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Transtorno de ansiedade social e habilidades sociais: estudo psicométrico e empírico; Social anxiety disorder and social skills: a psychometric and empirical study

Angelico, Antonio Paulo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/05/2009 Português
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O Transtorno de Ansiedade Social (TAS) tem sido considerado um grave problema de saúde mental pela sua alta prevalência em pessoas jovens e pelas incapacidades decorrentes no desempenho e interações sociais. É fundamental que se disponha de instrumentos validados e abrangentes que avaliem tanto os recursos e déficits comportamentais quanto os prejuízos sociais e funcionais destas pessoas. Objetivou-se, neste trabalho, verificar as associações entre as manifestações comportamentais e clínicas do TAS por meio de dois estudos, um psicométrico e outro empírico, visando: (a) aferir as propriedades psicométricas do Inventário de Habilidades Sociais (IHS-Del-Prette), enquanto medida do repertório comportamental de habilidades sociais, em relação à avaliação das manifestações clínicas próprias do TAS, medidas pelo Inventário da Fobia Social (SPIN); e (b) comparar e caracterizar o repertório de habilidades sociais apresentado por universitários brasileiros portadores de TAS e não portadores frente a uma situação experimental estruturada, o Teste de Simulação de Falar em Público (TSFP). Do estudo psicométrico, participaram 1006 universitários, na faixa etária entre 17 e 35 anos, de ambos os gêneros, provindos de duas instituições de ensino superior. Posteriormente...

Avaliação da aplicação do inventário de habilidades sociais em pacientes com esquizofrenia; Evaluation and application of the social skills inventory in patients with schizophrenia

Scemes, Silvia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/05/2012 Português
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OBJETIVO: Avaliar a aplicação do Inventário de Habilidades Sociais de Del Prette (IHS) na mensuração das Habilidades Sociais e suas correlações com variáveis psicopatológicas e neuropsicológicas em pacientes com esquizofrenia, em comparação com controles normais. MÉTODOS: Este estudo é parte de um ensaio clinico que avaliou a eficácia do Treino de Habilidades Sociais em pacientes com esquizofrenia e onde foram utilizados vários instrumentos e, entre eles, o IHS para avaliação de Habilidades Sociais, a Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) para avaliação da Psicopatologia e a Wechsler Abbrevited Scale of Intelligence (WASI) como medida geral de avaliação da inteligência. O estudo foi realizado no ambulatório de dois centros especializados (Projesq do Instituto de Psiquiatria do HC FMUSP e Proesq da Universidade Federal de São Paulo) nos quais 91 pacientes com diagnostico de esquizofrenia pelo DSM IV TR, com diferentes níveis de gravidade ( 62 refratários e 29 não refratários), foram comparados com controles 108 controles normais. Para comparação entre variáveis foram utilizados teste t de Student, Análise de Variância e Covariância e para o estudo das correlações um modelo de Regressão Linear. .Resultados: Pacientes com esquizofrenia apresentaram comprometimento significativamente maior de suas habilidades sociais...

As relações sociais entre os jovens no ensino médio : um olhar através das habilidades sociais; Social relations among teenagers in high school : a look through social skills

Rogério Gomes Neto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/12/2012 Português
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O presente estudo teve como objetivo aprofundar o conhecimento sobre as relações sociais no Ensino Médio por meio da identificação, descrição e análise das habilidades sociais dos jovens alunos. Participaram deste estudo 219 alunos do ensino médio de escolas públicas dos municípios de Campinas (SP) e Pedreira (SP). Os dados foram coletados presencialmente, nas escolas, com dois instrumentos: Questionário de Caracterização do Participante e Escala MESSY de Habilidades Sociais. Os dados foram estatisticamente analisados utilizando-se das técnicas descritiva e inferencial que têm como objetivo medir, explicar e prever o grau de relacionamento entre as variáveis. A escala MESSY, que passou por um pequeno processo de adaptação para este estudo, foi submetida a diversas análises estatísticas. Após análise fatorial, chegou-se a quatro fatores que se assemelham aos apontados pela literatura, que são Habilidades Sociais/Assertividade, Agressividade/ Comportamento Antissocial, Vaidade/Arrogância e Solidão/Ansiedade Social. Os resultados mostraram diferença significativa no fator Habilidades Sociais/Assertividade, com maior escore na faixa etária 16-17 anos e maior escore no gênero feminino. No fator Agressividade/Comportamento Antissocial...

