Página 1 dos resultados de 438 itens digitais encontrados em 0.002 segundos

Relação entre Consciência Fonológica e os Níveis de Escrita de escolares da 1ª série do Ensino Fundamental de escola pública do Município de Porto Real - RJ; Relation between phonological awareness and the writing levels concerning first grade students of the Elementary Education in a public school of Porto Real Municipal District

ETTORE, Bruna; MANGUEIRA, Ana Soraya Campos; DIAS, Bianca Deschamps Gonçalves; TEIXEIRA, Julianna Barroso; NEMR, Kátia
Fonte: CEFAC Saúde e Educação Publicador: CEFAC Saúde e Educação
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.465244%
OBJETIVO: comparar o nível de Consciência Fonológica com os níveis de escrita dos escolares de 1ª série do Ensino Fundamental da rede pública do Município de Porto Real. MÉTODOS: foram avaliados 30 escolares de 1ª série, de ambos os sexos, idade entre sete e 11 anos, avaliados individualmente através da aplicação da prova de Consciência Fonológica (Capovilla&Capovilla) e de um autoditado de cinco gravuras. RESULTADO: o grupo silábico-alfabético/ alfabético apresentou melhor desempenho em 6 provas do teste em relação ao grupo de nível pré-silábico/ silábico. CONCLUSÃO: a partir dos resultados obtidos, concluiu-se que há relação significante entre as habilidades de Consciência Fonológica e os Níveis de Escrita dos escolares de 1ª série do Ensino Fundamental da rede pública do Município de Porto Real.; PURPOSE: to compare the level of phonological awareness with the writing levels concerning first grade students of the elementary education of a public school of Porto Real Municipal District. METHODS: thirty first grade students of both genders, between seven and eleven-year old, were assessed individually through a phonological awareness test (Capovilla and Capovilla) and through a writing test consisting of five pictures. RESULTS: the syllabic-alphabetic/alphabetic group showed a better performance in six tasks of the test than the presyllabic/syllabic group. CONCLUSION: from the achieved results the outcome is that...

Vocabulário, consciência fonológica e nomeação rápida: contribuições para a ortografia e elaboração escrita; Vocabulary, phonological awareness and rapid naming: contributions for spelling and written production

Santos, Maria Thereza Mazorra dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/08/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.395195%
O objetivo dessa pesquisa foi compreender os processos lingüísticos que subjazem à aprendizagem da linguagem escrita, o desenvolvimento de protocolo de análise de redação, assim como a correlação entre esses processos lingüísticos e a produção escrita. Participaram deste estudo 82 alunos de 3ª série do Ensino Fundamental de escolas particulares e municipal, com idades entre nove e dez anos, residentes em municípios da região oeste da Grande São Paulo. Esta pesquisa foi divida em três estudos. No Estudo I foram analisados os desempenhos dos sujeitos em provas de vocabulário, consciência fonológica e nomeação rápida de objetos, cujos resultados se mostraram adequados para a faixa etária estudada. No Estudo II analisamos a produção escrita em ditado de palavras e pseudopalavras e elaboração de uma narrativa escrita. Concluímos que os erros fazem parte do processo de desenvolvimento da escrita, mas é necessário também que se compreendam que estratégias a criança utiliza para escrever. Em relação à redação concluímos que, apesar de ainda não dominarem todo o esquema narrativo, as crianças apresentaram um conhecimento lingüístico que lhes permitiu escrever histórias originais em forma de narrativa. O protocolo proposto se mostrou uma ferramenta prática...

Associação entre consciência fonológica e processamento temporal em crianças com fissura labiopalatina; Association between the phonological awareness and the temporal processing in childrens with cleft lip and palate

