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Fragmentos da historia e da memoria da psicologia no mundo do trabalho no Brasil : relações entre a industrialização e a psicologia

Julia Maria Casulari Motta
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/10/2004 Português
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O propósito deste trabalho é contribuir para o conhecimento da História e da Memória da Psicologia no mundo do trabalho, buscando relações entre o processo de industrialização brasileira e a Psicologia. A seleção deste objeto de estudo decorreu da minha posição, que reconhece a Psicologia como fruto da história enquanto constituinte da história, na medida em que exprime o homem, seus valores, seus vínculos e suas relações, expressando o que se constrói entre o coletivo e a subjetividade. A escolha do campo da Psicologia no mundo do trabalho vem da necessidade de compreender a constituição desta Psicologia e o processo de modernização brasileira. Para a realização deste objetivo, delimitei os três estados ? São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro e Minas Gerais ? como campo de pesquisa, e tomei como objeto de estudo arqueológico histórico quatro instituições: o Instituto de Organização Racional do Trabalho ? IDORT (1931), em São Paulo, a primeira instituição psicométrica a se constituir relacionada ao aceleramento da industrialização; o Instituto de Seleção e Orientação Profissional ? o ISOP (1947), no Rio de Janeiro, criado pela FGV (1944) e que, mais tarde, tornou-se o primeiro curso de pós-graduação em Psicologia; o Serviço de Orientação e Seleção Profissional ? o SOSP (1949)...

Cultural Intelligence: Extending the Nomological Network

Sawhney, Ena
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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This dissertation consists of three independent studies, which study the nomological network of cultural intelligence (CI)—a relatively new construct within the fields of cross-cultural psychology and organizational psychology. Since the introduction of this construct, CI now has a generally accepted model comprised of four codependent subfactors. In addition, the focus of preliminary research within the field is on understanding the new construct’s correlates and outcomes. Thus, the goals for this dissertation were (a) to provide an additional evaluation of the factor structure of CI and (b) to examine further the correlates and outcomes that should theoretically be included in its nomological network. Specifically the model tests involved a one-factor, three-factor, and four-factor structure. The examined correlates of CI included the Big Five personality traits, core self-evaluation, social self-efficacy, self-monitoring, emotional intelligence, and cross-cultural experience. The examined outcomes also included overall performance, contextual performance, and cultural adaption in relation to CI. Thus, this dissertation has a series of 20 proposed and statistically evaluated hypotheses. The first study in this dissertation contained the summary of the extant CI literature via meta-analytic techniques. The outcomes of focus were significantly relevant to CI...

The attribution of motives to organizational citizenship behaviors: The influence of personality, gender and ethnicity

Alonso, Alexander
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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A major area of research in the realm of Industrial/Organizational Psychology is the exploration of specific job performance behaviors such as organizational citizenship behaviors (GCBs). However, there is a dearth of research examining how peers react to OCBs and the performers of such behaviors. Bolino noted that determining how people attribute motives to these OCBs is an important yet unanswered question in industrial/organizational psychology. The present study attempted to provide insight on what observer (or rater) traits affect the motives attributed to organizational citizenship behaviors. In particular, the effects of personality traits such as the Big Five personality factors, self-monitoring, individualism-collectivism, negative affectivity and identity factors such as cultural mistrust, ethnic orientation, and perceived similarity were examined. A within-subjects survey design was used to collect data on six hypothetical organizational citizenship behaviors from a sample of 369 participants. The gender and ethnicity of the individuals performing the hypothetical organizational citizenship behaviors were manipulated (i.e., male or female; African-American, Hispanic, or White). ^ Results indicated that both similarity (t(368) = 5.13; p .01) and personality factors (R2 = .06 for genuine motives and R2 = .05 for self-serving motives) had an effect on which motive (genuine or self-serving) was attributed to organizational citizenship behaviors. Support was found for an interaction between similarity and the observer's personality trait of conscientiousness when attributing genuine motives to organizational citizenship behaviors. Finally...