Social skills in adolescence: psychopathology and sociodemographic variables

Von Hohendorff,Jean; Couto,Maria Clara Pinheiro de Paula; Prati,Laíssa Eschiletti
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 Português
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67.453843%
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between social skills, psychopathology and sociodemographic characteristics among adolescents. Participants were 50 adolescents from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (30 girls and 20 boys, Mage=14 years, SD=1.61) who attended either a public or a private school. The participants answered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the social skills Inventory for Adolescents Del-Prette (frequency and difficulty) and, to assess symptoms of psychopathology, the Self Report Questionnaire 20. Results indicated that there were no differences in the frequency of the social skills investigated with regard to genders, age, type of school attended, and the indication of psychopathology. However, the difficulty score reported on the use of social skills was related with psychopathology. This relationship was further moderated by the type of school. Thus, sociodemographic variables and personal characteristics (such as psychopathology) must be considered in social skills studies.

Social skills of adolescents: convergent validity between IHSA-Del-Prette and MESSY

Del Prette,Zilda Aparecida Pereira; Teodoro,Maycoln; Del Prette,Almir
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 Português
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67.56652%
This research investigates the evidence demonstrating the reliability and convergent validity between the Social Skills Inventory for Adolescents and the Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters in two groups: the first with 136 adolescents from a public school (89 females and 47 males, with ages ranging from 12 to 17 years, 13.98 ± 1.24 years); the second with 24 adolescents from a socio-educational program (ages ranging from 13 to 17 years, 15.64 ± 1.18 years). The results showed low and moderate correlations between some subscales of both instruments (Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters and Social Skills Inventory for Adolescents), evidencing convergent validity between the Social Skills Inventory for Adolescents scores and the social skills/assertiveness" subscale of the Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters. Comparisons between the groups indicated that the second sample had less difficulty in Civility (Social Skills Inventory for Adolescents) than the first sample (public school adolescents).

Marital Satisfaction: The Role of Social Skills of Husbands and Wives

Villa,Miriam Bratfisch; Del Prette,Zilda Aparecida Pereira
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 Português
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67.536323%
Among the multiple determinants of marital satisfaction, evidence points to the social skills of married couples. This study investigates the correlations between these constructs, cross-correlating data from husband and wives. A total of 406 married individuals, 188 men and 218 women, completed the Marital Satisfaction Scale, Social Skills Inventory (SSI-Del-Prette) and Marital Social Skills Inventory (MSSI-Villa&Del-Prette). The results revealed a significant correlation among the scores of the three instruments, confirming the relationship between marital satisfaction and the social skills of married couples. In the cross-correlations, three classes of marital social skills (proactive self-control, reactive self-control and expressiveness/empathy) were more strongly correlated to husbands’ marital satisfaction, and husbands’ three social skills (assertive conversation, self-assertiveness and expressiveness/empathy) were correlated with wives’ marital satisfaction. Gender differences concerning the importance of one spouse’s social skills leading to the other spouse’s satisfaction are stressed as an item to be used in detailed diagnostics and effective interventions with couples. Some issues for future research are also discussed.

Factor Validation of the Portuguese Version of the Social Skills Scale of the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales

Major,Sofia; Seabra-Santos,Maria João
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The assessment of preschoolers’ social skills represents a topic of growing importance in research recently developed in the field. The purpose of this article is to present confirmatory factor analyses studies for the Social Skills scale of the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales – Second Edition (PKBS-2), a behavior rating scale that evaluates social skills and problem behaviors, adapted and validated for Portuguese preschool children. The 34 items of the Social Skills scale, distributed on three subscales (Social Cooperation/Adjustment, Social Interaction/Empathy and Social Independence/Assertiveness), were grouped into item-parcels. Model adjustment was analyzed for the total sample (N = 2000) and the analyses were replicated for the subsamples collected in the home (n = 1000) and school settings (n = 1000). The factor structure was very stable for the three samples, with high internal consistency levels and correlations between parcels/scales. The results highlight the utility/validity of the Social Skills scale of the PKBS-2 (Portuguese version).

