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Carta de Rafael Sanzio - Castiglione ao Papa Leão X e sua importância para o estudo da arquitetura e do urbanismo do período do renascimento; Letter of Rafael-Castiglione to Pope Leo X

Souza, Maria Luiza Zanatta de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/10/2006 Português
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Esta dissertação de mestrado se propõe a apresentar um estudo sobre o texto conhecido como Carta de Rafael -Castiglione a Leão X e suas implicações. Durante três anos tivemos a oportunidade e o prazer de recolher, junto ao Professor Dr. Luciano Migliaccio, uma série preciosa de textos que tinham por objeto de estudo a chamada Carta a Leão X. Segundo Christof Thoenes, a Carta constitui o prefácio em forma de dedicatória de uma Planta de Roma elaborada por Rafael, isto é, um corpus de levantamentos e de reconstruções gráficas dos edifícios da Roma antiga. A sua autoria nos leva aos maiores nomes do Renascimento italiano, uma vez que o documento é de grande interesse para muitos campos diferentes como os da história da arquitetura e da urbanística, da história das teorias e da didática da arquitetura, da história do desenho arquitetônico, seja no sentido técnico-prático (por exemplo, o emprego da bússola no levantamento dos edifícios) seja no teórico (o problema da representação sobre o plano dos objetos tridimensionais), mas também da história dos estudos antiquários e da arqueologia. Além disso, trata-se de um documento fundamental dentro do programa político do Papado de Leão X no inicio do Cinqüecento. Este texto...

O corpo no autismo e na esquizofrenia; The body in autisme and in schizophrenia

Bialer, Marina Martins
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/07/2012 Português
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No primeiro capítulo da tese após a introdução, intitulado II, realizo um percurso teórico da imagem do corpo próprio nos escritos e seminários iniciais de Lacan, situando R, S e I - o Real, o Simbólico e o Imaginário - em jogo no ser humano. A conclusão deste capítulo introduz os dois conceitos principais que serão trabalhados na tese: o objeto ( a ) e o traço unário, considerando o traço unário como um traço do Outro simbólico, um traço de identificação não imaginária mas simbólica e o objeto como o real, não-especular. Aborda-se a importância do seminário A angústia de Lacan para a formulação da importância do conceito do traço e de ( a ) para a compreensão de RSI essencial para a abordagem da esquizofrenia e do autismo. A partir do esquema óptico utilizado por Lacan para abordar a constituição da imagem do corpo no ser humano, assim como a estruturação de RSI a partir da perda de uma parte do corpo próprio, de uma perda de gozo estruturante do ser humano, teço algumas considerações sobre os esquemas ópticos que poderíamos encontrar no caso do autismo e da esquizofrenia, a partir da articulação entre significante e corpo. Á partir dos estudos de M-C Laznik proponho situar o autismo...

On the time course of letter perception: A masked priming ERP investigation

PETIT, JEAN-PHILIPPE; MIDGLEY, KATHERINE J.; HOLCOMB, PHILLIP J.; GRAINGER, JONATHAN
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2006 Português
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In an experiment measuring event-related brain potentials (ERPs), single-letter targets were preceded by briefly presented masked letter primes. name and case consistency were manipulated across primes and targets so that the prime was either the same letter as the target (or not), and was presented in the same case as the target (or not). Separate analyses were performed for letters whose upper- and lowercase forms had similar features (or not). the results revealed an effect of prime-target visual similarity between 120 and 180 msec, an effect of case-specific letter identity between 180 and 220 msec, and an effect of case-independent letter identity between 220 and 300 msec. We argue that these ERP results reflect processing in a hierarchical system for letter recognition that involves both case-specific and case-independent representations of alphabetic stimuli.

