Página 1 dos resultados de 289 itens digitais encontrados em 0.027 segundos

Correlation analysis: Army Acquisition Program cycle time and cost variation

Jaynes, Howard R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; A changing threat environment, decreasing defense budget, and need for modernization are forcing the Acquisition Process to reform policies and procedures. The Acquisition Process must develop initiatives to reduce both program cycle time and program cost to meet the challenges presented by this new acquisition environment The objectives of this thesis are to explore the overall cycle time and cost growth trends in Army Acquisition Programs, and determine how program schedule growth affects program cost This analysis is relevant in facilitating development of acquisition reform initiatives targeted at reducing program schedule and cost. This study concludes that Army programs experience average cycle time growth of 19.6 months and average cost growth of 49.9%. A significant research finding is that Army programs demonstrate a relationship between schedule growth and cost growth. This research also reveals that program cost growth, identified in the SARs as being induced by schedule growth, is only 14.3% of cost growth adjusted for quantity change. This thesis suggests that schedule growth has a larger effect on cost growth than indicated in the SARs. This research intends to function as an overview of Army Acquisition Program schedule and cost growth...

A work environment climate assessment of an Army acquisition center

Doelling, Michael C.; Kalapacs, Jenni J.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
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Joint Applied Project; Organizational climate can be described as the overall atmosphere of a workplace consisting of a number of mostly intangible characteristics that nonetheless impact organizational performance. The goal of this Joint Applied Project was to identify organizational climate characteristics of the Army Acquisition Center to provide supervisors with data on the extent to which employees perceive their work environment to be conducive to high productivity. It provides the equivalent of a diagnostic "snapshot" of one aspect of organizational health. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 previous and 19 current acquisition workforce employees. Interview findings were supplemented with data collected from a researchersdeveloped survey. Findings included the following: (1) high stress due to increasing workload; (2) lack of authority to act and make decisions about the work; and (3) the successful acknowledgement of employee efforts and contributions.

U.S. Army acquisition workforce: reflecting modern structural changes

Hill, Clayton F.; Gerstein, Kathleen W.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
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Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Joint Applied Project; This Joint Applied Project examined the acquisition workforce through the lens of The "New" Organization, a framework depicting modern organizational structural and process changes for improved performance. A Massachusetts Institute of Technology team developed five alternative organizational design factors: reliance on networks, flat (lean) hierarchy, flexible practices, building and embracing diversity, and capabilities for global and international efforts. This effort examined 15 Army areas and programs to determine the extent to which structural changes are more or less reflective of the five characteristics. A baseline was established and implications to various acquisition initiatives and projects were analyzed. Conclusions are drawn and recommendations are offered for continuing development and evolution towards a more modern and responsive acquisition community. Findings indicate that some Army acquisition projects appear to be shifting their structures and processes toward a greater use of networks, flatter/leaner structures and a more diverse workforce, including flexible recruiting and retention practices. The objective was to ascertain how reflective various areas and programs are alongside five...

Charting a Course for Change: Acquisition Theory and Practice for a Transforming Defense

NPS Acquisition Research Program
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Relatório
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Proceedings Paper (for Acquisition Research Program); Many in the Department of Defense associate the phase 'acquisition reform' with major policy and legislative initiatives of the past decade, for example, the shift away from reliance on military unique specifications and standards, the emphasis on teaming, the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act (FASA), and the Clinger-Cohen Act.' While we should never discount the significance of these measures, the view that the 1990s were the genesis of acquisition reform diminishes perspective of the long history of reform efforts linked to names such as Goldwater, Nichols, Grace, Carlucci, Packard, and Hoover, to name but a few.' Indeed, these efforts extend back in our history to the Continental Congress' attempts to reform the buying practices of General Washington's Army.' Considering this history, 'reform' may well be acquisition's defining theme.

