organização do arquivo e, por último, o entendimento do que é um evento histórico e sua relação com a narrativa e com o tempo presente. Neste sentido, esse trabalho procura problematizar e conceituar o impacto das tecnologias digitais sobre a historiografia e o que significa propriamente uma história digital.; The present study seeks to analyze some of the outcomings of the encounter between historical knowledge and new media technologies, especially the internet. It takes as its guiding line study of digital archives established in the first decade of the twenty-first century, more specifically the September 11th Digital Archive, which opened its site in 2002 and remained active until 2007. The main point of this work is that not only this but also other digital archives bring up discussions that change or challenge the very elements of the historical profession...

How new online communication tools and the availability of content influence the audiences and the creative process

Centeno, Maria João Anastácio; Azevedo, Pedro Miguel Henriques
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em /05/2013 Português
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We live in a changing world. At an impressive speed, every day new technological resources appear. We increasingly use the Internet to obtain and share information, and new online communication tools are emerging. Each of them encompasses new potential and creates new audiences. In recent years, we witnessed the emergence of Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and other media platforms. They have provided us with an even greater interactivity between sender and receiver, as well as generated a new sense of community. At the same time we also see the availability of content like it never happened before. We are increasingly sharing texts, videos, photos, etc. This poster intends to explore the potential of using these new online communication tools in the cultural sphere to create new audiences, to develop of a new kind of community, to provide information as well as different ways of building organizations’ memory. The transience of performing arts is accompanied by the need to counter that transience by means of documentation. This desire to ‘save’ events reaches its expression with the information archive of the different production moments as well as the opportunity to record the event and present it through, for instance, digital platforms. In this poster we intend to answer the following questions: which online communication tools are being used to engage audiences in the cultural sphere (specifically between theater companies in Lisbon)? Is there a new relationship with the public? Are online communication tools creating a new kind of community? What changes are these tools introducing in the creative process? In what way the availability of content and its archive contribute to the organization memory? Among several references...

Relational navigation and archiving of multimedia information for contemporary dance

Santos, João Francisco Silva Caeiro dos
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 Português
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Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Mestre em Engenharia Informática; Technology continues to evolve at an incredible rate and with it, the number of people adhering to new digital trends. As the production of multimedia content such as photographs and videos becomes accessible to more people every year, so does the amount of digital content increase exponentially. Consequently, it becomes a hard task to create systems in order to provide efficient storing and browsing of multimedia content. Multimedia Web archives are one of the most popular solutions found for these issues. By providing organized and connected information storage with efficient browsing and social networking features, these systems become the main platforms used to store and share photographs and videos in the internet. This work is done in the scope of the TKB project: Transmedia Knowledge Base for Contemporary Dance and the goal of this thesis is to develop a system for multimedia information storage and relational content navigation. The analysis of multimedia archiving systems done throughout this thesis extends to those specific for Contemporary dance as it is one of the main focus of the work. The contents which will be integrated in the archive include typical multimedia information such as images and videos...

Automatic Preparation of ETD Material from the Internet Archive for the DSpace Repository Platform

Ribaric, Tim
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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A big challenge associated with getting an institutional repository off the ground is getting content into it. This article will look at how to use digitization services at the Internet Archive alongside software utilities that the author developed to automate the harvesting of scanned dissertations and associated Dublin Core XML files to create an ETD Portal using the DSpace platform. The end result is a metadata-rich, full-text collection of theses that can be constructed for little out of pocket cost.

Building Universal Digital Libraries: An Agenda for Copyright Reform

Travis, Hannibal B
Fonte: SelectedWorks Publicador: SelectedWorks
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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This article proposes a series of copyright reforms to pave the way for digital library projects like Project Gutenberg, the Internet Archive, and Google Print, which promise to make much of the world’s knowledge easily searchable and accessible from anywhere. Existing law frustrates digital library growth and development by granting overlapping, overbroad, and near-perpetual copyrights in books, art, audiovisual works, and digital content. Digital libraries would benefit from an expanded public domain, revitalized fair use doctrine and originality requirement, rationalized systems for copyright registration and transfer, and a new framework for compensating copyright owners for online infringement without imposing derivative copyright liability on technologists. This article’s case for reform begins with rolling back the copyright term extensions of recent years, which were upheld by the Supreme Court in Eldred v. Reno. Indefinitely renewable copyrights threaten to marginalize Internet publishing and online libraries by entangling them in endless disputes regarding the rights to decades- or centuries-old works. Similarly, digital library projects are becoming unnecessarily complicated and expensive to undertake due to the assertion by library and copyright holding companies of exclusive rights over unoriginal reproductions of public domain works...

