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O contributo de Maquiavel para o desenvolvimento da politologia

Fernandes, António José
Fonte: Edições Universitárias Lusófonas Publicador: Edições Universitárias Lusófonas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
459.16082%
A Politologia, entendida como «a observação, análise, comparação, sistematiza - ção e explicação dos factos e dos acontecimentos políticos e dos seus efeitos nas sociedades», nasceu na Antiguidade grega. O estudo dos fenómenos políticos foi continuado e desenvolvido, ao longo dos tempos, pelas reflexões de numerosos politólogos. n este ensaio faz-se um estudo da vida e da obra de n icolau Maquiavel, numa exposição paralela que permite compreender, passo a passo, de que forma e com que intensidade a vida profissional do florentino se refletiu no seu pensa - mento político e na sua obra. Procede-se, de seguida, ao estudo das obras de Maquiavel e dos seus reflexos e efeitos políticos e sociais, permitindo aquilatar o real contributo de Maquiavel para o desenvolvimento da Ciência Política.; Politology, understood as «the observation, analysis, comparison, systemati - zation and explanation of the political facts and events and of their effects on societies», originated in Ancient Greece. The study of political phenomena was continued and developed, over time, by the the reflections of many political scientists. In this essay, a study of the life and work of n iccolo Machiavelli is done in a pa - rallel approach that allows us to understand...

Tradução de termos simples, expressões fixas e semifixas em ciência política e economia política: um estudo baseado em corpus

Serpa, Talita; Camargo, Diva Cardoso de
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 105-135
Português
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460.67668%
This study discusses translations in English concerning the areas of Political Science and Political Economy, written by Fernando Henrique Cardoso & Enzo Falleto; and Antonio Carlos Bresser-Pereira. Our research project draws on CorpusBased Translation Studies (BAKER, 1993, 1995, 1996, 2000; CAMARGO, 2005, 2007), Corpus Linguistics (BERBER SARDINHA, 2004; TOGNINI-BONELLI, 2001) and on some concepts of Terminology (BARROS, 2004; KRIEGER & FINATTO, 2004). For compiling the comparable corpora in Portuguese and in English, we selected articles from Brazilian journals and from international journals of Political Science and Political Economy. We also present four samples of bilingual glossaries with the terms of these subareas in their cotexts.; Este estudo discute as traduções em língua inglesa de obras das subáreas de Ciência Política e Economia Política originalmente escritas em português pelos teóricos Fernando Henrique Cardoso & Enzo Falleto; e Antonio Carlos Bresser-Pereira. Para tanto, fundamentamo-nos nos Estudos da Tradução Baseados em Corpus (Baker, 1993, 1995, 1996, 2000; Camargo, 2005, 2007), na Linguística de Corpus (Berber Sardinha, 2004; Tognini-Bonelli, 2001) e, em parte, na Terminologia (Barros, 2004; Krieger & Finatto...

A política na rede: percepções dos estudantes de ciências da comunicação, ciência política, jornalismo e sociologia sobre os políticos no facebook

Vinagre, Carla Marisa Duarte
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 05/11/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Mestrado em Informática Aplicada à Sociedade da Informação e do Conhecimento; Entre os milhões de utilizadores do Facebook encontram-se muitos elementos da classe política. Um pouco por todo o mundo, os políticos foram-se transformando em nós desta rede social que emergiu, ela própria, da organização da sociedade numa lógica de rede. A presença em sites de redes sociais tem-lhes conferido a possibilidade de estabelecer uma comunicação directa com os cidadãos, sem ser mediada pelos media. Essa comunicação ocorre numa altura em que os cidadãos, particularmente os mais jovens, demonstram uma crescente vontade de assumir compromissos cívicos no contexto online. Tendo em conta a possibilidade de aproximação entre a classe política e os cidadãos jovens desencadeada pela presença de ambos em redes sociais, o presente trabalho averigua “Em que medida é que o Facebook é um meio utilizado pelos estudantes do ensino superior – dos cursos de Ciências da Comunicação, Ciência Política, Jornalismo e Sociologia – para obter e gerar informação política?”. Para tal realizou-se um questionário onde se inquiriu 332 estudantes universitários, de ambos os géneros, a frequentar o 2.º ou o 3.º ano dos cursos referidos. Os resultados obtidos revelaram que o Facebook é sobretudo utilizado por estes estudantes para obter informação não política/governamental. Ainda assim...