Estime de soi et appropriation cognitive du feedback en contexte d’évaluation de potentiel : le rôle de la valence et de l’influence de la source

Savaria, Karine
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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L’estime de soi joue un rôle central lorsqu’il est question de prédire les réactions des individus au feedback. En dépit de son influence indéniable sur les réactions des individus au feedback en contexte d’évaluation de potentiel, peu d’études se sont attardées aux facteurs pouvant en atténuer l’effet dans le cadre d’une telle démarche. Cette thèse vise à combler ce manque à travers deux articles empiriques répondant chacun à plusieurs objectifs de recherche. Dans cette optique, des données ont été amassées auprès de deux échantillons indépendants de candidats (étude 1, N = 111; étude 2, N = 153) ayant réalisé une évaluation de potentiel dans une firme-conseil spécialisée en psychologie industrielle. Le premier article vise à tester deux théories relatives à l’estime de soi s’affrontant lorsqu’il est question de prédire les réactions cognitives au feedback, la théorie de l’auto-valorisation et de l’auto-vérification. Pour mieux comprendre ce phénomène, l’influence de l’estime de soi et de la valence décisionnelle du feedback sur les deux composantes de l’appropriation cognitive du feedback en contexte d’évaluation, l’acceptation et la conscientisation, a été testé. Les résultats soutiennent les postulats de la théorie d’auto-valorisation lorsqu’il est question de prédire l’acceptation du feedback. En contrepartie...

Immersive moodboards, a comparative study of industrial design inspiration material

RIEUF, Vincent; BOUCHARD, Carole; AOUSSAT, Améziane
Fonte: Inderscience Publicador: Inderscience
Português
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A recent trend in our industrial culture has been the gradual emergence of digital tools in various fields of human activity. They aim to reduce development time, cost, or to insure a low error, high quality process. Many fields have been improved thanks to this new computerized approach. This paper is centered on how industrial design could be assisted by virtual reality tools. More specifically it presents a new vision of early design methodologies through immersive technologies. It also presents the results of an experimentation aiming to compare traditional moodboards with a newly developed immersive moodboard. When analyzing and comparing the relationship of the industrial designer to a traditional and an immersive moodboard, our result highlights the fact that immerging the industrial designer in an immersive moodboard induces a high emotional activity without radically modifying the meaning of the represented trend. The moodboard data spatialization stimulates and engages the designer into interacting with the immersive moodboard. The virtual reality system provides the illusion of a potential reality, which can be used by the designer as a reflection basis for his work. We believe that delivering this immersive experience during the early design process will help the industrial designer make style related decisions.; Projet CARNOT

Ensino de psicologia organizacional em cursos da área tecnológica: o que é e o que pode ser

Gonçalves, Cintia Azevedo
Fonte: Ponta Grossa Publicador: Ponta Grossa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
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Acompanha: Guia didático para o ensino de psicologia organizacional com foco na sustentabilidade.; The Organizational Psychology teaching in courses of technological area provides a basis for people management to technologists and engineers who frequently take positions of leadership at work. It's one of the few disciplines of human management that compose the curriculum of this type of course. Starting from a preocuppation with the impact socio-environmental of the management processes, this study aimed at addressing the teaching of Organizational Psychology through strategies that provide reflections about the social and environmental impact of values experienced in the work. The implementation of the proposal aimed: a) create opportunities for students to reflect about the influence that the competitive culture and its underlying values have on the attitudes adopted in the workplace; b) promote reflections about the influence that the values and attitudes cultivated within enterprises exert over the course of technological development and, consequently, in planetary sustainability; c) provide reflections upon the need to problematize the current corporate slogan 'collaborate to compete'; d) identify the contributions of the strategies used for Organizational Psychology teaching using the STS approach; and e) produce a didactical guide for the Organizational Psychology teaching with a focus on the values of sustainability. The work was developed with a 6 th period class of a Food Technology course...