Camargo, Renata de Arruda
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/10/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.678125%
Pessoas com fissura lábio palatina apresentam alterações na acuidade auditiva por um grande período de suas vidas, ou por toda vida, devido à constante disfunção tubária, que acarreta a otite média, impedindo assim uma recepção adequada dos sons da fala. Influência de otite média durante a infância é uma das características que está associada com o distúrbio de aprendizagem e transtornos de processamento auditivo. A consciência fonológica envolve o reconhecimento de que as palavras são formadas por diferentes sons que podem ser manipulados, abrangendo além da capacidade de reflexão (constatar e comparar), também a de operação com fonemas, sílabas, rimas e aliterações (contar, segmentar, unir, adicionar, suprimir, substituir e transpor). O objetivo principal deste trabalho foi estudar a associação entre a consciência fonológica e o processamento temporal em crianças com fissura labiopalatina. Foram avaliadas 41 crianças de ambos os sexos, com idades entre 7 anos e 10 anos e 11 meses, com fissura labiopalatina transforame unilateral, sem outras anomalias associadas ou síndromes. As crianças foram submetidas ao teste de processamento temporal Random Gap Detection Test (RGDT) e a avaliação de consciência fonológica CONFIAS adaptada com figuras. Os resultados indicaram não haver associação...

Verificação da eficácia do CD-ROM Alfabetização Fônica Computadorizada no desenvolvimento de habilidades de consciência fonológica e de leitura; Verification of the effectiveness of the CD-ROM Alfabetização Fônica Computadorizada in the development of phonological awareness and reading

Manzoli, Priscila Maria de Lima Ribeiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/05/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.998477%
Já é conhecida a relação de reciprocidade entre consciência fonológica e habilidades de leitura. Diversas pesquisas demonstraram o efeito direto do treino em habilidades de consciência fonológica sobre a aquisição da leitura e como o treino sistemático da leitura auxilia no desenvolvimento de níveis mais complexos de consciência fonológica. Dentro deste contexto, o objetivo da pesquisa foi verificar a eficácia do CD-ROM Alfabetização Fônica Computadorizada no desenvolvimento de habilidades de consciência fonológica e de leitura em crianças do segundo ano do ensino fundamental. Participaram do estudo 81 crianças, com idades entre seis e oito anos, de ambos os sexos, matriculadas no segundo ano de uma escola municipal da periferia de um município com 30.000 habitantes. Para avaliar a consciência fonológica foi aplicada a Prova de Consciência Fonológica. Para avaliar as habilidades de leitura utilizou-se uma versão da Provinha Brasil e uma prova de leitura oral de palavras. Foi adotado um delineamento de comparação de grupos com três momentos de avaliação. No primeiro momento, todas as crianças foram avaliadas. Depois da primeira avaliação, foi conduzida a intervenção somente com as crianças do Grupo 1. Na intervenção...

Journey to the syllables’ world : intervention in phonological awareness

Costa, Sónia; Gomes, Susana; Sacadura, Cátia; Araújo, Cidália; Cardoso, Ricardo; Santos, Anabela Cruz dos; Gomes, Maria João
Fonte: Universidade do Minho. Instituto de Educação. Centro de Investigação em Educação Publicador: Universidade do Minho. Instituto de Educação. Centro de Investigação em Educação
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.38601%
This posters aims to present the interactive game: "Journey to the syllables’ world.” This game has two tasks with the following goals: a) to promote the acquisition of phonological skills, and b) increasing the quality and quantity of vocabulary. It can be applied by a mediator (teachers, parents, other educational professionals) or even by the child on his or her own in a variety of contexts since it has a script that guides the child through the tasks. The development of phonological awareness at the syllable level arises as the purpose for which this game was created and whre lies the whole game but, associated with this, it also provides: vocabulary development; guindance through clear instructions, accurate and adequate volume, absence of distracters’ stimuli without, however, ceasing to be appealing for the children. Four main characters were created to make it more playful and foster interaction between the child and the software in an attractive, dynamic amd familiar way. The game can be applied to children from the age of 4 or more. The task “Visit to animals” was developed in order to identify names of animals and suppress the initial syllable while the task “Going to the supermarket” consists in detecting the initial syllables of supermarket products. The exploration of the game can contribute to understand child’s language development and analyze potential difficulties in phonological skills in children that are at risk to develop language problems.

