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Cultura e desempenho de equipes de projetos globais: um estudo em empresas multinacionais brasileiras; Culture and global project team performance: a study in Brazilian multinational companies

Rodrigues, Ivete
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/08/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A internacionalização das empresas brasileiras traz uma nova realidade: a necessidade de implementação de projetos globais. Estes trazem, em seu bojo, o desafio do gerenciamento de equipes multiculturais. Sendo um fenômeno recente, com pouco desenvolvimento teórico, o presente estudo buscou entender as relações entre características culturais e desempenho de equipes de projetos globais em multinacionais brasileiras, em contextos de alta e baixa distância cultural. Uma vez identificadas estas relações, tratou-se de entendê-las à luz do processo de gerenciamento de equipes. Para levar avante esta discussão, empreendeu-se um estudo de campo com enfoque tanto quantitativo quanto qualitativo junto a 34 projetos globais de multinacionais brasileiras, em que participaram pessoas oriundas de 22 países. Os resultados indicam que características culturais estão, sim, associadas ao desempenho da equipe, seja técnico ou humano, e que essa associação tem diferentes intensidades a depender do contexto. A proximidade hierárquica e o coletivismo foram mais importantes em contextos de baixa distância, enquanto que a feminilidade e a propensão ao risco foram mais importantes em contexto de alta distância cultural. Em que pesem estes resultados...

Liderança e gestão em TI: uma análise do desempenho de gestores de TI baseada em competências críticas de gestão.; IT management and leadership: an analysis of the IT managers performance based on critical management competencies.

Silva, Eduardo Margara da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/03/2013 Português
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A fronteira entre as áreas de negócios e as de tecnologia de informação (TI) vai deixando de existir e isso exige competências de gestão, baseadas em novos conhecimentos, habilidades e atitudes de liderança, que extrapolam as questões técnicas. A literatura disponível discute quais são as competências críticas de forma isolada, não as relaciona com a competitividade das empresas e não analisa o desempenho dos gestores em cada uma das competências consideradas críticas. Com o objetivo de compreender quais são as competências críticas de gestão em TI e qual é o desempenho dos gestores nessas competências, foi efetuada, neste estudo, uma revisão da teoria, a fim de elaborar um modelo de avaliação de desempenho e avaliar 149 gestores de TI. Essa avaliação foi baseada em 22 competências de gestão, organizadas em cinco áreas: gestão da estratégia de TI, gestão da inovação e tecnologia, gestão do valor da TI, gestão das equipes de TI e gestão do desempenho da TI. Na análise dos dados foram testadas dez hipóteses de pesquisa sobre as prioridades e o desempenho dos gestores de TI para poder analisar se há variação em função de fatores externos ligados ao negócio (orientação competitiva, segmento de mercado e porte do negócio) e de fatores internos (processos e funções exercidas em TI). Com base nos resultados...

What team members perceive as important to achieve high performance : an exploratory case study

Moura, Isabel Cristina A. A.; Dias, Pedro M.; Dominguez, Caroline E.; Varajão, João
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2014 Português
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Apresentado em "ProjMAN 2014 - International Conference on Project MANagement, Troia, Portugal, 15-17 Oct. 2014"; In today’s demanding business environment companies must perform more efficiently. One of the most important ways to tackle this challenge is to enhance the human resources potential, through effective team management. High-performing teams have been studied for some years, with literature discussing their features from several perspectives as, for instance: leadership; teams as a whole; and team members. But, little has been written on managing these teams in the construction business. Based on a project involving 44 professionals and six teams, our exploratory case study presents preliminary results on perceived importante features for managing teams into high performance. Surprisingly, in opposition to their team members, managers did not perceive as most important some of the common features identified in the literature. Plus, some differences exist between teams’ perceptions. The reported differences may be correlated with the characteristics (e.g., social and demographic) of the professionals.; Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT)

Retraining due to illness ant its implications in nursing management

Batista,Joseli Maria; Juliani,Carmen Maria Casquel Monti; Ayres,Jairo Aparecido
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2010 Português
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There is currently an increased interest in workers’ health. Retraining due to illness is the topic of this study. The objective of this qualitative study was to understand how individuals cope with job retraining in a public hospital, utilizing interviews to understand how nursing professionals coped with the retraining process, which were then analyzed using Content Analysis as proposed by Bardin. The responses revealed problems in several areas of nursing work: “Work Organization”, “Teamwork”, “Sick leave and retraining”, and “Team Management”, altogether generating suggestions for improving the work experience in retraining. The retraining process generated individual, professional and social feelings of incompetence and guilt for workers. Important reflection and attitude changes are urgently needed, supporting team management, which will consequently improve care provided to the public.

