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History of Science in Science Education: the Case of Oersted’s Experiment

Valente, Mariana; Caldeira, Nazaré
Fonte: 4th International Conference of the European Society for the History of Science Publicador: 4th International Conference of the European Society for the History of Science
Tipo: Aula
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
431.347%
In April 1820,Oersted gave a lecture, at the University of Copenhagen, on the connections between the phenomena of electricity, galvanism and magnetism. During this lecture something happened that put him on a path towards the clarification of his ideas. In July 1820, he published his findings in a paper written in Latin which he sent to various scientists in Europe. This experiment is regarded as being at the origin of the phenomena, and of the theory of electromagnetism. What happened? Some studies in the field of the History of Science and in Science Education provide us with elements to reflect on the matter (Andrade Martins, 1986, 2003, 2007; Heering, 2000; Kipnis, 2005; Jacobsen, 2006; Friedman, 2007; Brain, 2007, Cavicchi, 2008). How is this experiment treated in secondary school textbooks? Today, in Portugal, it is presented in passing and without even naming Oersted. Time acts on ideas, in science education, in a dispersive manner: we loose a great deal of their significance and sometimes we use ideas that were previous to the experiment as if they were a consequence of the same, as we will show. Why is it important, today, to recreate some historical experiments, in the context of science education? At a time where the discussion about the nature of science is very important...