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Religiosidade e qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de idosos: estudo populacional na cidade de São Paulo; Religiosity and Health Related Quality of Life of elderly people: populational study in Sao Paulo city

Abdala, Gina Andrade
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/12/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
39.374443%
Introdução: Associação entre religiosidade e qualidade de vida tem crescido consideravelmente nos últimos anos. Embora a maioria desses estudos seja de corte transversal e associem-se à qualidade de vida geral, alguns deles demonstraram que a religião ocupa um papel importante nas dimensões da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de idosos. Objetivo: Testar o efeito mediador da religiosidade entre os fatores sociodemográficos e a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de idosos. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo observacional, de corte transversal e de base populacional, desenvolvido como parte do estudo Saúde, Bem Estar e Envelhecimento (SABE). A amostra foi composta por 911 idosos da cidade de São Paulo, com idade mínima de 60 anos, residentes na comunidade. Análises utilizando a Modelagem de Equações Estruturais (MEE) foram realizadas, a fim de verificar o efeito mediador da religiosidade na relação entre variáveis selecionadas e a Qualidade de Vida Relacionada à Saúde (QVRS) dos idosos, com modelos separados para homens e mulheres. Para essas análises, utilizou-se o programa SPSS AMOS (IBM, versão 22). As variáveis independentes selecionadas foram: idade, escolaridadade, funcionalidade familiar (APGAR familiar) e multimorbidade (mais de duas doenças referidas). A variável de desfecho foi a QVRS...

O manejo da dor do existir por meio da religião: uma das possibilidades de encontro consigo mesmo; Management of pain of existence through religion: one possibility of meeting with yourself

Saltareli, Simone
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.44276%
A literatura aponta o crescente interesse acerca da dor e da religião. Concernente com o conceito de dor total e com o referencial da psicofísica, o presente estudo teve como objetivo elaborar o Instrumento de Avaliação de Conteúdos Religiosos (IACOR). Participaram do estudo 240 sujeitos, divididos em seis grupos de acordo com a denominação religiosa (católicos, evangélicos e espíritas) e de acordo com a prática que exercem (afiliados e líderes). A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de entrevista semiestruturada que abarcou os aspectos sociodemográficos e percepções gerais acerca das específicas religiões e por meio de instrumento elaborado com base nas escalas disponíveis da literatura e na nossa experiência. Nas entrevistas foram levantados aspectos referentes à idade, ao sexo, à profissão, à religião anterior e à escolaridade. Foram levantadas as categorias de análise: Tempo de afiliação, Início da prática religiosa e mudanças de afiliação, Responsabilidade pelos atos e relação com a morte, Descrição de Deus, Consciência da existência de experiências profundas, Possibilidade de recompensa, Aumento da fé na proximidade com a morte, Religião como tentativa de explicar as limitações humanas...

Estudo correlacional entre bem-estar espiritual, religiosidade, enfrentamento religioso e espiritual e qualidade de vida de idosos em tratamento hemodialítico; Correlational study between spiritual well-being, religiosity, religion and spiritual coping and quality of life of elderly in hemodialysis treatment

Pilger, Calíope
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/05/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.83659%
Introdução: A religiosidade e a espiritualidade, o enfrentamento religioso e espiritual, crença em algo superior, estão associados com a redução do estresse, à taxas reduzidas de mortalidade, além de melhorar a qualidade de vida (QV) das pessoas. Objetivo Geral: Analisar a relação entre o bem estar espiritual, a religiosidade, o enfrentamento religioso e espiritual, as variáveis sociodemográficas, econômicas, religiosas e de saúde com a QV dos idosos em tratamento hemodialítico do município de Ribeirão Preto - SP. Material e Métodos: Estudo transversal e correlacional, com abordagem quantitativa, desenvolvido nas cinco Unidades de Diálise do município de Ribeirão Preto - SP. Os critérios de inclusão dos participantes foram: ser idoso; possuir Doença Renal Crônica em tratamento hemodialítico regular; ter iniciado o tratamento em um período superior a seis meses, ser capaz de comunicar-se verbalmente e apresentar funções cognitivas preservadas, de acordo com o Mini Exame do Estado Mental. A técnica utilizada para coletar os dados foi à entrevista, na qual foram aplicados os instrumentos: Mini Exame do Estado Mental; Instrumento de caracterização sociodemográfica, econômica, religiosa e de saúde; Escala de Bem Estar Espiritual; Índice de Religiosidade de Duke; Escala de Coping Religioso e Espiritual Abreviada - CRE abreviada; Questionários de Qualidade de Vida WHOQOL bref e WHOQOL-old. Foram realizadas as análises estatísticas descritivas...