Proceedings of the 8th Annual Acquisition Research Symposium; Volume I

Wednesday Proceedings
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Relatório
Português
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Proceedings Paper (for Acquisition Research Program); During his internship with the Graduate School of Business & Public Policy in June 2010, U.S. Air Force Academy Cadet Chase Lane surveyed the activities of the Naval Postgraduate School's Acquisition Research Program in its first seven years. The sheer volume of research products'almost 600 published papers (e.g., technical reports, journal articles, theses)'indicates the extent to which the depth and breadth of acquisition research has increased during these years. Over 300 authors contributed to these works, which means that the pool of those who have had significant intellectual engagement with acquisition issues has increased substantially. The broad range of research topics includes acquisition reform, defense industry, fielding, contracting, interoperability, organizational behavior, risk management, cost estimating, and many others. Approaches range from conceptual and exploratory studies to develop propositions about various aspects of acquisition, to applied and statistical analyses to test specific hypotheses. Methodologies include case studies, modeling, surveys, and experiments. On the whole, such findings make us both grateful for the ARP's progress to date, and hopeful that this progress in research will lead to substantive improvements in the DoDs acquisition outcomes. As pragmatists...

Proceedings of the 8th Annual Acquisition Research Symposium; Volume II

Thursday Proceedings
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
505.4811%
Proceedings Paper (for Acquisition Research Program); During his internship with the Graduate School of Business & Public Policy in June 2010, U.S. Air Force Academy Cadet Chase Lane surveyed the activities of the Naval Postgraduate School's Acquisition Research Program in its first seven years. The sheer volume of research products'almost 600 published papers (e.g., technical reports, journal articles, theses)'indicates the extent to which the depth and breadth of acquisition research has increased during these years. Over 300 authors contributed to these works, which means that the pool of those who have had significant intellectual engagement with acquisition issues has increased substantially. The broad range of research topics includes acquisition reform, defense industry, fielding, contracting, interoperability, organizational behavior, risk management, cost estimating, and many others. Approaches range from conceptual and exploratory studies to develop propositions about various aspects of acquisition, to applied and statistical analyses to test specific hypotheses. Methodologies include case studies, modeling, surveys, and experiments. On the whole, such findings make us both grateful for the ARPs progress to date, and hopeful that this progress in research will lead to substantive improvements in the DoDs acquisition outcomes. As pragmatists...

Qualification requirement perceptions of the United States Army acquisition workforce since implementation of the Defense Acquisition Workforce Improvement Act (DAWIA)

Kaul, Michael D.; Wilson, Brent J.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This projects purpose is to assess perceptions within the U.S. Army of qualification requirements of Army acquisition professionals since the Department of Defense implemented policies to conform to the Defense Acquisition Workforce Improvement Act passed by Congress in November 1990. This projects objective is to analyze the acquisition workforce perception of training requirements instituted by the Defense Acquisition University for professional certification in the acquisition functional areas and to determine if these requirements are perceived as an adequate technical baseline of knowledge and experience that ensures professionals will be more effective members of the acquisition Integrated Product Team. These perceptions were collected through visits to respective centers for excellence, from interviews, and from surveys of both military and civilian acquisition professionals. We acquired data from the U.S. Army Acquisition Support Center and the Defense Acquisition University, as well as surveys and interviews of acquisition leadership with a range of experience and positions.

Collaboration practices: an analysis within an Army acquisition program office

Blanton, Joseph R.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This project focuses on the complexity of stakeholder collaboration within the defense acquisition environment. An Army program office was identified as a case study because of a recently approved acquisition strategy by the Army Acquisition Executive. In coordination with this program office, eight key stakeholders were identified as being closely involved with the successful strategy decision. These individuals were given a survey to measure their collaborative capacity. Then, the participants were interviewed and asked to explain the impact and role that collaboration played in successfully constructing and staffing the acquisition strategy. Analyses revealed how effective collaboration was critical to achieving the successful high-level acquisition decision and revealed how the collaborative relationships changed over the events leading to the decision. The research concluded that developing and fostering effective collaboration with the stakeholder community contributes immensely to the success of the acquisition strategy and that the changing collaborative relationships can and should be supported with different levels of information.