Popular Trust, Mistrust, and Approval: Measuring and Understanding Citizens’ Attitudes Toward Democratic Institutions

Superti, Chiara
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
Português
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461.07168%
High levels of political trust and approval are believed to be the basis of a healthy democracy. Attempts to gauge citizens’ political attitudes have flourished in the past decades, but political science has yet to converge on a valid – and cross-nationally comparable – measure of popular political approval. Meanwhile, from New York City’s Zucconi Park to Istanbul’s Gezi Park, from Madrid’s Puerta Del Sol to Cairo’s Tahrir square, popular political discontent is on the rise and historic manifestations of it remain difficult to interpret, reverse, or anticipate. The essays in this manuscript introduce a new measure of political approval and propose a different institutional interpretation of the determinants of political trust. The first essay, “Individual Blank Voting, Mobilized Protest Voting, and Voting Abstention,” compares different forms of electoral dissent – individual blank voting, mobilized null voting, and voting abstention – across Italy and in the Basque Country of Spain. It demonstrates that the least studied of the three – blank voting – expresses the most conscious and educated rejection of political candidates, parties, and electoral systems. The second essay, “Measuring Discontent and Predicting Trouble...

Politics in extraordinary times : a study of the reaction of political parties and elites to terrorism

Chowanietz, Christophe
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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459.93625%
Cette thèse porte sur le comportement des élites politiques durant les périodes de crise nationale et plus particulièrement sur leurs réactions aux attentats terroristes. Elle démontre que les crises terroristes sont tout comme les conflits militaires ou diplomatiques propices aux unions nationales et notamment aux ralliements des partis d’opposition auprès du gouvernement. L’analyse statistique d’actes terroristes s’étant produits dans cinq états démocratiques (Allemagne, Espagne, États-Unis d’Amérique, France et Royaume-Uni) entre 1990 et 2006 révèle que l’ampleur d’un attentat en termes de pertes humaines ainsi que la répétition de ces attentats influencent dans une large mesure la réaction des élites politiques. Ainsi plus l’ampleur d’un attentat est élevée, plus la probabilité d’un ralliement est grande. En revanche, la multiplication des attentats augmente la possibilité de dissension entre l’opposition et le gouvernement. Par ailleurs, l’opposition est plus susceptible de se rallier au gouvernement lorsque l’attentat est perpétré par des terroristes provenant de l’étranger. L’analyse quantitative indique également que l’existence d’un accord formel de coopération dans la lutte antiterroriste entre le gouvernement et l’opposition favorise l’union des élites. Enfin...

The illusion of history : time and its absence in the radical political imagination.; Time and its absence in the radical political imagination.

Russ, Andrew
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2007 Português
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This thesis is a study of the imaginative rationale governing three figureheads of the radical political imagination, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Karl Marx and Michel Foucault." "[It] focuses upon Kant’s contribution to political and moral philosophy in the limited sense of its critical functions, and, as such, concentrates upon the impairment such a radical manifestation of this critical position can exact upon history.; Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Adelaide, School of Humanities, 2007; Title page, table of contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University of Adelaide Library.

Putting European political science back together again

KEATING, Michael
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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460.90883%
Political science is the product of modernity and the nation-state. A dominant tradition within it has striven for a positivistic and universal form of understanding, based on the individual actor. Developments in recent years have questioned our understanding of modernity, universalism, science, and the nation-state. Political science has responded in two ways: by reinforcing the positivist approach, or by adopting various forms of intepretivism. This has created an artificial division within the discipline. Political scientists can overcome this artificial divide by looking outside the discipline. There are promising developments in this direction but these are inhibited by trying to confine them within the dominant positivist mode. They have also responded by borrowing from neighbouring disciplines, but in doing so, they have too often appropriated concepts in simplified form or coined empty concepts. They need to take neighbouring disciplines more seriously and work across disciplinary boundaries. A pluralistic approach is possible, which neither seeks a grand synthesis of all the social sciences, nor sees them as independent and self-standing, but which encourages cross-fertilization and combinations of approaches. The existence of distinct European national and disciplinary traditions...