Validation of the team factors inventory in Brazilian companies

Gimenez,Fernando Antonio Prado; Inácio Júnior,Edmundo
Fonte: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração Publicador: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 Português
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The aim of this paper is to test the validity and reliability of a Portuguese version of the Team Factors Inventory/TFI derived from the Creative Leadership Model. This inventory measures the propensity of a team towards creative leadership and consists of a paper and pen measure with 37 items on a Likert-type scale. The literature concerning creativity in organizational studies has focused mainly on the contribution the individual makes to innovation and technical change. The model of Creative Leadership, on the other hand, has turned attention to group behaviour and team management. The model has been recently proposed in England and there are no literature reports on its application in a language other than English. The method involved a review of the literature on creative leadership, backtranslation of the inventory, and data analysis through descriptive statistics, hypotheses testing, factor analysis, and analysis of variance, using as control variables, sex, and type of enterprise. The sample consisted of 115 respondents, with 73 owner-managers of high-tech incubated firms and 42 owner-managers of service firms. Analyses indicated that the translated version Portuguese of the inventory reached satisfactory levels of validity and reliability. This means that the TFI may be applied in a cultural context other than the original.

The team profile: a diagnostic tool for determining team development needs.

Dobkin, Kathy Kram
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 124 leaves; 6612383 bytes; 6612143 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
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Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Alfred P. Sloan School of Management. Thesis. 1973. M.S.; MICROFICHE COPY ALSO AVAILABLE IN DEWEY LIBRARY.; Bibliography: leaves 121-124.

System team composition for a complex system to enable integration and attribute management

Krishnaswami, Ram, 1966-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 89 p.; 4354343 bytes; 4364184 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
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The automatic transmission is a very complex system in a modern automobile with several hundred components performing mechanical, hydraulic and electronic functions. System integration and attribute management are key challenges in the design and development of an automatic transmission. The system and sub system team structure can play a key part in the success of this development. A properly structured team can enhance the communication between the engineers designing the individual components, ensure that all interfaces between the components are properly managed and appropriate design actions are in place for best in class attributes. This thesis analyzes the current team structure and composition that is in place in the Automatic Transmission Division at Ford Motor Company and offers recommendations to improve the composition to better align the sub system teams with the actual workings of the transmission. The main tool that is used to enable this work is the Design Structure Matrix (DSM). Communication between individual team members is compared to components that physically touch or exchange energy through hydraulic means, or exchange electrical signals and preferred team compositions for effectively engineering these sub systems are proposed. The efficacy of these teams to manage attributes like noise and shift quality is also discussed.; by Ram Krishnaswami.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Análise da gestão nos distritos sanitários em Goiânia - uma proposta de descentralização; Analysis of management in sanitary districts in Goiânia - a proposal for descentralization

Souza, Maria Cláudia Honorato da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde Coletiva (PRPG); Pró-Reitoria de Pós-graduação (PRPG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde Coletiva (PRPG); Pró-Reitoria de Pós-graduação (PRPG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The Sanitary Districts are the extension of the central level of the Municipal Health Department in the Health Units which are part of the process of decentralization of the municipal management. To develop assistance continuously in a solvable way it is necessary that the manager and the teams in the units and Sanitary Districts know about the flows, that partnerships are established and agreed upon. In this study we aimed to diagnose elements of the work developed in the management of the Sanitary District in the Municipal Health Department in Goiânia, Goiás. We used a descriptive exploratory research methodology with professionals working in the health field who carried out duties of directors and supervisors in the seven Sanitary Districts of the Municipal Health Department in 2011. A well-structured interview was used to collect data. Thus it was organized in a way that allowed its analysis in the SPSS 15.0 program. Data were coded to proceed with the descriptive analysis based on the theoretical frame of reference. This study was assessed and approved by the Ethics Committee for Human and Animal Research of the Clinical Hospital of the Federal University of Goiás, under Protocol number 031/2009. Twenty managers of various professional categories who represent 95% of the district directors...