The Role of Social Skills in Social Anxiety of University Students

Bolsoni-Silva,Alessandra Turini; Loureiro,Sonia Regina
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.57782%
Social anxiety is one of the most frequent mental health problems and there is no consensus regarding the relation between social skills and anxiety. This study aimed to compare the behavioral indicators of social skills presented by university students with social anxiety in relation to a non-clinical group, and to verify the predictive value of the social skills for social anxiety. Participants were 288 university students, 144 with Anxiety Disorder and 144 non-clinical. Social skills were assessed using the QHC-University (Social Skills, Behaviors and Context Assessment Questionnaire for University Students) and the IHS-Del-Prette instruments. Mental health indicators were assessed through screening and diagnostic instruments. Through univariate and multivariate analysis an association was found between social skills and anxiety, highlighting public speaking, potential, difficulties, and the total social skills score as predictors of social anxiety, which contributes to demonstrating the role the resources and difficulties play in this.

Social Skills, Social Support and Well-Being in Adolescents of Different Family Configurations

Leme,Vanessa Barbosa Romera; Del Prette,Zilda Aparecida Pereira; Coimbra,Susana
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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There is no consensus in the literature regarding the influence of family configuration on the psychological well-being of adolescents. Based on the perception of adolescents, this study evaluates the influence of family configuration, social skills and social support appraisals as potential predictors of adolescent psychological well-being. The participants were 454 adolescents aged between 13 and 17 years from nuclear, separated and remarried families. The adolescents were students in the first and second years of public high school. The data were collectively obtained in the classroom using the Social Skills Inventory for Adolescents, the Social Support Appraisal Scale and the Psychological Well-being Scale. The results indicated that family configuration is not associated with the psychological well-being of adolescents. The social skills of empathy, self-control, civility, social resourcefulness and affective approach as well as the social support appraisals from friends and family were the best predictors of adolescent psychological well-being. The implications of the results are discussed with respect to future research and interventions.

Social skills of gifted and talented children

França-Freitas,Maria Luiza Pontes de; Del Prette,Almir; Del Prette,Zilda Aparecida Pereira
Fonte: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte Publicador: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
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There is a clear lack of empirical studies about the socio-emotional characteristics of gifted and talented children, especially in the context of social skills. This study aimed to characterize the social skills of such children, identifying similarities and differences in the skill repertoire in comparison with non-gifted children. The sample contained 394 children from 8 to 12 years old, of which 269 children were identified as gifted. All participants answered the Social Skills Rating System and Socio-demographic Questionnaire. The results indicate a more elaborate social skills repertoire for gifted children in all categories with the exception of empathic skills. The implications of these results for the planning of educational programs are discussed and future research directions are identified.

The effect of social skills training on grade 3 students' self-esteem, moral development and perceptions of classroom environment

Kolenko, Irene.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Two Grade 3 classes were used to study the effects of a formal social skills training program. Specifically, comparisons were made on self-esteem, classroom environment, and moral development to see whether changes occurred as a direct result of social skills training. One group participated in the social skills program, while the other group did not. It was hypothesized that formal social skills training would improve students' selfesteem, moral development, and the classroom environment. At the end of the program, however, data from class observations, teacher interviews, journal of the social skills training group teacher, and measures of self-esteem, classroom environment and moral development did not support this hypothesis. Although the social skills training group scored significantly higher in class cohesiveness, they did not show marked improvement in the other measures. In fact, in some measures (e.g., friction and competitiveness), they demonstrated greater scores at both pretest and posttests. The social skills training group was, however, able to vocalize and utilize the strategies of several skills which had been a focus of the program, suggesting that formal social skills training is a useful tool for presenting and reinforcing some specific behaviours.

