Página 1 dos resultados de 78 itens digitais encontrados em 0.003 segundos

Transferability of information technology and organisational practices

Avgerou, Chrisanthi
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Conference or Workshop Item; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /01/1995 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
726.6241%
In this paper we argue that organisations in developing countries should be cautious when they adopt systems development methods and try to introduce organisational change by means of implementing IT based information systems. Transfer of techniques, methods, models and organisational practices, may impede rather than facilitate the utilisation of the potential of IT in developing countries. Organisations in developing countries need to learn ways that can serve their own requirements. To that end, developing countries may gain much more by following the theoretical efforts that have been made in the West to understand the nature of IS and organisational change, rather than by transfering practices packaged in the form of methods or organisational change recipes.

New games, new rules: big data and the changing context of strategy

Constantiou, Ioanna D; Kallinikos, Jannis
Fonte: Palgrave Macmillan Publicador: Palgrave Macmillan
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
620.37195%
Big data and the mechanisms by which it is produced and disseminated introduce important changes in the ways information is generated and made relevant for organizations. Big data often represents miscellaneous records of the whereabouts of large and shifting online crowds. It is frequently agnostic, in the sense of being produced for generic purposes or purposes different from those sought by big data crunching. It is based on varying formats and modes of communication (e.g., texts, image and sound), raising severe problems of semiotic translation and meaning compatibility. Crucially, the usefulness of big data rests on their steady updatability, a condition that reduces the time span within which this data is useful or relevant. Jointly, these attributes challenge established rules of strategy making as these are manifested in the canons of procuring structured information of lasting value that addresses specific and long-term organizational objectives. The developments underlying big data thus seem to carry important implications for strategy making, and the data and information practices with which strategy has been associated. We conclude by placing the understanding of these changes within the wider social and institutional context of longstanding data practices and the significance they carry for management and organizations.

Online platforms differ in their capacity to affect public opinion and increase public knowledge of the EU

Sudilich, Laura
Fonte: Democratic Audit UK Publicador: Democratic Audit UK
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/11/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
618.58113%
How do European citizens receive what little information that they do about the policies and activities of the European Union? Laura Sudilich shares research which shows that the mainstream media – encompassing print, online, and TV – continue to dominante, despite the greater suitability in some respects of the internet. She shows that only online platforms that host well-vetted information tend to be effective in increasing knowledge and affect opinions.

Employing digital crowdsourced information resources: managing the emerging information commons

Mansell, Robin
Fonte: International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC) Publicador: International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC)
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
830.4546%
This paper examines the potential for collaborations between formal science professionals and loosely connected online groups that employ crowdsourcing within the information commons. It considers the differences between scientists and other online groups’ preferred modes of managing information production, circulation and application, distinguishing between ‘constituted’ and ‘adaptive’ authority and examining the extent to which these groups are engaged in curating the information they generate for the purposes of social problem solving. A small sample of crowdsourcing initiatives, drawn from the fields of astronomy and environmental science and crisis and emergency response, is examined based on desk research to illustrate the potential for boundary crossing between the domains of formal science and increasingly active loosely connected online groups which are engaged in activities giving rise to big data sets that may be ephemeral or may become constituted as ‘useful knowledge’. The conclusion suggests several measures that would strengthen the foundations for collaboration and indicates avenues for further empirical research.

Development and validation of the Internet Skills Scale (ISS)

Van Deursen, Alexander J.A.M.; Helsper, Ellen J.; Eynon, Rebecca
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
615.67105%
Although a number of instruments have been used to measure Internet skills in nationally representative surveys, there are several challenges with the measures available: incompleteness and over-simplification, conceptual ambiguity, and the use of self-reports. Here, we aim to overcome these challenges by developing a set of reliable measures for use in research, practice, and policy evaluations based on a strong conceptual framework. To achieve this goal, we carried out a literature review of skills-related studies to develop the initial Internet skills framework and associated instrument. After the development of this instrument, we used a three-fold approach to test the validity and reliability of the latent skill constructs and the corresponding items. The first step consisted of cognitive interviews held in both the UK and the Netherlands. Based on the cognitive interview results, we made several amendments to the proposed skill items to improve clarity. The second step consisted of a pilot survey of digital skills, both in the UK and in the Netherlands. During the final step, we examined the consistency of the five Internet skill scales and their characteristics when measured in a representative sample survey of Dutch Internet users. The result is a theoretical...

The home computer: the making of a consumer electronic

Haddon, Leslie
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1988 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
618.1584%

Book review: Dissent and revolution in a digital age: social media, blogging and activism in Egypt

Borom, Samaya
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/08/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
623.714%
"Dissent and Revolution in a Digital Age: Social Media, Blogging and Activism in Egypt." David Faris. IB Tauris. March 2013. --- Dissent and Revolution in a Digital Age is essential reading for those interested in online activism, inasmuch as it provides a case study for Egypt as well as potentially for the rest of the world, writes Samaya Borom. This book tracks the rocky path taken by Egyptian bloggers operating in Mubarak s authoritarian regime to illustrate how the state monopoly on information was eroded, making space for dissent and digital activism.