Crowdfunding and religiosity : an understanding of the dynamics of religiosity on social lending in Kiva

Pinto, Manuela Vanessa Gonçalves
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 16/09/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.039062%
This dissertation aims to study the discrepancy between academic research and laboratory studies regarding the relationship between the religiosity level of an individual and its engagement with pro-social activities. This study examined the hypothesis that religiosity, spirituality and/or altruistic values would display a pro-social behaviour on on-line micro-lending. A survey of 3928 individuals from the Crowdfunding platform Kiva.org contributed to the understanding of the relationship between religiosity and pro-social behaviour on on-line platforms. Findings in this setting indicate that non-religious individuals display a higher engagement level with online pro-social activities on Kiva than do religious or spiritual individuals. Discussion focused on the discrepancy between in-group and out-group affiliation within religious individuals (different values), as well as feminine and non-feminine targets. This has clear implications for micro-lending platform owners, consumer behaviour, marketing segmentation and targeting of online users.

Quality of life, social functioning, family structure, and treatment history associated with crack cocaine use in youth from the general population

Narvaez,Joana C.M.; Pechansky,Flávio; Jansen,Karen; Pinheiro,Ricardo T.; Silva,Ricardo A.; Kapczinski,Flávio; Magalhães,Pedro V.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
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37.77433%
Objective: To assess the relationship between crack cocaine use and dimensions of quality of life and social functioning in young adults. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, population-based study involving 1,560 participants in Pelotas, Brazil. Crack cocaine use and abuse were investigated using the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) inventory. Outcomes of interest were quality of life, religiosity, and social functioning in terms of education, occupational status, family structure, and medical treatment history. Results: Lifetime crack cocaine use was associated with poor quality of life, worse functioning, impaired academic performance, and lower religious involvement. A greater maternal presence and higher paternal absence were more also more pronounced in crack cocaine users, who were also more likely to seek psychological and psychiatric treatment than the general population. Conclusion: Quality of life was severely impacted by crack cocaine use, especially in terms of general and physical health. Social functioning also differed between the general population and crack users, who had lower educational attainment and religious involvement. Maternal presence, paternal absence, and mental health-seeking behaviors were also more frequent among crack cocaine users...

"There can be no education without religion": Tennessee evangelicals and education, 1875--1925

Israel, Charles Alan
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 387 p.; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.303223%
As host to the infamous Scopes Monkey Trial of 1925, Tennessee has an obvious history of conflict over religion and education. By examining white Tennessee Baptists and Methodists in the half-century leading up to the showdown in Dayton, this dissertation argues that Tennessee's 1925 anti-evolution law and the resulting Scopes trial were less about the truth or falsehood of evolution and more about the important question of the place of parents, churches, and religious belief in New South public education. Furthermore, this investigation of religious attitudes about public schools---the laboratories in which many different forces hoped to shape the future of society---reveals a systematic southern evangelical interest in earthly social relations rarely recognized by previous scholars. From an early opposition to state funded public education as necessarily "godless," Tennessee evangelicals gradually acquiesced, assuming that the schools would reflect the values of their predominantly Protestant local communities. Further, they believed that the home, Sunday school, and denominational college would provide any additional moral leavening necessary for their vision of a religious New South. But as Progressive era school reforms increasingly removed control of education from the hands of parents...