Real-Time, Remotely Controlled, Unmanned, Surface Combatant (RT-RCUSC) using the internet

Bailey, Floyd; Robbins, Carl
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 206 p.;28 cm.
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This thesis was developed in response to the Navy's goal to reduce staffing levels aboard surface combatants. The thesis describes the computers, peripherals, and communication networks that make a Real-Time, Remotely Controlled, Unmanned, Surface Combatant, (RT-RCUSC) possible using wire and wireless Internet connections and protocols. A Command and Control (C2) model was developed using the rapid prototype methodology. The C2 model collected latency data which was analyzed to determine the feasibility of a RT-RCUSC. Sixteen experiments using latency times were designed to determine the viability of communication paths that progressively increased in distance and complexity. Variables included the use of two protocols, TCP and UDP, the use of two satellite types, geosynchronous and Low Earth Orbiting (LEO), as well as employing up to two satellites per end-to-end transmission path; http://archive.org/details/realtimeremotely00bail

IT-21 compliant controlled access to Internet web pages

Sonon, Marcia S.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 105 p.;28 cm.
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Although numerous resources are available to achieve Internet presence by creating and publishing a web site, security and access control within the site are very limited. The Navy's support of the IT-2l initiative embracing the Microsoft Windows NT operating system (OS) provides solutions to not only restrict entry to the site, but also to control access to content on the web page. Work detailed in this thesis addresses the issue of security by exploring the Windows NT OS and activating its inherent security features to protect the overall system from intrusion and attacks from the internet. The web pages are published using Microsoft Internet Information Server 4.0 (IIS) and frontpage 98. Access is controlled by issuing certificates from the resident Microsoft certificate Server software package or remotely by VeriSign OnSite service. Windows NT and IIS permit a certificate to be mapped to a system account to further define the level of access assigned to each user down to the file level; http://www.archive.org/details/it21compliantcon00sono; Lieutenant, United States Navy

The democratizing potential of the Internet in Southeast Asia

Parker, Kevin J
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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This thesis argues that the Internet is likely to he a strong, positive facilitating factor for the transition to and consolidation of democracy for states in Southeast Asia. U.S. policy makers intent on promoting democracy in Southeast Asia should consider the Internet's potential as a tool for promoting democratization. A review of the existing democratization literature, coupled with quantitative analysis of the societal impact of computer networking technologies, suggests that the level of Internet connectivity is a powerful indicator of democratization. Compared to education and income, Internet connectivity provides greater statistical explanatory power in predicting democracy. The Internet experience in Indonesia and Malaysia, two Southeast Asian states ruled by non%democratic authoritarian regimes, supports this argument. internet expansion in both states has co-varied with increasing levels of political liberalization and this may enhance the prospects for democratic transition. Both states have abandoned strict controls on press freedom and free speech on the internet. A democracy assistance program designed to increase the level of internet connectivity in Southeast Asia may serve the purpose of promoting democracy while also advancing U.S. economic interests. Such a program may he viewed with less suspicion and as more politically neutral than traditional forms of democracy assistance; http://archive.org/details/democratizingpot00park; Lieutenant...

Linking Old Librarianship to New: Aligning 5-Steps of The Innovator's DNA in Creating Thematic Discovery Systems for the Everglades

Cooper, L. Bryan; Perez Martinez, Margarita
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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This poster presentation from the May 2015 Florida Library Association Conference, along with the Everglades Explorer discovery portal at http://ee.fiu.edu, demonstrates how traditional bibliographic and curatorial principles can be applied to: 1) selection, cross-walking and aggregation of metadata linking end-users to wide-spread digital resources from multiple silos; 2) harvesting of select PDFs, HTML and media for web archiving and access; 3) selection of CMS domains, sub-domains and folders for targeted searching using an API. Choosing content for this discovery portal is comparable to past scholarly practice of creating and publishing subject bibliographies, except metadata and data are housed in relational databases. This new and yet traditional capacity coincides with: Growth of bibliographic utilities (MarcEdit); Evolution of open-source discovery systems (eXtensible Catalog); Development of target-capable web crawling and archiving systems (Archive-it); and specialized search APIs (Google). At the same time, historical and technical changes – specifically the increasing fluidity and re-purposing of syndicated metadata – make this possible. It equally stems from the expansion of freely accessible digitized legacy and born-digital resources. Innovation principles helped frame the process by which the thematic Everglades discovery portal was created at Florida International University. The path -- to providing for more effective searching and co-location of digital scientific...

