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Comunicação política : mediada por redes sociais interativas : educação política do sujeito na sociedade pós-moderna

Cunha, Vanildes Vieira da
Fonte: Repositório Científico Lusófona Publicador: Repositório Científico Lusófona
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
464.9528%
Este trabalho abre uma discussão na área de ciência política, ao analisar os efeitos das mensagens veiculadas na manifestação popular, mobilizada por redes sociais interativas, em especial no dia 17 de junho de 2013, mês de junho, em que o movimento social teve seu ápice. Analisar o movimento popular ocorrido nesse dia e os fatores antecedentes que geraram uma comunicação política inovadora, mobilizada por meio das redes sociais interativas, constitui-se o objetivo deste estudo. A pesquisa teve abordagem qualitativa, com tratamento metodológico do estudo de caso, com sua narrativa e interpretação das mensagens compartilhadas entre os sujeitos participantes do movimento e como eles inferiram a realidade sociopolítica do país. As redes sociais interativas desafiam a comunicação política estruturada e inserem uma comunicação política construída pela iniciativa popular. Seus desdobramentos abriram um precedente para reconhecimento e legitimação da inserção das redes sociais interativas, como espaço público eletrônico, na comunicação política que emana do povo. Essa forma de comunicação política veiculada por RSI abriu uma nova forma de fazer circular os diferentes discursos políticos, a partir da realidade sociopolítica: pensar a sociedade em sua totalidade e preservar os direitos políticos...

Innover en politique : les acteurs internationaux, régionaux et nationaux en stratégies de développement économique en Afrique

Signe Gnechie, Landry Bertino
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
464.60887%
Pourquoi, comment et quand y a-t-il changement institutionnel et politique en Afrique ? En examinant les stratégies de développement économique de l’Afrique postcoloniale et en s’intéressant à l’évolution du rôle de l’État – État comme acteur central du développement, tentative du retrait de l’État, interventionnisme limité au social, retour de l’État dans la sphère économique –, la présente thèse se propose d’expliquer le changement sous l’angle original des innovations politiques et institutionnelles. En effet, derrière l’apparente continuité que la plupart des auteurs tant analytiques que normatifs fustigent, il se produit des innovations dont nous proposons de rendre compte par le biais des variables idéationnelles, stratégiques, temporelles et institutionnelles. Cette thèse propose ainsi une analyse comparative inédite du rôle des acteurs nationaux (élites, États, administrations publiques du Bénin, Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Côte d’Ivoire, Congo, Sénégal, Mali, Niger, Togo), des institutions internationales (FMI, Banque mondiale, ONU) et des organisations d’intégration régionale (Union africaine, NEPAD) dans l’émergence et les trajectoires des stratégies de développement en Afrique. Les contextes temporels favorables...

Leader politique, prise de décision et maladie mentale : une étude exploratoire

Abdul-Rahman, Isabelle
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
464.3796%
Le présent ouvrage s’intéresse à la façon dont la science politique aborde le sujet qu’est le leader, la prise de décision et la maladie mentale. Pour ce faire, la littérature de la discipline ainsi que celles de domaines connexes sont explorées. La recherche nous amène à constater que la science politique n’étudie pas véritablement le sujet et lorsqu’elle le fait, les analyses laissent à désirer. Cependant, d’autres disciplines se sont penchées sur le thème de façon intéressante. Ceci nous conduit à appeler la science politique à étudier avec sérieux le sujet qu’est le leader, la prise de décision et la maladie mentale en s’inspirant du travail fait dans d’autres disciplines, tout particulièrement la psychologie.; In this thesis, an attempt is made to understand how political science studies the subject that is the leader, decision-making and mental illness. To do so, we explore the field’s literature and that of similar domains. This brings us to conclude that the subject is not truly studied in political science and when it is, it could be better. Other academic fields have studied the subject in interesting ways. This leads us to call upon political science to inspire itself by these other fields (particularly psychology) and seriously study the subject that is the leader...

