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Ato de preenchimento de orgão de administração: natureza jurídica da relação entre o administrador e a sociedade anônima.; Act of fulfilling the administration body

Sacramone, Marcelo Barbosa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/05/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.055205%
Com o propósito de conceituar a natureza da relação jurídica entre o administrador e as sociedades anônimas, expõem-se, inicialmente, os centros institucionalizados de poder, suas formas de estruturação e funções desenvolvidas na companhia. Delimita-se, então, a quais desses núcleos de poder as atividades de direção, execução e supervisão ordinárias da atividade corporativa foram atribuídas pela Lei. Caracterizado o administrador, aprecia-se a qualidade na qual este age e produz determinados efeitos com seu comportamento. Para a definição dessa posição ocupada na companhia, afere-se a natureza da atribuição da personalidade jurídica ao ente coletivo e sua independência em face dos membros subjacentes. O vínculo criador dessa posição jurídica, entretanto, não possui fundamento teórico uníssono da doutrina estrangeira, tampouco é consenso entre os doutrinadores brasileiros. Aprecia-se, assim, a adequação dos principais argumentos de cada teoria frente ao ordenamento jurídico pátrio mediante a abordagem dos elementos estruturais do ato de preenchimento de órgão. A modalidade do referido ato é definida pela análise da natureza da eleição, mediante a apreciação da deliberação dos órgãos legitimados...

Cyberbullying : a critical perspective on cyberbullying victimization and the overlap between the roles of victims and aggressors

Ferreira, Fátima Abreu; Martins, Paula Cristina; Gonçalves, Rui Abrunhosa
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /09/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.18108%
The main objective of this research is to examine the national prevalence and scale of cyberbullying, how it takes place and the core characteristics (behaviors, frequency, and duration) of cyberbullying victimization. We also intend to analyze the existence of an overlap between the roles of victims and aggressors concerning this risk. In order to accomplish our goals we have made a cross cultural comparison between Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom and developed a questionnaire (Online Victimization Assessment) that we have applied to a representative sample of students from ten to eighteen years old, from Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom. Participants were students on randomly selected public and private schools and descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data. Results reveal that cyberbullying is the most present risk in online youngsters’ exposure in the three contexts. We also identified the existence of an overlap between the roles of victims and aggressors, with older females, without parental supervision, revealing higher correlation levels. These results led us to conclude that the anonymity of the Internet and the fact of not having to deal directly with the consequences of their actions...

Os departamentos curriculares num contexto de supervisão: percepções dos coordenadores de departamento - um estudo de caso

Machado, Paula Alexandra Tomé Aleixo Baião
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.719355%
O presente estudo corporiza um estudo de caso enquadrado na perspectiva de que a supervisão pedagógica constitui um forte contributo para o desenvolvimento de dinâmicas educativas promotoras do desenvolvimento profissional e organizacional. Enquadrada no novo paradigma a supervisão pedagógica assume um carácter holístico, potenciador de práticas colaborativas alargadas à comunidade envolvente, assentes em processos de reflexão e aprendizagem comuns. À luz da legislação vigente as funções supervisoras passam a integrar o conteúdo funcional de todos os cargos de responsabilidade. Desta forma os gestores intermédios vêem alargadas as suas funções e deles se espera que assumam práticas de reflexão sistemática, de desenvolvimento de mecanismos de formação contínua, de coordenação e apoio das práticas com vista à inovação, tendo como fim a promoção da qualidade do ensino ministrado e a qualificação da escola, enquanto instituição com crescente responsabilidade social. Reflectindo sobre a importância das estruturas de gestão intermédia, em particular dos departamentos curriculares, à luz das alterações legislativas e da reconceptualização do conceito de supervisão, iniciámos a presente investigação com o objectivo de analisar e interpretar as percepções e práticas dos coordenadores de departamento curricular de um agrupamento vertical de escolas...

A supervisão nas estruturas intermédias do 1º ciclo: as coordenações de ano

Miranda, Sílvia Filipa da Silva
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.588289%
Dissertação apresentada à Escola Superior de Educação de Lisboa para obtenção do grau de mestre em Ciências da Educação, especialidade em Supervisão em Educação; As Coordenações de Ano são estruturas de gestão intermédia específicas das escolas do 1º Ciclo do Ensino Básico. Com este estudo pretendemos perceber as finalidades, orientações e modo de funcionamento das Coordenações de Ano. Neste sentido, estudamos o caso da Coordenação de Ano num Agrupamento de Escolas da região de Sintra. Utilizamos as entrevistas semiestruturadas para tentar saber quais as perceções dos Professores e dos Coordenadores de Ano sobre a organização e finalidades destes órgãos e qual o papel supervisivo que desempenham ou devem desempenhar, procurando ainda saber o seu contributo para o Desenvolvimento Profissional Docente. Realizamos também a análise das quatro atas das reuniões do 2º período do ano letivo 2013/14, para perceber as formas de organização das reuniões de Coordenação de Ano e os eixos de ação dos seus coordenadores, nomeadamente no exercício da função supervisiva. No cruzamento dos dados obtidos, concluímos que existe algum consenso em relação às finalidades e funções da Coordenação de Ano...

