Tipo: Tese de DoutoradoFormato: xiii, 65 p.;28 cm.
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The objective of this thesis is to make a study of possible introduction and implementation of Intranet in the Zimbabwe National Army. Intranets, internal networks based on the same technology and protocol as Internet (World Wide Web), have emerged in the past five years as the most popular medium of communication within organizations. Many organizations are flocking to this new medium of communication in order to improve and enhance their market share. A quantitative approach in obtaining data through questionnaire for this thesis could not be implemented due to circumstances beyond the control of the author. Limited telephone interviews were then conducted instead. The primary assumption of the thesis was that the introduction and implementation of Intranet is similar to the introduction and implementation of any other information system. Hence, a sample of senior army officers responsible for communication and procurement was interviewed. The interviews revealed that a process of implementing is heavily dependent on such variables as structure, culture and size of the organization. The process of implementation includes such phases as leadership buy-ins, prototype introduction, and Intranet refinement. The author concludes that implementation of an Intranet would improve on Zimbabwe National Army's communication system.; Zimbabwe National Army author.
peer-reviewed; This thesis interrogates uncertainty in transitional politics in South Africa, Zambia,
and Zimbabwe. It questions why some countries transition to democracy and some
stagnate or revert to authoritarianism. To address the dual nature of political
contingency and structural formations in transitional politics, it adopts a conceptual
framework based on economic complexity, to ascertain the relationship between
economic structures and the results of regime transition. This study engages with the
extensive literature linking economic development and democracy throughout the
world, to see if it can be applied to the recent and on-going transitional events across
Africa. It identified trade union confederations as economically important actors
whose political contingency was directly affected by the sectoral composition of
each country’s economy. In other world regions, trade unions have been of import
in determining transitional outcomes, and this thesis interrogated whether the same
was true in three African countries.
The concept of economic complexity was developed to offer a conceptual
framework through which to understand transitional politics. It was argued that the
more complex the economy, the more likely democracy was to emerge following
transition because there would be more factors in play in the political-economic
arena that could erode a regime’s relative power and thus bestow power onto other
actors who could utilize it for regime change. In terms of indicators...