Los Valores, la evolución sociocultural y las organizaciones [recurso electrónico] / Juan Luis Zapata Acevedo

Zapata Acevedo, Juan Luis
Fonte: Universidad EAFIT; Maestría en Administración - MBA; Escuela de Administración. Departamento de Organización y Gerencia Publicador: Universidad EAFIT; Maestría en Administración - MBA; Escuela de Administración. Departamento de Organización y Gerencia
Tipo: masterThesis; Tesis de Maestría; acceptedVersion
Português
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1 CD-ROM; Los valores son los principios que orientan la acción tanto de las organizaciones como de las personas. Toda decisión implica una evaluación de una alternativa frente a otra de acuerdo con un patrón de valoración. Las teorías de evolución psicológica y sociocultural han encontrado que el actuar, y, por lo tanto, los valores de las personas y las organizaciones evolucionan según cambian las condiciones de vida. En una misma organización pueden participar personas con valores correspondientes a épocas socioculturales diferentes. Por lo tanto, los valores que una organización, situada en un contexto moderno racional de mercados competitivos, define en su estrategia corporativa como rectores de sus procesos, no necesariamente coinciden con aquellos valores que motivan realmente las acciones de las personas que la conforman, cuyas condiciones de vida pueden, por ejemplo, acercarse más a las condicionesde una sociedad agrícola pre-industrial o, por el contrario, a las de una sociedad informacional post-industrial. El presente proyecto de investigación pretende, a partir de estas teorías, desarrollar un modelo de evolución sociocultural que permita describir, y ubicar dentro de dicho modelo evolutivo, los valores que rigen el actuar de una organización y de las personas que participan en ella.; Introducción -- 1. Descripción del problema de investigación -- 2. Preguntas de la investigación -- Objetivos -- 4. Estado del arte -- 5. Marco teórico -- 6. Planteamiento metodológico -- 7. Expectativas -- 8. Justificación de la investigación -- 9. Limitaciones de la investigación -- 10. Estrategias de difusión y divulgación -- 11. Usuarios potenciales y sectores beneficiados -- 12. Aspecto administrativo -- 13. Fuentes de consulta -- Anexo -- Lista de tablas

Historicidad crítica de la Psicología Industrial/Organizacional: hacia una nueva psicología del trabajo y las organizaciones

Tania García-Ramos; Departamento de Psicología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Río Piedras; Roberto O. Díaz-Juarbe; Departamento de Psicología Facultad de Ciencias Sociales Universidad de Puerto Rico Recinto de
Fonte: Psicología desde el Caribe Publicador: Psicología desde el Caribe
Tipo: article; publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Português
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R ResumenLa Psicología Industrial/Organizacional (P I/O) enfrenta importantes retos. La creciente polarización e inestabilidad laboral genera profundas transformaciones subjetivas en los trabajadores respecto al valor y significado que asignan al trabajo y a la vida misma. El panorama anterior presenta la urgencia de estudiar de forma crítica el papel histórico de la P I/O y re-plantear el quehacer intelectual de este campo. La principal implicación de esta discusión es la creación de una nueva Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones (PTO) que integre innovadoras coordenadas teóricas y metodológicas para el estudio de los trabajadores en organizaciones y escenarios laborales diversos. Planteamos esta nueva PTO como un campo de estudio transdisciplinario.AbstractIndustrial/Organizational Psychology (I/O P) faces important challenges. Increased polarization and instability of labor generates profound subjective transformations on the value and meaning workers ascribe to work and life. This context presents the need to address critically the historic role of I/O P and to restate the intellectual agenda of this field. The principal implication of this discussion is the creation of a new Psychology of Work and Organizations (PWO) that integrates new theoretical and methodological coordinates to study workers in diverse organizations and scenarios. The new PWO is presented as a trans-disciplinary field.Abst

Realising the richness of psychology theory in contingency-based management accounting research

Hall, Matthew
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 Português
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Psychology theory has been employed extensively in contingency-based management accounting research, but there has been little consideration of how it could be utilised more fruitfully. After analysing prior research, particularly studies published in Management Accounting Research, I identify and discuss five ways to develop the use of psychology theory in contingency-based management accounting research: (1) stronger linkages between individual and organisational-level studies, (2) a more dynamic perspective on relations between management accounting practices and psychological processes, (3) greater use of field studies in contrast to surveys, (4) examination of the interdependencies between management accounting practices and other types of information, and (5) a greater focus on the role of emotions.

