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Molecular epidemiology of varicella-zoster virus in East London, England, between 1971 and 1995.

Hawrami, K; Hart, I J; Pereira, F; Argent, S; Bannister, B; Bovill, B; Carrington, D; Ogilvie, M; Rawstorne, S; Tryhorn, Y; Breuer, J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1997 Português
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The molecular epidemiology of varicella-zoster virus in London, England, between 1971 and 1995 was examined by using two informative polymorphic markers, variable repeat region R5 and a BglI restriction site in gene 54. Viruses from 105 cases of chickenpox and 144 of zoster were typed. Two alleles of R5, A and B, were found at prevalences of 89 and 6%, respectively. No difference in allele frequency between the zoster and chickenpox cases was found, and no change in the frequencies of these alleles was observed to occur over time. By contrast, a BglI restriction site (BglI+) was found with increasing frequency over time among cases of varicella (P < 0.005) and, to a lesser extent, cases of zoster. The BglI+ polymorphism was strongly associated (P < 0.0005) with zoster in subjects who had immigrated to the United Kingdom from countries with low adult immunity to varicella (LAIV). Sixty-three percent of the subjects with zoster who had emigrated from countries with LAIV carried the BglI+ virus, in contrast to 10% of adults who had grown up in countries with high adult immunity to varicella. The significance of these data, in view of the changing epidemiology of chickenpox, is discussed.

Genomic Epidemiology of a Protracted Hospital Outbreak Caused by a Toxin A-Negative Clostridium difficile Sublineage PCR Ribotype 017 Strain in London, England

Cairns, M. D.; Preston, M. D.; Lawley, T. D.; Clark, T. G.; Stabler, R. A.; Wren, B. W.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Clostridium difficile remains the leading cause of nosocomial diarrhea worldwide, which is largely considered to be due to the production of two potent toxins: TcdA and TcdB. However, PCR ribotype (RT) 017, one of five clonal lineages of human virulent C. difficile, lacks TcdA expression but causes widespread disease. Whole-genome sequencing was applied to 35 isolates from hospitalized patients with C. difficile infection (CDI) and two environmental ward isolates in London, England. The phylogenetic analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) revealed a clonal cluster of temporally variable isolates from a single hospital ward at University Hospital Lewisham (UHL) that were distinct from other London hospital isolates. De novo assembled genomes revealed a 49-kbp putative conjugative transposon exclusive to this hospital clonal cluster which would not be revealed by current typing methodologies. This study identified three sublineages of C. difficile RT017 that are circulating in London. Similar to the notorious RT027 lineage, which has caused global outbreaks of CDI since 2001, the lineage of toxin-defective RT017 strains appears to be continually evolving. By utilization of WGS technologies to identify SNPs and the evolution of clonal strains...

The author of the letter to the Duke of Grafton vindicated from the charge of democracy : with notes; Monthly review (London, England)

Miles, William Augustus, 1753?-1817.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Livro Formato: 3133195 bytes; application/pdf
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A letter to the Right Hon. Thomas Harley, esq., Lord Mayor of the city of London. To which is added, a serious expostulation with the livery, on their late conduct, during the election of the four city members

Alderman of London.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Livro Formato: 2567095 bytes; application/pdf
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-no TOC

Vindiciae Britannicae : being strictures on a late pamphlet, by G. Wakefield, A.B., late fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge, intituled, "The spirit of Christianity compared with the spirit of the times in Great Britain"; Analytical review (London, England)

Penn, William, 1776-1845.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Livro Formato: 4721347 bytes; application/pdf
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no TOC

Cheapside, London, england./ Cheapside, Londres, Inglaterra.

Fonte: Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850-, Washington (D.C.); Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850- Publicador: Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850-, Washington (D.C.); Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850-
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recto: J. F. Jarvis, Publishers / Washington D.C. | Sold only by Underwood & Underwood | Liverpool, -New York, -Chicago, -Toronto, -Ottawa, Kas., -el Paso, Tex. | Copyright, 1892, by Underwood & Underwood. | Cheapside. London, england. / [translation of "Cheapside...england." into Spanish]

Ludgate Hill, London, england./ Cerro de Ludgate, en Londres, Inglaterra.

Fonte: Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850-, Washington (D.C.); Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850- Publicador: Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850-, Washington (D.C.); Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850-
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recto: J. F. Jarvis, Publishers / Washington D.C. | Sold only by Underwood & Underwood | Liverpool, -New York, -Chicago, -Toronto, -Ottawa, Kas., -el Paso, Tex. | Copyright, 1887, by J. F. Jarvis. | Ludgate Hill, London, england. / [translation of "Ludgate...england." into Spanish]

Queen Victoria passing the National Gallery, Diamond Jubilee Pageant, London, england

Fonte: Underwood & Underwood Publishers,; Underwood & Underwood Publishers Publicador: Underwood & Underwood Publishers,; Underwood & Underwood Publishers
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Some discoloured blots on recto, affecting image; recto: Underwood & Underwood. Publishers. / New York, London, Toronto-Canada. Ottawa-Kansas. | Works and Studios -- / Washington D.C. Arlington, N.J. Littleton N.H. | Sun Sculpture Trade Mark | Queen Victoria passing the National Gallery, Diamond Jubilee Pageant, London, england. Copyright 1897 by Underwood & Underwood. ; verso: Queen Victoria passing the National Gallery, Diamond Jubilee Pageant, London, england. [translations into 5 other languages follow]

Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Premier of Canada, passing the National Gallery, Diamond Jubilee Procession, London, eng.