Challenges of teams management: using agile methods to solve the common problems

Fonte: Universidade Federal de Lavras Publicador: Universidade Federal de Lavras
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The software development using dynamic and creative teams has become a strategic advantage to improving the performance of software projects. Faced with the problems noted on team management, organizations are seeking less expensive solutions and suitable for the rapidly changing market requirements. The present study aims to identify these challenges related to the management team on software projects and evaluate which and how these challenges can be addressed by promoting continuous improvement of the management of organizations. The adoption of Scrum practices in the studied project proved to be a positive solution, providing greater scalability in terms of manageability and development projects of the organization.

Guidelines for the management of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy 2008

Lowe, S.; Brown, M.; Dekker, G.; Gatt, S.; McLintock, C.; McMahon, L.; Mangos, G.; Moore, M.; Muller, P.; Paech, M.; Walters, B.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Asia Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This is the Executive Summary of updated guidelines developed by the Society of Obstetric Medicine of Australia and New Zealand for the management of hypertensive diseases of pregnancy. They address a number of challenging areas including the definition of severe hypertension, the use of automated blood pressure monitors, the definition of non-proteinuric pre-eclampsia and measuring proteinuria. Controversial management issues are addressed such as the treatment of severe hypertension and other significant manifestations of pre-eclampsia, the role of expectant management in pre-eclampsia remote from term, thromboprophylaxis, appropriate fluid therapy, the role of prophylactic magnesium sulfate and anaesthetic issues for women with pre-eclampsia. The guidelines stress the need for experienced team management for women with pre-eclampsia and mandatory hospital protocols for treatment of hypertension and eclampsia. New areas addressed in the guidelines include recommended protocols for maternal and fetal investigation of women with hypertension, preconception management for women at risk of pre-eclampsia, auditing outcomes in women with hypertensive diseases of pregnancy and long-term screening for women with previous pre-eclampsia.; Sandra A. Lowe...

Management of motivational factors involved in satisfaction / motivation of team multidisciplinary health center of Bragança

Martins, Anabela Paula Seixas Gonçalves; Galvão, Ana Maria; Costa, Olívia
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
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47.52852%
The Professional satisfaction is a complex area and difficult to assess but at the same time, unavoidable. As a nurse, to perform management functions in a multidisciplinary team, developed an interest in this subject. This study, exploratory, descriptive and transversal and quantitative aims to assess job satisfaction of professionals in the centro de saúde da Unidade Local de saúde do Nordeste Centro de Saúde de Bragança. The dependent variable is job satisfaction, was operationalized in seven dimensions: Remuneration; Work and Health Conditions; Job Security; Professional Relations with Patients and Work Team; Autonomy; Status and Prestige, Personal and Professional Satisfaction and Organizational Achievement. The instrument used to collect data was an questionnaire based on a Graça’s questionnaire (1999) adapted to the Portuguese culture, particularly for health professionals. The results highlight that the respondents have high expectations for all dimensions of work and that overall they are quite satisfied. The dimensions which pertain to reveal greater satisfactionare : Status and Prestige, Professional Relations with Patients and Work Team, Work and Health Conditions. The factors that contribute most to satisfaction are intrinsic factors and the factors that cause the most dissatisfaction are job security and Remuneration. By professional groups...

An Empirical Study of the United States Navy's Management and Oversight of Services Acquisition

Ernuel Miranda; Robert McMaster
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
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Sponsored Report (for Acquisition Research Program); The Department of Defense is spending an ever-increasing amount on support for the operation of Continental United States (CONUS) installations. The purpose of this MBA project is to provide a comprehensive overview of how service acquisitions are managed for United States Navy installations. This project will discuss the process of gathering empirical data from a web-based survey created from a previous MBA project (Compton & Meinshausen, 2007) that will be distributed as a tasker from the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. This survey was conducted between June and July 2008 and covered 87% of the installations found on the regional commands'' websites. Also, this MBA project will compare the survey results with the concerns of the Government Accountability Office (GAO) in the area of service acquisition management. The results of this research demonstrate that the majority of the contracts issued at Navy installations are competitive, firm fixed-price, and without incentives. The project team approach is used on half of the services contracts awarded for installation services. Additionally, personnel assigned to monitor installation service contracts are only minimally trained...