Immigrant Political Mobilisation in Portugal and Italy

PIRES, Sonia
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
462.1751%
Political mobilisation of immigrants has been a subject of research throughout Europe with different sorts of approach. In this thesis, we make a revision of the extensive literature on the issue. Several perspectives have been developed that we use to frame our research design. We use an institutional approach to analyse immigrant and pro-immigrant political mobilisation in two countries: Portugal and Italy. We use two empirical sets of data to give a general overview of immigrant political mobilisation, on the one hand, and in-depth analysis of political mobilisation with different sorts of actors, on the other hand. We use a political opportunities structures approach for each country, analysing the immigration and immigrant laws in the nineties and beginning of the current decade. We continue with the anaysis of two immigrant groups for each country, comparing political mobilisation forms, frames, identities and repertoires of action promoted by those immigrant groups. This sort of case study approach allows discerning differences and comon aspects among both groups. We finally analyse the civil society structure for each country with the intend to establish the kind of civil society structure and how each state configuration conditions the political mobilisation of proimmigrant actors. Our main findings outline the importance of both factors: the political opportunity structures and immigrant group characteristics. We find different paths to political mobilisation for each immigrant group in each country.; Defense date: 14/05/2010; Examining Board: Prof. Donatella della Porta...

Omitted Encounters: The early political thought of Hannah Arendt and Leo Strauss

KEEDUS, Liisi
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
460.5596%
Defense date: 28/01/2010; Examining Board: Prof. Martin Van Gelderen, Supervisor, European University Institute Prof. Steven Aschheim, Hebrew University, Jerusalem Prof. Raymond Geuss, Cambridge University Prof. Bo Stråth, Helsinki University; It is my contention that a historically and thus philosophically accurate understanding of Arendt’s and Strauss’s projects cannot be gained without knowledge of the debates and controversies that shaped their early thought. I will also argue that it is insufficient to limit such a reconstruction to a single or few contemporary figures of influence, or even more so, to their engagement with the canon of philosophy or the 'problem of modernity'. Instead, Arendt’s and Strauss’s intellectual and political maturation took place in the broader context of a variety of overlapping contemporary conceptual fields, conventions and concerns. By reconstructing the unfolding of Arendt’s and Strauss’s scholarly and political outlook against the background of these discursive contexts, I hope to show that what are often understood as their critiques of modernity - and confronted as such, in this general sense, or used as a source of inspiration - emerged from their engagement with these particular disputes. Alongide the ways in which the conventions and concerns of their time influenced their philosophical and political sensibilities...

Re-thinking the political : political theory and the pursuit of stability (a liberal republican perspective)

BALCELLS, Joan
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
461.49977%
Defense Date: 06/02/2010; Examining Board: Prof. Christine Chwaszcza, European University Institute (Supervisor) Prof. Bauböck, Rainer, European University Institute Prof. Richard Bellamy, University College London Prof. Joan Vergés-Gifra, Universitat de Girona; This thesis analyzes the role of 'stability' in political theory, from the perspective of liberal-republican debates. The thesis is structured in three different parts. Part I is a systematic reconstruction of historical sources of virtue ethics and republicanism. The analytical focus is placed on Aristotle’s and Machiavelli’s conceptions of stability (i.e. the avoidance of stasis), and their relevance for thinking on political issues. This investigation into the legacies of republican theory aims to show the multiple faces of republican 'stability' by stressing the differences between the Aristotelian and the Machiavellian projects. Part II studies the contemporary controversies between republican and liberal understandings of political theory. Instead of approaching the subject in adversarial terms, I try to reconcile one perspective and the other by focusing the attention on methodological issues rather than on ideological disagreements. In order to shed light into these theoretical interconnections between liberal and republican standpoints...

The importance of language : the impact of linguistic vitality on intergroup tensions

Medeiros, Mike
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
460.90883%
Cette thèse vise à mieux comprendre les tensions ethniques. Ceci est fait en explorant, dans une étude en quatre parties, l'une de ses caractéristiques les plus importantes mais sévèrement négligées: la langue. S’inspirant des traditions de recherche de la sociolinguistique, de la psychologie sociale et de la science politique, cette thèse fournit une analyse en profondeur de l'influence de la langue sur les relations intergroupes. Elle le fait, spécifiquement, en se concentrant sur l'influence que la vitalité linguistique, la santé sociale d'une langue, a sur les tensions sociales. Cette thèse propose un cadre théorique dans lequel le niveau de vitalité linguistique contribue à générer des griefs culturels qui ont une incidence par la suite sur les relations intergroupes. Le premier article explore la relation macro entre la vitalité linguistique et l'intensité des conflits intergroupes. Les résultats, dérivés de données de l'Atlas UNESCO des langues en danger dans le monde et du projet Minorities at Risk (MAR), démontrent une relation curvilinéaire où les niveaux bas et élevé de vitalité linguistique génèrent une intensité inférieure au niveau modéré de vitalité. Ces résultats confirment que la vitalité linguistique est un déterminant important des tensions ethniques fondées sur la langue d'une manière générale...