Promoting phonological awareness in pre-primary education: possibilities of the ‘awakening to languages’ approach

Lourenço, Mónica; Andrade, Ana Isabel
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.29178%
This article aims at evaluating and understanding the effects of an awakening to languages (AtL) programme, carried out with a group of 21 Portuguese children aged three to six, in the development of phonological awareness (PA). Using mixed-methods research, data was gathered from video recordings of seven AtL sessions and PA tests for an experimental and a control group. Post-test results reveal that the experimental group increased their PA significantly, whereas the phonological abilities of the control group remained unaltered. Content analysis of the sessions supported these results, indicating that the experimental group was keen to observe, manipulate, and reflect upon languages and sounds. Findings suggest that exploring and working with linguistic diversity early on may develop metalinguistic skills conducive to literacy and language learning.

"Do languages die?" Promoting awareness of language and linguistic diversity in preschool

Lourenço, Mónica; Andrade, Ana Isabel
Fonte: Peter Lang Publicador: Peter Lang
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.465244%
This chapter presents the results of an awakening to languages workshop entitled “Do languages die?”, carried out with a group of Portuguese preschool children. In the workshop children listened to songs in endangered languages, created an invented writing system, and performed syllabic and phonemic suppression tasks. We gathered data through video and audio recordings of the workshop and phonological awareness tests, applied to the children and to a control group. After the implementation of the workshop, the experimental group increased their phonological awareness significantly. In contrast, the phonological abilities of the control group remained substantially unaltered. These findings suggest that early contact with linguistic diversity may develop children’s awareness of language both at micro and macro levels.

Levels of Phonological Awareness, Working Memory, and Lexical Knowledge in Elementary School Children

Bandini,Heloisa Helena Motta; Santos,Flavia Heloisa; Souza,Deisy das Gracas de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.919243%
Relationships between oral language, phonological awareness, and working memory have been empirically demonstrated, however, phonological awareness encompasses different abilities, assessed at different levels. The present study investigated the possible associations between specific phonological awareness abilities and phonological working memory in first-grade students. In the initial phase ( n = 254), the study evaluated the abilities of phonological awareness and phonological working memory and found a high positive correlation between these abilities, thus confirming the findings of previous studies. The second phase ( n = 12) evaluated the vocabulary of individuals who, in the initial phase, showed low or high working memory and phonological awareness scores. Students with low working memory and low phonological awareness capacities had low scores in expressive language abilities, suggesting that phonological working memory may have direct effects on lexical knowledge. These results contribute to the understanding of the relationships investigated in this study and have important implications for planning teaching strategies.

Consciência fonológica e fonema : discutindo seus conceitos e seus empréstimos; Phonological awareness and phoneme : discussing their concepts and their loans

Souza, érika Costa de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Linguística; Literatura Brasileira; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras e Linguística; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Linguística; Literatura Brasileira; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras e Linguística; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.678125%
This paper reflects on the conceptual issues regarding the notion of phonological awareness as a prerequisite for the acquisition of written language and the concepts of phoneme and sound. Despite repeatedly being used by researches in the areas of language pathology, the terms phoneme and sound have constantly been regarded as two equal entities, which implies in theoretical and methodological consequences in the research in these fields. The appropriation of these terms from Linguistics, in the phonological awareness researches was discussed in this dissertation based on the theoretical constructs of Structural Linguistics, especially those prepared by the precursors of the area of Phonology, as Trubetzkoy and Jakobson, and the American linguist Edward Sapir. Their reflections served as a conceptual support to confront the "appropriation" of the terms from Linguistics and the theoretical commitment maintained by the areas of language disorders with their original concepts. This work originated from theoretical reflections on the data from an experiment conducted with deaf and hearing children, students from 1st to 3rd grade of elementary school, whose aim was to evaluate the phonological awareness based on a copy activity of monosyllabic and trisyllabic words and pseudo-words. The initial concepts that guided the study...

Using HeadSprout Early Reading with a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An examination of phonological awareness, participant engagement, and participant enjoyment

Freeman, Caitlin
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.15268%
This study examined the effectiveness of a 9-week reading program in improving the phonological awareness (PA) skills of a seven year old boy with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). The study’s secondary goal was to describe how the participant engaged with and enjoyed the HeadSprout computer program. The participant attended a one hour reading program incorporating 30 minutes of HeadSprout Early Reading three days a week for 9 weeks. Results demonstrated that the participant’s PA scores increased from the 16th percentile at pre-test to the 35th percentile post program. Four of five measures of PA increased, segmenting nonwords decreased to the 2nd percentile post program. Momentary time sampling procedures revealed the participant was engaged with the computer program 94.5% of the time. Perceived ratings of enjoyment indicated the participant enjoyed using the program. Specific components of the program which may have influenced participant enjoyment and engagement are discussed. Study limitations and implications of these findings are discussed in reference to future research.