“I JUST CONNECT WITH THE HORSES”: EQUINE ASSISTED LEARNING AS A TOOL FOR DEVELOPING SOCIAL SKILLS AND RESILIENCY IN AT-RISK YOUTH

Bouchard, Mary V.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.44798%
This study describes the experiences reported by at-risk youth in a four-day, equine assisted learning (EAL) program and evaluates the impact of the program on the youths’ social skills and resiliency. A multi-strategy single group pre-test/post-test design was implemented at an EAL facility in Ontario. Two self-report instruments, the Social Skills Improvement System (SSIS) and the Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents (RSCA), were completed on two occasions: baseline and immediately following participation in EAL. Multiple paired-samples t-tests were computed to determine if there were any changes over time. Two participants were selected for exit interviews on the last day of the program. The results of this work indicated that participation in EAL may positively influence social skills and resiliency development. The self-report scales achieved statistically significant improvement (p < .05) in perceived levels of: empathy, self-control, mastery, optimism, self-efficacy, support, sense of relatedness, social skills, and internalizing symptoms. Additionally, interviews with two participants in the EAL program revealed that participants enjoyed working with the horses, experienced increased self-awareness and self-confidence...

Habilidades sociais conjugais em casais de diferentes filiações religiosas.; Marital social skills in couples from different religious affiliations.

Villa, Miriam Bratfisch
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/06/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.6585%
A literatura têm mostrado que as habilidades sociais constituem um importante ingrediente das relações conjugais satisfatórias e que a competência social é determinada por múltiplos fatores, incluindo-se aí as crenças e normas individual ou coletivamente assimiladas. A comunidade religiosa exerce grande influência sobre o comportamento de seus membros através de normas e preceitos com relação a comportamentos esperados em vários contextos, entre eles o conjugal. Nesse caso, a maioria das igrejas usualmente determina ou induz características associadas ao papel de esposa, de marido e à educação dos filhos. Este estudo teve como principal objetivo verificar a relação existente entre filiação religiosa e habilidades sociais emitidas pelos cônjuges no contexto de seu relacionamento cotidiano e outras variáveis da amostra associadas a esses aspectos. A amostra estudada foi de 74 casais divididos em três grupos: católicos, presbiterianos e sem filiação religiosa. Todos os casais responderam a um Inventário de Habilidades Sociais Conjugais (IHSC) e a uma ficha de dados pessoais. Os casais religiosos responderam também a um questionário doutrinário e um outro instrumento no qual foi solicitado que relacionassem uma lista de habilidades sociais aos ensinamentos da igreja...

Evaluation of social skills from mothers of children with onco-hematological disease treatment; Avaliação das habilidades sociais de mães de crianças em tratamento de doenças onco-hematológicas

Kirchner, Luziane de Fátima; Löhr, Suzane Schmidlin; Guimarães, Ana Tereza Bittencourt
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Assessments of the social skills of mothers whose children are undergoing treatment for chronic illnesses can help design strategies to improve the quality of relationships between mothers and other people involved in the treatment (the child being treated, healthcare professionals, and other mothers) and thereby increase children's adherence to treatment. This study aimed at providing a descriptive analysis of the social skills illustrated by the responses of 20 mothers of children who were aged 5 to 11 years, suffered from blood cancers, and showed a good level of adherence to treatment. Adherence to treatment was evaluated using the ATG-BC tool and the social skills illustrated by mothers' answers were evaluated using the "If... then you..." questionnaire; both methods were designed by the researchers. The "If... then you..." questionnaire measured levels of empathy and assertiveness in nine hypothetical conflictive situations during treatment, including interactions with children, the medical team, and others. Results indicated a predominance of assertive/empathetic answers in interactions with children, non-assertive and assertive answers in interactions with the medical team, and non-assertive, assertive, and emphatic/assertive answers in interactions with others. These discrepancies between interactions confirmed that evaluations of mothers' social skills should be situation-dependent. Future studies should test the hypothesis that serious chronic illnesscan significantly affect the maternal repertoire of social skills.; A avaliação das habilidades sociais de mães de crianças em tratamento de doenças crônicas pode favorecer o planejamento de intervenções capazes de contribuir para a melhora da qualidade das relações estabelecidas entre a mãe e as pessoas que estão presentes durante o tratamento (a própria criança...