Book review: Regulating code: good governance and better regulation in the information age

Powell, Alison
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/08/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
726.6241%
"Regulating Code: Good Governance and Better Regulation in the Information Age." Ian Brown and Chris Marsden. MIT Press. March 2013. --- In issues from online surveillance to social media ethics and piracy, questions of internet governance surround us. In Regulating Code, authors Ian Brown and Chris Marsden make a case for multi-stakeholder co-regulation based around the function of code rather than national geographic boundaries. Alison Powell reviews the argument made through the authors’ five case studies of where regulation meets code.

Book review: Revolution stalled: the political limits of the internet in the post-Soviet sphere

Pirgova, Luba
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/08/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
623.714%
"Revolution Stalled: The Political Limits of the Internet in the Post-Soviet Sphere." Sarah Oates. Oxford University Press. May 2013. --- Can the internet fundamentally challenge non-free regimes? For many, the role that social networking played in political change in the Middle East and beyond raises important questions about the ability of authoritarian leaders to control the information sphere and their subjects. Revolution Stalled analyses the contemporary Russian internet, aiming to illuminate how and when online activity can spark political action. Luba Pirgova recommends the book to those interested in media history, social media, and public life in Russia.

Sharing information literacy resources as open educational resources: lessons from DELILA

Secker, Jane; Madjarevic, Natalia
Fonte: SCONUL Publicador: SCONUL
Tipo: Article; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
741.17734%
In all higher education institutions, librarians create a wealth of teaching resources that they use in their information literacy sessions. But is everyone reinventing the wheel, looking for the best way to teach search strategies, citing and referencing or keeping up to date for researchers? In practice librarians are usually more than happy to share their resources through numerous information literacy conferences and networks. Many of us share materials with colleagues across our own institution; some share more widely across institutions, for example, by using the UK’s learning resources repository Jorum (http:// www.jorum.ac.uk), either by putting material on open websites or even by emailing copies of our materials to colleagues. There have been several initiatives or projects to encourage librarians to share their teaching materials. One set of pages of the Information Literacy website (http://www. informationliteracy.org.uk) collects examples of good practice in teaching. In the USA and Canada the ANTS project (http://ants.wetpaint.com/) is a wiki where librarians can share library tutorials. However, it is only fairly recently that librarians have been encouraged to share their materials specifically as open educational resources (OERs)...

Social software web sites: key resources

Lingard, Matt
Fonte: Association of Librarians and Information professionals in the Social Sciences Publicador: Association of Librarians and Information professionals in the Social Sciences
Tipo: Article; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /10/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
723.66445%

Feeds and start pages: keeping yourself and your users up-to-date

Lingard, Matt
Fonte: Association of Librarians and Information professionals in the Social Sciences Publicador: Association of Librarians and Information professionals in the Social Sciences
Tipo: Article; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /10/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
615.67105%
Feeds, also known as ‘news feeds’ or ‘RSS feeds’, used in conjunction with a feed reader or ‘start page’ provide an excellent way for both librarians and their users to keep up-to-date with the latest additions to websites, journals, blogs and other web2.0 services. This article outlines how feeds work and how there are being used or might be used by libraries.

The structure of online activism

Lewis, Kevin; Gray, Kurt; Meierhenrich, Jens
Fonte: Society for Sociological Science Publicador: Society for Sociological Science
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/02/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
618.1584%
Despite the tremendous amount of attention that has been paid to the internet as a tool for civic engagement, we still have little idea how “active” is the average online activist or how social networks matter in facilitating electronic protest. In this paper, we use complete records on the donation and recruitment activity of 1.2 million members of the Save Darfur “Cause” on Facebook to provide a detailed first look at a massive online social movement. While both donation and recruitment behavior are socially patterned, the vast majority of Cause members recruited no one else into the Cause and contributed no money to it-suggesting that in the case of the Save Darfur campaign, Facebook conjured an illusion of activism rather than facilitating the real thing.

Simply having a social media profile does not make teens more likely to be bullied online. Demographics and online behavior play a larger role

Sengupta, Anirban; Chaudhuri, Anoshua
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/09/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
623.714%
For many, the internet and social media is a double edged sword. On one hand it can bring people together to socialize, discuss, and collaborate in ways unthinkable mere decades ago. On the other, it can expose us to abuse and harassment from complete and often anonymous strangers, with teenagers especially at risk. But does having a social media profile make it more likely that teenagers will be harassed online? Using national survey data of teenagers and their parents, Anirban Sengupta and Anoshua Chaudhuri find that demographic and behavioral characteristics of teenagers are stronger predictors of online abuse than simply having an online profile. They find that girls and those who post large amounts of personal information online are more prone to online harassment.