High-ranked social science journal articles can be identified from early citation information

Stern, David I
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 11 pages
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
544.79914%
Do citations accumulate too slowly in the social sciences to be used to assess the quality of recent articles? I investigate whether this is the case using citation data for all articles in economics and political science published in 2006 and indexed in the Web of Science. I find that citations in the first two years after publication explain more than half of the variation in cumulative citations received over a longer period. Journal impact factors improve the correlation between the predicted and actual future ranks of journal articles when using citation data from 2006 alone but the effect declines sharply thereafter. Finally, more than half of the papers in the top 20% in 2012 were already in the top 20% in the year of publication (2006).

Hard heads and soft hearts: the gendering of Australian political science

Johnson, C.
Fonte: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Publicador: Routledge, Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
467.42574%
Various Australian politicians have argued for the need to combine ‘hard heads and soft hearts’ in politics. Unfortunately, this article argues that that recognition is not yet fully accepted in Australian political science. While there has been a significant progress, both in terms of the number of senior women in the discipline and the gender content of Australian political science, problems still remain. Unfortunately, some of the issues are still those identified by Carole Pateman in her famous 1981 address as President of the Australian Political Studies Association when she noted both the underrepresentation of women in political science and that there was a tendency to define ‘the political’ in narrow ways that excluded the study of women and issues that were of concern to them. This article will explore why political science has been less open to incorporating feminist insights than some other related disciplines. It will analyse a number of issues regarding the gendering of Australian political science. These include narrow definitions of the ‘political’; a continuing implicit (gendered) prioritising of various fields and approaches as ‘hard’ political science and the denigration of other fields as ‘soft’; and the impact of neo-liberalism and the importance of the ‘political’ as a site for constructions of gender identity. It argues that the continuing resistance to ‘reinventing’ political science to take account of gender is particularly concerning given the potential impact on definitions of research ‘excellence’. The article also identifies some areas where more research needs to be done.; Carol Johnson

The future of Political Science

BLONDEL, Jean; VENNESSON, Pascal
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
466.3558%
Political science has developed rapidly in the last half-century, but this has posed at least three serious problems. First, almost no attention has been given to political activity in private bodies: the scope of political analysis is narrowed as a result. Second, the connection between political science and ‘policy analysis’ is wholly unclear, which raises the danger that political science may want to cover too much or too little! Third, political science has always been concerned with norms, yet aims to be a science: this is no easy relationship.; Part of: Special issue : "Forty years of European Political Science"

Climate rhetoric: Constructions of climate science in the age of environmentalism

Lahsen, Myanna Hvid
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
462.7085%
This doctoral thesis analyzes the scientific and political debate about human-induced climate change, popularly known as "global warming," and describes the shaping influence of larger U.S. social dynamics and political entities (Congress, President, federal policies, NGOs, the right-wing, and industry groups) on the climate debate. Environmental concern and new science funding practices have profoundly altered the social dynamics and distribution of resources and recognition within meteorology. At a time where funding for scientific research is more difficult to come by, new levels of status and resources are available to climate modelers. This conflicts with a traditional hierarchy within the sciences which granted theoretical mathematicians and physicists the greatest levels of prestige. The older hierarchy often ranked climate modelers below higher-status scientists, labeling them as "engineers," "technicians," or "computer-operators." While their new status is contested, climate modelers presently enjoy increased levels of access to status, funding, and influence, because they respond to needs of policy makers and the environmentally concerned public. At the same time, empirical meteorologists and scientists in other fields doing less policy-relevant science have found their access to resources reduced--resulting in resentment among some scientists...

Political corruption in the Caribbean Basin: A comparative analysis of Jamaica and Costa Rica

Collier, Michael Wayne
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
465.4003%
Political corruption in the Caribbean Basin retards state economic growth and development, undermines government legitimacy, and threatens state security. In spite of recent anti-corruption efforts of intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations (IGO/NGOs), Caribbean political corruption problems appear to be worsening in the post-Cold War period. This dissertation discovers why IGO/NGO efforts to arrest corruption are failing by investigating the domestic and international causes of political corruption in the Caribbean. The dissertation's theoretical framework centers on an interdisciplinary model of the causes of political corruption built within the rule-oriented constructivist approach to social science. The model first employs a rational choice analysis that broadly explains the varying levels of political corruption found across the region. The constructivist theory of social rules is then used to develop the structural mechanisms that further explain the region's levels of political corruption. The dissertation advances its theory of the causes of political corruption through qualitative disciplined-configurative case studies of political corruption in Jamaica and Costa Rica. The dissertation finds that IGO/NGO sponsored anti-corruption programs are failing because they employ only technical measures (issuing anti-corruption laws and regulations...