Quality of clinical supervision and counselor emotional exhaustion: The potential mediating roles of organizational and occupational commitment

Knudsen, Hannah K.; Roman, Paul M.; Abraham, Amanda J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.68085%
Counselor emotional exhaustion has negative implications for treatment organizations as well as the health of counselors. Quality clinical supervision is protective against emotional exhaustion, but research on the mediating mechanisms between supervision and exhaustion is limited. Drawing upon data from 934 counselors affiliated with treatment programs in the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s Clinical Trials Network (CTN), this study examined commitment to the treatment organization and commitment to the counseling occupation as potential mediators of the relationship between quality clinical supervision and emotional exhaustion. The final ordinary least squares (OLS) regression model, which accounted for the nesting of counselors within treatment organizations, indicated that these two types of commitment were plausible mediators of the association between clinical supervision and exhaustion. Higher quality clinical supervision was strongly correlated with commitment to the treatment organization as well as commitment to the occupation of SUD counseling. These findings suggest that quality clinical supervision has the potential to yield important benefits for counselor well-being by strengthening ties to both their employing organization as well the larger treatment field...

Towards a Proper Assignment of Systemic Risk: The Combined Roles of Network Topology and Shock Characteristics

Loepfe, Lasse; Cabrales, Antonio; Sánchez, Angel
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/10/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.79919%
The 2007-2008 financial crisis solidified the consensus among policymakers that a macro-prudential approach to regulation and supervision should be adopted. The currently preferred policy option is the regulation of capital requirements, with the main focus on combating procyclicality and on identifying the banks that have a high systemic importance, those that are “too big to fail”. Here we argue that the concept of systemic risk should include the analysis of the system as a whole and we explore systematically the most important properties for policy purposes of networks topology on resistance to shocks. In a thorough study going from analytical models to empirical data, we show two sharp transitions from safe to risky regimes: 1) diversification becomes harmful with just a small fraction (~2%) of the shocks sampled from a fat tailed shock distributions and 2) when large shocks are present a critical link density exists where an effective giant cluster forms and most firms become vulnerable. This threshold depends on the network topology, especially on modularity. Firm size heterogeneity has important but diverse effects that are heavily dependent on shock characteristics. Similarly, degree heterogeneity increases vulnerability only when shocks are directed at the most connected firms. Furthermore...

Process Monitoring in Andhra Pradesh : An Award-Winning Innovation in Project Supervision

Shah, Parmesh; Banerjee, Shweta S.; Larson, Gunnar
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.436543%
This note explains that given the limited budgets allocated to supervision activities, supervising World Bank projects has long been a serious challenge-particularly in sprawling rural areas with small poor communities spread out over vast distances. Innovative ways of sharing monitoring and supervision roles and responsibilities with local partners, therefore, carry important practical implications for project managers, whose own capacity to monitor developments and identify challenges is limited by distance and time constraints.

Novice Counselors’ Conceptualizations and Experiences of Therapeutic Relationships

LaFollette, Julie R.; Schwing, Alison; Wong, Y. Joel; Steinfeldt, Jesse A.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.37143%
This qualitative study investigated three novice counselors’ experiences and characterizations of therapeutic relationships. Thematic analyses of interviews and diaries revealed six common themes: (a) the centrality of supervision and training experiences to navigating interpersonal experiences with clients; (b) anxiety about counselors’ roles in therapeutic relationships; (c) the perception of the therapeutic relationship as less directive than outside (lay) helping relationships; (d) experimentation with different interpersonal styles; (e)awareness of countertransference; and, (f) impact of therapeutic relationships on outside relationships. Findings expand upon the therapeutic relationship as a focal point for the training and supervision of novice counselors.