"At a most uncomfortable speed": The desegregation of the South's private universities, 1945--1964

Kean, Melissa Fitzsimons
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 462 p.; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.355789%
This dissertation traces the debate about desegregation on the campuses of five elite private universities in the South from the end of World War II to the early 1960s. The presidents of Duke, Emory, Rice, Tulane, and Vanderbilt, charged with leading these schools to national prominence, quickly grasped that postwar realities---including pressure from federal grantmakers and national philanthropic foundations---would require some measure of racial change if the schools were to advance. In the interest of progress the presidents were willing to accept limited participation by "exceptional" blacks in the life of the university. The critical issue in their eyes was who would control the process of racial change. While acknowledging, some more grudgingly than others, that "outside" pressure for desegregation should be heeded, the presidents insisted that the pace and manner of loosening racial restrictions must remain the decisions of educated southern whites. Many powerful trustees and alumni staunchly opposed even this. These traditionalists strongly defended southern racial customs and fought any attempts to alter them for any reason, even the advancement of the schools they served. With varying degrees of energy and success, the presidents mediated between the proponents of progress and tradition...

William Louis Poteat, "A thinker in the South": Religion, reform, and education in the Progressive-Era South

Hall, Randal Lee
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 470 p.; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.787747%
William Louis Poteat (1856-1938) was a prominent educator, Progressive reformer, and leader in the Baptist denomination in North Carolina. He was the son of a slaveholder and grew up on a large tobacco plantation in Caswell County, North Carolina. From 1872 until 1877 he attended Wake Forest College, a Baptist school near Raleigh. He returned there in 1878 as a tutor and soon became a largely self-taught professor of biology. His introduction to modern science forced him to liberalize somewhat his conservative religious beliefs. He was a rarity in the South for openly teaching evolution beginning in the 1880s and was widely known among Southern Baptists for his advocacy of social Christianity. He led numerous campaigns for reform during the Progressive era on subjects including prohibition, public education, child labor, race relations, care of the insane, and eugenics. From 1905 until 1927 he served as president of Wake Forest College and guided the college based on a philosophy of Christian culture, a contrast to the zeal for practical training that simultaneously swept through the New South's state universities. In 1920 conservative Tarheel Baptists began to criticize Poteat for teaching his liberal (for the region) views on science and religion. He withstood assaults in 1920...

Evolutionary origins of human brain and spirituality

Henneberg, M.; Saniotis, A.
Fonte: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung Publicador: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.272378%
Evolving brains produce minds. Minds operate on imaginary entities. Thus they can create what does not exist in the physical world. Spirits can be deified. Perception of spiritual entities is emotional - organic. Spirituality is a part of culture while culture is an adaptive mechanism of human groups as it allows for technology and social organization to support survival and reproduction. Humans are not rational, they are emotional. Most of explanations of the world, offered by various cultures, involve an element of "fiat", a will of a higher spiritual being, or a reference to some ideal. From this the rules of behaviour are deduced. These rules are necessary to maintain social peace and allow a complex unit consisting of individuals of both sexes and all ages to function in a way ensuring their reproductive success and thus survival. There is thus a direct biological benefit of complex ideological superstructure of culture. This complex superstructure most often takes a form of religion in which logic is mixed with appeals to emotions based on images of spiritual beings. God is a consequence of natural evolution. Whether a deity is a cause of this evolution is difficult to discover, but existence of a deity cannot be questioned.; Maciej Henneberg and Arthur Saniotis

Influence of religious coping on the substance use and HIV risk behaviors of recent Latino immigrants

Sanchez, Mariana
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.609275%
This study examines the influence of acculturative stress on substance use and HIV risk behaviors among recent Latino immigrants. The central hypothesis of the study is that specific religious coping mechanisms influence the relationship that acculturative stress has on the substance use and HIV-risk behaviors of recent Latino immigrants. Within the Latino culture religiosity is a pervasive force, guiding attitudes, behaviors, and even social interactions. When controlling for education and socioeconomic status, Latinos have been found to use religious coping mechanisms more frequently than their Non-Latino White counterparts. In addition, less acculturated Latinos use religious coping strategies more frequently than those with higher levels of acculturation. Given its prominent role in Latino culture, it appears probable that this mechanism may prove to be influential during difficult life transitions, such as those experienced during the immigration process. This study examines the moderating influence of specific religious coping mechanisms on the relationship between acculturative stress and substance use/HIV risk behaviors of recent Latino immigrants. Analyses for the present study were conducted with wave 2 data from an ongoing longitudinal study investigating associations between pre-immigration factors and health behavior trajectories of recent Latino immigrants. Structural equation and zero-inflated Poisson modeling were implemented to test the specified models and examine the nature of the relationship among the variables. Moderating effects were found for negative religious coping. Higher levels of negative religious coping strengthened an inverse relationship between acculturative stress and substance use. Results also indicated direct relationships between religious coping mechanisms and substance use. External and positive religious coping were inversely related to substance use. Negative religious coping was positively related to substance use. This study aims to contribute knowledge of how religious coping influence's the adaptation process of recent Latino immigrants. Expanding scientific understanding as to the function and effect of these coping mechanisms could lead to enhanced culturally relevant approaches in service delivery among Latino populations. Furthermore this knowledge could inform research about specific cognitions and behaviors that need to be targeted in prevention and treatment programs with this population.^