Collaboration Practices: An Analysis Within an Army Acquisition Program Office

Blanton, Joseph R.; Naval Postgraduate School Acquisition Research Program
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Poster
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Annual Acquisition Research Symposium batch 2; Annual Acquisition Research Symposium

Applying a system-of-systems engineering perspective to current and future Army Acquisitions

Robertson, Chike J.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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603.8265%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This study uses core elements of the system-of-systems (SoS) engineering process to obtain lessons learned, which are then used to recommend process and organizational changes to facilitate an SoS approach to current and future U.S. Army acquisitions. The study finds that an SoS approach is necessary to accommodate the capability-based process that drives the Army acquisition system. Recommendations include incorporating SoS engineers in the Joint Capabilities Integration Development System process to build and standardize SoS architectures; using a chief integration officer throughout the SoS life cycle to provide expertise on integration and interoperability; and establishing guidelines for integrated product teams and lead system integrators. The SoS acquisition approach will also benefit from capability portfolio managers using consolidated funding as opposed to the current stove-piped funding. The SoS wave model can be incorporated in the operation and support phase to support iterative SoS evolution. The Army acknowledges that many current systems are, or have the potential to be, part of an SoS environment; however, the current acquisition processes and organizational structure are based on stand-alone system acquisitions. The recommendations of this study describe how the Army can support SoS acquisition.; ; Major...

An evaluation and comparison of the Army's acquisition plans for two tactical command control and communications systems: mobile subscriber equipment and single channel ground and airborne radio system

Williams, Denise F.; Ebener, Ralph I., Jr.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: viii, 58 p.
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Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; This thesis evaluates the Acquisition Plans of two US Army Command, Control and Communications (C3) systems: Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE) and the Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS), both of which are components of the Army Tactical Command and Control System (ATCCS). The study examines the defense acquisition process through the comparison of the Acquisition Plans and lessons learned for these two programs, and determines if there is an optimal strategy for the Army to use when acquiring tactical C3 systems. An analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the two Acquisition Plans, and an evaluation of the similarities and differences of two programs, concludes that the MSE Acquisition Plan proved more successful than its SINCGARS counterparts because of its Non-Developmental Item approach. This study recommends maximum use of the NDI strategy for acquiring C3 systems whenever possible.; Captain, United States Army; Captain, United States Army

Management and accounting of Government-furnished property in today's Army acquisition programs

Oxford, John R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 104 p.
Português
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One area of Government acquisition which has recently received special attention from Congress and the Department of Defense is the management and accounting for Government-Furnished Property. This facet of Government acquisition is also under great scrutiny as an entire Process Action Team was assigned to examine and make recommendations for the Federal Acquisition Regulation Part 45 Rewrite Tea established by the Director, Defense Procurement, Eleanor Spector. Government-Furnished Property was also debated during the recent 1995 Defense Acquisition Research Symposium. The intent of this thesis is to understand why Government-Furnished Property is used, how the use of Government-Furnished Property can assist an Army Program Manager save in costs and operate more effectively, and document needed changes to current regulations. Twelve separate recommendations are presented which highlight changes to existing regulations, policies, oversight, and staffing. The focus of the research was to visit and survey Army acquisition agencies and their Defense contractors to document their current concerns and comments for the use of Government-Furnished Property in their specific programs. (AN); NA; NA; U.S. Army (U.S.A.) author.

Case study of the U.S. Army's should-cost management implementation

Choi, Yeong Sam M.; Morneault, Jason A.; Poole, Daniel J.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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403.94227%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; On May 22, 2009, President Barack Obama signed into law the Weapons Systems Acquisition Reform Act (WSARA). The intent of this law is to reform acquisition processes, control unsustainable cost growth, and make programs more affordable. In 2010, despite WSARA, program cost, schedule overruns, and less-than-desirable performance were still prevalent in DoD acquisition. In response, Ashton Carter, Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (USD[AT&L]), issued his Better Buying Power (BBP) memorandum directing the implementation of Should-Cost Management (SCM). In April 2011, Carter issued an additional directive that should-cost estimates would be required for all acquisition category (ACAT) programs and that SCM initiative progress would be briefed at every milestone review. In November 2012, Frank Kendall, Carters successor, issued an update to the original BBP initiative (BBPi), reinforcing the success of the BBPi. Kendalls update incorporated lessons learned from two years of implementation and feedback from the acquisition workforce. Our case study examines how the Army has implemented SCM as part of the BBPi. We analyze actions taken from the program manager to the Army acquisition executive using Program Executive Office (PEO) Aviation as our case study focus.; Major...