The Effectiveness of Explicit Individualized Phonemic Awareness Instruction By a Speech-Language Pathologist to Preschool Children With Phonological Speech Disorders

Nullman, Susan L.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.87042%
This study investigated the effects of an explicit individualized phonemic awareness intervention administered by a speech-language pathologist to 4 prekindergarten children with phonological speech sound disorders. Research has demonstrated that children with moderate-severe expressive phonological disorders are at-risk for poor literacy development because they often concurrently exhibit weaknesses in the development of phonological awareness skills (Rvachew, Ohberg, Grawburg, & Heyding, 2003). The research design chosen for this study was a single subject multiple probe design across subjects. After stable baseline measures, the participants received explicit instruction in each of the three phases separately and sequentially. Dependent measures included same-day tests for Phase I (Phoneme Identity), Phase II (Phoneme Blending), and Phase III (Phoneme Segmentation), and generalization and maintenance tests for all three phases. All 4 participants made substantial progress in all three phases. These skills were maintained during weekly and biweekly maintenance measures. Generalization measures indicated that the participants demonstrated some increases in their mean total number of correct responses in Phase II and Phase III baseline while the participants were in Phase I intervention...

Evidences of Factorial Structure and Precision of Phonemic Awareness Tasks (TCFe)

Godoy,Dalva Maria Alves; Cogo-Moreira,Hugo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.465244%
AbstractTo assess phonological awareness - a decisive skill for learning to read and write - it is necessary to provide evidence about an instrument construct to present trustworthy parameters for both empirical research and the development of educational intervention and rehabilitation programs. In Brazil, at this moment, there are no studies regarding the internal structure for tests of phonological awareness. This article shows the factorial validity of a test of phonological awareness composed by three sub-tests: two tasks of subtraction of initial phoneme and one of phonemic segmentation. The multidimensional confirmatory factorial analysis was applied to a sample of 176 Brazilian students ( Mage= 9.3 years) from the first to fifth grade of elementary school. Results indicated a well-adjusted model, with items of intermediate difficulty and high factor loadings; thus, this corroboratedthe internal structure and well-designed theoretical conception.

The Role of Phonological Awareness and Rapid Automatized Naming in the Prediction of Reading Difficulties in Portuguese

Michalick-Triginelli,Mirelle F.; Cardoso-Martins,Cláudia
Fonte: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.15268%
AbstractThis study investigated the contribution of phonological awareness (PA) and rapid automatized naming (RAN) to the persistence of beginning reading difficulties in Portuguese. The study was longitudinal and involved 13 children who had shown little progress in learning to read during their 1st school year, and 13 children with typical reading development. At the beginning of the study, when participants were, on average, six years and nine months of age, their ability to read and spell words, and their PA and RAN skills were assessed. One year later, the children who had shown difficulties in learning to read were divided into two groups, based on their progress in learning to read during the course of the study: a group with persistent reading difficulties and a group whose difficulties had been overcome. Results showed that both groups performed equally poorly and below controls on the PA tasks at the beginning of the study. In contrast, only the children with persistent reading difficulties performed more poorly than controls on the RAN tasks at that time.

The impact of a training program in phonological awareness on children's early writing

Graham, Christina.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.87042%
This study examined the effects that a training program in phonological awareness had on the early writing skills of children in a Grade One class in the Lincoln County Separate school system. The intent of the training program was to provide consistent and systematic practice in the manipulation of the phonological structure of language. The games and activities of the training program were related to a framework of developmental phonological skills and practised in a group setting during an unstructured period of the regular classroom schedule. The training program operated three days in a six-day cycle for approximately twenty minutes a day, from November until mid-March. All children were tested at the outset and conclusion of the study to determine level of functioning in letter identification, word recognition, verbal intelligence, phonological awareness and spelling. Results of the pre-tests and post-tests were compared to determine differences between the experimental and control groups over time. In addition, a systematic analysis of the children's writing looked at the development of the spelling of regular and irregular words. The results of this study provided strong support for the hypothesis that the treatment group would progress through the stages of early writing development more quickly than children without such training. On the basis of differences between the groups over time...