Learning to Label Letters by Sounds or Names: A Comparison of England and the United States

Ellefson, Michelle R.; Treiman, Rebecca; Kessler, Brett
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2009 Português
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Learning about letters is an important foundation for literacy development. Should children be taught to label letters by conventional names, such as /bi/ for b, or by sounds, such as /bə/? We queried parents and teachers, finding those in the U.S. stress letter names with young children whereas those in England begin with sounds. Looking at 5- to 7-year-old children in the two countries, we found that U.S. children were better at providing the names of letters than English children. English children outperformed U.S. children on letter-sound tasks, and differences between children in the two countries declined with age. We further found that children use the first-learned set of labels to inform the learning of the second set. As a result, English and U.S. children made different types of errors in letter-name and letter-sound tasks. The children’s invented spellings also differed in ways reflecting the labels they used for letters.

Visual target detection is not impaired in dyslexic readers

Hawelka, Stefan; Wimmer, Heinz
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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In two previous studies we assessed a diffculty of dyslexic readers with letter string processing by using variants of the partial report paradigm, e.g., Averbach and Coriell [Averbach, E., & Coriell, A. S. (1961). Short-term memory in vision. Bell Systems Technical Journal, 40, 309-328] which requires report of a letter name in response to a position cue. The poor dyslexic performance was interpreted as evidence for a visual-attentional deficit of dyslexic readers. In the present study, we avoided verbal report by using a task which only required the detection of predefined targets (letters or pseudoletters) in strings. On this purely visual task, the dyslexic readers did not differ from non-impaired readers. This finding speaks against a basic visual-attentional deficit; rather it suggests that the dyslexic deficit on partial report paradigms stems from a problem in establishing a string representation which includes position and name codes.

A multivariate twin study of early literacy in Japanese Kana

Fujisawa, Keiko K.; Wadsworth, Sally J.; Kakihana, Shinichiro; Olson, Richard K.; DeFries, John C.; Byrne, Brian; Ando, Juko
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/04/2013 Português
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This first Japanese twin study of early literacy development investigated the extent to which genetic and environmental factors influence individual differences in prereading skills in 238 pairs of twins at 42 months of age. Twin pairs were individually tested on measures of phonological awareness, kana letter name/sound knowledge, receptive vocabulary, visual perception, nonword repetition, and digit span. Results obtained from univariate behavioral-genetic analyses yielded little evidence for genetic influences, but substantial shared-environmental influences, for all measures. Phenotypic confirmatory factor analysis suggested three correlated factors: phonological awareness, letter name/sound knowledge, and general prereading skills. Multivariate behavioral genetic analyses confirmed relatively small genetic and substantial shared environmental influences on the factors. The correlations among the three factors were mostly attributable to shared environment. Thus, shared environmental influences play an important role in the early reading development of Japanese children.

Efficiency of Predicting Risk in Word Reading Using Fewer, Easier Letters

Petscher, Yaacov; Kim, Young-Suk
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Letter-name identification has been widely used as part of early screening to identify children who might be at risk for future word reading difficulty. The goal of the present study was to examine whether a reduced set of letters could have similar diagnostic accuracy rather than a full set (i.e., 26 letters) when used as a screen. First, we examined whether a hierarchical scale existed among letters by using a Mokken scale analysis. Then, we contrasted diagnostic accuracy among the 5, 10, 15, and 20 easiest letters, with all 26 letters by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and indices of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive power, and negative predictive power. Results demonstrated that a hierarchical scale existed among items in the letter-name knowledge test. In addition, assessing students on the easiest 15 letters was not statistically distinguished from all 26 letters in diagnostic accuracy. The implications of the results for the use of a Mokken scale analysis in educational research are discussed.

Letter From Sir Isaac Brock to James FitzGibbon - July 29, 1812

Sir Isaac Brock
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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A two page letter written by Sir Isaac Brock in York, Upper Canada to James FitzGibbon on July 29, 1812. The name of the recipient is not included but according to Mary Agnes FitzGibbon, one can find a transcript of the letter in her "A Veteran of 1812", page 60.[1812], 29 July: Major-General Isaac Brock, York, to James FitzGibbon. I lament that you should have been so long impressed with the idea that I possessed the means of being serviceable to you. I had scarcely heard of Mr. Johnson having declined a Company in the Glengarry (which would have given me the nomination) but I received account of his being reinstated. I consequently thought no more of the business thinking that officer was enjoying the fruits of his good fortune. I know not positively whether Mr. Johnson is reinstated, but being under obligations to promote his views, I cannot possibly interfere to his prejudice. I rather wonder you did not hear that Lieut Lamont had long ago my promise of nominating him to the Company provided it became vacant, which of course would have precluded my application in your behalf. Altho you must be sensible of the impossibility of my taking any step to forward your views in the present case, yet be assured I shall always feel happy in any opportunity that may offer to do your service. To a person unaccustomed to my writing I scarcely would hazard sending this scrawl. I am...