A Study of the Alpha contracting process and its effects on Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) within selected Army Acquisition Programs

Clements, Andrew F.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 71 p. : ill. ;
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Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; This thesis evaluates the sole-source method of Alpha Contracting in the Army's HMMWV, Bradley A3, and AFATDS acquisition programs and examines the advantages and disadvantages associated with its implementation. Specifically, the research focuses on the effects of Alpha Contracting on the Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) concept and its associated use of Integrated Product Teams (IPTs). The objective is to determine if Alpha Contracting, in concert with the IPPD process, supports DoD's ultimate acquisition goal of providing warfighters with effective systems on schedule at an affordable cost. Ultimately, this analysis will lead to the development of a set of recommendations for its implementation in future acquisition endeavors. The research conducted for this thesis includes an analysis of the Alpha Contracting process, an indepth review of the IPPD management process, a detailed examination of current Army acquisition programs utilizing the Alpha Contracting process to determine the extent of its advantages and disadvantages, and an analysis of the cause and effect of any failed expectations of the process.; Captain, United States Army

Case analysis of the U.S. Army Warfighting Rapid Acquisition Program: Bradley Stinger Fighting Vehicle -- Enhanced weapon system

Jones, Walter.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 96 p.
Português
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403.07164%
With the Department of Defense's budget continuing to be reduced, Army acquisition managers must acquire superior weapon systems within shorter time periods with less resources, One effective way to accomplish this with relatively small, urgently needed acquisition programs is through the Army's Warfighting Rapid Acquisition Program (WRAP). This thesis uses a case study of the Bradley Stinger Fighting Vehicle-Enhanced (BSFV-E) air defense system to determine the impact of the WRAP upon accelerated acquisition. WRAP transitions compelling US Army Training and Doctrine Command Battle Lab successes into rapid acquisition successes. Lessons learned from the BSFV-E case are identified which might be used by other acquisition managers to effectively manage programs which emerge as Battle Lab experimentation successes and are approved for rapid acquisition through the WRAP process. One lesson learned is that BSFV-E's streamlined acquisition process permitted a significant reduction in the administrative and procedural requirements which typically burden systems development. Also, this case study identified that lack of funding for WRAP programs such as the BSFV-E can potentially transform a rapid acquisition effort into a business-as-usual program. This study concludes that the BSFV-E is an excellent acquisition streamlining role model.; U.S. Army (U.S.A.) author

Training development for new materiel items in Army acquisition programs

Kremer, Brent.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 126 p.
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This thesis analyzes and documents the Army's training development process as it relates to the materiel development of corresponding Army acquisition programs. Training development is a vital necessity for the successful fielding of any new materiel item. The acquisition process in general should not only focus on materiel development management, but on training development management as well. The performance of any weapon system will always be a measure of both how well the equipment is made and how well it is operated. The study examines current Army doctrine and regulations, and it solicits input from various training development agencies to analyze the training development environment in this era of military reductions. The author's hypothesis was that the Army training development community is being reduced faster than materiel development programs. Interviews with training development personnel, and the results of a survey generated for this thesis support that hypothesis. Given that training development reductions are outpacing materiel program elimination, the thesis provides two recommendations to assist training development efforts. One involves use of an automated document suspense management system to increase the efficiency of reduced staffs in training development agencies; the other outlines a potential methodology for procuring contractor provided training development.; NA; U.S. Army (U.S.A.) author