Cognitive dissonance and the effect of acceptance of methodology, beliefs about religion, religious orientation, and dogmatism on the success of university students in a religious studies course

Kofink, Wayne Alan
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.33021%
The problem investigated was negative effects on the ability of a university student to successfully complete a course in religious studies resulting from conflict between the methodologies and objectives of religious studies and the student's system of beliefs. Using Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance as a theoretical framework, it was hypothesized that completing a course with a high level of success would be negatively affected by (1) failure to accept the methodologies and objectives of religious studies (methodology), (2) holding beliefs about religion that had potential conflicts with the methodologies and objectives (beliefs), (3) extrinsic religiousness, and (4) dogmatism.^ The causal comparative method was used. The independent variables were measured with four scales employing Likert-type items. An 8-item scale to measure acceptance of the methodologies and objectives of religious studies and a 16-item scale to measure holding of beliefs about religion having potential conflict with the methodologies were developed for this study. These scales together with a 20-item form of Rokeach's Dogmatism Scale and Feagin's 12-item Religious Orientation Scale to measure extrinsic religiousness were administered to 144 undergraduate students enrolled in randomly selected religious studies courses at Florida International University. Level of success was determined by course grade with the 27% of students receiving the highest grades classified as highly successful and the 27% receiving the lowest grades classified as not highly successful.^ A stepwise discriminant analysis produced a single significant function with methodology and dogmatism as the discriminants. Methodology was the principal discriminating variable. Beliefs and extrinsic religiousness failed to discriminate significantly. It was concluded that failing to accept the methodologies and objectives of religious studies and being highly dogmatic have significant negative effects on a student's success in a religious studies course. Recommendations were made for teaching to diminish these negative effects. ^

The role of spirituality in transformative learning

Roberts, Nella Ann
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.746655%
The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the role of spirituality in Mezirow's (1978, 1990, 1991, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2003) 10-phase process of transformative learning. This study used Mezirow's transformative learning theory as its theoretical framework. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, transcribed, and analyzed for 12 doctoral students and candidates who had a transformative learning experience and who identified themselves as being spiritual. ^ Interview data were analyzed using inductive, deductive, and comparative analyses. Four themes emerged from the inductive analysis of the data: (a) the nature of spirituality, (b) the variety of emotions, (c) the influences of spirituality, and (d) the nature of personal changes. The theory's 10 phases were used as a guide in deductively analyzing data concerning the participants' experiences. The deductive analysis revealed that spirituality played a role in at least 7 of the 10 phases of transformative learning for each participant. Overall, from the participants' perspectives, the role of spirituality was that of a guide in influencing their cognition and behavior, and that of a supporter in influencing their emotions. The comparative analysis revealed that at least three of the four themes from the inductive analysis were reflected in each of the 10 phases of transformative learning used in the deductive analysis. ^ Based on the findings from this study...

Spiritual journeys in the classroom: elementary public school teachers' perspectives /

Bower, Jennifer Lynn.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
49.36588%
This thesis explored 5 public elementary school teachers ' perceptions of spirituality and its implications for classroom practice. A generic qualitative study was conducted where each teacher shared her experiences and perceptions in one audiotaped semistructured interview. Transcripts were generated and coded for themes which emerged, resulting in the findings of the study. Following this process, the participants verified the accuracy of the transcripts and findings through a member-checking system. The research found that each teacher has her own definition of spirituality. Furthermore, one's personal connection with spirituality can involve a relationship with religion, the self, a higher being, others, and nature. These spiritual relationships were nurtured through a variety of methods outlined by the teachers. This resulted in the creation of a personal spiritual profile for each teacher which contained each teacher's spiritual connections or facets and the methods used to develop these facets. The teachers identified spiritual needs in their students warranting the need for and importance of spiritual education. Given this, a number of classroom practices were identified with the intention of meeting the spiritual needs of students. Among these practices...