Letter to Mr. Henry H. Collier, 1837

Adams, Anne
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Outros
Português
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Henry Haight Collier, was born in Howard, Steuben County, N. Y., November 28, 1818. His father, Richard Collier, was from Green County, in the same State. His grandfather, Isaac Collier, and his great-grandfather were originally from England. His mother, Mary Haight, was of Dutch origin. In 1835, Henry went to St. Catharines, where his elder brother, Richard Collier, resided. He spent two years at Grantham Academy, and then returned to Steuben County, to read law in Bath, with Edward Howell, and subsequently with Hammond and Campbell. Mr. Collier never opened a law office. He studied law for two years and in 1839 he went to Texas where he was connected with the State and Treasury Departments. In 1845 Mr. Collier returned to St. Catharines and opened a general store called St. Catharines Agricultural Works with his brother. The store remained open until May, 1877. He added the manufacturing of lumber in 1850, and manufacturing of agricultural implements in 1869. He built one of the first saw mills on the canal, on Lock No. 5, in St. Catharines. In July, 1877, he was appointed Collector of Customs. He became a Village Councilor for St. Paul’s Ward in 1859, and held that office from fifteen to twenty years. He was Deputy Reeve and member of the County Council for two terms. He was the Mayor of St. Catharines in 1872 and 1873. He was also Chairman of the Board of Water Commissioners of the city...

Letter - Dan Patterson to Donald Ziraldo

Patterson, Dan
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Outros
Português
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A letter from Niagara College President, Dan Patterson, sharing a Board of Governors decision to name the Niagara on the Lake campus vineyard "Donald Ziraldo Vineyard". The letter is dated March 7, 2006.

St. Catharines Collegiate Institute Entrance Examination Letter

Coombs, A.E.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Outros
Português
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A letter from the principal of St. Catharines Collegiate Institute, A. E. Coombs, notifying the mother of Helen Smith of her examination results. Helen received honours for her entrance examination mark and the letter reads as follows: "Dear Helen, I am glad to be able to inform you that Helen Smith of 39 Church St. obtained Honours at the entrance examination with a total of 517 marks out of 650. The less fortunate H. Smith was Howard Smith of 122 Queenston St, whose name appears in the pass list. Yours truly A.E. Coombs"

Letter - Mayor Armour L.McCrae to The Ninety-Nines, Inc.,

McCrae, Armour L.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Português
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A letter written by Mayor of Welland, Armour L. McCrae, to The Ninety-Nines (International Organization of Women Pilots), recommending Mrs. Dorothy Rungeling for the Amelia Earhart Scholarship. The letter reads: "Dear Madam: I am taking this opportunity of writing to you to support the name of Mrs. D. Rungeling for the Amelia Earhart Scholarship. Mrs. Rungeling has brought considerable fame to our city through her activities in the air and has placed second and fifth in recent All Womens Air Races. Perhaps, however, her most outstanding feats have been performed through her support of flying through the medium of our Flying Club. Towards this end, she regularly contributes through her column in the newspaper and was rewarded last year by receiving a National Trophy for her efforts. It would not be out of the way to say that Mrs. Rungeling has meant the difference between our City giving up this Airport or continuing. Her splendid personal triumph and her daily advocacy of flying has made our people flying conscious and we feel that we owe her a debt of gratitude for this fine work. Trusting this communication is in order, I am Yours very truly, Armour L. McCrae, Mayor.