Positive psychology leadership coaching experiences in a financial organisation

Cilliers,Frans
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
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ORIENTATION: Organisations are practising leadership coaching more and more from a positive psychology perspective, yielding positive results. The current qualitative research focused on this coaching using work engagement, learned resourcefulness, sense of coherence, self-actualisation and locus of control as constructs. Although the researcher could find no previous research on this combination of constructs, the findings did link to previous studies with other constructs and combinations. RESEARCH PURPOSE:The purpose of this research was to describe the positive psychology leadership coaching experiences of leaders in a large financial organisation. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: The researcher addressed the organisation's need to develop leadership by structuring and presenting a coaching programme. He chose positive psychology as the paradigm and experiential learning as the method to meet the organisation's goal of enabling its leaders to take up their roles with self-awareness, internal motivation and effective interpersonal connections. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: The researcher used a qualitative and descriptive research design with a case study. Leaders attended ten experiential leadership-coaching sessions over three months. The sessions focused on work engagement...

The systems psychodynamic experiences of first-year master's students in industrial and organisational psychology

Cilliers,Frans; Harry,Nisha
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
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ORIENTATION: The researchers described the experiences of first-year master's students in industrial and organisational psychology in terms of their anxiety and basic assumption behaviour. Apart from their academic tasks, they seem to be unconsciously involved in many relationship and relatedness matters. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to describe the systems psychodynamic experiences of first-year master's students in Industrial and Organisational Psychology. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: Academic staff members tend to forget their own experiences as master's students, lose touch with their students' experiences, lose empathy and treat student groups in mechanistic ways. Although the students' conscious tasks and roles are relatively clear, very little is known about their unconscious experiences. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: The researchers used qualitative research involving a case study. They collected the data and conducted their analyses by administering a Listening Post (LP) and discourse analysis. Two themes emerged, from which the researchers formulated their working and research hypotheses. MAIN FINDINGS: The themes related to anxiety and basic assumption behaviour. The research hypothesis referred to students' introjections of emotional incompetence. This resulted in exhaustion. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: More focused attention to the students' emotional experiences...

Psychological experiences in South African society before the 2010 FIFA World Cup from the systems psychodynamic and positive psychology perspectives

Koortzen,Pieter; Oosthuizen,Rudolf M.
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
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ORIENTATION: The researchers conducted a literature review to analyse the assumptions of systems psychodynamics, the Tavistock model of group relations, object relations theory and the most relevant constructs in the systems psychodynamic perspective. They then described the assumptions and most relevant constructs in the positive psychology perspective in order to analyse theoretically the psychological effect of large-scale sports events on a community or country. The objective of the empirical study was to investigate some of the unconscious emotions, fears, anxieties and conflicts (dynamics) that prevailed in South Africa before the 2010 Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup and some of the positive emotional experiences associated with it. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to analyse and describe the psychological experiences of South Africans before the 2010 FIFA World Cup. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: The researchers conducted the study from the systems psychodynamic and positive psychology perspectives. The study comprised a qualitative, explorative and social phenomenological study. The researchers conducted interviews with a wide range of their colleagues and clients. MAIN FINDINGS: The results seemed to indicate that South Africans had had a number of positive and negative experiences before the 2010 FIFA World Cup. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: The researchers presented the findings as a number of systems psychodynamic and positive psychology themes. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: This study presents original research that contributes valuable new knowledge to the positive psychology and systems psychodynamic perspectives.