Towards a proper assignment of systemic risk: the combined roles of network topology and shock characteristics

Loepfe, Lasse; Cabrales, Antonio; Sánchez, Angel
Fonte: Public Library of Science (PLOS) Publicador: Public Library of Science (PLOS)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
Publicado em 17/10/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.80021%
The 2007-2008 financial crisis solidified the consensus among policymakers that a macro-prudential approach to regulation and supervision should be adopted. The currently preferred policy option is the regulation of capital requirements, with the main focus on combating procyclicality and on identifying the banks that have a high systemic importance, those that are "too big to fail". Here we argue that the concept of systemic risk should include the analysis of the system as a whole and we explore systematically the most important properties for policy purposes of networks topology on resistance to shocks. In a thorough study going from analytical models to empirical data, we show two sharp transitions from safe to risky regimes: 1) diversification becomes harmful with just a small fraction (~2%) of the shocks sampled from a fat tailed shock distributions and 2) when large shocks are present a critical link density exists where an effective giant cluster forms and most firms become vulnerable. This threshold depends on the network topology, especially on modularity. Firm size heterogeneity has important but diverse effects that are heavily dependent on shock characteristics. Similarly, degree heterogeneity increases vulnerability only when shocks are directed at the most connected firms. Furthermore...

Enablers of and barriers to high quality clinical supervision among occupational therapists across Queensland in Australia: findings from a qualitative study

Martin, P.; Kumar, S.; Lizarondo, L.; VanErp, A.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.860156%
BACKGROUND Health professionals practising in countries with dispersed populations such as Australia rely on clinical supervision for professional support. While there are directives and guidelines in place to govern clinical supervision, little is known about how it is actually conducted and what makes it effective. The purpose of this study was to explore the enablers of and barriers to high quality clinical supervision among occupational therapists across Queensland in Australia. METHODS This qualitative study took place as part of a broader project. Individual, in-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with occupational therapy supervisees in Queensland. The interviews explored the enablers of and barriers to high quality clinical supervision in this group. They further explored some findings from the initial quantitative study. RESULTS Content analysis of the interview data resulted in eight themes. These themes were broadly around the importance of the supervisory relationship, the impact of clinical supervision and the enablers of and barriers to high quality clinical supervision. DISCUSSION This study identified a number of factors that were perceived to be associated with high quality clinical supervision. Supervisor-supervisee matching and fit...

Leadership and nurses' satisfaction with supervision.

Melo, Rosa Cândida de Carvalho Pereira de
Fonte: Journal of Hospital Administration, Sciedu Press Publicador: Journal of Hospital Administration, Sciedu Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/05/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.317%
Objective: The main objectives of this study were to evaluate the performance of leadership roles and the nurses' satisfaction with supervision and to examine the relationship between the performance of leadership roles and nurse satisfaction. Methods: A quantitative, descriptive, correlational and transversal study was conducted, with a sample made up of 79 nurses practicing in two public health institutions in the district of Coimbra in Portugal. Data collected included demographic characteristics, eight leadership roles and ï¬Âve levels of supervision satisfaction. The Munson's Supervision Satisfaction Scale and the Quinn's Leadership Scale were used. The instruments adaptation and validation study revealed adequate psychometric properties being considered as valid instruments for the quantitative study pursuance. Results: The results indicate an acknowledgement of all roles of leadership, having a tendency towards the roles of producer (4.73) and director (4.64) indicating leadership centered on the rational goals model, revealing a greater concern with efï¬Âciency and productivity. The role of innovator was the one least perceived (4.16). Most nurses (83.50%) were satisï¬Âed with the supervision. The relationships between all the leadership roles and nurse satisfaction were positive...

Prehistoric studies in central coastal Papua

Vanderwal, Ronald Lewis
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.188052%
During the larger part of my fieldwork, I had with me my wife, Susan, and two small daughters, Katharine and Lisa. Although village life was attractive to us all and would have been personally very satisfying, it was recognised that the acquisition of a European dwelling on Yule Island would allow for more efficient field work in that suitable facilities would be available. Within a few weeks of arriving I had set up a dark room for developing films exposed during the day's work, a wash room for cleaning and drying specimens and a small laboratory equipped with benches, shelves, drawing board and light table, all of which enabled me to fully process all artifacts, complete a preliminary analysis, and do a number of drawings. A technical paper was written in the field for presentation at the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science Congress held at Port Moresby in 1970 based upon the results of analysis carried out in this laboratory. Another great help in the field work was a motor bike the University had allowed me to purchase. Although roads are poor in the area, native tracks are abundant and ideally suited for two wheeled travel. A two hour walk from home to practically any site was cut down to less than half an hour on the Honda...