The Relationship Between Religion, Illness and Death in Life Histories of Family Members of Children With Life-Threatening Diseases; Histórias de vida de familiares de crianças com doenças graves: relação entre religião, doença e morte; Historias de vida de familiares de niños con enfermedades graves: relación entre religión, enfermedad y muerte

BOUSSO, Regina Szylit; SERAFIM, Taís de Souza; MISKO, Maira Deguer
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.391172%
This qualitative study aimed to get to know the relationship between the experiences of families of children with a life-threatening disease and their religion, illness and life histories. The methodological framework was based on Oral History. The data were collected through interviews and the participants were nine families from six different religions who had lived the experience of having a child with a life-threatening disease. The interviews, held with one or two family members, were transcribed, textualized and, through their analysis, the Vital Tone was elaborated, representing the moral synthesis of each narrative. Three dimensions of spirituality were related to illness and death in their life histories: a Higher Being with a healing power; Development and Maintenance of a Connection with God and Faith Encouraging Optimism. The narratives demonstrated the family's search to attribute meanings to their experiences, based on their religious beliefs.; Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa com o objetivo de conhecer a relação entre as experiências de famílias de crianças que vivenciaram uma doença grave com a sua religião, doença e suas histórias de vida. O referencial metodológico usado foi a História Oral. Participaram deste estudo nove famílias de seis diferentes religiões...

Spirituality and Religion in Modern Medicine

Singh, Darpan Kaur Mohinder; Ajinkya, Shaunak
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
40.023567%
Man has always yearned for a higher sense of belonging in life. Since ancient ages, human beings have tried to examine and evaluate the relationship between spirituality, religion and medicine. The interface of spirituality, quality of life and mental health is fascinating and sublime. Religion and spirituality play an essential role in the care giving of patients with terminal illnesses and chronic medical conditions. Patient's needs, desires and perspectives on religion and spirituality should be addressed in standard clinical care. Ongoing research in medical education and curriculum design points towards the inclusion of competence, communication and training in spirituality. There are structured and reliable instruments available for assessing the relationship between spirituality, religion and health in research settings. Intervention based scientific studies in the arena of spirituality and modern medicine are needed. Further research should be directed towards making modern medicine more holistic.

The Relationship Between Religion, Illness and Death in Life Histories of Family Members of Children With Life-Threatening Diseases

Bousso,Regina Szylit; Serafim,Taís de Souza; Misko,Maira Deguer
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.140522%
This qualitative study aimed to get to know the relationship between the experiences of families of children with a life-threatening disease and their religion, illness and life histories. The methodological framework was based on Oral History. The data were collected through interviews and the participants were nine families from six different religions who had lived the experience of having a child with a life-threatening disease. The interviews, held with one or two family members, were transcribed, textualized and, through their analysis, the Vital Tone was elaborated, representing the moral synthesis of each narrative. Three dimensions of spirituality were related to illness and death in their life histories: a Higher Being with a healing power; Development and Maintenance of a Connection with God and Faith Encouraging Optimism. The narratives demonstrated the family's search to attribute meanings to their experiences, based on their religious beliefs.

Outside looking in: case studies of the effects of study abroad on female African American university students? identities

Sol, Nicole
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Education Publicador: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Education
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.405361%
In the 2010-2011 academic year, Black university students comprised only 4.8% of all study abroad students in the United States, despite being 14.5% of all university students. In an attempt to better foster the experiences of these students, this thesis seeks to understand the evolution of Black women?s self-concept from studying abroad. This qualitative empirical research focuses on the individual experiences of five U.S. Black university women who studied outside of the United States for one term or academic year during 2011-2012. These case studies gathered data through interviews and field texts, including oral history interviews prior to the participants? departure, field texts collected while the students were on their abroad experiences, and a follow-up interview after their repatriation back to the United States. Too often, academics seek refuge of analysis in conventional theorists to look for new connections and understandings. Using these frameworks with marginalised communities does a disservice to these individuals. We cannot hope to understand the experience of alternative ways of being if we presume that all people fall into mainstream cultural theory. Therefore this study uses African American psychologists (instead of White psychologists) to examine the participants? understanding of their identity. Specifically I utilise intersectionality and Africentric theory to understand how these women regard themselves in relation to their family structure...