Discovery & Born-Digital Archiving: Open Source Systems for Preservation and Access

Cooper, L. Bryan; Perez Martinez, Margarita
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation
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The Everglades Explorer (EE) portal at http://ee.fiu.edu continues to evolve with the addition of the Internet Archive's Archive-It, and future planned alignment with the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA). The reasons for the development of the portal continue to exist, as originally perceived four years ago. Adaptations to ongoing change and system testing continues, and the use of Archive-It has broad institutional potential beyond EE. Cross-walking skills continue to grown, and will benefit future syndication and discovery system integration. The metadata normalization and harmonization will help save time for the end-user. Preservation and access to learning and research resources for the Greater Everglades Watershed -- stretching from the Kissimmee River Basin to the Florida Keys -- can continue to expand.

Who and What Links to the Internet Archive

AlNoamany, Yasmin; AlSum, Ahmed; Weigle, Michele C.; Nelson, Michael L.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/09/2013 Português
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The Internet Archive's (IA) Wayback Machine is the largest and oldest public web archive and has become a significant repository of our recent history and cultural heritage. Despite its importance, there has been little research about how it is discovered and used. Based on web access logs, we analyze what users are looking for, why they come to IA, where they come from, and how pages link to IA. We find that users request English pages the most, followed by the European languages. Most human users come to web archives because they do not find the requested pages on the live web. About 65% of the requested archived pages no longer exist on the live web. We find that more than 82% of human sessions connect to the Wayback Machine via referrals from other web sites, while only 15% of robots have referrers. Most of the links (86%) from websites are to individual archived pages at specific points in time, and of those 83% no longer exist on the live web.

File-based storage of Digital Objects and constituent datastreams: XMLtapes and Internet Archive ARC files

Liu, Xiaoming; Balakireva, Lyudmila; Hochstenbach, Patrick; Van de Sompel, Herbert
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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This paper introduces the write-once/read-many XMLtape/ARC storage approach for Digital Objects and their constituent datastreams. The approach combines two interconnected file-based storage mechanisms that are made accessible in a protocol-based manner. First, XML-based representations of multiple Digital Objects are concatenated into a single file named an XMLtape. An XMLtape is a valid XML file; its format definition is independent of the choice of the XML-based complex object format by which Digital Objects are represented. The creation of indexes for both the identifier and the creation datetime of the XML-based representation of the Digital Objects facilitates OAI-PMH-based access to Digital Objects stored in an XMLtape. Second, ARC files, as introduced by the Internet Archive, are used to contain the constituent datastreams of the Digital Objects in a concatenated manner. An index for the identifier of the datastream facilitates OpenURL-based access to an ARC file. The interconnection between XMLtapes and ARC files is provided by conveying the identifiers of ARC files associated with an XMLtape as administrative information in the XMLtape, and by including OpenURL references to constituent datastreams of a Digital Object in the XML-based representation of that Digital Object.; Comment: 12 pages...

Forecasting and Event Detection in Internet Resource Dynamics using Time Series Models

Meenakshi, S. P.; Raghavan, S. V.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/06/2013 Português
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At present Internet has emerged as a country's predominant and viable data communication infrastructure. The Autonomous System (AS) resources which are building blocks of the Internet are AS numbers, IPv4 and IPv6 Prefixes. AS number growth is one of Internet infrastructure development indicators. Hence understanding on long term trend and stochastic variation behaviour are essential to detect significant events during the growth. In this work, time series based approximation is considered for mathematical modelling and forecast the yearly AS growth. The AS data of five countries namely India, China, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan are extracted from APNIC archive. ARIMA models with different Auto Regressive and Moving Average parameters are identified for forecasting. Model validation, parameter estimation, point forecast and prediction intervals with 95 % confidence levels for the five countries are reported in the paper. The significant level change in variations, positive growth percentage in Inter Annual Absolute Variations (IAAV) and higher percentage of advertised ASes when compared to other countries indicate India's fast growth and wider global reachability of Internet infrastructure from 2007 onwards. The correlation between IAAV change point and GDP growth period indicates that service sector industry growth is the driving force behind significant yearly changes.; Comment: 22 pages...