Fonte: Underwood & Underwood Publishers,; Underwood & Underwood Publishers Publicador: Underwood & Underwood Publishers,; Underwood & Underwood Publishers
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recto: Underwood & Underwood. Publishers. / New York London Toronto-Canada. Ottawa-Kansas. | Works and Studios -- / Washington D.C. Arlington, N.J. Littleton N.H. | Sun Sculpture Trade Mark | Sir Wilfred Laurier, Premier of Canada, passing the National Gallery. Diamond Jubilee Procession, London, eng. / Copyright 1897 by Underwood & Underwood

Representations of swinging London in 1960s British cinema : Blowup (1966), Smashing Time (1967), and Performance (1970)

Centawer-Huisman, Marlie
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
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This thesis explores the representation of Swinging London in three examples of 1960s British cinema: Blowup (Michelangelo Antonioni, 1966), Smashing Time (Desmond Davis, 1967) and Performance (Donald Cammell and Nicolas Roeg, 1970). It suggests that the films chronologically signify the evolution, commodification and dissolution of the Swinging London era. The thesis explores how the concept of Swinging London is both critiqued and perpetuated in each film through the use of visual tropes: the reconstruction of London as a cinematic space; the Pop photographer; the dolly; representations of music performance and fashion; the appropriation of signs and symbols associated with the visual culture of Swinging London. Using fashion, music performance, consumerism and cultural symbolism as visual narratives, each film also explores the construction of youth identity through the representation of manufactured and mediated images. Ultimately, these films reinforce Swinging London as a visual economy that circulates media images as commodities within a system of exchange. With this in view, the signs and symbols that comprise the visual culture of Swinging London are as central and significant to the cultural era as their material reality. While they attempt to destabilize prevailing representations of the era through the reproduction and exchange of such symbols...

Hedges & Butler Advertisement

Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
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An advertisement for Hedges & Butler, Wine Merchants to the Queen, in London, England. The advertisement lists the prices for: Sherries, Ports, Clarets, Champagnes, Burgundies, and Madeiras.

Indenture between Henry Hope Graham and Robert Hill to Joseph Walker

Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
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Indenture of deed of land situate between Henry Hope Graham and Robert Hill, both of London, England called England Esquire Executors and Trustees under the Last Will and Testament of Lieutenant General Percy Hill of London, England to Joseph Walker of Queenston, Ontario. This is in regard to parts of Lots no. 113, 114 and 115 in the Township of Niagara. This was registered on Nov. 10, 1885 – instrument no. 2075, Oct. 31, 1885.

Parade of the Nineteenth Century-england's Colonial Strength; Diamond Jubilee, London.

Fonte: Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850-, Washington (D.C.); Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850- Publicador: Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850-, Washington (D.C.); Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), 1850-
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Damage in bottom left corner affecting image and part of recto transcription; recto: [J]. F. Jarvis, Publishers / Washington D.C. | Sold only by Underwood & Underwood / New York, -London, Toronto-Canada, Ottawa-Kansas. | Parade of the Nineteenth Century, -- england's Colonial Strength; Diamond Jubilee, London./ Copyright 1897 by Underwood & Underwood.; verso: Parade of the Nineteenth Century--england's Colonial Strength; Diamond Jubilee, / London, england...[translations of the same into different languages]

Crowds awaiting Her Majesty's State entrance into the City, Diamond Jubilee, London.

Kilburn, Benjamin W. (1827-1909)
Fonte: Kilburn, Benjamin W. (1827-1909), Littleton (N.H.); Kilburn, Benjamin W. (1827-1909) Publicador: Kilburn, Benjamin W. (1827-1909), Littleton (N.H.); Kilburn, Benjamin W. (1827-1909)
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recto: James M. Davis. New York, St. Louis, Liverpool, Toronto, Sydney. | Copyright 1897 by B. W. Kilburn. | 12047. Crowds awaiting Her Majesty's State entrance into the City, Diamond Jubilee, London. ; verso: Photographed and Published by B W KILBURN. = Littleton, N.H.

Reexamination of London, England, mortality in relation to exposure to acidic aerosols during 1963-1972 winters.