Republic of Togo : Urban and Peri-Urban Development and Policy Note

Amankwah-Ayeh, Kwabena
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.05634%
This review concludes that for Togo's urban and peri-urban areas to sustainably grow, issues of urban governance and development need to be approached in a comprehensive manner, driven by well -guided policies developed in partnership with the people to support Sub-National Government Authorities and Entities(SGAs) in carrying out their functions efficiently. To meet evolving challenges of urbanization and decentralization, the Government of Togo (GoT) must rationalize the roles of various levels of government and agencies and limit their numbers to limit duplication, strengthen the capacities of relevant sector institutions and coordinate institutional actions and investments. It is further recommended that GoT must (i) clarify the roles and functions of national, prefectural, and local governments while ensuring that coordination functions between them work well; (ii) separate urban policy and regulatory functions from implementation of urban projects by allocating implementation responsibilities to private operators or qualified state agencies under performance-based arrangements; (iii) ensure proper allocation of taxing responsibilities...

A institucionalização da supervisão na reforma psiquiátrica brasileira : (re)produção de controles e desvios junto às equipes de saúde mental; The institucionalization of supervision in the brasilian psychiatric reform : (re) production of controls and deviations with the mental health teams

Ana Kalliny de Sousa Severo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.730398%
A supervisão tem se assegurado como um dos principais dispositivos de fortalecimento dos processos de mudanças almejados no modelo de Atenção Psicossocial. Esse dispositivo tem sido utilizado para qualificação dos serviços substitutivos e da rede de Atenção Psicossocial na Reforma Psiquiátrica brasileira, apesar de receber muitas críticas no sentido de apontar seu caráter reprodutor das relações de saber-poder hierarquizadas. Este trabalho buscou analisar a institucionalização da supervisão clínico-institucional no processo da Reforma Psiquiátrica brasileira, tendo como foco a experiência de supervisão no estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Para tanto, o referencial teórico-metodológico escolhido foi o da Análise Institucional, tanto na perspectiva da análise no papel como da socioanálise. A análise no papel foi utilizada para a investigação dos documentos e entrevistas em uma perspectiva sócio-histórica e a socioanálise em sua vertente socioclínica. Para a realização deste estudo, adotei quatro estratégias de pesquisa principais: análise de artigos que apresentavam a inserção da supervisão nas experiências reformistas dos anos 1980 e 1990; análise dos relatórios finais das Conferências Nacionais de Saúde Mental e dos editais de supervisão lançados pelo Ministério da Saúde; e intervenção desenvolvida durante um ano de supervisão clínico-institucional na rede de Atenção Psicossocial em um município do interior do Nordeste. O processo de intervenção desenvolvido fez parte de um desses projetos financiados...

O processo de supervisão pedagógica das atividades de enriquecimento curricular: perceções de professores e supervisores num agrupamento de escolas de Évora

Pereira, António Manuel Rocha
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.586514%
Esta dissertação insere-se no domínio das práticas de Supervisão Pedagógica no âmbito das Atividades de Enriquecimento Curricular. A implementação destas atividades na escola pública conferiu-lhe novas dinâmicas e preocupações e introduziu importantes alterações nas escolas do 1º ciclo, implicando mudanças na prática dos professores, especialmente no que concerne à assunção de novas funções dos professores titulares de turma. Com este estudo procurou-se caracterizar perceções de professores e supervisores sobre a supervisão das AEC’s num agrupamento escolar de Évora, no ano letivo 2012-2013. A investigação realizou-se em três escolas, regendo-se por uma metodologia mista, de abordagem quantitativa e qualitativa. Os dados foram obtidos através da aplicação de questionário e de análise documental. Os resultados revelam preocupações do agrupamento no uso de ferramentas de apoio ao processo supervisivo, mas evidenciam um certo diluir de informação nas etapas cumpridas, indiciando a desvalorização dos momentos reflexivos e a preferência por tarefas burocráticas e de controlo; ### ABSTRACT: The process of Supervision of Curriculum Enrichment Activities - Perceptions of teachers and supervisors in a Group of Schools of Évora This work falls within the field of practice under Supervision of Curriculum Enrichment Activities. The implementation of these activities in public school gave it new dynamics and concerns and introduced important changes in the schools of the 1st cycle...

Blaming the organization for abusive supervision: The roles of perceived organizational support and supervisor's organizational embodiment

Shoss, Mindy; Eisenberger, Robert; Restubog, Simon; Zagenczyk, Thomas J.
Fonte: American Psychological Association Publicador: American Psychological Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.314563%
Why do employees who experience abusive supervision retaliate against the organization? We apply organizational support theory to propose that employees hold the organization partly responsible for abusive supervision. Depending on the extent to which emp

