"Moral Accountability and International Criminal Law: Holding Agents of Atrocity Accountable to the World." Kirsten J Fisher. Routledge. April 2013. --- How do we hold accountable the agents, individuals and collectives guilty of ordering mass murder? Can individual responsibility ever be determined in the context of collectively perpetrated political crimes? Kirsten J Fisher’s book attempts to answer these questions, in a book that will appeal to students of law and human rights. This book makes a valiant effort to put forward definite conclusions on where international criminal law should head, and what it should be based upon, concludes Kenneth Martin.
"Multiculturalism." Second Edition. Tariq Modood. Polity. March 2013. --- At a time when many public commentators are turning against multiculturalism in response to fears about militant Islam, immigration or social cohesion, Tariq Modood looks to provide a distinctive contribution to these debates, in this second edition of his book Multiculturalism. This book is rich, stimulating, and helpful in the sense that it allows the reader to understand the background of current political discussions about multiculturalism, writes Aysegul Kayaoglu.
"Symbolic Power in the World Trade Organization. Matthew Eagleton-Pierce." Oxford University Press. December 2012. --- This book investigates the complex relationship between power and legitimation by drawing upon Pierre Bourdieu’s notion of symbolic power, aiming to advance the broader understanding of power in world politics. Graduate students in political science, economics, international law, globalisation and International Relations will find an interesting balance between theory and analysis of the cotton industry at a global scale, writes Yves Laberge.
"The Politics of Art in Modern Egypt: Aesthetics, Ideology and Nation Building." Patrick Kane. I.B. Tauris. February 2013. --- Art and cultural production in Egypt during much of the last hundred years has operated against a backdrop of political crisis and confrontation. In this book Patrick Kane focuses on the turbulent changes of the 1920s to 1960s, when polemical discourse and artistic practice developed against the entrenched and co-opted conservatism of elite and state culture. Susheel Gokarakonda finds that this book is essential reading for students of Egyptian art and literature, modern history, and revolutionary movements in the Arab world.
"The Politics of Expertise: How NGOs Shaped Modern Britain." Matthew Hilton, James McKay, Nicholas Crowson and Jean Francois Mouhot. Oxford University Press. October 2013. --- The Politics of Expertise offers a challenging new interpretation of politics in contemporary Britain, through an examination of non-governmental organisations. Using specific case studies of the homelessness, environment, and international aid and development sectors, it seeks to demonstrate how politics and political activism has changed over the last half century. There’s a compelling argument in this book that to understand modern politics one has to understand NGOs, concludes Martin Hearson.
"The Third Globalization: Can Wealthy Nations Stay Rich in the Twenty-First Century?" Dan Breznitz and John Zysman. Oxford University Press. March 2013. --- In The Third Globalization, Dan Breznitz and John Zysman gather leading political economists to assess the prospects for growth and prosperity among advanced industrial nations. The contributors aim to examine the core transformations in the economies of advanced countries, the character of the challenge from emerging economies, and the varied policy responses of the advanced countries. This is a consistently well written and tightly organized book with policy-maker appeal, writes Steve Coulter.
"Comparing Devolved Governance." Derek Birrell. Palgrave Macmillan. May 2012. --- In Comparing Devolved Governance, Derek Birrell compares the separate governments and legislatures of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Akash Paun finds that the author comprehensively and successfully describes and compares the three political systems that are too often discussed separately. However, the book does not quite amount to more than the sum of its (many and good) parts, and was frustrating for what it did not do, such as make the case for why the question of asymmetry is so important. This is nonetheless a useful and thorough reference work for students and researchers of devolution.
"Crossing the Floor: Reg Prentice and the Crisis of British Social Democracy." Geoff Horn. Manchester University Press. June 2013.. --- Reg Prentice remains the most high-profile politician to cross the floor of the House of Commons in the post-war period. His defection reflected an important sea change in British politics: the end of the post-war consensus and the beginnings of the Thatcher era. This book seeks to examine the key events surrounding Prentice’s transition from a front-line Labour politician to a Conservative minister in the first Thatcher government. Recommended reading for anyone interested in modern British political history, writes James Farror.
Robin Archer previews an upcoming conference and public event on Ralph Miliband’s political legacy and how it might be able to inform future trends in the Labour Party – especially as it relates to the interaction between parliamentary and extra-parliamentary politics, and Labour’s ambiguous attitude towards capitalism.
Michael Kerr’s reconstruction of Northern Ireland’s ‘lost peace process’ reads at times like a political thriller, finds Bill Kissane, but also seriously raises the bar for other young scholars on Northern Ireland with its mix of extensive primary research and entertaining anecdotes.
In the competition between cities for visibility and new facilities, the ‘age of austerity’ brings new pressures to involve private capital in sponsoring new interventions and activities, especially those that promote strong urban leaders. Yet Bart Cammaerts sees dangers in the incremental erosion of the public sphere via corporate badging of public services linked to political personalities.
The Political and Constitutional Reform Committee has been carrying out an inquiry into the Government’s plans to introduce individual voter registration. Cristina Sarb of the disabled people’s charity Scope reflects on the prospects individual registration has to make the current voting system more accessible for disabled people.
The Conservatives have made no secret of the party’s desire to roll back its European human rights obligations, with many in the party also advocating repealing the Human Rights Act and establishing a British Bill of Rights. As the party seeks to ‘win back’ jurisdiction over human rights cases, Saladin Meckled-Garcia finds the coalition government’s stance is nothing less than an attempt to flout the rule of law for political purposes
In her new book Clare Bambra argues that social democratic policies – such as those practiced in Scandinavia – produce better, healthier environments for people to work in, and that we need to ‘think big’ if we want to see a change in the UK. Daniel Sage believes Bambra’s work will serve policy-makers and students well, as it explores the complex structural relationships between work, worklessness and population health
Written constitutions tend to be codified when power relations are substantially changed in a political system. Frank Vibert considers whether the UK is experiencing such a moment and debates the practical and philosophical benefits and drawbacks to putting the constitutional pen to paper.
There must be an election coming. The current debate in Britain about the politicisation of the police is analytically confused and historically amnesiac, with both Labour and the Conservatives looking like participants in an orgy of political cross-dressing. Professor Robert Reiner calls for a little historical perspective.
This article originally appeared in the Spring 2010 issue of LSE Research.
Bart Cammaerts writes that if the EU is to survive in the years to come it must start making a genuine difference for its citizens and become not only a champion for free markets and peace, but also for solidarity, social justice and welfare. He argues that this may not be achievable with the UK continuing as a currently unwilling member of the club.
Feld, Lars P.; Fischer, Justina A. V.; Kirchgassner, Gebhard
Fonte: Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, London School of Economics and Political SciencePublicador: Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, London School of Economics and Political Science
There is an intensive dispute in political economics about the impact of institutions on income redistribution. While the main focus is on comparison between different forms of representative democracy, the influence of direct democracy on redistribution has attracted much less attention. According to theoretical arguments and previous empirical results, government policies of income redistribution are expected to be more in line with median voter preferences in direct than in representative democracies. In this paper, we find that institutions of direct democracy are associated with lower public spending and revenue, particularly lower welfare spending and broad-based income and property (wealth) tax revenue. Moreover, we estimate a model which explains the determinants of redistribution using panel data provided by the Swiss Federal Tax Office from 1981 to 1997 and a cross section of (representative) individual data from 1992. While our results indicate that less public funds are used to redistribute income and actual redistribution is lower, inequality is not reduced to a lesser extent in direct than in representative democracies for a given initial income distribution. This finding might well indicate the presence of efficiency gains in redistribution policies.