Letter from Ida May Richards to L.F Hallett (via wire service), December 14, 1913

Hallett, Leon Forrest, “Slim” Sr. 1891-1965 ( Author, Primary )
Fonte: Universidade da Flórida Publicador: Universidade da Flórida
Tipo: mixed material
Publicado em // Português
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(Preferred Citation) Letter from Ida May Richards to L.F Hallett (via wire service), December 14, 1913, Leon Forrest “Slim” Hallett, Sr. Papers, Panama Canal Museum Collection, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.; Specific date of letter and name of ship provided by donor

Letter from the Office of the President, Rice Institute

McCants, John Thomas (J.T.)
Fonte: Rice University Publicador: Rice University
Tipo: documents; Text
Português
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A typewritten letter, dated January 26, 1918, from the Office of the President of William M. Rice Institute, addressing the parents and guardians of the students by order of the Board of Trustees, in response to a publication of the Red tape newsletter, although the it is not referred to by name in the letter itself. The newsletter had apparently been critical of both the student curfews and visitation hours as well as the military presence and regulations on campus. The line in the letter from the Office of the President which reads “The authorities do not know to what extent, if at all, your son is involved” would indicate that the letter was sent to all parents and guardians. The letter is signed by J.T. McCants, who served as President Lovett’s secretary as well as the Institute’s bursar. The letter head reads "William M. Rice Institute for advancement of Literature, Science and Art. Houston, Texas". Original resource is a typewritten letter.

Letter to President Lovett from JT McCants, Rice Institute

McCants, John Thomas (J.T.)
Fonte: Rice University Publicador: Rice University
Tipo: documents; Text
Português
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A handwritten letter to William M. Rice Institute’s President Lovett from his secretary and the Institute’s bursar, J.T. McCants, written on stationary from the Army and Navy Young Men’s Christian Association and dated August 30, 1918. The letter was written from the US Army base at Fort Sheridan, Illinois, where McCants had traveled in order to attend a conference regarding the regulations to be followed in having a Students’ Army Training Corps presence on the Institute campus. McCants mentions meeting up with colleagues by the name of Caldwell, Heaps, and Humphrey prior to attending sessions conducted by a Colonel Rees. The letter goes on to detail the daily structure of life within the SATC, both for students who volunteered as well as faculty. Each of the three pages is topped with a left-hand logo of the American flag, a right-hand logo of the YMCA’s symbol and centered with “Army and Navy Young Men’s Christian Association “with the colors””, with the first page stamped ‘Sep 2 rec’d”. Printed along the bottom of each page is "To the writer- save by writing on both sides of this paper, to the folks at home- save food, buy liberty bonds and war saving stamps". Original resource is a handwritten letter.

Saccadic eye movements and pause/articulation components during a letter naming speed task: Children with and without dyslexia

Al Dahhan, Noor
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Naming speed (NS) tasks that measure how quickly and accurately participants can name visual stimuli (e.g., letters) are commonly used to predict reading ability. However, the link between NS and reading is poorly understood. Three methods were used to investigate how NS relates to reading and what cognitive processes are involved: (a) changing stimulus composition to emphasize phonological and/or visual aspects (Compton, 2003); (b) decomposing NS times into pause and articulation components; and (c) analyzing eye movements during a NS task. Participants were in three groups: dyslexics (aged 9, 10), chronological-age (CA) controls (age 9, 10), and reading-level (RL) controls (aged 6, 7). We used a letter NS task and three variants that were either phonologically and/or visually confusing while subjects’ eye movements and articulations were recorded, and examined how these manipulations influenced NS performance and eye movements. For all groups, NS manipulations were associated with specific patterns of behaviour and saccadic performance, reflecting differential contributions of NS to reading. RL controls were less efficient, made more errors, saccades and regressions, and made longer fixation durations, articulation times, and pause times than CA controls. Dyslexics consistently scored in between controls...