Thurston, G D; Ito, K; Lippmann, M; Hayes, C
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1989 Português
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Air pollution epidemiology since the 1950s has been able to demonstrate that increases in daily mortality in London, England, were associated with elevated concentrations of index air pollutants, i.e., British Smoke (BS) and sulfur dioxide (SO2). In this work, we reanalyze that portion of the 1958-1972 winter mortality-pollution record for which daily direct acid aerosol measurements were made at a central site in London (St. Bartholomew's Medical College). The purposes of these exploratory analyses are to examine the dataset for indications of a relationship between acid aerosol pollution and human mortality and to compare any noted associations with those for other pollution variables. It is found that the log of acid aerosol concentrations is more strongly associated with raw total mortality in bivariate analyses than is BS or SO2, despite the fact that acid data are available from only one central site (versus seven disperse sites for BS and SO2). The logarithmic nature of the exposure side of the H2SO4-mortality relationship implies a saturation model of pollution effects, possibly due to multiday pollution harvesting influences on a susceptible subpopulation. Moreover, mortality-pollution cross-correlation analyses indicate that mortality effects usually follow pollution in time...

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Survey Report; Deptford Houses: 1650-1800

Herman, Bernard L.
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Formato: 118485773 bytes; application/pdf
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This report centres on about twenty sites in and around Deptford High Street. Broadly, the buildings on these sites are small lower-status 18th century houses. Though extensively altered and nearly all unlisted they deserve this attention because they are rare survivals of an understudied class of domestic buildings,early-modern town houses for artisans and labourers. As such their significance is wide reaching, with implications for our understanding of Georgian London, as well as that of towns across England and across the Atlantic. This reflects back onto Deptford and is indicative of the wider historic importance of the place. Although long part of London, Deptford grew up a place apart. It still retains some of its historically autonomous urban character; poverty and neglect have inhibited wholesale redevelopment, as the buildings studied here show. The houses and the place are separately and together markedly fragile. The historic evidence that inheres in the houses is threatened, by decay and alteration, and Deptford as a place is under growing regenerative pressures.

Envelope sent to Mr. Welland D. Woodruff at Thomas Cooks and Sons, Columbo, Indiana

Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
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Envelope postmarked Indo-Ceylon, special flight X’mas 1936, Bombay, Jan. 1937 and Thomas Cook and Son, Jan. 2, 1937. The letter is addressed to Mr. Welland D. Woodruff at Thomas Cook and Son, Columbo, India. This is crossed out and sent on to Royal Trust Co. 3 St. James St., London, England. This is crossed out and finally sent to the Mayfair Hotel, London, England, 1936-1937.

Panic on the streets of London: police, crime and the July 2005 terror attacks

Draca, Mirko; Machin, Steve; Witt, Robert
Fonte: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /02/2008 Português
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In this paper we study the causal impact of police on crime by looking at what happened to crime before and after the terror attacks that hit central London in July 2005. The attacks resulted in a large redeployment of police officers to central London boroughs as compared to outer London - in fact, police deployment in central London increased by over 30 percent in the six weeks following the July 7 bombings. During this time crime fell significantly in central relative to outer London. Study of the timing of the crime reductions and their magnitude, the types of crime which were more likely to be affected and a series of robustness tests looking at possible biases all make us confident that our research approach identifies a causal impact of police on crime. Implementing an instrumental variable approach shows an elasticity of crime with respect to police approximately -0.3, so that a 10 percent increase in police activity reduces crime by around 3 percent.

Comparing serious violent crime in the US and England and Wales: why it matters, and how it can be done

Gallo, Zelia; Lacey, Nicola; Soskice, David
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 Português
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Comparative analysis of violent crime is hampered by a lack of reliable statistics, even between relatively similar countries, with doubts about existing studies suggesting that further comparative data is needed. Violent crime presents particular problems of variation in offence definition and recording practices. We can, however, derive reasonably valid comparative data for the US and England and Wales for the narrower category of serious violent crime. We show broadly that the incidence of serious violent crime per capita is between three and seven times as high in the US as in England and Wales. This parallels the comparative data on homicide; existing comparisons with Canada and New Zealand lend further weight to the claim that levels of serious violence in the US are distinctively high.

Can litigation promote fairness in healthcare? The judicial review of rationing decisions in Brazil and England

Wei Liang Wang, Daniel
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /08/2013 Português
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This thesis analyses “health care litigation” in Brazil and England. By health care litigation I mean those lawsuits in which claimants demand from the State the provision of a certain health treatment based on their entitlement to receive health care from the public health system or funded by it. The question that guides this thesis is whether courts intervening in rationing decisions make the public health system more or less fair. The concept of fairness I use in this thesis draws on the idea of “accountability for reasonableness” developed by Norman Daniel and Charles Sabin. This research will analyse the case-law of courts in Brazil and England, and the impact of litigation on the public health system. Based on this research, I argue that health care litigation in Brazil, where courts interpret the right to health as an individual trump against rationing decisions, is making the public health system less fair. Conversely, in England, where courts mainly control the procedure rather than the substance of the rationing decisions, litigation contributed to make health authorities more accountable and rationing decisions more public and based on better reasons, robust evidence and fair principles. Interestingly...