IACTalks: an on-line archive of astronomy-related seminars

Knapen, Johan H.; Prieto, Jorge A. Pérez; Shahbaz, Tariq; Ferré-Mateu, Anna; Caon, Nicola; Almeida, Cristina Ramos; Tingley, Brandon; Luridiana, Valentina; Flores-Cacho, Inés; Creevey, Orlagh; Torres, Arturo Manchado; Trujillo, Ignacio; Osorio, Maria R
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/06/2012 Português
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We present IACTalks, a free and open access seminars archive (http://iactalks.iac.es) aimed at promoting astronomy and the exchange of ideas by providing high-quality scientific seminars to the astronomical community. The archive of seminars and talks given at the Instituto de Astrofi\'isica de Canarias goes back to 2008. Over 360 talks and seminars are now freely available by streaming over the internet. We describe the user interface, which includes two video streams, one showing the speaker, the other the presentation. A search function is available, and seminars are indexed by keywords and in some cases by series, such as special training courses or the 2011 Winter School of Astrophysics, on secular evolution of galaxies. The archive is made available as an open resource, to be used by scientists and the public.; Comment: 2 pages, 2 figures

One file to share them all: Using the COMBINE Archive and the OMEX format to share all information about a modeling project

Bergmann, Frank T.; Adams, Richard; Moodie, Stuart; Cooper, Jonathan; Glont, Mihai; Golebiewski, Martin; Hucka, Michael; Laibe, Camille; Miller, Andrew K.; Nickerson, David P.; Olivier, Brett G.; Rodriguez, Nicolas; Sauro, Herbert M.; Scharm, Martin; Soil
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Background: With the ever increasing use of computational models in the biosciences, the need to share models and reproduce the results of published studies efficiently and easily is becoming more important. To this end, various standards have been proposed that can be used to describe models, simulations, data or other essential information in a consistent fashion. These constitute various separate components required to reproduce a given published scientific result. Results: We describe the Open Modeling EXchange format (OMEX). Together with the use of other standard formats from the Computational Modeling in Biology Network (COMBINE), OMEX is the basis of the COMBINE Archive, a single file that supports the exchange of all the information necessary for a modeling and simulation experiment in biology. An OMEX file is a ZIP container that includes a manifest file, listing the content of the archive, an optional metadata file adding information about the archive and its content, and the files describing the model. The content of a COMBINE Archive consists of files encoded in COMBINE standards whenever possible, but may include additional files defined by an Internet Media Type. Several tools that support the COMBINE Archive are available...

Avoiding Spoilers in Fan Wikis of Episodic Fiction

Jones, Shawn M.; Nelson, Michael L.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/06/2015 Português
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27.865205%
A variety of fan-based wikis about episodic fiction (e.g., television shows, novels, movies) exist on the World Wide Web. These wikis provide a wealth of information about complex stories, but if readers are behind in their viewing they run the risk of encountering "spoilers" -- information that gives away key plot points before the intended time of the show's writers. Enterprising readers might browse the wiki in a web archive so as to view the page prior to a specific episode date and thereby avoid spoilers. Unfortunately, due to how web archives choose the "best" page, it is still possible to see spoilers (especially in sparse archives). In this paper we discuss how to use Memento to avoid spoilers. Memento uses TimeGates to determine which best archived page to give back to the user, currently using a minimum distance heuristic. We quantify how this heuristic is inadequate for avoiding spoilers, analyzing data collected from fan wikis and the Internet Archive. We create an algorithm for calculating the probability of encountering a spoiler in a given wiki article. We conduct an experiment with 16 wiki sites for popular television shows. We find that 38% of those pages are unavailable in the Internet Archive. We find that when accessing fan wiki pages in the Internet Archive there is as much as a 66% chance of encountering a spoiler. Using sample access logs from the Internet Archive...