Conditional Cash Transfers, Political Participation, and Voting Behavior

Baez, Javier E.; Camacho, Adriana; Conover, Emily; Zárate, Román A.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
462.6837%
This paper estimates the effect of enrollment in a large scale anti-poverty program in Colombia, Familias en Accion, on intent to vote, turnout and electoral choice. For identification the analysis uses discontinuities in program eligibility and variation in program enrollment across voting booths. It finds that Familias en Accion had a positive effect on political participation in the 2010 presidential elections by increasing the probability that program beneficiaries registered to vote and cast a ballot, particularly among women. Regarding voter's choice, the authors find that program participants expressed a stronger preference for the official party that implemented and expanded the program. Overall, the findings show that voters respond to targeted transfers and that these transfers can foster support for incumbents, thus making the case for designing political and legislative mechanisms, as the laws recently passed by the Colombian government, that avoid successful anti-poverty schemes from being captured by political patronage.

Data visualization in political and social sciences

Zinovyev, Andrei
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/08/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
465.39516%
The basic objective of data visualization is to provide an efficient graphical display for summarizing and reasoning about quantitative information. During the last decades, political science has accumulated a large corpus of various kinds of data such as comprehensive factbooks and atlases, characterizing all or most of existing states by multiple and objectively assessed numerical indicators within certain time lapse. As a consequence, there exists a continuous trend for political science to gradually become a more quantitative scientific field and to use quantitative information in the analysis and reasoning. It is believed that any objective analysis in political science must be multidimensional and combine various sources of quantitative information; however, human capabilities for perception of large massifs of numerical information are limited. Hence, methods and approaches for visualization of quantitative and qualitative data (and, especially multivariate data) is an extremely important topic. Data visualization approaches can be classified into several groups, starting from creating informative charts and diagrams (statistical graphics and infographics) and ending with advanced statistical methods for visualizing multidimensional tables containing both quantitative and qualitative information. In this article we provide a short review of existing methods of data visualization methods with applications in political and social science.; Comment: To appear as a "Data Visualization" entry in SAGE "International Encyclopedia of Political Science" by Badie...

Echo chamber amplification and disagreement effects in the political activity of Twitter users

Dyagilev, Kirill; Yom-Tov, Elad
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
462.44293%
Online social networks have emerged as a significant platform for political discourse. In this paper we investigate what affects the level of participation of users in the political discussion. Specifically, are users more likely to be active when they are surrounded by like-minded individuals, or, alternatively, when their environment is heterogeneous, and so their messages might be carried to people with differing views. To answer this question, we analyzed the activity of about 200K Twitter users who expressed explicit support for one of the candidates of the 2012 US presidential election. We quantified the level of political activity (PA) of users by the fraction of political tweets in their posts, and analyzed the relationship between PA and measures of the users' political environment. These measures were designed to assess the likemindedness, e.g., the fraction of users with similar political views, of their virtual and geographic environments. Our results showed that high PA is usually obtained by users in politically balanced virtual environment. This is in line with the disagreement theory of political science that states that a user's PA is invigorated by the disagreement with their peers. Our results also show that users surrounded by politically like-minded virtual peers tend to have low PA. This observation contradicts the echo chamber amplification theory that states that a person tends to be more politically active when surrounded by like-minded people. Finally...

AONDE VAI A TEORIA POLÍTICA?