Alliance Politics in Hybrid Regimes : Political Stability and Instability since World War II

Gagné, Jean-François
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
459.93625%
Cette thèse étudie la stabilité et l’instabilité politique des régimes hybrides. Elle pose la question suivante : dans quelles conditions l’autorité des élites au pouvoir est-elle reconnue ou contestée? Notre réponse s’articule en lien avec le caractère inclusif ou exclusif de la coalition dirigeante : c’est-à-dire, l’alliance stratégique des élites dirigeantes avec les groupes sociaux dominants. L’inclusion de ces derniers favorise le consentement et la stabilité; leur exclusion entraîne l’affrontement et l’instabilité politique. Sa composition dépend (i) du degré de violence organisée extra-légale et (ii) du degré de pénétration de l’État sur le territoire et dans l’économie. La première variable permet d’identifier quel groupe social au sein de l’État (militaires) ou du régime (partis d’opposition) est dominant et influence les formes de communication politique avec les élites dirigeantes. La deuxième variable permet d’identifier quel groupe social au sein de l’État (fonctionnaires) ou de la société (chefs locaux) est dominant et oriente les rapports entre les régions et le pouvoir central. L’apport de la recherche est d’approfondir notre compréhension des institutions politiques dans les régimes hybrides en mettant l’accent sur l’identité des groupes sociaux dominants dans un contexte donné. La thèse propose un modèle simple...

The High Court of Australia and political science: A revised historiography and new research agenda

Turner, Ryan
Fonte: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
460.67668%
The judiciary has not been the subject of sustained scrutiny within the political science discipline. The High Court plays a central role in the Australian political system, however, and the exercise of judicial power has far reaching consequences for the legislative and executive branches of government. This article presents a historiography of the study of the High Court by political scientists, using Helen Irving’s ‘The Constitution and the judiciary’ as a foil. In order to foster cross-disciplinary study and research within the political science discipline, this article concludes by setting out a new research agenda for the future study of the High Court and the law by political scientists. This research agenda provides new insights into (among other topics) how judges exercise power and the changing relationship between the judiciary and the legislative and executive branches.

Feminist Political Science and Feminist Politics

Sawer, Marian
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
460.90883%
This article moves away from issues of the impact of women and feminist scholarship on political science to examine the relationship of feminist political science to a political constituency. It traces the trajectory of feminist political science from its

A tale of three disciplines: Navigating the Boundaries at the Nexus of Conservation Science, Policy, and Practice

Hickey, Valerie
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 28301870 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 Português
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Nature is under immediate and increasing threat. Tales of destruction and deforestation abound despite the myriad interventions and investments by government bureaucracies, non-government organizations, and private land-owners. As the extinction crisis looms larger and demands on the public purse grow greater, understanding how science becomes policy and policy practice is more important than ever. As a result, and in response to the increasing insularity of conservation biology that has consciously nourished a careful separation of knowledge and action, of scientist and actor, I use this dissertation to navigate the nexus of conservation science, policy, and practice. I employ case studies in forest hydrology and species conservation, as well as cognitive theory, to examine how conservation science becomes policy. I collected field data from Lake Mead National Recreation Area and from the World Bank to explore how policies are translated into practice.

Current assumptions in conservation biology apportions these three separate but equal disciplines - science, policy, and practice - into one greater and two lesser, one that is pure and two that are sticky. But the transmission of knowledge from the Academy to the domains of conservation policy and practice...

Political Competition and the Regulation of Foreign Direct Investment

Dorobantu, Sinziana Paulina Ruxandra
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 1552692 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2010 Português
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460.5596%

This dissertation examines the variation in the choice of FDI regulations. Why do some countries restrict the entry and operations of foreign MNEs while others permit and even seek inward FDI? What factors determine the choice of FDI regulations and what conditions are likely to bring about their reform? This study identifies the political dynamics leading to the improvement or deterioration of investment climates in transition economies and beyond.

I argue that FDI policies depend on the level of political competition and the anticipated distributional implications of FDI liberalization for the main constituencies that back the government in office. Democratic governments, which derive political power from domestic workers who benefit from investments by foreign firms, liberalize FDI regulations. By contrast, non-democratic leaders, who fear that FDI would upset the balance of domestic economic power and undermine the privileged position of domestic industrialists who support the regime, continue to restrict foreign investment.

I examine the choice of FDI regulations using a newly constructed database of FDI regulations in 28 transition economies between 1989 and 2008, an index of investment freedom available for a worldwide sample starting in 1994...