Program effectiveness of a parent-child group social skills program

Picciott, Heather
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.536323%
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a social skills group program using pre-post testing and focus groups. Program effectiveness measurement was illustrated using data collected from a pilot parent-child social skills building group program, "Raising Positive Thinkers". The group involved four parent-child dyads and ran for three consecutive weeks, meeting once a week for 90 minutes to introduce, practice and review social skills learned. Quantitative data was collected via pre and post questionnaire using the Social Skills Improvement System rating scale (SSIS). Qualitative data was collected from a focus group at the end of the program. Parent perceptions of the social skills group indicated the group was overall a beneficial experience for themselves and their children. The pre and post questionnaire data did not yield significant findings, whereas the focus group gave beneficial information for future replications of the program. The use of both questionnaires and focus group was constructive in giving a comprehensive analysis of the effectiveness of the program. Parent input was included for future replications of the program.

Social phobia and social skills: a literature review; Fobia social e habilidades sociais: uma revisão da literatura

Angélico, Antonio Paulo; Crippa, José Alexandre de Souza; Loureiro, Sonia Regina
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/08/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.61987%
  This study aimed to identify in the indexers Medline, PsycINFO, Lilacs and Scielo, in the period between 2000 and 2005, empirical studies that investigated social phobia in relation to social skills, followed by a critical analysis of the methodologies used by the studies listed. Sixteen papers were identified and grouped in two categories: Therapeutic Modalities - Application and Comparison of Clinical Interventions (N=6) and Characterization of the Social Skills Repertoire (N = 10). The studies that compared therapeutic approaches evidenced the higher efficiency of the Social Skills Training (SST), for the development of more competent social repertoire, compared to cognitive-behavioral therapy. The studies of profile characterization (10) reported that the patients with social phobia presented a social skills deficit, suggesting the potential benefit of participation in social skills training programs. The critical analysis of the researches design pointed to the need of new studies with clinical and non-clinical samples, with random allocation of participants, precise diagnosis, and proposition of contextualized interaction tasks, in order to support the generalization of findings related to the association between the social skills and social phobia...

Social skills of psychotics and its relations to partners’ behaviors; Desempenho social de psicóticos em função do comportamento do interlocutor

Bandeira, Marina; Barroso, Sabrina Martins; Reis, Fernanda Valle
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/05/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This research investigated the social skills of psychotics in relation to its partners’ behaviors in social interactions. Two trained judges observed a sample of 35 psychotics compared to 35 non-clinical subjects interacting with trained partners in 4 video-taped role-play situations, regarding giving and receiving criticism. Types of situations and gender of partners were varied. Results showed that subjects’ behaviors were positively related to their partner’s non-verbal feedbacks and looking behavior while listening to them and were negatively related to theirs partners’ looking behavior during silence. Patients' group was more sensitive to partner’s behaviors, their behaviors being also positively related to their partner’s verbal feedbacks. These results replicated data from international literature in this area and suggest specific behaviors as incentive to the social skills of the patients in rehabilitation programsand suggest specific behaviors as incentive to the social skills of the patients in rehabilitation programs.Keywords: social skills; partners’ behavior; psychotics; desinstitucionalization; role-play.; Foi investigado o desempenho social em função do comportamento do interlocutor...