Promoting Early Reading: A Parent Handbook for Developing Children's Phonological Awareness Using Authentic Activities

Dunn, Stephanie
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.678125%
The purpose of this project was to create a handbook for parents to develop their children's phonological awareness using authentic activities that parents and children can complete together. The handbook aims to provide parents with fundamental background information regarding phonological awareness as well as effective instruction practices, followed by authentic activities that are clearly laid out and easy to implement. Through a comprehensive study of the literature it became evident that parents should be the target audience for the handbook as they have the greatest influence on the development of their young children. Phonological awareness was also found to be an important contributor to early literacy development including oral language skills and reading. The handbook was reviewed by 2 teaching professionals in order to claim face validity of the document. The results of the project indicate that the handbook which was produced meets its goals of creating a product that is easy to use, practical, and effective for both parents and children. The implementation of the handbook in the home environment can benefit children's phonological awareness and in turn improve their oral language and reading abilities.

An Exploration of Levels of Phonological Awareness as Predictors of Word Reading in Korean Children Learning English

Fraser, Christine M
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.84161%
Until recently, the majority of research in the area of English phonological awareness has centered on segmental phonology as predictors of reading. Current research, however, has expanded the concept of phonological awareness to include prosodic sensitivity⎯the awareness of suprasegmental information. The present study explores the role of five segmental and suprasegmental levels of English phonological awareness as predictors of individual differences in word reading in Korean children learning English. 104 native Hangul speaking children in Grade 3 were assessed on English levels of stress, syllable, rime, simple phoneme, and consonant cluster awareness, as well as, English and Hangul word reading. Hierarchical regression models indicated that awareness of syllables, onset/rime units, and phonemes within consonant clusters were uniquely predictive of individual differences in L2 English word reading after accounting for cognitive ability, English background variables, and L1 word reading. Awareness of stress-timed patterns contributed to common variance in English and Hangul word reading, but was not uniquely predictive in final regression models. No level of phonological awareness was predictive of Hangul word reading. Results support the notion that segmental phonological elements not present in L1 may be predictive of individual differences in L2 word reading. Furthermore...

Propiedades psicométricas de la Prueba de Procesamiento Fonológico “PROFON” en niños de 4 a 7 años de edad; Psychometric properties of the Phonological Processing Test “PROFON” in children from 4- to 7-years-old; Propriedades psicométricas da Prova de Processamento Fonológico “PROFON” em crianças de 4 a 7 anos de idade

Flórez Romero, Rita; Castro Martínez, Jaime; Arias Velandia, Nicolás
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/09/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.37775%
Este estudio exploró las propiedades psicométricas de la Prueba de Procesamiento Fonológico de Lara, Serra, Aguilar y Flórez (2005) en una muestra de 478 niños de 4 a 7 años de edad en Bogotá y Chía en varios niveles socioeconómicos. Se analizó con pruebas de dificultad, discriminación, matriz de relaciones tetracóricas, coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach y análisis de componentes principales con rotación varimax para validez de constructo. Los resultados mostraron, en conciencia fonológica, un buen rendimiento menos en cuatro ítems, correspondencia del análisis de factores con la división es subescalas y niveles, y alta confiabilidad con bajo nivel de discriminación en la subescala de memoria fonológica. Los resultados se discutieron con base en los componentes de la habilidad de procesamiento fonológico.; This study explored the psychometric properties of the Phonological Processing Test (Lara, Serra, Aguilar & Flórez, 2005) in a 478 children from 4- to 7-years-old sample in bogotá and Chía, from different socioeconomic levels. This test was analyzed with difficult test, discrimination test, tetrachoric relation matrix, Alfa of Cronbach coefficient and main components analysis with varimax rotation for construct validity. Results showed...