Aquisição de competências pré-literacia

Pereira, Rita Alexandra Guimarães
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
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No presente trabalho pretendeu-se obter medidas de consistência interna, fidelidade inter-observador, fidelidade intra-observador, validade de construto e dados normativos da Prova de Avaliação de Competências Pré-Literacia (PACPL). Após a recolha dos dados normativos procedeu-se à compreensão da hierarquia de conhecimento do nome e som das letras, assim como os grafemas e fonemas mais difíceis e mais fáceis de nomear. De modo a analisar as características psicométricas da PACPL, recolheu-se os dados com 216 crianças com idades compreendias entre os 5 anos e os 6 anos e 12 meses. Através do cálculo do Alpha de Cronbach procedeu-se à análise da consistência interna, que relevou um valor de 0.982, que é considerado como muito bom. A concordância e a percentagem de acordo inter-observador e intra-observador foram calculadas com base na versão áudio da aplicação da prova de 22 crianças (aproximadamente 20% da amostra), selecionadas aleatoriamente. A percentagem de acordo inter-avaliador foi de 96,18% e o valor do Kappa de Cohen’s (k) foi de 0.92. No que diz respeito à percentagem de acordo intra-observador, esta foi de 95,6% e o k foi de 0.91. Estes valores de fidelidade remetem para um forte acordo. A validade de construto da PACPL foi suportada pelos resultados obtidos nos dados normativos...

To: the world from: spelled out re: name game

Wasserburg, G. J.
Fonte: American Geophysical Union Publicador: American Geophysical Union
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/11/1986 Português
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How far will things go in the spellings of my name? I calculate ∼(26)^N, where N is the number of characters arbitrarily assigned to my name. In the September 30, 1986, issue of Eos in which awards of the Union are announced, my name is misspelled both in the description of the Hess Medal and also as a recipient. AGU is to be congratulated for spelling it correctly on the medall AGU recently asked me to serve on its Nominations Committee, and in the letter of appointment and in the published list of committee members in Eos, my name is also misspelled. Claude Allegre and I have just received the 1986 Crafoord Prize from the Royal Swedish Academy.

Visual-motor integration (VMI) - a predictor for handwriting in Grade 0 children

Naidoo,Pragashnie; Engelbrecht,Amy; Lewis,Sharon; Kekana,Bridget
Fonte: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy Publicador: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2009 Português
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INTRODUCTION: Occupational therapists (OTs) are often faced with the late referral of children with handwriting difficulties when intervention is less effective. It is thus essential for the OT and the teacher to be able to identify these children early for maximum therapeutic intervention. The researchers therefore attempted to investigate whether visual motor integration (VMI) can be a predictor of handwriting skills in Grade 0 children METHODOLOGY: A standardised visual perceptual test (the Test ofVisual Motor Integration) 9 and handwriting assessments were conducted with 53 Grade 0 children in mainstream schools around Durban in an attempt to establish a link. Handwriting was analysed using adapted criteria from the Writing Rate Information Test (WRIT), which was developed by Steinhardt et al10 in Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa RESULTS: A significant correlation between the formation of letters e, f, and k and visual motor integration (VMI) was noted in the sample, whilst no significant link was found between legibility of handwriting and VMI. A relationship was found between writing the name from memory and VMI and a significant correlation was found when comparing reversals in a child's attempt at writing their name from memory and his / her VMI score It was concluded that visual-motor integration as determined by the Test of Visual Motor Integration can be a significant predictor of a child's ability to form letters...

What happened to the Galatian Christians? Paul’s legacy in Southern Galatia

Breytenbach,Cilliers
Fonte: Acta Theologica Publicador: Acta Theologica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 Português
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Paul's Letter to the Galatians points to the influence of his missionary attempts in Galatia. By reconstructing the missionary journeys of Paul and his company in Asia Minor the author argues once again for the south Galatian hypothesis, according to which the apostle travelled through the south of the province of Galatia, i.e. southern Pisidia and Lycaonia, and never entered the region of Galatia proper in the north of the province. Supporting material comes from the epigraphic evidence of the apostle's name in the first four centuries. Nowhere else in the world of early Christianity the name Παύλος was used with such a high frequency as in those regions where the apostle founded the first congregations in the south of the province Galatia and in the Phrygian-Galatian borderland.