Ball, Terence
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/12/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
465.12094%
Neste texto o autor propõe uma reavaliação da Teoria Política, a partir da constatação de sua “morte” e, ao mesmo tempo, da revalorização da disciplina a partir de meados dos anos 1970. A resposta do autor consiste em estabelecer uma distinção entre teorizações de primeira e segunda ordens, isto é, entre reflexões sobre as condições gerais de vida política em comum e o estudo dessas reflexões. Em seguida, o autor indica como os fatores que desvalorizaram a teorização normativa em décadas anteriores – em particular a Ciência Política comportamentalista – declinaram, ao mesmo tempo em que novas questões relativas à vida política em comum (nos Estados Unidos: a Guerra do Vietnã, o movimento pelos direitos civis, o movimento feminista) puseram na ordem do dia a disciplina da Teoria Política. O autor encerra o texto lembrando a importância do trabalho em conjunto dos cientistas políticos “empíricos” e dos teóricos políticos “normativos”, como sendo relativos a dois aspectos estreitamente relacionados de um mesmo fenômeno – como cientistas e como cidadãos. WHITER POLITICAL THEORY? Abstract In this text the author proposes a reappraisal of Political Theory, based on the statement of its “death” and...

Aprendendo com os erros dos outros: o que a história da ciência política americana tem para nos contar

Feres Jr., João
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/09/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
466.02695%
Este artigo pretende mostrar que a análise da história da Ciência Política americana pode nos ajudar a pensar criticamente as Ciências Sociais no Brasil. A versão historiográfica dominante, representada por John Gunnell e outros, ignora o papel ideológico e antidemocrático que a Ciência Política behaviorista assumiu durante a Guerra Fria, enquanto histórias mais críticas são mantidas à margem da disciplina. Essa situação espelha o arranjo institucional da própria Ciência Política, que promove o isolamento da sub-área de teoria política das outras sub-áreas mais "científicas". Abstract This article aims to show that the analysis of the history of American Political Science can help us think critically Social Sciences in Brazil. The dominating historyographic version, represented by John Gunnell and others, ignores the ideological and antidemocratic role that behaviorist Political Science assumed during the Cold War, while more critical historical approaches are kept on the margins of the discipline. This situation mirrors the institutional arrangement of Political Science itself, which promotes the isolation of the sub area of political theory from other more "scientific" sub areas. Résumé Cet article tient à montrer que l'analyse de l'histoire de la Science Politique américaine peut nous aider à réfléchir critiquement sur les Sciences Sociales au Brésil. La version historiographique prioritaire...

Article: Political Sociology, Political Science and "rational choice"; Artigo: Sociologia Política, Ciência Política e "escolha racional"

Reis, Fabio Wanderley; Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
463.9855%
This lecture seeks to specify the characteristic focus of a political science, as opposed to the idea of a Political Science and its pretension of autonomy and of the perspective of a "rational choice", as a singularly important effort of abstract and general theorization. It is claimed that, despite the fact that there is a conventional view that seeks to relate the political phenomena to the levei of the State, both the appropriate definition of politics and the explanation of political phenomena, as well as the substantive or theoretical problems with the implementation and operation of democracy, refer to the social context, thus making "political science" and "political sociology" synonyms.; A palestra procura especificar o foco característico de uma Sociologia Política, em confronto com o de uma Ciência Política com pretensões de autonomia e com o da perspectiva da "escolha racional" como esforço singularmente importante de teorização abstrata e generalizante. Sustenta-se que, apesar de certa visão convencional procurar vincular os fenômenos políticos com o plano do Estado, tanto a definição apropriada da política quanto a explicação dos fenômenos políticos, bem como os próprios problemas substantivos ou teóricos relativos à implantação e à operação da democracia...

Book review: The science of evaluation: a realist manifesto

Buhagiar, Lawrence
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/06/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
544.79914%
"The Science of Evaluation: A Realist Manifesto." Ray Pawson. SAGE. February 2013. --- Evaluation researchers are tasked with providing the evidence to guide programme building and to assess its outcomes. They labour under the highest expectations – bringing independence and objectivity to policy making. Have these efforts produced a progressive, cumulative and authoritative body of knowledge that we might think of as evaluation science? This is the question addressed by Ray Pawson. Lawrence Buhagiar finds that this book certainly deserves to be widely read and discussed.

Book review: Lives in science: how institutions affect academic careers

Miller, Jennifer
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/04/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
544.79914%
What can we learn when we study people across the course of their professional lives? Joseph C. Hermanowicz asks this question specifically about scientists, and in Lives in Science he tracks fifty-five physicists through different stages of their careers at a variety of universities across the country. He explores these scientists’ shifting perceptions of their jobs to uncover the meanings they invest in their work, when and where they find satisfaction, how they succeed and fail, and how the rhythms of their work change as they age. Jennifer Miller believes the book deserves the attention of anyone interested in the sociology of science.