El rol de la supervisión educativa en la gestión de las políticas públicas

Aguerrondo, Inés
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.99991%
Actualmente estamos asistiendo a un proceso un tanto paradójico. Por un lado, son evidentes los avances meritorios en las políticas educativas de muchos países que tienen como objetivo desregular, descentralizar y aumentar la autonomía de las unidades educativas locales, Y, por otro, inversamente, la función de control del Estado se está reforzando. En ese escenario se plantean diversas alternativas en el campo de la organización de la supervisión. Se observan nuevas tendencias que tratan de explicar y de resolver tres grandes cuestiones: la politización frente a la profesionalización del cuerpo de inspección; la brecha entre lo administrativo y lo pedagógico y la aparente contradicción entre las tareas de control y las de asesoramiento. El artículo aborda el estudio de dichas tendencias, destacando las que están orientadas a reforzar el carácter institucional de este servicio. Señala también el reto que representan los cambios en las políticas públicas y en el papel de la supervisión para pasar de la simple administración de los sistemas educativos a la de conducir los procesos de la mejora de la calidad en todas las unidades escolares.; Actualment estem assistint a un procés una mica paradoxal. D’una banda...

An Assessment of Information & Assistance Services For Seniors Needing Long-term Care in North Carolina: What has changed and what comes next for the Aging Network?

Hayes, Ariel
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 22/04/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.188584%
Policy Question: How should North Carolina’s Aging Network provide information and assistance services so that all older adults (and their caregivers) looking for long-term care receive appropriate guidance? Introduction: Information and Assistance (I&A) programs inform, counsel and connect people seeking long-term care with services that could meet their needs. The Older Americans Act mandated that every Area Agency on Aging (of which there are 17 in North Carolina) establish I&A programs in their region. North Carolina has 42 I&A programs registered with the Division of Aging and Adult Services; more counties offer these services without OAA funds. As the population ages, more people will need a well-informed, local agency is critical to help them navigate the long-term care system and access services. Older adults and their families face such a complicated array of choices and decisions – about not only health care, but also housing, finances, and basic household tasks. Ten years ago, the North Carolina Institute of Medicine (NCIOM) delivered its report, “A Long-Term Care Plan for North Carolina: Final Report” to the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). Early in its deliberations, the Task Force concluded “one of its goals would be to propose a system that would allow consumers to find their way into and through the system with ease.” Once the state was awarded a Real Choice Systems Grant...

Expectations of postgraduate nursing students: An inquiry

Lekalakala-Mokgele,S
Fonte: Curationis Publicador: Curationis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.495166%
Postgraduate supervision in South Africa currently takes place in the context of university transformation with a notable increase in concern for quality. The latter is determined by the extent to which students' expectations within a supervisory practice are met. This study investigated students' expectations regarding their research supervision in a postgraduate nursing programme. A 48-item questionnaire was mailed to 24 postgraduate students, of which 22 (92%) responded, to determine their expectations within a supervisory relationship. Items in the questionnaire included students' perceptions of the responsibilities of the institution, the department, the supervisor and students' responsibilities regarding their supervised postgraduate studies in the School of Nursing Science. Descriptive statistics, namely frequencies and percentages for categorical data and means and standard deviations or medians and percentiles for continuous data, were calculated. Findings indicate that more than 80% of the postgraduate students in the study expected the university and the department to provide them with structures that would enable them to succeed in their studies. They also believed that the student had a major role to play in ensuring that studies were completed. Recommendations included making a code of practice for postgraduate supervision available to students and the use of a learning contract to clarify roles and expectations in the supervisory process. It was also recommended that supervisors should be trained to supervise students.

Clinical supervision and support for bridging programme students in the greater Durban area

Pillay,P; Mtshali,NG
Fonte: Curationis Publicador: Curationis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.826438%
Reviewed literature revealed that clinical supervision is a conceptually sound learning model, which, unfortunately, is flawed by problems of implementation. Some of the more glaring problems include limited emphasis upon problem-solving, lack of clear expectations for student performance, inadequate feedback to students, inappropriate role models in clinical settings and inadequately prepared clinical teachers. The purpose of the study was to explore and describe the nature of clinical supervision and support provided to bridging programme students in the clinical settings. Participants were drawn from three nursing colleges and 122 participants returned questionnaires. College 1:26,2% (n=32), College 2:15,6% (n=19) and the majority, 58, 2 % (n=71) were from College 3. The participants were second year students in the Bridging Programme. Purposive sampling was used for the selection of the hospitals. The researcher purposively selected those hospitals offering the Bridging Programme. The students were randomly sampled. According to Burns and Grove (2001), simple random sampling is the most basic and most effective of the probably sampling methods. Data was collected by means of a questionnaire and a critical incident report. The questionnaire used in this study was adapted from the Manchester Clinical Supervision Instrument. The findings revealed that clinical supervision contributes positively to the academic...