EU Kids Online: Schweiz. Schweizer Kinder und Jugendliche im Internet: Risikoerfahrungen und Umgang mit Risiken

Hermida, Martin
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /03/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
626.62406%
The use of the Internet includes a variety of opportunities: access to information, maintenance of social relationships, the possibility to produce content or to meet like-minded people and much more. At the same time the use of the Internet can also lead to encountering risks : information may be incorrect or found unsuitable. It is not always obvious who is behind an online-contact, self-generated content can be abused and users themselves can show deviant behavior. This report highlights the risks of Internet use. It shows how common experiences with online risks are among Swiss children and adolescents. How many are affected by it and how they deal with it. To encounter a risk on the Internet does not automatically lead to damage. Therefore, the report also shows when the contact with risks turns into a bothering experience for children and adolescents.

Mapping the possibilities for beneficial online resources for children: issues of trust, risk and media literacy

Livingstone, Sonia
Fonte: EU Kids Online, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: EU Kids Online, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
626.15176%

Primary school children’s internet skills: a report on performance tests of operational, formal, information, and strategic internet skills

Van Deursen, Alexander J.A.M.; Görzig, Anke; Van Delzen, Marianne; Perik, Hanneke T.M.; Stegeman, Anne Grace
Fonte: University of Southern California Publicador: University of Southern California
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
728.41484%
The performance levels of fundamental (i.e., operational and formal) and advanced (i.e., information and strategic) Internet skills and their potential predictors were assessed among a sample of Dutch primary school children. The findings suggest that primary school children possess sufficient levels of fundamental but not advanced Internet skills and, hence, might not be able to make best use of important opportunities the Internet has to offer. Children employed very ineffective and inefficient search strategies and did not combine information to make beneficial decisions. Contrary to previous survey research findings, no performance differences among boys and girls were revealed when using actual performance tests. Training programs to support advanced Internet skills among primary school children should be considered.

The “right to be forgotten” demonstrates the need for legislative coverage of internet data protection

Overman, Claire
Fonte: Democratic Audit UK Publicador: Democratic Audit UK
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
623.714%
The rise of social media, and the data gathering potential that it holds, have made the issue of online privacy increasingly prevalent, with citizens often unaware of what is being done with information they had previously assumed would be used responsibly. Commenting on a recent Court of Justice of the European Union case, Claire Overman argues that the need for legislative coverage of internet data protection has never been more sorely needed.

Cultural mediators and the everyday making of ‘digital capital’ in contemporary Chile

Arriagada, Arturo
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
618.58113%
This thesis studies processes of cultural mediation and the role of digital media within them. It is based on the experiences of a group of cultural mediators within a particular music scene in contemporary Chile, and focuses on actors’ meaningful repertoires of action, their material arrangements and their relation with information and communication technologies (ICTs). ‘Mediation’ in a broader sense means processes through which human and non-human agencies produce and shape meanings, attaching them to various cultural flows such as information, images, and identities. As cultural mediators, actors define the music scene, curating and circulating through digital media various flows which they deem worthy of being considered by audiences, and distinguishing themselves across different fields. The thesis is based on nine months of fieldwork (2011) in Santiago, following the everyday practices of the creators of eight music websites through which global and local cultural flows are mediated, organised, and circulated. It analyses how various technological devices facilitate individuals’ construction of networks where cultural flows circulate, and through which their uses of taste are displayed and objectified. It proposes the concept of ‘digital capital’ as an assemblage of actors...

Mediated transparency: truth, truthfulness, and rightness in digital healthcare discourse

Blackett, Nina Jane
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /11/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
621.58508%
This thesis addresses the challenges of producing digitally mediated healthcare information, a high-stakes arena which is conceptualised as a complex discourse and its diverse producers as interlocutors within this discourse. The study is located theoretically in the tradition of universal or formal pragmatics, the foundation of Habermas’s theory of communicative action. Building on this theoretical core a conceptual framework is developed that integrates insight from several other traditions, including communication studies. The notion of communicative transparency is aligned with the idealised goal of a rich informational context supporting a range of perspectives in movement towards a balanced and consensual understanding by lay and expert actors of healthcare in our world. The central research question is: Can digital mediation increase the transparency of healthcare communication? The empirical focus rests on two organisations involved in the creation of digital information products. Key mediators of meaning in digital healthcare information are identified as the diverse types of expertise of its producers, the materiality of digital artefacts, and the communicative mechanisms, processes and practices that often lead to departures from the normative idealised standard of transparency. The methodology is a comparative case analysis based on field research employing principally interviews to build a rich corpus...