Towards happiness: experiences of work-role fit, meaningfulness and work engagement of industrial/organisational psychologists in South Africa

van Zyl,Llewellyn E.; Deacon,Elmari; Rothmann,Sebastiaan
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
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ORIENTATION: The work of industrial/organisational (I/O) psychologists presents an interesting and relevant context for studying meaning and engagement as components of happiness. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine how I/O psychologists experience the meaning of their work and to investigate the relationships between their experiences of work-role fit, meaning of work, psychological meaningfulness and work engagement, utilising the happiness framework proposed by Seligman (2002). MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: I/O psychologists spend more than 88% of their working day with people, and they are primary role models for happiness in the workplace. Information about their work engagement and experiences of meaning is therefore needed. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A survey design was used. A convenience sample (n = 106) was taken of I/O psychologists in South Africa. A biographical questionnaire, the Work-Role Fit Scale, the Work-Life Questionnaire, the Psychological Meaningfulness Scale, the Work Engagement Scale and a survey measuring the actual and desired time spent on six broad categories of work were administered. MAIN FINDINGS: Work-role fit predicted psychological meaningfulness and work engagement. The calling orientation to work predicted both psychological meaningfulness and work engagement. Work-role fit mediated the relationship between the meaning of work and psychological meaningfulness. Work-role fit partially mediated the relationship between a calling orientation to work and work engagement. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: A calling orientation to work should be fostered in I/O psychologists because it contributes to experiences of work-role fit...

An overview of industrial and organisational psychology research in South Africa: a preliminary study

Schreuder,Dries; Coetzee,Melinde
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
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ORIENTATION: The generation and development of knowledge for the benefit of the discipline of industrial and organisational psychology by means of research is a core academic focus. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore general research trends in the field of industrial and organisational psychology in South Africa from 1950 to 2008. MOTIVATION FOR STUDY: Research in the field tends to be influenced by either the changing needs of business or the occupational or personal fields of interest of academics, which often lead to an overemphasis on specific subdisciplines at the expense of others. This research aims to critically review dominant trends in the research focus areas in the field, in the light of present challenges in the changing work context. Recommendations are also made for possible future research. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A broad systematic review was carried out to analyse documented published and accredited South African research in the field (n = 2501). MAIN FINDINGS: Although there has been a proportional decline in personnel psychology research since 1990, there has been a proportional increase in both organisational psychology and employee wellness research since 1980 and 1990, respectively. Some areas of the industrial and organisational psychology field appear to be consistently under-researched. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The insights derived from the findings can be used by academia and researchers in the field to plan future research initiatives. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: The findings provide preliminary insights that contribute to the body of knowledge concerned with the industrial and organisational psychology field in the South African context.

The popularisation of Positive Psychology as a defence against behavioural complexity in research and organisations

Cilliers,Frans; May,Michelle
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
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ORIENTATION: Positive Psychology's focus on positive behaviour has resulted in research and organisational consultants to focus relatively more on positive behaviour, thus avoiding negative and often unconscious behaviour and its manifestations. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to explore the systems psychodynamic nature of the manifesting defensive structures operating in Positive Psychology. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: The study investigated the popularity of Positive Psychology amongst academics, students and organisational consultants and the tendency to avoid the complexity of the relatedness between positive and negative as part of the human condition. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: Qualitative research by means of a Listening Post was used, consisting of six psychologists in their roles as lecturers and organisational consultants. Thematic analyses led to the formulation of various working hypotheses, integrated into a research hypothesis. MAIN FINDINGS: Four themes manifested - namely, the manifesting defence mechanisms, a reluctance to relinquish positive psychology as an object of hope, a need to guard against being too hasty in breaking down positive psychology and a need for a psychology that can engage us in a conversation about integrating the complexities of the human condition. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: The findings were linked to Deo Strümpfer's work...

Positive Psychology and the training of psychologists: students' perspectives

Guse,Tharina
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
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ORIENTATION: The development of positive psychology interventions have burgeoned internationally and are relevant to the professional training of psychologists RESEARCH PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the personal and professional impact of including positive psychology in the professional training of clinical and counselling psychologists. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: It is not known how students previously educated in a pathogenic paradigm experience the exposure to positive psychology, and resultant paradigm shift, as part of their professional training RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A qualitative research design was implemented. Data consisted of written documents submitted by the participants and was analyzed by means of thematic analysis. MAIN FINDINGS: Integrating positive psychology in the professional training curriculum was valuable and enriching on both a professional and personal level. The participants reported an experience of positive emotions and increased sense of self-understanding and psychological well-being. Professionally they experienced a sense of increased self-efficacy. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: Positive psychology should be considered as part of the basic training of psychologists since it may enhance the development of trainee psychologists' professional self...