The impact of modeling and simulation on the Army acquisition process

Crouch, Thomas W.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 104 p.;28 cm.
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The purpose of this thesis is to identify and analyze the potential capabilities and limitations of the modeling and simulation (M&S) strategy used by the U.S. Army for acquisition purposes. This thesis considers the Army's current acquisition process, M&S technologies and the Army's organizational infrastructure to ascertain whether or not they adequately address cited goals. Specifically, the programmatics of DoD's 5000 series are evaluated to see if they support the concurrent processes afforded by M&S. The research indicates that the Army should focus on enhancing its requirements generation process by adequately supporting its Battle Labs. The degree to which M&S will impact the Army acquisition process is dependent on how well M&S and Battle Labs are represented in the Future Years Defense Plan. Recommendations in the areas of acquisition programmatics and Army organizational infrastructure are provided in an attempt to enhance the application of M&S in the Army's acquisition process.; NA; NA; U.S. Army (U.S.A.) author.

Software acquisition: evolution, Total Quality Management and applications to the Army Tactical Missile System

Barber, Wayland P.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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403.07727%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Software acquisition has become the critical path in the procurement of Department of Defense (DOD) weapon systems. Software requirements and their complexity have increased at an exponential rate and support requirements now constitute up to 70 percent of the software life cycle costs. This thesis presents the concept of software Total Quality Management (TQM) which focuses on the entire process of software acquisition, as a partial solution to the software acquisition crisis. A software case study, analysis, and lessons learned with applications to the Army Tactical Missile System (TACMS) is presented. A software process control maturity model, a standard software language, and a set of software metrics are presented. A discussion of program manager's responsibilities to implement a process control mechanism to produce quality software products is presented. The principal finding is that software acquisition is the major challenge to a program manager for waepon systems procurement. The major recommendation of this study is that software TQM can be applied to software acquisition; http://archive.org/details/softwareacquisit00barb; Captain, United States Army

A rational and framework for establishing a systems engineering community within the the Army

Clayton, Alan; Riva, Amie; Wiborg, Angers
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xiv, 77 p. : col. ill.; 28 cm.
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490.64266%
Joint Applied Project; Army acquisition programs are faced with increasing technical complexity and interdependence as most program products must integrate into a system of systems. Low quantity of systems engineers and poor quality systems engineering is credited as central to program failure. In an Army Systems Engineering Forum, the Army System of Systems Engineer (SoSE) asked what could be done to recruit, train, certify, and retain systems engineers. This paper answers that question, and identifies that it cannot be "fixed" in isolation of addressing an Army culture that does not focus its efforts on training the personnel it already has. Quantity issues are not being addressed at the service level with recruiting efforts. Organizations do not have formal collateral personnel exchange programs, yet many perform systems engineering functions. Training and certification gaps exist despite availability of training because personnel are not mandated to be certified to accept positions, in many cases. Systems engineering, although not blameless, is not the only issue. We also explore how the technical background of those that blame or want to "fix" systems engineering is an unbalanced perspective and omits the organizational issues and individual contributions of systems engineers and the other members of the program manager's (PM) team.

Army Acquisition and Contracting Personnel requirements: how are the Army's current recruitment, development and retention programs meeting current and future personnel requirements?

Allen, Karen E.; Doran, James W.; Westbrook, Bonnie L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 144 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
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Joint Applied Project; The Defense (DoD) is realizing a current and expected future shortage in experienced acquisition and contracting personnel due, in part, to a hiring freeze in the middle 1990s and the number of personnel that are eligible to retire in the next five years. This Joint Applied Project (JAP) will focus on the Army's current acquisition and contracting personnel recruitment programs, personnel development programs and personnel retention programs within the Army Contracting Command (ACC), its major Centers and two subordinate commands, the Expeditionary Contracting Command (ECC) and the Mission and Installation Contracting Command (MICC). The JAP provides historical background plus information regarding current acquisition and contracting personnel recruitment programs, personnel development programs and personnel retention programs. To understand the current recruitment programs, personnel development programs and personnel retention programs considered by ACC, the following research questions are addressed: What are the recruitment program implementation differences among the organizations within ACC? What are the major differences in training programs among the organizations within ACC? What major retention programs are utilized among the organizations within ACC? What key acquisition personnel shortages exist within ACC? Information was gathered through the review of various sources including Government laws...