Critical Realism: an Ethical Approach to Global Politics

Lee, Ming-Whey Christine
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 1847641 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 Português
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460.5596%

My dissertation, Critical Realism: An Ethical Approach to Global Politics, investigates two strands of modern political realism and their divergent ethics, politics, and modes of inquiry: the mid- to late 20th century realism of Hans Morgenthau and E.H. Carr and the scientific realism of contemporary International Relations scholarship. Beginning with the latter, I engage in (1) immanent analysis to show how scientific realism fails to meet its own explanatory protocol and (2) genealogy to recover the normative origins of the conceptual and analytical components of scientific realism. Against the backdrop of scientific realism's empirical and normative shortcomings, I turn to Morgenthau and Carr to appraise what I term their critical realism. I map out the constellation of their political thought by reconstructing the interrelations between (1) the historical crises motivating their writings, (2) their philosophical and methodological criticisms and commitments, (3) their political prescriptions and ethics. My dissertation demonstrates how reading realist texts through the lens of contemporary methodological conventions decisively shapes our theoretical purview, empirical knowledge, and political judgments. Beyond illuminating the underappreciated radical...

Building the Good Life: Architecture and Politics

Aslam, Ali
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
459.93625%

This dissertation examines the relationship between architecture and democratic politics in late-modernity. It identifies the refusal of architects to consider the political dimensions of their work following the failures of 20th century High Modernism and the scant attention that the intersection between architecture and politics has received from political theorists as a problem. In order to address these deficiencies, the dissertation argues for the continued impact of architecture and urban planning on modern subject formation, ethics, and politics under the conditions of de-centralized sovereignty that characterize late-modernity. Following an opening chapter which establishes the mutual relation architectural design and political culture in the founding text of political science, Aristotle's Politics, the dissertation offers a genealogical critique of modern architectural design and urban planning practices. It concludes that modern architecture shapes individual and collective political possibilities and a recursive relationship exists between the spaces "we" inhabit and the people that "we" are. In particular, it finds that there is a strong link between practices of external circulation and the interior circulation of thoughts about the self and others. The dissertation concludes by proposing a new understanding of architecture that dynamically relates the design of material structures and the forms of political practices that those designs facilitate. This new definition of architecture combines political theorist Hannah Arendt's concept of "world-building action" with the concept of the "threshold" developed and refined by Dutch architects Aldo van Eyck and Herman Hertzberger.

; Dissertation

A critique of communitarianism with reference to post-revolutionary Iran

Dalacoura, Katerina
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /01/2002 Português
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459.36625%
How do the terms ‘community’ and ‘communitarianism’ apply in non-Western contexts? How useful are they as social science terms in understanding Iranian and, generally, Middle Eastern politics? What is the impact of communitarianism as a political project in one of the few countries where it has been tried, namely Iran after the Revolution of 1979? This article seeks answers to these questions as a way of modestly advancing the liberal-communitarian debate in international relations theory. Its argument, built on limited but precise evidence, is that the concept of ‘community’ suffers from irremediable conceptual problems and ambiguities and that the project of communitarianism has pernicious political implications. The critique is in three parts. The first points to the inapplicability of the term ‘community’ to national society and its superfluousness as a social science term, using Iran and the Middle East as testing grounds. The second part develops the anti-essentialist argument on Islam and culture as a way of refuting the essence of ‘community’. The third part is an exposition of the links between ‘community’ as a political project in Iran with ideology, hierarchy and corruption.

Elinor Ostrom's legacy: governing the commons, and the rational choice controversy

Forsyth, Tim; Johnson, Craig
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing for the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague Publicador: Blackwell Publishing for the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2014 Português
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Elinor Ostrom had a profound impact on development studies through her work on public choice, institutionalism and the commons. In 2009, she became the first — and so far, only — woman to win a Nobel Prize for Economics (a prize shared with Oliver Williamson). Moreover, she won this award as a political scientist, which caused controversy among some economists. She committed her professional life to expanding traditional economic thinking beyond questions of individualistic rational behaviour towards a greater understanding of self-regulating cooperative action within public policy. In particular, she organized the University of Indiana’s Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis with her husband, Vincent Ostrom, and the International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC). She also earned the reputation of a loyal and caring colleague and mentor. She donated much money to the University of Indiana, including her Nobel Prize money. The purpose of this article is to identify and discuss Elinor Ostrom’s legacy in international development. Rather than being a simple obituary, this article also seeks to review the tensions arising from her work, especially concerning the debate about institutions and the commons...