Knowledge management practices in automotive safety attribute development

Krishnaswami, Ram N. (Ram Narian)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 102 p.; 6061312 bytes; 6067619 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
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Organizations strive continuously to become efficient. Over the years many of them have tried to attain this through streamlining or reengineering their product development practices. 'While some of them succeed others are less successful. Product development organizations within automotive enterprises are not different in this regard. Most reengineering efforts seem to concentrate on tasks and schedule. Detailed schedules are cascaded while the identification of enablers on delivering to the new schedule is left to individual teams in the organization. At the working level, the reengineering process is misunderstood as abandonment of things gone right from past practices. This sometimes results in teams reinventing solutions to similar problems from the past. The purpose of this thesis is to demonstrate that a key enabler for success in any reengineering effort is to understand existing knowledge management practices and reuse them in the context of proposed changes. To do so, existing practices would have to be captured in usable formats. Proposed changes to existing product development process within an automotive product development organization are studied.; (cont.) Comparisons are made between existing and proposed product development process. To focus this comparison and understand the changes better...

When Power Makes Others Speechless: The Negative Impact of Leader Power on Team Performance

Tost, Leigh Plunkett; Gino, Francesca; Larrick, Richard P.
Fonte: Academy of Management Publicador: Academy of Management
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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We examine the impact of subjective power on leadership behavior and demonstrate that the psychological effect of power on leaders spills over to impact team effectiveness. Specifically, drawing from the approach/inhibition theory of power, power-devaluation theory, and organizational research on the antecedents of employee voice, we argue that a leader's experience of heightened power produces verbal dominance, which reduces perceptions of leader openness and team open communication. Consequently, there is a negative effect of leader power on team performance. Three studies find consistent support for this argument. The implications for theory and practice are discussed.

Software project team dynamics a study of enablers and barriers to successful teams

O'Connor, Rory V.
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
Português
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peer-reviewed; Team dynamics is the term used to define how people work and interact together in teams. Positive team dynamics are those that enable and contribute to high performing successful teams. Negative team dynamics are the dynamics that create barriers preventing teams from achieving their full potential. Teamwork is more effective with the existence of positive team dynamics and will encourage a better working environment with satisfied, fulfilled employees, who will in turn be more productive. Participation in a team should be of benefit to team members on both a personal and professional level. The absence of the positive dynamics can lead to a decrease in performance, preventing teams from achieving their full potential. If team members feel that being part of the team is not meeting their personal development needs or that their contribution to the team’s success is not relevant, then this will lead to a decrease in their level of motivation and commitment, which will in turn lead to a reduction in their level of productivity. When the individual roles of the team have not been clearly defined, this will lead to confusion and a sense of aimlessness. The objective of this research was to identify the positive and negative team dynamics...

O processo de readaptação funcional e suas implicações no gerenciamento em enfermagem; El proceso de readaptación funcional y sus implicaciones em la administración de enfermería; Retraining due to illness ant its implications in nursing management

Batista, Joseli Maria; Juliani, Carmen Maria Casquel Monti; Ayres, Jairo Aparecido
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.09376%
Hoje há maior interesse pelo trabalhador da saúde. A preocupação com o processo de readaptação funcional foi a proposta desta investigação. O objetivo foi compreender a vivência dos sujeitos nos processos de readaptação funcional, em uma instituição hospitalar pública. No estudo, qualitativo, foram realizadas entrevistas para apreensão da vivência do profissional de enfermagem quanto ao processo de readaptação funcional, analisadas utilizando a Análise de Conteúdo, proposta por Bardin. Os resultados evidenciam a problemática do processo de trabalho em enfermagem nas categorias “organização do trabalho”, “trabalho em equipe”, “afastamento e readaptação funcional” e “gerenciamento da equipe”, gerando sugestões para a melhoria dos processos de trabalho. O processo de readaptação funcional gera individual, profissional e socialmente sentimento de incompetência e culpa no trabalhador. Importantes reflexões e mudanças de atitude são urgentes e necessárias, subsidiando o gerenciamento da equipe que implicará em melhoria na assistência prestada à população.; Actualmente existe mayor preocupación con el trabajador de la salud. La preocupación con el proceso de readaptación funcional fue la propuesta de esta investigación. El objetivo fue comprender la vivencia de los sujetos en la readaptación funcional en una institución hospitalaria pública. En el estudio...