Divine Innovation: Religion and Service Provision by Religious Organizations in India

Iyer, Sriya; Velu, Chander; Xue, Jun; Chakravarty, Tirthankar
Fonte: Faculty of Economics Publicador: Faculty of Economics
Tipo: Working Paper; not applicable
Português
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This paper examines innovations to religious and non-religious service provision by religious organizations in India. We present a stylized Hotelling-style model in which two religious organizations position themselves at opposite locations to differentiate themselves on the religious spectrum in order to compete to attract adherents. Moreover, the model predicts that economic inequality can make both organizations increase their provision of non-religious services to retain adherents. In order to test our propositions, we present unique primary survey data on the economics of religion that we have collected from 2006-2008 on 568 Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh and Jain religious organizations spread across seven Indian states. We use these data to provide qualitative and descriptive statistics from the survey that is consistent and provides initial support for our propositions. We show that these organizations have substantially increased their provision of religious and non-religious services, but that there are significant variations by religion. We also provide quantitative evidence based on econometric testing to highlight that Indian religious organizations are maximizing the differences in their ideology with respect to other organizations...

Histórias de vida de familiares de crianças com doenças graves: relação entre religião, doença e morte; Historias de vida de familiares de niños con enfermedades graves: relación entre religión, enfermedad y muerte; The Relationship Between Religion, Illness and Death in Life Histories of Family Members of Children With Life-Threatening Diseases

Bousso, Regina Szylit; Serafim, Taís de Souza; Misko, Maira Deguer
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.391172%
Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa com o objetivo de conhecer a relação entre as experiências de famílias de crianças que vivenciaram uma doença grave com a sua religião, doença e suas histórias de vida. O referencial metodológico usado foi a História Oral. Participaram deste estudo nove famílias de seis diferentes religiões, as quais já vivenciaram a experiência de ter uma criança gravemente doente. As entrevistas, realizadas com um ou dois membros da família da criança, foram transcritas, textualizadas e, a partir de sua análise, elaborado o Tom Vital que representa a síntese moral da narrativa. Três dimensões da religiosidade/espiritualidade foram relacionadas à doença e morte em suas histórias de vida: Ser Superior com Poder de Cura; Desenvolvimento e Manutenção de uma Conexão com Deus e a Fé Encorajando o Otimismo. As narrativas evidenciaram a busca da família por atribuir significados às experiências vivenciadas, a partir de suas crenças religiosas.; Se trata de una investigación cualitativa con el objetivo de conocer la relación entre las experiencias de familias, con niños que tenían una enfermedad grave, con religión, enfermedad, e historias de sus vidas. El marco metodológico usado fue la Historia Oral. Participaron de este estudio nueve familias practicantes de seis religiones diferentes...

Essays in the economics of private education: Theory and evidence from England.

Munk, Inger
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.36879%
This thesis investigates the relationship between the demand for private education and the distribution of income, state school quality, religion and political allegiance in England. Chapter 2 focuses on how the demand for private education, both secular and religious, is affected by the distribution of income. Theoretically and empirically, I find that private schools in general locate in areas with high income levels, high income inequality and low spending per pupil in state schools. However, religious (Muslim and Jewish) schools locate where the fraction of the relevant religious individuals is high and where the religious individuals are relatively poor. Chapter 3 studies the relationship between the demand for private education and local state school quality, and how this varies with household income and preferences for education. Consistent with theoretical predictions, I find robust empirical evidence of a non-linear relationship between the demand for private education and for local state school quality such that it is positive at lower income levels and negative at higher income levels. Finally, chapter 4 explores the relationship between religious and political allegiance and private schooling choices. I find that the relationship between religion and private education varies greatly across religious groups...