Effectiveness of a Phonological Awareness Training for Arabic Disabled Reading Children : Insights on Metalinguistic Benefits

Layes, Smail; Lalonde, Robert; Rebai, Mohamed
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.72958%
We examined the effects of a phonological awareness (PA) training program on word reading and pseudo-word decoding in dyslexic children reading the Arabic language (n=10; age mean= 129.74 months) in comparison to normal readers (n=10; age mean= 126.90 months) from grades 4 and 5. Particular attention was paid to phonological training of two metalinguistic reading related skills: morphological awareness (MA) and rapid automatized naming (RAN), underscored as main predictive metalinguistic factors in Arabic dyslexia (Layes, Lalonde, Mecheri, Rebaï, 2015). The PA training program focused on phoneme/syllable identification, phoneme matching, and word segmentation. The results indicate that the dyslexic group performed significantly better in all post-training measurements, increasing reading, phonological processing, and metalinguistic related skills, which indicates a strong relationship between these variables. The normal group only improved in MA production. These findings are discussed in terms of metalinguistic insights of reading gained through training in phonological awareness.; Es van examinar els efectes d'un programa d'entrenament de consciència fonològica en la lectura de paraules i descodificació pseudo-paraules en nens dislèxics llegeixen la llengua àrab (n = 10; edat mitjana = 129...

Rhythmic perception and entrainment in 5-year-old children; An exploration of the relationship between temporal accuracy at four isochronous rates and its impact on phonological awareness and reading development; An investigation into how the structure of simple songs and nursery rhymes could best increase 'large grain' phonological awareness skills (rhyme and syllable awareness) in 4 to 5 year old children as part of a classroom based pre-literacy strategy

Verney, John Parker
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Education; Centre For Neuroscience and Education Publicador: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Education; Centre For Neuroscience and Education
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
69.059507%
The thesis discusses the impact of rhythmic awareness on phonological awareness skills. It compares the effectiveness of various musical stimuli - drumming to music or a metronome and singing to simply chanting to an isochronous pulse rate.; Phonological awareness is an important component of early literacy and many children struggle to master its key elements, such as the ability to hear syllables and rhymes within the speech stream. The hypothesis explored within this study is that since music and language have parallel auditory perceptual mechanisms then training in rhythmic activities, such as music, could lead to increased understanding of the rhythmic nature required to decode early language and literacy skills. Previous research investigating the relationship between the constructs of music perception and phonological awareness has been promising, but generally inconclusive. Within the study I examine whether there is a link between the temporal processing required to process rhythmic entrainment in both phonological awareness skills and music. The data are interpreted with respect to a theoretical framework linking music and language based on temporal sampling. The ?temporal sampling theory? (Goswami, 2011) suggests that the decoding of both language and music is linked to the perception of accent and beat...

Programa de entrenamiento de conciencia fonológica para niños sordos bilíngües; Phonological awareness training program for brazilian bilinguals deaf children; Programa de treinamento de consciência fonológica para crianças surdas bilíngües

Souza, Érika Costa de; Bandini, Heloisa Helena Motta
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.92108%
Um dos pré-requisitos básicos para a aquisição de leitura e escrita é a consciência fonológica. Estudos têm comprovado que quando expostas a um treinamento formal de consciência fonológica as crianças ouvintes melhoram esta habilidade e, conseqüentemente, aprimoram o desenvolvimento da leitura e da escrita. Entretanto, não há evidências deste tipo de procedimento para crianças surdas. Este estudo objetivou estruturar um Programa de Treinamento de Consciência Fonológica para crianças surdas bilingües e verificar sua efetividade. Participaram do estudo quatro crianças, que foram avaliadas quanto à consciência fonológica antes e após o Treinamento de Consciência Fonológica. Foram verificados efeitos positivos nos níveis de consciência fonológica destas crianças após a realização do Treino. Este estudo fornece indícios de que um Treinamento de Consciência Fonológica pode aprimorar o desenvolvimento da consciência fonológica em crianças surdas usuárias de língua de sinais.; Un pre-requisito básico para la adquisición de la lectura y la escritura es la conciencia fonológica. Estudios han mostrado que los niños oyentes expuestos a un entrenamiento formal de conciencia fonológica mejoran estas habilidades. No existiendo evidencias de este procedimiento en niños sordos. El objetivo fue estructurar un Programa de Entrenamiento de Conciencia Fonológica para niños sordos bilingües y verificar su efectividad. Participaran del estudio cuatro niños...