Concepções e práticas do trabalho e gestão de equipes multidisciplinares em saúde; Concepts and practices of Work and multidisciplinary team management in health sevice

Silva, Lucimara Alves; Universidade Salvador - Prog de Pós-Grad em Administração; Santos, Jair Nascimento; Universidade Salvador - Prog de Pós-Grad em Administração
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/10/2012 Português
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8077.2012v14n34p155Este trabalho trata do seguinte objetivo: conhecer as concepções e a prática de trabalho em equipe multidisciplinar sob a ótica dos gestores e dos membros das equipes. Para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa, foi criado o seguinte problema: como se desenvolveo trabalho e a gestão da equipe multidisciplinar de saúde em organizações hospitalares? O estudo foi desenvolvido com profissionais de nível superior de dois hospitais. Verificou-se que na prática de gestão existem dissonâncias em relação ao discurso quando não há o reconhecimento da relação de poder ou na ausência de uma política estruturada que reflita um tratamentomultidisciplinar do trabalho em equipe.; This study addressed the following objective: to know the concepts and the practice of multidisciplinary team work from the perspective of managers and team members. The problem of the research was: how to develop and to manage the work of the multidisciplinary health care team in the hospital organizations? The study was developed with toplevel professionals of two hospitals. It was found that in the management practice there are dissonances in relation to discourse when there is no recognition of the power relations or in the absence of a structured policy that reflects a multidisciplinary team worktreatment.

School principals' perceptions of team management: a multiple case-study of secondary schools

Mescht,Hennie van der; Tyala,Zakunzima
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2008 Português
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The notion of school management through teams (team management), though not a new phenomenon in South Africa, was formalized after the advent of democracy in 1994 and the subsequent reorganization of the education system. The concept was subsequently fleshed out in official documentation where the composition and roles of school management teams (SMTs) were elaborated upon. The notion of team management is rooted in theories that stress participation, notably site-based (school-based) management, teamwork, and distributed leadership. We report on a study in which the perceptions of secondary school principals, in Grahamstown, South Africa, of team management were explored. The study was interpretive in orientation, and utilized qualitative data gathering techniques in all (ten) of the state-aided secondary schools in Grahamstown in the Eastern Cape province. We found that, while team management was generally welcomed and even celebrated by principals, there were fundamental tensions surrounding principals' understanding of their leadership roles in a team context. We considers the implications of these findings for leadership development in the context of team management.

Multiple project team membership and performance: empirical evidence from engineering project teams

Chan,Kai-Ying
Fonte: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences Publicador: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 Português
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Individuals are increasingly involved in more than one project team. This implies that an employee simultaneously has multiple memberships in these project teams, a phenomenon known as multiple team membership (MTM). Previous, predominantly theoretical studies have acknowledged the impacts that MTM has on performance but very scarce empirical evidence exists. The aim of this study is to provide empirical support for some of these theoretical claims using data collected from 435 team members in 85 engineering project teams in South Africa. Results show that MTM has an inverted-U shaped relationship with individual performance and a positive linear relationship with team performance. When a person is working in multiple project teams simultaneously, he/she may encounter more diverse sources of ideas across all teams and thus enhances his/her innovative performance. However, as the number of MTM increases, the negative effect of task switching and fragmented attention will negatively impact on individual performance. At the project team level, a large number of MTM in a focal team allows the team members to integrate diverse sources of knowledge and resources into the focal team. This study also found that individuals' emotional skills and cognitive skills impact on individual performance. It is recommended to programme and project portfolio managers...

Intra project team disagreement, conflict communications, and team performance in cross-functional new product project teams: a decision-making quality perspective

Chang,Tsun-Jin; Yeh,Shang-Pao
Fonte: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences Publicador: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 Português
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This paper develops and examines a model of the antecedents and consequences of decision-making comprehensiveness during the new product development process. This model suggests first a concave relationship between intrateam task disagreement and decision-making comprehensiveness. It also conjectures that conflict communications influence the effectiveness of decision-making comprehensiveness on new product project teams' performance. An empirical test of the proposed framework involves a survey of 220 cross-functional new product project teams. The findings show that an inverse U-shaped relationship exists between a project's intrateam task disagreement and its decision-making comprehensiveness. It also indicates that collaborative communication has a negative effect on innovativeness, whereas contentious communication adversely affects constraint adherence. However, decision-making comprehensiveness partially moderates the relationships between conflict communications and project team performance. Some managerial and research implications of the findings were also discussed in this study.