Book Review: Wicked intelligence: visual art and the science of experiment in Restoration London

Marples, Alice
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/12/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
543.75414%
"Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London." Matthew C. Hunter. University of Chicago Press. October 2013. --- In late seventeenth-century London, the most provocative images were produced not by artists, but by scientists. Magnified fly-eyes drawn with the aid of microscopes, apparitions cast on laboratory walls by projection machines, cut-paper figures revealing the “exact proportions” of sea monsters—all were created by members of the Royal Society of London, the leading institutional platform of the early Scientific Revolution. Wicked Intelligence aims to reveal that these philosophers shaped Restoration London’s emergent artistic cultures by forging collaborations with court painters, penning art theory, and designing triumphs of baroque architecture such as St Paul’s Cathedral. Reviewed by Alice Marples.

Re-conceptualising party-centred politics in terms of "market." A relationship marketing approach.

Johansen, Helene P.M
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
467.77793%
This study is an inter-disciplinary theoretical endeavour which situates itself at the interface between marketing and political science and which contributes to both political marketing and political science perspectives. It emerges from the proposition that there are important differences between the workings of party-centred political systems as practiced in many of the well established democracies in Northern/Western Europe and candidate-centred systems such as in the United States. The latter are characterised predominantly by self-introduced political entrepreneurs who capture the nomination of a political party while the former are mainly constructed around the workings of membership parties that allow, encourage and facilitate party members' and associated members' participation in intra-party production processes (of policy and representatives). While these differences are acknowledged by interested political marketing and political science scholars, such insights have yet to penetrate at the level of theory. As a result, significant aspects of party-centred political realities are rendered theoretically invisible or they are misrepresented in these literatures. This study aimed to remedy these shortcomings through the application and extension of an alternative marketing framework - that is...

Hobbes, metaphor and political thought.

Willson-Quayle, James
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1991 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
465.1904%
The thesis examines the role of metaphor in political thought and, in particular, in the work of the British philosopher Thomas Hobbes. It is argued that, contrary to what many critics have suggested, Hobbes's use of images, metaphorical and otherwise, formed the basis for much of his political philosophy. Indeed, it is from a correct understanding of the use of the metaphoric image in political thought that varied Hobbesian concerns such as history, science, geometry, optics, poetry, and political philosophy can be united. Appropriately, chapter one narrates four distinct traditions of applying the subject of metaphor to philosophy. It is argued that, far from being marginal to political thought, metaphor partially forms the basis for much of the activity of political thinking. The second chapter develops a theory of the meaning of political metaphors. It is argued here that many twentieth century accounts of the meaning of metaphors are deficient for they fail to acknowledge how metaphorical images are used in political thought: namely, to unite the populace in a common political judgment. The remainder of the thesis is then devoted to the work of Thomas Hobbes. Based upon an understanding of political metaphor as outlined in the first two chapters...

Political science contra a democracia: a formação de uma tradição

Bianchi, Álvaro
Fonte: CESOP/UNICAMP Publicador: CESOP/UNICAMP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares; Pesquisa qualitativa Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/10/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
466.02695%
O artigo analisa os anos de formação da Political Science nos Estados Unidos. A bibliografia tem destacado três características que constituíram o cerne de uma tradição estadunidense nesse campo de estudos: 1) o compromisso com os princípios do liberalismo, 2) o enfoque institucionalista e 3) a afirmação do caráter científico de seu empreendimento. De modo ainda pouco elaborado essas características estão presentes em uma “citizen literature” no final do século XVIII, mas é no processo de institucionalização da ciência política, na segunda metade do século XIX, elas são definidos de modo mais preciso tornando-se marcas distintivas dessa ciência nos Estados Unidos. A presente investigação apresenta como essas características se manifestaram no surgimento da Political Science e argumenta que para melhor compreendê-la é preciso destacar uma quarta característica: a desconfiança para com a democracia e o povo. Abstract:The article analyzes the formation years of Political Science in the United States. The bibliography has highlighted three characteristics that would be the core of an American tradition in this study field: 1) the commitment to the principle of liberalism, 2) the institutionalist approach...