Software Architecture of the Spitzer Space Telescope Uplink/Archive

Chavez, Joe; Goldina, Tatiana; Hoac, Annie; Roby, William; Wu, Xiuqin
Fonte: Astronomical Society of the Pacific Publicador: Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Tipo: Book Section; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2005 Português
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27.399414%
The Spitzer Science Center (SSC) provides a set of science user tools to support planning and archive access via the Internet. We will present the software architecture and design principles that underlie the Uplink/Archive subsystem of the SSC. Included in the discussion will be a review of the original Uplink architecture as presented in P1-59 ADASS 1999 and the evolutionary changes for the current deployment. The Archive subsystem is based on the same set of core components used in the Uplink subsystem but is based on Web services technology to allow open access to the Archive. Web services technology provides a basis for searching the archive and retrieving data products.

COMBINE archive and OMEX format: one file to share all information to reproduce a modeling project

Bergmann, Frank T.; Adams, Richard; Moodie, Stuart; Cooper, Jonathan; Glont, Mihai; Golebiewski, Martin; Hucka, Michael; Laibe, Camille; Miller, Andrew K.; Nickerson, David P.; Olivier, Brett G.; Rodriguez, Nicolas; Sauro, Herbert M.; Scharm, Martin; Soil
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf; application/zip; application/zip
Publicado em 14/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.471143%
Background: With the ever increasing use of computational models in the biosciences, the need to share models and reproduce the results of published studies efficiently and easily is becoming more important. To this end, various standards have been proposed that can be used to describe models, simulations, data or other essential information in a consistent fashion. These constitute various separate components required to reproduce a given published scientific result. Results: We describe the Open Modeling EXchange format (OMEX). Together with the use of other standard formats from the Computational Modeling in Biology Network (COMBINE), OMEX is the basis of the COMBINE Archive, a single file that supports the exchange of all the information necessary for a modeling and simulation experiment in biology. An OMEX file is a ZIP container that includes a manifest file, listing the content of the archive, an optional metadata file adding information about the archive and its content, and the files describing the model. The content of a COMBINE Archive consists of files encoded in COMBINE standards whenever possible, but may include additional files defined by an Internet Media Type. Several tools that support the COMBINE Archive are available...

Software Architecture of the Spitzer Archive Interface

Chavez, Joe; Wu, Xiuqin; Roby, William; Hoac, Annie; Goldina, Tatiana; Hartley, Booth
Fonte: Astronomical Society of the Pacific Publicador: Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Tipo: Book Section; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 Português
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The Spitzer Science Center (SSC) provides a set of user tools to support search and retrieval of Spitzer Archive (SA) data via the Internet. This presentation describes the software architecture and design principles that support the Archive Interface subsystem of the SA (Handley 2007). The Archive Interface is an extension of the core components of the Uplink subsystem and provides a set web services to allow open access to the SA data set. Web services technology provides a basis for searching the archive and retrieving data products. The archive interface provides three modes of access: a rich client, a Web browser, and scripts (via Web services). The rich client allows the user to perform complex queries and submit requests for data that are asynchronously down-loaded to the local workstation. Asynchronous down-load is a critical feature given the large volume of a typical data set (on the order of 40 GB). For basic queries and retrieval of data the Web browser interface is provided. For advanced users, scripting languages with web services capabilities (i.e. Perl) can used to query and down-load data from the SA. The archive interface subsystem is the primary means for searching and retrieving data from the SA and is critical to the success of the Spitzer Space Telescope.

The Ismar David archive: An Electronic finding aid

Colodny, Susan
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Ismar David ( 1910 1996) was a German-born graphic artist who launched his professional career in Jerusalem and moved in 19C2 to live and work in the United States. He is noted for his brilliant work in Hebrew and Latin calligraphy, lettering, and type design, as well as a distinctive linear style of illustration. Over a span of six decades, Ismar David amassed an archive of materials that chronicles his design career. In 1997, the archive was donated to the Melbert B. Cary Jr. Graphic Arts Collection at the Rochester Institute of Technology, where it will be preserved and made available for research. To facilitate the use of an archival collection for research, a repository pre pares what is called a finding aid. A finding aid traditionally provides a detailed description of the collection contents and organizes the materials in a coherent and systematic way. In addition, a finding aid often explains a collection's origin, gives relevant biographical information, and notes the scope and content of a collection. Parts of a collection are usually listed with container numbers that are used to identify and request items for examination. In recent years libraries and other archival repositories have begun to "publish" electronic finding aids on the World Wide Web to help researchers learn the exact content of a collection from a remote location and avoid the travel and detective work that was accepted as part of the research process prior to the explosive growth of the Internet. Many text-encoding options exist and are currently used to create electronic finding aids...