Industrial psychology: Goodness of fit? Fit for goodness?

van Vuuren,Leon J.
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
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ORIENTATION: This theoretical opinion-based paper represents a critical reflection on the relevance of industrial psychology. RESEARCH PURPOSE: Against a historical-developmental background of the discipline, the inquiry questions its goodness of fit, that is its contribution to organisation and society. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: Regular introspection in the discipline ensures that it remains relevant in both science and practice. As such, such introspection calls for a meta-theoretical imperative, to ensure that industrial psychology is fully aware of how the theoretical models applied in the discipline influence people and the society that they form part of RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: The question of industrial Psychology's potential fit for goodness that is broader than what is merely good for the organisation and its employees is explored with a view to enhancing its relevance. The exploration is conducted through the utilisation of theoretical argumentation in which industrial psychology is analysed in terms of contextual considerations that require the discipline to evaluate its real versus its potential contribution to society. MAIN FINDINGS: It is found that the fit is limited to its relevance for inwardly focused organisational behaviour due to its endorsement of the instrumental (strategic) motives of organisations that subscribe to an owner and/or shareholder agenda. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: In light of the main finding...

Biological contributions to well-being: the relationships amongst temperament, character strengths and resilience

Hutchinson,Ann-Marie K.; Stuart,Anita D.; Pretorius,Hester G.
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
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ORIENTATION: Positive psychology emphasises the nurturing of personal strengths, yet little research to date has investigated the role of nature in psychological wellness. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The study aimed to address this dearth by investigating the relationship between temperament, with its biological roots, and psychological well-being and also to ascertain whether character strengths and resilience can be predicted by certain temperament traits. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: Although the biological bases of mental illness have been researched extensively in past studies, there is very little research regarding the biological bases of psychological wellness. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: This quantitative study selected a sample of 620 participants and applied four measuring instruments, namely the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire, the Values in Action - Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS) , the Sense of Coherence scale and the Resilience scale to measure temperament and well-being. Correlations and logistic regression analyses were used to analyse the data. MAIN FINDINGS: There are relationships between certain biologically based temperament traits and the psychological constructs of character strengths and resilience. Logistic regression models...

Theory and practice in Industrial Psychology: Quo vadis?

Augustyn,Johan CD; Cillié,Gawie G
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 Português
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This article critically evaluates the science and practice of industrial psychology. It reaches the conclusion that a major shift in paradigm and mind-set is essential for the discipline to survive. The article discusses assumptions about knowledge within the science and practice of industrial psychology and suggests ways to expand the notion of scientist and practitioner. It also discusses modes of knowledge acquisition within industrial psychology and proposes a post-modern view of the interface between theory and practice. It concludes with suggestions to revitalise the interface between theory and practice.

Industrial psychology students' attitudes towards statistics

Coetzee,Sanet; Merwe,Pieter van der
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
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ORIENTATION: The attitude of students toward statistics may influence their enrolment, achievement and motivation in the subject of research and Industrial Psychology. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to determine the reliability and validity of the survey of attitudes toward statistics (SATS-36) for a South African sample and to determine whether biographical variables influence students' attitudes. MOTIVATION FOR STUDY: Students could be better prepared for, and guided through, a course in statistics if more is known about their attitudes towards statistics. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A cross-sectional survey design was used and the SATS36 was administered to a sample of convenience consisting of 235 students enrolled in Industrial and Organisational Psychology at a large tertiary institution in South Africa. MAIN FINDINGS: Results revealed that even though students perceive statistics to be technical, complicated and difficult to master, they are interested in the subject and believe statistics to be of value. The degree to which students perceived themselves to be competent in mathematics was related to the degree to which they felt confident in their own ability to master statistics. Males displayed slightly more positive feelings toward statistics than females. Older students perceived statistics to be less difficult than younger students and also displayed slightly more positive feelings concerning statistics. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: It seems that in preparing students for statistics...