Competência acadêmica de crianças do Ensino Fundamental: características sociodemográficas e relação com habilidades sociais; Academic competence in students of Elementary School: sociodemographic pattern and relation to social skills

Bandeira, Marina; Rocha, Sandra Silva; Pires, Luisa Gonçalves; Del Prette, Zilda Aparecida Pereira; Del Prette, Almir
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/08/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.56652%
This research investigated academic competence and its relation to social skills and sociodemographic variables in a sample of 257 elementary school students from First through Fourth Grades, using the SSRS scale - Social Skills Rating System. Socioeconomic level was assessed using the “Critério Brasil” scale. Participants were 185 parents and 12 teachers who also rated the children’s social skills. Results showed that 7,9% of the sample had learning difficulties. Girls had higher scores than boys in academic competence. The competence in school was significantly and positively correlated with socioeconomic level. Also, children from private schools had higher scores than those from public schools. There was a significant relationship between social skills and academic competence, the children with higher social skills scores had the better academic competence and were less likely to fail in school. These results confirm previous findings suggesting that social skills interventions in school can affect the students' outcome positively. Keywords: social skills; academic performance; elementary school students; sociodemographic variables.; Esta pesquisa avaliou características da competência acadêmica em sua relação com o repertório de habilidades sociais e com variáveis sociodemográficas de uma amostra de 257 crianças de 1ª a 4ª séries do Ensino Fundamental. Foi aplicada a escala SSRS (Social Skills Rating System) a 185 crianças...

Avaliação do estresse e das habilidades sociais na experiência acadêmica de estudantes de medicina de uma universidade do Rio de Janeiro; Evaluation of stress and social skills in the academic experience of medical students of a Rio de Janeiro university

Furtado, Eliane de Sousa; Falcone, Eliane Mary de Oliveira; Clark, Cynthia
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/04/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.513276%
Studies done in several countries have show that medical students are exposed to many situations that cause stress. The student’s lack of preparation to deal with these situations can have important repercussions in regard to his/her performance, health and psychological and social well-being. Besides this, research has shown that deficiencies in social skills can contribute to the development of stress. This study evaluated sources of stress that exist within the medical course, as well as the relation between the levels of stress and social skills of the students. The sample consisted of 178 students (105 women and 73 men) from the first to the sixth level of medicine. The questionnaire to evaluate stressors, the Stress Symptom Inventory compiled by Lipp (ISSL) and Social Skills Inventory (IHS), revealed 7 sources of stress most quoted by the students. Besides this, the majority of the students are in a phase of resistance to stress. Deficiency in social skills is related to stress in this population and this is one more factor added to other sources of stress. It was concluded that the academic experience of this sample favors stress and to which low levels of social skills is related. The results obtained in this study can be used to elaborate projects which give psychological support to medical students and improvement to their academic development as well. It is suggested that this research be reproduced in other schools of Medicine so as to make possible a comparison between the obtained results...

Stability of shyness, sociability, and social dysfunction in schizophrenia: A preliminary investigation of the influence of social skills training in a community-based stable outpatient sample

Jetha,Michelle K.; Schmidt,Louis A.; Goldberg,Joel O.
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2007 Português
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Background: We previously noted a significantly higher degree of retrospective and contemporaneous shyness and sociability troubles in patients with schizophrenia than controls in a community-based stable outpatient sample and greater relative resting right frontal EEG activity (a trait marker of stress) in patients with schizophrenia who were shy. Objective: Here we conducted a preliminary investigation to examine the stability of shyness and sociability in a sample of 37 stable outpatients with schizophrenia, some of whom were either exposed (n = 17) or not exposed (n = 20) to weekly social skills training over a seven month period. Results: We found that shyness and sociability remained stable across all patients, although when the two groups were considered separately, only shyness remained stable in both groups. Sociability was not stable in those patients exposed to social skills training. We also found that, although measures of shyness indexed prior to exposure to the social skills training program significantly predicted pre- and post-social skills training measures, sociability was not related to pre- or post-social skills measures. Individuals with schizophrenia who scored high on trait shyness prior to exposure to social skills training still exhibited problems related to social adjustment following training. Conclusions: The present study appears to be the first to examine the stability of trait-like shyness in schizophrenia. Findings are discussed in terms of their implications for understanding the stability of shyness and sociability and their role in the heterogeneity of symptom profiles and pervasive social dysfunction in community outpatients with schizophrenia.